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6

Tsuyoshi Ito has already answered this question, but I'd like to add one detail: I think I see 目指すは〜 a lot more than other verbs followed by は. Although I can't find it in any dictionaries, from personal experience I think it might be common enough to be considered something like a set phrase, or possibly a holdover from when this grammar was more common. ...


5

Just doing a quick survey of the kanji spellings used for けり in the first five books of the Man'yōshū, after excluding false positives (matches for けり belonging to -ku verbs), here's the breakdown for spellings by frequency and 甲類 (ke1) vs. 乙類 (ke2): 来: 21 -- N/A, non-phonetic use 家里: 11 -- ke1ri 家利: 5 -- ke1ri 家理: 2 -- ke1ri 鶏里: 2 -- ke1ri 計理: 1 -- ke1ri ...


4

"通りゃんせ" is a colloquial contraction of "通りやんせ", which is masu-stem(連用形) of "通る"="通り" with imperative form(命令形) of "やんす"="やんせ". Also, 下しゃんせ is "下す" with "やんす". https://kotobank.jp/word/%E3%82%84%E3%82%93%E3%81%99-650011


2

"Does anyone know what to call the outdated, high form of language which will say for example "ならぬ" rather than "ならない" or more accurately "だめだ"?" We call it 「[文語体]{ぶんごたい}」 or 「文語[調]{ちょう}」("Literal style") as opposed to 「[口語体]{こうごたい}」 or 「口語調」 ("Colloquial style"). "Specifically, I would like to know if there is a name for the dialect used by Kuchiki ...



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