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8

Technically, it exists, but as a Japanese-speaker, I would NOT recommend that you actively use it --- at least not on a regular basis. As @Chocolate stated in the comment above, 「~~させられうる」 is the form. Your sentence “It is possible that she may make you eat her cooking.” can be said in Japanese as: 「ボクは[彼女]{かのじょ}に[自分]{じぶん}の[料理]{りょうり}を[食]{た}べさせられうる。」 ...


7

I don't know what you mean by "-せる" form. -せる can appear at the end of the verb in at least two ways. As the potential form of a verb, which ends in -す. 帰す -> 帰せる As the causative form of a verb. 帰る -> 帰らせる Here, -せる is the potential form of the verb 倒す, so 倒す "to throw over, to knock down" 倒せる "to be able to throw over / knock down" 倒せない "not ...


6

No, it is not correct, sorry to say. You literally created a "double causative" in: 「[食]{た}べさせることをさせないで」 But we would not use this structure in a natural setting. It sounds quite wordy and awkward. Most naturally, we would say something like: 「おばあさんに、子どもたちにオクラを食べさせないようにしてね( or しようね)。」 For more clarity, one could insert 「[無理]{むり}に」= "forcibly" ...


6

First up I'll have to equate a few terms to avoid confusion. I'm going to equate your concept of "instigator" with "causer". And your concept of "agent" as "causee" (1) If I use 行く with another verb as its purpose, is を available to mark the agent? It seems like this should be the case since お弁当を should be connected to 行く。 Compare: [a] ...


5

It's a different way of saying the causative-passive 行かせられる, so it means that the speaker was made to go to the hospital. Note in an earlier version of this answer I confidently asserted that this is a more colloquial example. A comment was posted to the contrary and, after researching it more in depth, I was surprised to find I was indeed wrong in that ...


4

「~~させ (causative verb form) + て + いただく」 expresses receiving the permission (or opportunity) to perform an action from another person. 「いただく」 = 「もらう」 in meaning. Former is only politer than the latter. 「[取]{と}らせていただいた」 means "I/We received the permission to take/collect ~~." One could also use as a translation "I/We had the pleasure of ...


3

More detail about how the causative and passive suffixes evolved. The causative (-a)せる arose from just plain old す (su), itself the origin of the ubiquitous modern verb する (suru, "to do"). The original meaning was "to do [something]; to make XX do [something]" -- i.e., this served as a causativizing or transitivizing suffix. Meanwhile, the passive (-a)れる ...


3

As I think you already understand, 聞かせる is causative form (使役)of 聞く, 聞かされる is the passive-causative form(使役受け身). Passive is often referred to as the "suffering" tense. The subject, the writer, is "suffering" from being made to either ask or listen. If the verb clause is ~たら and the action takes place in the past then the following expression cannot ...


2

あの状況にはうんざりする Yes it sounds correct. あの状況にはうんざりさせる ? No, because it literally sounds like YOU are feeding up something (it should be you who are fed up). "させる" is let someone do something, generally. So you can say instead あの状況にはうんざりさせられる as you mentioned.


1

I'd go for the slightly different construction below: おばあさんに、子供たちにオクラを食べさせないようにしてください。 Make sure that grandma does not make the children eat Okra.


1

Is the second form a contraction of the first? Yes. 行かされる is a contraction of 行かせられる. (That said, I'm not sure how this came about etymologically.) Can all 五段 verbs follow this pattern? For example, could 読ませられる be replaced with 読まされる? Yes. All 五段 verbs may follow this pattern. Thus, 読まされる may be used as the causative passive form of 読む. If ...


1

参加させてもらう also means "being allowed to participate", but the focus is on the subject (who is being allowed), not so much on the "allower". More literally it would be "receiving the favour of being allowed to participate". But there's an area of caution here. If the second sentence it indeed supposed to be 先生 が... , then it means "the teacher was allowed to ...



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