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7

I don't know what you mean by "-せる" form. -せる can appear at the end of the verb in at least two ways. As the potential form of a verb, which ends in -す. 帰す -> 帰せる As the causative form of a verb. 帰る -> 帰らせる Here, -せる is the potential form of the verb 倒す, so 倒す "to throw over, to knock down" 倒せる "to be able to throw over / knock down" 倒せない "not ...


7

Technically, it exists, but as a Japanese-speaker, I would NOT recommend that you actively use it --- at least not on a regular basis. As @Chocolate stated in the comment above, 「~~させられうる」 is the form. Your sentence “It is possible that she may make you eat her cooking.” can be said in Japanese as: 「ボクは[彼女]{かのじょ}に[自分]{じぶん}の[料理]{りょうり}を[食]{た}べさせられうる。」 ...


5

It's a different way of saying the causative-passive 行かせられる, so it means that the speaker was made to go to the hospital. Note in an earlier version of this answer I confidently asserted that this is a more colloquial example. A comment was posted to the contrary and, after researching it more in depth, I was surprised to find I was indeed wrong in that ...


3

As I think you already understand, 聞かせる is causative form (使役)of 聞く, 聞かされる is the passive-causative form(使役受け身). Passive is often referred to as the "suffering" tense. The subject, the writer, is "suffering" from being made to either ask or listen. If the verb clause is ~たら and the action takes place in the past then the following expression cannot ...


2

More detail about how the causative and passive suffixes evolved. The causative (-a)せる arose from just plain old す (su), itself the origin of the ubiquitous modern verb する (suru, "to do"). The original meaning was "to do [something]; to make XX do [something]" -- i.e., this served as a causativizing or transitivizing suffix. Meanwhile, the passive (-a)れる ...


1

Is the second form a contraction of the first? Yes. 行かされる is a contraction of 行かせられる. (That said, I'm not sure how this came about etymologically.) Can all 五段 verbs follow this pattern? For example, could 読ませられる be replaced with 読まされる? Yes. All 五段 verbs may follow this pattern. Thus, 読まされる may be used as the causative passive form of 読む. If ...



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