6
votes
2answers
183 views

Difference between passive form and てある [duplicate]

I'm confused about the difference between the passive form and the てある form. 飲み物はもう買ってあります。 The drinks have already been bought. 飲み物はもう買われました。 The drinks were already bought. Are ...
1
vote
2answers
74 views

What does the word 「よっとな!」 mean?

It is said by a guy who is bullying another one by twisting his hand. Is it related to Kansai dialect?
2
votes
1answer
26 views

Difference between “前々から” and “昔から”?

(1) 準備{じゅんび}は 前々 から万端{ばんたん}だった。 (2) 準備は 昔 から万端だった。 What is the difference in meaning / usage between #1 and #2? Why choose one instead of the other?
1
vote
1answer
30 views

How to choose between 取る and 受け取る

When the meaning is 'to take' why would I choose to use 受け取る rather than just 取る? Are they equivalent or do they carry different nuances? Here's an example: ...
2
votes
2answers
68 views

Farewell message - 悔しさをバネに

On my last day my co-worker told me this. I'm not sure what バネに means. I tried looking it up but didn't get anywhere. ここでの悔しさをバネに、次のとこでもがんばってくださいね
2
votes
2answers
64 views

Is there a traditional Japanese kana song or otherwise how are babies familiarised with kana?

I have a newborn son from my Japanese wife. I try to sing to him. I sing the alphabet song (English). Japanese kana and their order is the same value for dictionaries. My wife says there isn't one but ...
0
votes
2answers
65 views

How to approximate the phrase “bring to life”

Saying that a character was brought to life is common in the english speaking world of movies to describe characters being made more human and real through acting or scripting. In Japanese, how would ...
3
votes
1answer
403 views

Meaning of おん after a name

I was talking with a Japanese girl by message and she asked me how to read my name, which is Andrea (Spanish female name). I told her it's アンドレア but that some friends call me あんちゃん because it's ...
2
votes
0answers
35 views

When and why use という/ということ

One thing that I could never really understand about Japanese is the usage of という/ということ. But first let me clarify which という I'm talking about. 「Small」と「little」の違いということはなんですか? vs ...
1
vote
1answer
39 views

What does the word 「どいとれっ」mean?

After a guy having watched his friend poorly jumped to the ground, he said the following sentence. けっ へたっくそめ パラシュートってのはだな ええい どいとれっ。 Another questions 1) Is there any meaning for the word 「けっ」at ...
1
vote
1answer
132 views

Need help understanding causative and passive form

I was reading up some lesson on causative and passive form online. I am still a little confuse as to when and why use these form. For this example: plain form: 答える passive form: 答えられる ...
6
votes
6answers
816 views

learning order for kana?

I'm trying to use some flash cards to learn the kana (hirigana first, but both in time), and there's simply too much for me to learn at once. Is there a recommended or practiced learning "order" or ...
1
vote
1answer
39 views

What is the word to convey the same meaning as the replacement money?

Consider the following scenario. I go to a shop and buy many electronic components using my own money. Later, the company will give me money with the same amount as a replacement. What is the ...
1
vote
0answers
64 views

How would you translate “新聞の民主性”?

I'm working on a paper about media science and in one of the Japanese papers the author talks about "新聞の民主性". I do know the general meaning of the word, but I struggle to put it into proper English or ...
2
votes
2answers
158 views

The meaning of 手が出せない

Take for example the sentence below ケンカができたとしても俺には手が出せない。 Does this mean something like "Even if we did get into a fight, they wouldn't be able to touch me/lay a hand on me(i.e. they would be no ...
0
votes
1answer
44 views

What does the word 「おけっ」 mean?

It is a situation that a guy on the ground asking another one who is climbing on a bed staircase with this sentence. このへんでいいかな? And he replied with this one. おお よかろうしっかり手{て}足{あし}をおさえておけっ。
2
votes
1answer
31 views

How do I say “salmon hand roll”?

Which of the above? 鮭 手巻き 手巻き 鮭 鮭 手巻き寿司 Or how could I say it?
13
votes
2answers
748 views
+50

Business Japanese: what's the proper way to say “please visit [this URL]”?

I'm writing a business e-mail to a Japanese speaking person, and I need to direct them to a certain URL. In English I would write "please visit http://www.example.com". I'm not sure the best way to ...
1
vote
1answer
62 views

Having trouble understanding this sentence

迷宮都市{オラリオ}はこの魔石製品を他の地域、他の国に輸出することで莫大な利益を上げていると聞く。この場合、迷宮都市{オラリオ}っていうよりギルドなんだろうけど。 I don't understand the second sentence. Is it actually a complete sentence? Also what does なんだろうけど express?
2
votes
1answer
107 views

What does ば do in this sentence?

What does ば do in this sentence? I am familiar with it as a conditional but it doesn't seem right here. 早朝と言っても人影がまばらにあって、露店の準備をしているホビットもいれば、僕と同じ冒険者のドワーフ達が徒党を組んで何か話し合っている。これからダンジョンへ向かうんだろう。 I ...
8
votes
3answers
109 views

How to situationally respond to 「お元気ですか」?

I'm curious about how native speakers actually respond to the simple question of 「お元気ですか。」 I'm currently going into my third year of studying Japanese. My first-year Japanese professor impressed upon ...
1
vote
1answer
78 views

mochiron or mochirong

I've heard it a few times that some Japanese speakers seem to pronounce もちろん as "mochirong", i.e., with more nasal voice than "mochiron". Is this true, or just my aging ears are fooling me?
1
vote
1answer
73 views

What is the meaning of 「こわあてかなわんで」?

Before the expression is said by a guy, he previously says the following sentence. I'm not sure if it is related to Kansai dialect. しっかりしてんかいな ほんまに 無{む}計{けい}画{かく}なことされるのいちばんきらいや。 Another question: ...
4
votes
1answer
144 views

Can を be used when asking for how many of an object?

First Japanese Stack Exchange question :D I'm reading a Japanese book and one of the chapter got me thinking. The book wrote it like this: How many pencils are there ? えんぴつはなんぼんですか。 Can we not ...
2
votes
1answer
42 views

Why does this sentence use と here?

Consider the following sentence. 漢{かん}字{じ}試{し}験{けん}は理{り}解{かい}力{りょく}より記{き}憶{おく}力{りょく}を試{ため}すものだと批{ひ}判{はん}されています。 If I split it into two sentences, they might be as follows (correct if it is ...
3
votes
1answer
67 views

The Tohoku use of だ

In Tohoku, だ can follow verbs and い-adjectives, as I've heard (I've never actually spoken to someone from Tohoku). What purpose does it serve? Is a sentence ending in just a verb ungrammatical in ...
0
votes
3answers
63 views

A sentence that must consist of 終わられる, しまう, and よう

Is my sentence below correct? What I want to say is This textbook seems to be finished before Friday this week. My attempt is as follows, ...
3
votes
3answers
132 views

Jlpt/n5q5: 弟は部屋◯掃除をしました。◯: の versus に option

In the JLPTN5, 5th question, "弟は部屋◯掃除をしました" I'm trying to understand why the の option is more appropriate than the に option. Both appear to be correct in English. With に we are taking "the room" as ...
2
votes
3answers
152 views

Nuances in context- なぜそんなことをしたのか - why he did it, or what caused him to do it?

I'm trying to read a light novel for the first time and it's been confusing so far, what with the historical present tense and everything, but I mostly managed through until I got to this one scene. ...
3
votes
2answers
93 views

When did the word 「女性観」 come into standard usage? Is it a more politically-correct form of 「婦人観」?

I need to know when 「女性観」 was coined and, more importantly, when it became widely known/used. Was 「女性観」used in the early to mid-19th century? Did it replace 「婦人観」later on? Nitobe Inazo used 「婦人観」 in ...
2
votes
0answers
75 views

A word for 'clothed' or 'decent'?

Is there single word in Japanese used for '(fully) clothed' or 'decent'? As in, 'OK, you can come in, I'm decent now' or 'At least one of the kids is (fully) clothed (or dressed).' Of course one can ...
3
votes
1answer
75 views

Meaning of それと in this context

I have a question about the meaning of それと in the following sentence. Does it has the meaning "and, also" here, so both 「何かのタンクや配管といった」 and 「めぼしい」 modifies 危険物? Some sort of translation: Driving ...
2
votes
2answers
57 views

why translate to「周囲の林が暗くなっている」?

What English would translate to: 「周囲の林が暗くなっている。」 「暗くなっている」// speaker location unspecified 「林が暗くなっている」 // speaker location implied as being in the forest? 「周囲の林が暗くなっている」 // speaker location implied ...
2
votes
1answer
61 views

conditionals: “…といったら、…” vs. “…というなら、…”?

(1)「元気そうだと田中さんがいったら、信用できる証拠と思う。」 (2) 「元気そうだと田中さんがいうなら、信用できる証拠と思う。」 Are both grammatically correct? Were I to want to say: If Tanaka-san were to say that X appears to be in good ...
3
votes
2answers
46 views

Need help with translating 今更聞くのもアレなんだけど

I'm playing through the Toradora VN and I'm at a point where Ryuji comes home and spends a bit of time talking with his mom. However, his memory has not recovered and he is unsure what kind of ...
5
votes
2answers
85 views

What is the difference between 得意 and 上手?

Both 上手 and 得意 seem to both mean something along the lines of "good at" or "skilled". However, I don't understand the difference (if there is one) between them. In fact, some of the sentences on ...
2
votes
1answer
54 views

What is the grammar of “ごく” in “ごくかすか” mean?

"かすか" means "faint". "ごくかすか" mens "very faint". What part of speech is "ごく"? An inflection of "ごい"? What might either mean?
1
vote
1answer
42 views

Understanding why the sentence sounds strange

I've been told that 昼ご飯を食べた時、散歩する isn't right because you can't have lunch while going for a walk. But in my textbook, there's the following sentence: 日本に行った時、写真をとります. The book explains that taking ...
2
votes
1answer
209 views

Use of と and meaning of 色々 in this sentence

I came across a sentence and was wandering what the と in it functions as, as well as the exact meaning of 色々 色々とお母さん、 言いたい事が溜まってるの The context is that a high school boy has been doing things ...
3
votes
1answer
40 views

“to fight” in this context?

I would like to say "It's hard to fight thinking in stereotypes." Or "Thinking in stereotypes is bad but hard to fight." Can I use 戦う to say this or is there a more suitable word? I'm also ...
2
votes
1answer
54 views

“on a scale of 1 to 10”?

How can I say "on a scale of 1 to 10"? Like for example, "On a scale of 1 to 10 where 1 is not annoying at all and 10 is too annoying, how annoying do you find X"?
2
votes
1answer
412 views

How do you say “beware the cats” in Japanese?

The Italians have the famous phrase "Attenti ai gatti". Is there something similar in Japan? Would be good to have both the kanji and kana versions, since I am still a beginner. I can work out the ...
2
votes
1answer
98 views

What is “slatwall shelving” in Japanese?

I would like to ask a general contractor to make me some slatwall shelving. I checked dictionaries and all the Google juice I could muster but couldn't figure out what this type of shelving is called ...
4
votes
2answers
91 views

おる in honorific contexts

Usually, we're told that おる is a humble verb, and that mostly holds true. But sometimes I see it conjugated to a light honorific form おられる, usually when talking about someone to whom respect must be ...
0
votes
0answers
34 views

Breakdown of どうなってる

西洋はどうなってる? Is どうなってる itself a phrase meaning 'how is it?' or a combination of several meanings? Such as どう, なる and ている. Thanks!
2
votes
3answers
67 views

~く form of i-adjectives

I thought I've mastered this but I'm getting confused again. I thought the ~く form of i-adjectives was used when the adjective modifies the noun, e.g. 新しく家を買う 難しく試験した I think it's named ...
2
votes
3answers
54 views

What does いくつか mean in the phrase いくつかの種類?

I know いくつ means 'how old', but what does いくつか mean in the following sentence? 緑茶、紅茶、ウーロン茶などいくつかの種類に分けられる。
0
votes
0answers
58 views

please help with the last name [on hold]

I need to find a last name that includes -haku- and the meaning of that last name is animal I am sorry for such a weird question
1
vote
1answer
113 views

“Unfindable” character in song

Wading my way through rūju, I found the following phrase: 心慣じめない人にでも Google couldn't parse it, so I tried doing so myself. 人にでも, read hito ni de mo, is the antecedent of the relative clause ...
3
votes
1answer
48 views

comparing quantities

I have read this link which explains how to say that something is n-times as big as something else. My sentence doesn't quite fit these patterns. A fish has just been caught (no mention of size). The ...

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