6
votes
1answer
154 views

副詞 before copula

When reading through The meaning of そう, I was thinking about そう's status as a 副詞. Certainly, it acts like many other 副詞 in that it can directly modify verbs. However, I was curious about the usage ...
6
votes
1answer
133 views

Spellings of あなた(がた)

The usual spelling would be hiragana for the first part and kanji for the second, but the spellings 貴女(方)(if the addressee is female) and 貴男(方)(if the addressee is male) are also in use. On to my ...
12
votes
0answers
345 views

What is the etymology behind る in 日{ひ}/昼{ひる} and 夜{よ}/夜{よる}?

I noticed that there is this る coming up in 日{ひ}->昼{ひる} and 夜{よ}->夜{よる}. In addition, I haven't seen the forms with る used a lot in Classical Japanese, so the ones without る probably came first. What ...
5
votes
0answers
46 views

How do I parse this sentence?

I came across a definition of a word 権限 in a dictionary (三省堂 スーパー大辞林): ある範囲のことを正当に行うことができるものとして与えられている能力。また、その能力が及ぶ範囲。 However, am not sure if I should read the bolded clause as ...
5
votes
0answers
187 views

Iterative / repetitive る evolving from classical 連体形【れんたいけい】

This is somewhat related to the discussion of classical auxiliary verb ふ, mentioned in the answer to snailboat's question, What is the わ in 忌まわしい and 嘆かわしい?. Another apparent iterative / repetitive ...
5
votes
0answers
365 views

Haphazard usage of katakana and hiragana for particles and okurigana

I'm looking at this picture of the 日米和親条約 (Kanagawa convention) from the late Edo period and it seems rather strange: It looks like the non-kanji parts are rather haphazardly written in katakana ...
4
votes
0answers
56 views

How does a single verb construct work when it has both honorific and humble auxiliaries?

An example textbook sentence: かかるついでに、見たてまつり給はむや How about looking at him (Genji) on this occasion? たてまつる is humble auxiliary, 給ふ(給う) is honorific. Does this reflect a relationship between 3 ...
4
votes
0answers
63 views

How was Japanese animism referred to before 国家神道 (State Shinto) was created?

Pre-Meiji: What was Japanese animism popularly called before 国家神道 (State Shinto) was created in the early Meiji period (19th century)? Prior to that, was the word 「神道」 a common term among the ...
4
votes
0answers
99 views

How do adverbs work with multiple clauses in a sentence?

Using two somewhat different uses of the te form as examples. 彼女はいつになくはしゃいでよくしゃべった Does the adverb "unusually" describe both "being in high spirits" and "being talkative"? ...
3
votes
0answers
71 views

Do Japanese stative verbs have the inchoative aspect?

In English, a verb that expresses a state can also express the entrance into a state. This is called inchoative aspect. The simple past is sometimes inchoative. For example, the present-tense verb ...
3
votes
0answers
131 views

Is the interjection おう really a Chinese loanword?

In Samuel E. Martin's "A Reference Grammar of Japanese", in a section (Chapter 23, p. 1041) on putative etymologies for some Japanese interjections like さあ or まあ, he asserts: Although others ...
3
votes
0answers
159 views

Why are Japanese vowels occasionally rhotacised in songs?

This might be a bit weird, but when I listen to Japanese music, sometimes I notice "r"-like sounds in syllable-final positions, or between vowels where there should be no [r]. I know that /r/ is not ...
3
votes
0answers
128 views

“A Hen in the Wind”?

I just watched the 1948 film "A Hen in the Wind," directed and co-written by Yasujiro Ozu. I'm guessing the title is a reference to a Japanese proverb or traditional metaphor. Does anyone recognize ...
3
votes
0answers
524 views

What does the name Chacha (チャチャ) mean?

I always wondered about the meaning of this name in Japanese, but couldn't find much on Google. Can someone tell me what it means? UPDATE: 茶々{ちゃちゃ} was a concubine to Toyotomi Hideyoshi in the ...
3
votes
0answers
198 views

どこでも vs. どこにでも vs. どこも

What is the the difference between どこでも vs. どこにでも vs. どこも? I though どこでも was anywhere, どこにでも was everywhere, and どこも was also everywhere... but then I didn't know what the difference would be between ...
2
votes
0answers
71 views

What does いっぺんシメる mean exactly?

I'm reading "Fruits Basket" volume 3. In this scene, Kyo is annoyed by some comments his classmates make, and says: いっぺんシメんぞ、おまえら。 I assume that this is some kind of a threat, like "I'll get you ...
2
votes
0answers
75 views

~か ~かどうか 相対テンスの質問

僕は任務を完成したかどうかを確認しました。 I checked if you had finished the mission. 僕は任務を完成するかどうかを確認しました。 I checked if you would finish the mission. 僕は沖縄さんがドーナツを食べるかどうかを確認しました。 I checked if 沖縄さん ...
2
votes
0answers
103 views

A word for 'clothed' or 'decent'?

Is there single word in Japanese used for '(fully) clothed' or 'decent'? As in, 'OK, you can come in, I'm decent now' or 'At least one of the kids is (fully) clothed (or dressed).' Of course one can ...
2
votes
0answers
135 views

Is the negative in ゆめ人に洩らし給えそ implicit?

ゆめ人に洩らし給えそ Never breathe a syllable of it to any one! (NEW斎藤和英大辞典) Is negative meaning here implied but not stated explicitly? ゆめ = 必ず, そ = ぞ as bound particle (it could be negative final ...
2
votes
0answers
119 views

How do you say terms of endearment (pet names) in Japanese?

I have this list of 愛称 "My dearest Heart," "Dearest Mine," "my love," "my dear," "my darling," "my pet" that I need to quote in my academic paper (the Japanese author is listing possible pet ...
2
votes
0answers
91 views

What is the acceptable procedure for writing proper names in Japanese academic papers?

What is the acceptable procedure for writing proper names in Japanese academic papers when you don't know the official Japanese translation or the katakana for it? Is there an expectation that all ...
2
votes
0answers
99 views

childish manner of speaking

I've heard that this phrase: 王様のベッドで寝ちゃおっと is spoken in a child-like way. The full translation is "let's sleep in the king's bed", and the portion that is child-like would be 寝ちゃおっと (let's sleep). ...
2
votes
0answers
68 views

How to distinguish between う/よう of volition and suggestion?

Reading a lesson on 国語文法.com, I'm having difficulty telling 意志 from 勧誘. E.g. 「今度こそ成績をあげよう。」 is stated is that of volition (意志). However, why can't it be "(I suggest you to) improve your grades!"? ...
2
votes
0answers
123 views

Usage of Heisig radical “big”

I'm using RTK to learn the Kanji and yet am pretty happy with it. To review the Kanji I am using an Anki deck. My question is about the usage of Heisig's 大 radical for example in 器. In the book ...
2
votes
0answers
161 views

What is the English equivalent of the フヒヒヒ laugh?

I'm trying to translate a game from Japanese to English, but I cannot figure this one out. I know a lot of different forms of laughter, but this one escapes me. I've been looking for about an hour and ...
2
votes
0answers
363 views

わけ、の、理由 in explanations… when do you use which one?

These all seem to be used for explanation... when do you use one over the other? Could you offer some examples? To clarify about の, I am talking about its use in providing information, like, ...
1
vote
0answers
13 views

Detail on the usage of 婚儀 to refer to a spousal relationship?

I was looking up 婚儀 on ejje to understand the differences between it and 結婚式 when I found a third definition for it which confused me 3) union, spousal relationship, matrimony, wedlock, marriage ...
1
vote
0answers
32 views

possibly wrong usage of 〜ば〜た in grammar book

In on of the grammar books I found a question: 運転して( )、急に車の前へ犬が飛び出してビックリした。 1)いるなら 2)いれば 3)いても 4)いたら The correct answer is marked as 2. Is it correct? I have never seen 〜ば used in such ...
1
vote
0answers
36 views

What distinguishes 人情 from 人性?

I think I have a sort of loose understanding of how the words differ and what they mean, but I'm really not too sure. I've checked out weblio and goo and ALC to look around a bit first. Can anyone ...
1
vote
0answers
67 views

Does the best translation of this sentence require causative-passive?

Bob had resigned himself to the fact that they would drag him into their quarrel sooner or later. There is a party of 3 people. Two have been having a petty argument. Bob is focused on an ...
1
vote
0answers
57 views

Are most kanji characters morphemes?

I've always assumed that kanji characters are almost always morphemes, but I've hardly seen anyone explicitly state that. I think the idea that kanji usually represent ideas, not pronunciation, played ...
1
vote
0answers
60 views

What are the ways to say “endure austerity”?

How can we say "endure austerity" in both formal and informal situations? For example, how can we say: "The people of Greece are currently enduring austerities." "If you have to endure such ...
1
vote
0answers
85 views

What does ところ do here?

青年が皆の手で地面に取り押さえられ、縄でぐるぐる巻きにされているところだった。 Does ところ here take on the meaning of "in the midst of doing"? So this sentence would mean: "The boy was held down by everyone, and was being rolled up by ...
1
vote
0answers
94 views

How would you translate “新聞の民主性”?

I'm working on a paper about media science and in one of the Japanese papers the author talks about "新聞の民主性". I do know the general meaning of the word, but I struggle to put it into proper English or ...
1
vote
0answers
115 views

What does こっちの方 refer to here?

これは、叩いて返せばいいのか。 おう。ぶっ叩いて相手にぶち込んで、相手が落とせば勝ちだぜ。 なるほど。お前はこっちの方が良さそうだな…俺も、手加減無しでいこう。 My question is about what こっちの方 refers to here. It seems that they are playing a game where one has to ...
1
vote
0answers
58 views

Does the term 大和撫子 predate WWII, or was there an equivalent term for the ideal Japanese lady?

Does the term 「大和撫子」for describing the ideal Japanese lady predate WWII, or was there an equivalent term before that? These sites here and here indicate that the term was co-opted for propaganda ...
1
vote
0answers
105 views

Can an adjective modify a na-adjective?

I assumed not, but I saw 言い知れぬ甘美なもの Translated as "something inexpressibly sweet", as if 言い知れぬ modified 甘美な. Is it just a quirk of translation and both the adjective 言い知れぬ and 形容動詞 modify もの ...
1
vote
0answers
54 views

Why do we use は rather than に in インタネットがとても遅い時は、切腹したいです?

Why do we use は rather than に in the following sentence? インタネットがとても遅い時は、切腹したいです。 In my opinion it should be インタネットがとても遅い時に切腹したいです。 Any comments are welcome.
1
vote
0answers
64 views

Are there verbs that simply cannot work alone under any circumstances?

Some verbs, like 過ぎる can be added to the stem of other verbs to alter the meaning, (食べる>食べ過ぎる), can 過ぎる be used alone in specific circumstances? Are there verbs which are either grammatically ...
1
vote
0answers
117 views

Auxiliary verb ん

I came across this sentence in a grammar book: 生きんが為に働く。 In order to live, I work. It is then briefly explained that "ん is an auxiliary verb in the volitional function". However, I've ...
1
vote
0answers
108 views

Kanbun reading of this expression

I was wondering if someone could help me with the kanbun reading of this text: 這箇是誰誰是我. (It is an expression used by Dôgen in Eihei kôroku 9, 55). I figured one possible reading might be: ...
1
vote
0answers
136 views

When did LOC adopt modified Hepburn?

If I look in Google Ngrams, I see that the transliteration "honbu", meaning HQ, basically didn't exist until 1964. But it didn't surpass "hombu" until 1976. I believe Modified Hepburn was introduced ...
0
votes
0answers
11 views

What function does に serve in this sentence?

仕事に真面目で広大な都市の中をしょっちゅう飛び回っているため、彼女とは連絡を取ろうとしてもそう簡単には捕まらない。 I'm not sure how to interpret the first part of the sentence. What does に do here? Thanks!
0
votes
0answers
92 views

Why としては instead of として

Please consider the following sentence: 呼びかけの言葉としては、貴方、が好きですが... As a form of address, I like 貴方 (then goes on to explain that he means when written in kanji, not hiragana) According to ...
0
votes
0answers
51 views

Does ゆく mean 征く in this line?

I found this line in the lyrics of a certain song, and I'm not quite clear on the meaning of the first ゆく. 道無き未知をゆく 環状線を走ってく I originally assumed it to be 行く, but that makes the sentence strange ...
0
votes
0answers
86 views

Is there a Japanese concept of “women's wisdom” to go with 「良妻賢母」?

In many cultures there is an idea of "women's wisdom," "wisdom of women," and the "wise woman." I'm having trouble finding a Japanese phrase that means "women's wisdom." Is this not a common concept ...
0
votes
0answers
65 views

Unable to understand grammar/meaning here

Having trouble with the bolded part: 沈む太陽が海に溶け、全てを赤く染めあげる一瞬の――儚いけれど鮮烈な一時は、しかしそこで止まっていた。水平線に半ばまで埋もれながら、決して落ちない太陽。寄せては引き、引いては返すも、どこか現実味を欠いた潮騒…… What (I think) I understand so far: A fleeting ...
0
votes
0answers
92 views

sentential modifiers(?) and relative clause question

I just finished Japanese level 2 in college, which as I have come to understand is ~the most important~ and I came away with quite a lot of questions. We learned about relative clauses and something ...
0
votes
0answers
145 views

Qualifying Nouns With verbs and adjectives in japanese

If possible could someone explain this to me? I have the Genki I book that explains it pretty well but I guess I'm still having difficulty grasping it. I'll leave a example sentence in case my ...
0
votes
0answers
179 views

Japanese: “osowarata”?

These are the lyrics to a metal song about Lovecraft's The Dunwich Horror. The band tends go Classical for effect (cf. the refrain at the end: 闇にこぞりて / 我が主来ませり …). The first verse is transcribed in ...

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