5
votes
1answer
92 views
+50

The origins and mechanics of pitch accent in SJ compounds

For the past few months I've been researching pitch accent in Japanese off and on, concentrating on trying to identify regularities in a phenomenon which is nearly completely arbitrary. I've not seen ...
5
votes
1answer
124 views

The difference between する and している with onomatopoeias

For example, what would the difference between 膝がガクガクする or 膝がガクガクしている be? I believe the correct definition in Daijirin is 恐怖・疲労・緊張などのために体の一部が小刻みに震えるさま, but that doesn't help me see how the two ...
5
votes
1answer
517 views

Is correct to use adjectives before 限り?

I'm studying for level N2 of the Japanese Language Proficiency Test and have a question about 限り. I find in my book that 限り meaning "as long as" can be preceded by adjectives, but in A Dictionary of ...
5
votes
1answer
796 views

Does the 擬態語 word もやもや have a slang meaning of “horny?”

In an informal conversation with a new friend, I was discussing 擬態語. She offered the word もやもや as an example, meaning "to be horny (i.e.., desiring sex)." After clarifying the meaning, I left it at ...
4
votes
1answer
249 views

Which radical name should I study for the kanken?

I love learning kanji, so I thought about taking the kanken (probably level 6). So I started to look for information here and there, and it seems I'll have to learn radical names. I'm totally fine ...
4
votes
1answer
201 views

の versus こと in head-internal relative clauses

I'm sure something similar to this has been asked already, but I'm hoping this is a little different. I imagine the nominalizing usage of の is related to its noun modifying usage, like: 食べるの ...
3
votes
1answer
237 views

Meaning of おん after a name

I was talking with a Japanese girl by message and she asked me how to read my name, which is Andrea (Spanish female name). I told her it's アンドレア but that some friends call me あんちゃん because it's ...
3
votes
1answer
143 views

The usage of 侮れなかった

This question is a mix between the usage of 侮れない and the usage of なかった instead of ない in the sentence 意外と、うちのカノジョも侮れなかった The usage of 侮れない like in the example below seems to refer to one who you ...
3
votes
1answer
357 views

Keigo: そんけいご & けんじょうご

I've started learning keigo and already having difficulty with it, with the same problem in both そんけいご and けんじょうご. In particular, I'm having trouble understanding the combination of the use of ...
3
votes
1answer
352 views

Casual speech particles in Classical Japanese

I'm writing a simple Japanese skit for our JAPAN 112R class and there is a place where an ancient samurai needs to speak a few sentences of Classical Japanese. I can mostly make the sentences, but it ...
2
votes
1answer
80 views

Particle と in Feliksas と申します。

This phrase is used pretty much on every intro page to japan, as in a polite way to state "my name is _____". I think it's similar to the Je m'appelle. My question is why is it exactly the particle と ...
2
votes
1answer
93 views

He and I are similar in that

How do you say this in Japanese: "Takeshi and I are similar in that we both have 'May sickness.'" Here's my best guess: 私は、たけしが「五月病」というものがあるという点で似ています。 Thanks!
2
votes
1answer
180 views

Meaning of 半分間違っているんじゃないかなと思う部分があるから、アメリカチック,アメリカナイズされすぎているっていうか。

This is from a textbook, the person is trying to explain how his generation is different from his father's generation. He says that all his father did was work and save money. ...
2
votes
1answer
99 views

What is the approximate ratio of ways to express agreement vs. disagreement?

Contrary to various urban legends, Japanese does have a word for "No", however, it appears it's extremely rare to hear it used directly, given the connotation of impoliteness of "iie". Even factual ...
10
votes
0answers
292 views

What is the etymology behind る in 日{ひ}/昼{ひる} and 夜{よ}/夜{よる}?

I noticed that there is this る coming up in 日{ひ}->昼{ひる} and 夜{よ}->夜{よる}. In addition, I haven't seen the forms with る used a lot in Classical Japanese, so the ones without る probably came first. What ...
6
votes
0answers
281 views

What are all the nuances and uses of 至る? (に至って) (に至っては) (に至っても) (に至る)

I'm studying for the N1. And there are several not so often used structures that you really need to know the minute differences between. One of these is the uses of 至る. As far as I know, these are ...
5
votes
0answers
59 views

(When) can you use dictionary form with 間? / 辞書形と「間」は(どんな時に)一緒に使えますか?

I've just learned 間・間に, as in: 私はビーンにいる間、写真をたくさん取りたいですよ。 ジョンは出かけている間、ビールを飲みました。 All the examples on my grammar sheet use present-continuous form (~ている) or いる. (These are my own examples, ...
5
votes
0answers
170 views

Iterative / repetitive る evolving from classical 連体形【れんたいけい】

This is somewhat related to the discussion of classical auxiliary verb ふ, mentioned in the answer to snailboat's question, What is the わ in 忌まわしい and 嘆かわしい?. Another apparent iterative / repetitive ...
4
votes
0answers
69 views

How do adverbs work with multiple clauses in a sentence?

Using two somewhat different uses of the te form as examples. 彼女はいつになくはしゃいでよくしゃべった Does the adverb "unusually" describe both "being in high spirits" and "being talkative"? ...
4
votes
0answers
162 views

What do I actually call familiar or friendly language?

When writing on Lang-8, I often end up writing both formal and casual versions (for practice), with labels. I also wish occasionally to discuss formality, and thus need words to talk about the ...
4
votes
0answers
136 views

Which word is this use of かめ specifying?

In Kenji Miyazawa's poem "Thief", many words are left as hiragana: 青じろい骸骨星座のよあけがた 凍えた泥の乱反射をわたり 店さきにひとつ置かれた 提婆のかめをぬすんだもの    にはかにもその長く黒い脚をやめ 二つの耳に二つの手をあて 電線のオルゴールを聴く ...
4
votes
0answers
321 views

Haphazard usage of katakana and hiragana for particles and okurigana

I'm looking at this picture of the 日米和親条約 (Kanagawa convention) from the late Edo period and it seems rather strange: It looks like the non-kanji parts are rather haphazardly written in katakana ...
3
votes
0answers
83 views

How to accuse someone of lying

うそだ isn't really a serious accusation. How would you say 'you're lying' more seriously?
3
votes
0answers
115 views

Is the interjection おう really a Chinese loanword?

In Samuel E. Martin's "A Reference Grammar of Japanese", in a section (Chapter 23, p. 1041) on putative etymologies for some Japanese interjections like さあ or まあ, he asserts: Although others ...
3
votes
0answers
69 views

When particle mo is used to mean also, particle wa is omitted. Does mo also replace ga?

The question is clear but I would like to add an example. (My sentence may have other errors as well) I am glad that you think the same. あなたがそう思いますうれしいです I am glad that you think the same, ...
3
votes
0answers
117 views

Why are Japanese vowels occasionally rhotacised in songs?

This might be a bit weird, but when I listen to Japanese music, sometimes I notice "r"-like sounds in syllable-final positions, or between vowels where there should be no [r]. I know that /r/ is not ...
3
votes
0answers
99 views

Is the ending ~ま鶴 just a slang corruption of ~ます?

Occasionally on Twitter, I see tweets from young native Japanese-speakers like: おはようございま[鶴]{つる} with the obvious meaning of おはようございます。 Is this change of ます to まつる just a form of slang, and is ...
3
votes
0answers
117 views

“A Hen in the Wind”?

I just watched the 1948 film "A Hen in the Wind," directed and co-written by Yasujiro Ozu. I'm guessing the title is a reference to a Japanese proverb or traditional metaphor. Does anyone recognize ...
3
votes
0answers
134 views

水疱 vs 火脹れ vs 水脹れ vs 肉刺

While hitchhiking from Tokyo to Sapporo in the past couple of days I devloped a few blisters on the soles of my feet. I like to learn my vocabulary based on my experience so looked up "blister" but ...
3
votes
0answers
427 views

What does the name Chacha (チャチャ) mean?

I always wondered about the meaning of this name in Japanese, but couldn't find much on Google. Can someone tell me what it means? UPDATE: 茶々{ちゃちゃ} was a concubine to Toyotomi Hideyoshi in the ...
2
votes
0answers
72 views

childish manner of speaking

I've heard that this phrase: 王様のベッドで寝ちゃおっと is spoken in a child-like way. The full translation is "let's sleep in the king's bed", and the portion that is child-like would be 寝ちゃおっと (let's sleep). ...
2
votes
0answers
53 views

Intransitive verbs and ている

I was re-reading my genki text the other day regarding intransitive verbs and ている and it stated that when intransitive verbs take the ている form they exclusively refer to the state resulting from the ...
2
votes
0answers
62 views

How to distinguish between う/よう of volition and suggestion?

Reading a lesson on 国語文法.com, I'm having difficulty telling 意志 from 勧誘. E.g. 「今度こそ成績をあげよう。」 is stated is that of volition (意志). However, why can't it be "(I suggest you to) improve your grades!"? ...
2
votes
0answers
98 views

Usage of Heisig radical “big”

I'm using RTK to learn the Kanji and yet am pretty happy with it. To review the Kanji I am using an Anki deck. My question is about the usage of Heisig's 大 radical for example in 器. In the book ...
2
votes
0answers
94 views

Japanese for “The Narrow Road to the Deep North” (the Richard Flanagan novel)

Is there a commonly agreed upon title for the Richard Flanagan novel "The Narrow Road to the Deep North" (not the travel diary by Matsuo Bashō, which the novel was named after)? I've seen both ...
2
votes
0answers
147 views

What is the English equivalent of the フヒヒヒ laugh?

I'm trying to translate a game from Japanese to English, but I cannot figure this one out. I know a lot of different forms of laughter, but this one escapes me. I've been looking for about an hour and ...
2
votes
0answers
354 views

わけ、の、理由 in explanations… when do you use which one?

These all seem to be used for explanation... when do you use one over the other? Could you offer some examples? To clarify about の, I am talking about its use in providing information, like, ...
2
votes
0answers
166 views

どこでも vs. どこにでも vs. どこも

What is the the difference between どこでも vs. どこにでも vs. どこも? I though どこでも was anywhere, どこにでも was everywhere, and どこも was also everywhere... but then I didn't know what the difference would be between ...
2
votes
0answers
4k views

How do you say “[amount of time] later”?

What is the general rule for saying, for example, "2 hours later"?
1
vote
0answers
11 views

What is the etymology of the “emphatic” ない?

Upon looking up the term 大事ない, I was, shall we say, nonplussed to learn that it could mean both "very important" and "not very important". The explanation of the "very important" meaning clears things ...
1
vote
0answers
16 views

名 and 名前 - the difference

My impression is that, in speech, 名前 is polite, and 名 is ruder - but in writing, 名 sounds more literary. Am I correct?
1
vote
0answers
19 views

Difference between 誠, 実, and 本当

All of them means "truth; reality". 誠 is read as "まこと", and 実 as "じつ", however 実 can also be read as "まこと". 本当 seems to have an inclination to a thing or fact, rather than a concept, but it also means ...
1
vote
0answers
105 views

Auxiliary verb ん

I came across this sentence in a grammar book: 生きんが為に働く。 In order to live, I work. It is then briefly explained that "ん is an auxiliary verb in the volitional function". However, I've ...
1
vote
0answers
101 views

Kanbun reading of this expression

I was wondering if someone could help me with the kanbun reading of this text: 這箇是誰誰是我. (It is an expression used by Dôgen in Eihei kôroku 9, 55). I figured one possible reading might be: ...
1
vote
0answers
129 views

When did LOC adopt modified Hepburn?

If I look in Google Ngrams, I see that the transliteration "honbu", meaning HQ, basically didn't exist until 1964. But it didn't surpass "hombu" until 1976. I believe Modified Hepburn was introduced ...
0
votes
0answers
16 views

Trying to understand the use of が as の

Many times I come across sentences that uses が instead of の to indicate possessiveness. Example: 彼が車 instead of 彼の車. The dictionary says that が can also "indicate possessive (esp. in literary ...
0
votes
0answers
24 views

Difference in usage/nuance between 厚生, 福祉, 福利 and 生活保護

厚生[こうせい] 福祉[ふくし] 福利[ふくり] 生活保護[せいかつほご] Translating "welfare" into Japanese seems a bit complicated. Could someone maybe provide for context the most typical phrases/chunks that use these words? I'm ...
0
votes
0answers
79 views

Qualifying Nouns With verbs and adjectives in japanese

If possible could someone explain this to me? I have the Genki I book that explains it pretty well but I guess I'm still having difficulty grasping it. I'll leave a example sentence in case my ...
0
votes
0answers
165 views

Equivalent of “That said, Carthage must be destroyed” in Japanese

"Ceterum censeo, Carthaginem esse delendam," the famous phrase with which Cato the Elder used to finish all of his speeches, no matter how unrelated the topic was. It was probably an effective ...
0
votes
0answers
154 views

Japanese: “osowarata”?

These are the lyrics to a metal song about Lovecraft's The Dunwich Horror. The band tends go Classical for effect (cf. the refrain at the end: 闇にこぞりて / 我が主来ませり …). The first verse is transcribed in ...

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