11
votes
1answer
175 views

Change in self-address for emphasis or to express frustration or dissatisfaction

Building on from this comment, It is possible that in English, a mother may opt to refer to herself in the third person: using "Your mother" instead of "I" to create emphasis. It is observed from ...
7
votes
1answer
726 views

Is correct to use adjectives before 限り?

I'm studying for level N2 of the Japanese Language Proficiency Test and have a question about 限り. I find in my book that 限り meaning "as long as" can be preceded by adjectives, but in A Dictionary of ...
6
votes
1answer
109 views

What's the difference among [停]{と}める、[止]{と}める、and [留]{と}める?

How are they different in meaning and usage? I also would like to see samples of how each can be used in a sentence.
6
votes
0answers
189 views

Is チェリーボーイ wasei-eigo?

Is the word チェリーボーイ (Eng. "cherry boy", meaning "male virgin") a genuine loanword from English, or is it wasei-eigo? I would have thought it to be a genuine loanword, but the sources cited on ...
5
votes
0answers
147 views

How do adverbs work with multiple clauses in a sentence?

Using two somewhat different uses of the te form as examples. 彼女はいつになくはしゃいでよくしゃべった Does the adverb "unusually" describe both "being in high spirits" and "being talkative"? ...
5
votes
0answers
214 views

Iterative / repetitive る evolving from classical 連体形【れんたいけい】

This is somewhat related to the discussion of classical auxiliary verb ふ, mentioned in the answer to snailboat's question, What is the わ in 忌まわしい and 嘆かわしい?. Another apparent iterative / repetitive ...
4
votes
0answers
114 views

Why is there a ツ in 四ツ谷?

When I stopped at Yotsuya (四ツ谷) Station this summer, I noticed a katakana tsu (ツ) in the station name. Is there a reason why the katakana character is used (instead of a hiragana one)?
4
votes
0answers
89 views

What word that resembles “teikkai” might refer to “the provenance of a food”?

The introduction to the 10th Anniversary Edition of Vegetarian Cooking for Everyone contains the following passage on page 4 (emphasis added): Vegetarians have often used the phrase "I don't eat ...
4
votes
0answers
91 views

How does a single verb construct work when it has both honorific and humble auxiliaries?

An example textbook sentence: かかるついでに、見たてまつり給はむや How about looking at him (Genji) on this occasion? たてまつる is humble auxiliary, 給ふ(給う) is honorific. Does this reflect a relationship between 3 ...
4
votes
0answers
190 views

“A Hen in the Wind”?

I just watched the 1948 film "A Hen in the Wind," directed and co-written by Yasujiro Ozu. I'm guessing the title is a reference to a Japanese proverb or traditional metaphor. Does anyone recognize ...
3
votes
0answers
84 views

Etymology of 鼻の下を伸ばす

Today I've came across the expression 鼻の下を伸ばす/ 鼻の下が長い and had to look up its meaning. . Other web dictionaries have different meanings, like to be soft on women, to be spooney, and similar other ...
3
votes
0answers
101 views

How has Japanese kanji and kana usage changed since 1945

How has the percentage of writing using each script changed since 1945? With script reform, increasing influx of loanwords, and stylistic choices, several factors affect how much certain parts of the ...
3
votes
0answers
81 views

Ideas for translation of 演奏技術向上への一可能性

演奏技術向上への一可能性 Contextually, this is from a paper talking about teaching piano and this is the subtitle of the paper (so it is a stand alone sentence). I'm having problems translating the above ...
3
votes
0answers
126 views

What does そこまでのもの mean here?

【ノーシン】「いえ、別に教会運営によるものではないのです」 【アスタ】「ん? じゃあ、どうして?」 【サイレント】「ぶっちゃけ、解読された内容を読んだ教皇はショックを受けて、びびっています。単にへたれているだけですね」 【ノーシン】「お恥ずかしながら、その通りです」 【アスタ】「相変わらずサイレントさん容赦ないな」 ...
3
votes
0answers
96 views

Do Japanese stative verbs have the inchoative aspect?

In English, a verb that expresses a state can also express the entrance into a state. This is called inchoative aspect. The simple past is sometimes inchoative. For example, the present-tense verb ...
3
votes
0answers
190 views

How to translate historical names which don't necessarily have an equivalent in Japanese?

What is the acceptable procedure for writing proper names in Japanese academic papers when you don't know the official Japanese translation or the katakana for it? Is there an expectation that all ...
3
votes
0answers
147 views

Is the interjection おう really a Chinese loanword?

In Samuel E. Martin's "A Reference Grammar of Japanese", in a section (Chapter 23, p. 1041) on putative etymologies for some Japanese interjections like さあ or まあ, he asserts: Although others ...
3
votes
0answers
663 views

What does the name Chacha (チャチャ) mean?

I always wondered about the meaning of this name in Japanese, but couldn't find much on Google. Can someone tell me what it means? UPDATE: 茶々{ちゃちゃ} was a concubine to Toyotomi Hideyoshi in the ...
3
votes
0answers
240 views

どこでも vs. どこにでも vs. どこも

What is the the difference between どこでも vs. どこにでも vs. どこも? I though どこでも was anywhere, どこにでも was everywhere, and どこも was also everywhere... but then I didn't know what the difference would be between ...
2
votes
0answers
55 views

The role of the particle に in ばかものに考えているに思えた。

I came across the following sentence: ばかものに考えているに思えた。 Which was tranlated as: Seemed to believe in stupid things. Now, the first に states IN WHAT someone seemed to believe. We can put this one ...
2
votes
0answers
37 views

Exact nuance between 方が、たら、えば and テ形 in this sentence

I would like to know the exact nuance between all these forms in these example sentences : そうした方がもっと可愛くなる。 : This one feels like she would become cuter if she did that (instead of something else) ...
2
votes
0answers
66 views

Usage of …から参加し

この会議には第2回から参加し、「今回のテーマは"システムズ×ひろげる"。 I'm having problems understanding the meaning of から参加し in the above sentence. Is it something like "having participated since the 2nd conference"?
2
votes
0answers
98 views

Na-adjectives before は

Do na-adjectives need a な before a は? もっと きれいなは どうですか。 もっと きれいは どうですか。 Which is correct? Personally I think な is needed as the sentence is a shorter form of もっと きれいな ハンドバッグは どうですか。(replace ...
2
votes
0answers
97 views

連用形 of 「だ」 - difference between 「だっ」「で」「に」

Out of the conjugations of だ, the 連用形 is what is confusing me. I understand だ、だろ、な、なら fine, but I'm confused about だっ、で、に. I think my question might be a bit too broad and that's because I really ...
2
votes
0answers
88 views

Explanatory particle「の」 comes from 「ので」?

I just saw on Imabi.net : http://www.imabi.net/l42karanodenoda.htm That 「ので」 is actually the て form of the explanatory particle の with だ... It actually makes a lot of sense if it is true. I`ve ...
2
votes
0answers
78 views

What are the ways to say “endure austerity”?

How can we say "endure austerity" in both formal and informal situations? For example, how can we say: "The people of Greece are currently enduring austerities." "If you have to endure such ...
2
votes
0answers
120 views

What does ところ do here?

青年が皆の手で地面に取り押さえられ、縄でぐるぐる巻きにされているところだった。 Does ところ here take on the meaning of "in the midst of doing"? So this sentence would mean: "The boy was held down by everyone, and was being rolled up by ...
2
votes
0answers
144 views

Is the negative in ゆめ人に洩らし給えそ implicit?

ゆめ人に洩らし給えそ Never breathe a syllable of it to any one! (NEW斎藤和英大辞典) Is negative meaning here implied but not stated explicitly? ゆめ = 必ず, そ = ぞ as bound particle (it could be negative final ...
2
votes
0answers
78 views

Does the term 大和撫子 predate WWII, or was there an equivalent term for the ideal Japanese lady?

Does the term 「大和撫子」for describing the ideal Japanese lady predate WWII, or was there an equivalent term before that? These sites here and here indicate that the term was co-opted for propaganda ...
2
votes
0answers
80 views

Are there verbs that simply cannot work alone under any circumstances?

Some verbs, like 過ぎる can be added to the stem of other verbs to alter the meaning, (食べる>食べ過ぎる), can 過ぎる be used alone in specific circumstances? Are there verbs which are either grammatically ...
2
votes
0answers
166 views

Usage of Heisig radical “big”

I'm using RTK to learn the Kanji and yet am pretty happy with it. To review the Kanji I am using an Anki deck. My question is about the usage of Heisig's 大 radical for example in 器. In the book ...
1
vote
0answers
88 views

ない vs 無い: Negative ある vs adjective?

How would I distinguish ない as in the negative of ある and 無い the adjective? For example, if we have the sentence 食べ物がない is the ない there just the negative form of ある or is it specifically the ...
1
vote
0answers
67 views

How to parse long sentences

西尾自身は、『暦物語』のころからミステリーを書きたくなってきたと振り返っている[1]。 レトリックやダイアローグに凝った作品が多くなってきていたため、本シリーズはその辺りを抑えて書いているという[1]。 デビュー作『クビキリサイクル ...
1
vote
0answers
69 views

Is it common for non-European words to share similar pronunciations between Japanese and other languages in East Asia?

I saw a sign at the back entrance of a Japanese restaurant (in Gordon, Sydney, Australia) "Kashin 가신 Japanese restaurant". The word written in hangul, "가신", sounds similar to the Japanese word ...
1
vote
0answers
58 views

Is there any way to input hentaigana into text documents?

Having found some books that use hentaigana (e.g. the 古今琉歌集) alongside standard hiragana and kanji, I've been trying to find a way to input hentaigana characters into text files. I've found proposed ...
1
vote
0answers
117 views

How would you translate “新聞の民主性”?

I'm working on a paper about media science and in one of the Japanese papers the author talks about "新聞の民主性". I do know the general meaning of the word, but I struggle to put it into proper English or ...
1
vote
0answers
164 views

What does こっちの方 refer to here?

これは、叩いて返せばいいのか。 おう。ぶっ叩いて相手にぶち込んで、相手が落とせば勝ちだぜ。 なるほど。お前はこっちの方が良さそうだな…俺も、手加減無しでいこう。 My question is about what こっちの方 refers to here. It seems that they are playing a game where one has to ...
1
vote
0answers
197 views

How do you say terms of endearment (pet names) in Japanese?

I have this list of 愛称 "My dearest Heart," "Dearest Mine," "my love," "my dear," "my darling," "my pet" that I need to quote in my academic paper (the Japanese author is listing possible pet ...
1
vote
0answers
115 views

Kanbun reading of this expression

I was wondering if someone could help me with the kanbun reading of this text: 這箇是誰誰是我. (It is an expression used by Dôgen in Eihei kôroku 9, 55). I figured one possible reading might be: ...
1
vote
0answers
144 views

When did LOC adopt modified Hepburn?

If I look in Google Ngrams, I see that the transliteration "honbu", meaning HQ, basically didn't exist until 1964. But it didn't surpass "hombu" until 1976. I believe Modified Hepburn was introduced ...
0
votes
0answers
34 views

Released or inherited?

How would you translate the following sentence? 今、千年パズルを解き闇のゲームを受け継いだ少年がいた。 I'd translate it this way: Now a boy has solved the millennium puzzle and inherited the dark games. But in the ...
0
votes
0answers
71 views

Heart emoji in Japanese texts?

One of my friends was on HelloTalk for a few days and recently a female partner sent him a few messages with the heart emoji (three times within an hour) which kind of confuses him. Does this mean ...
0
votes
0answers
95 views

What does this symbol translate to in English? It is used in a musical context

The symbol is used to the left of a musical staff from an 1888 score of instrumental Japanese Koto music. It is placed next to the upper staff which also has lyrics underneath. Does anyone know what ...
0
votes
0answers
92 views

Translation difficulties

世界はまるで箱庭だ それも幸福な結晶だけで形成された人工楽園。 おそらくは朝になればこんな感傷も忘れて、またいつも通りの目覚めをする。 なら眠らなければいいのだろうけど、こう思っている時点ですでに眠っているのだから仕方がない。 こうして眠った時だけが、世界の形に迫れる真世界。 The world is just like a miniature garden. ...
0
votes
0answers
91 views

What does じじょく mean?

My Japanese friend said that while he's disappearing (literally) from our online conversation. The context would be we were talking about Japan's culture and festival in Hiroshima and suddenly he said ...
0
votes
0answers
50 views

社会主義体制下のソ連時代。Clarification on this sentence

社会主義体制下のソ連時代。 This sentence is structured in a way that is very confusing to me. The best way I can translate this is 'The Soviet era under the Socialist System' Any better ways to translate this.
0
votes
0answers
148 views

Were Japanese names ever anglicised?

Nowadays, Japanese people usually keep their names as is, except using the Latin alphabet, and having their given name before their surname, when they're in English-speaking countries. By contrast, ...
0
votes
0answers
114 views

Why としては instead of として

Please consider the following sentence: 呼びかけの言葉としては、貴方、が好きですが... As a form of address, I like 貴方 (then goes on to explain that he means when written in kanji, not hiragana) According to ...
0
votes
0answers
116 views

sentential modifiers(?) and relative clause question

I just finished Japanese level 2 in college, which as I have come to understand is ~the most important~ and I came away with quite a lot of questions. We learned about relative clauses and something ...
-1
votes
0answers
115 views

English for 食生活、衣生活

I ran into the words 食生活 and 衣生活 in two different contexts in the last couple of days, and am completely stuck on how to translate them into English. The former occurred in a bullet point: ...

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