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This example いかが-は-せ-む 【如何はせむ】 Searched with "反語 む". If speaker thought there is any way to solve the problem, the usage is question. If speaker thought there is no way to solve the problem, the usage is rhetorical emphasis.


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I edited the answer to make it clearer. I think む itself does not seem to have this functions (反語). But it is often used in rhetoric questions, which may make it sound like 反語. Such sentences often contain か or や. If you check the dictionary, you will find か and や is said to have this function too. One explanation is that it's misleading to say む has the ...



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