All Questions

2
votes
1answer
22 views

What is the difference between ~たとき vs ~るとき

電車に乗るときは、白線の内側でお待ちください。 電車に乗ったときは、白線の内側でお待ちください What is the difference between ~たとき and ~るとき? In particular, what is ungrammatical about the second sentence with ~た? I felt that this ...
2
votes
1answer
130 views

Etymological connection between 門 and 円?

I'm curious if there's any historical link between the kanji for "gate", 門{かど}, and the kanji for "circle" or "yen", 円{えん}. If 門 is gate, 円 looks like a closed gate. Am I being whimsical and seeing ...
7
votes
1answer
105 views

Are 済む・澄む・住む cognate?

Which of these words are cognates (share a common etymology)? 住【す】む ("live") (rarely 棲む or 栖む) 澄【す】む ("clear") (rarely 清む) 済【す】む ("end") According gogen allguide and several dictionaries such as ...
2
votes
1answer
107 views

Can ~もの be applied to all verbs to make them a noun?

I understand that ~もの converts the verb into a noun. So たべます meaning "to eat" becomes たべもの meaning "food". Can ~もの be applied to all verbs? eg. ききます meaning "to listen" becomes ききもの meaning "music"?
4
votes
3answers
222 views

What “non-standard” katakana are commonly used?

I know about the "standard" special katakana, like ファ fa, ディ di, ヴ vu, etc. However, I keep running into others I can't find on any list, including the ones in What special kana are used to write ...
1
vote
1answer
185 views

What does ~とか mean when it doesn't indicate an example?

事故【じこ】があったとかで電車【でんしゃ】が止まり【とまり】…… Here とか does not seem to indicate an 'example'. Do I understand it correctly? What does this form of とか represent?
2
votes
1answer
136 views

What does 馬鹿も一芸 mean in English? [on hold]

I'm wondering how 馬鹿も一芸 should be translated into English. EDICT-based dictionary sites list this phrase with the following translation: 馬鹿も一芸 even a fool has a talent Is this translation ...
3
votes
1answer
112 views

Purpose of ~とは in 「あなたにとって仕事とはなんでしょうか」

あなたにとって仕事【しごと】とはなんでしょうか What is the purpose of とは above? Would using は alone have been any different? If とは is a grammatical construct, I would appreciate additional examples clarifying its ...
2
votes
2answers
134 views

Meaning of 資料共 in the context of web conferencing

The litteral translation for "資料共" seems to be "total" (Google Translate) or "Documents" (Rikaichan). How would you parse it and interpret it in the context of web conferencing? It's supposed to be ...
1
vote
1answer
144 views

can one be “さびしい” without being “かなしい”?

Can someone be "さびしい" without being "かなしい"? I assume that one can be "かなしい" without being "さびしい". If this is not true, please explain. I don't think I've heard "かなしい" so much in conversation. Are ...
-1
votes
1answer
74 views

What's the function of ~には in 「おやには長生きしてもらいたいとおもう」?

おやには長生きしてもらいたいとおもう Please help understand the には construct. Is it a form of emphasis?
2
votes
1answer
87 views

Difference between ~に伴う【ともなう】 and ~を伴う【ともなう】 [duplicate]

このしごとはきけんを伴う I am aware of the にともなう construct. Is this any different? When would ともなう take the を particle rather than に?
9
votes
1answer
134 views

Old way of counting people?

I always found it funny how the counter for people, 人, has the special cases [一人]{ひとり}, [二人]{ふたり}, but then continues [三人]{さんにん}, [四人]{よにん}, ... However, this summer I came across a neat bit of info. ...
9
votes
4answers
276 views

What's the difference between はずがない, わけがない, and しょうがない?

A slight expansion of the existing thread What is the difference between 「はずがない」 and 「わけがない」?, but what is the difference or use cases for when to use はずがない, わけがない, しょうがない?
16
votes
5answers
2k views

What is the difference between 「はずがない」 and 「わけがない」?

I know the following two sentences give implication that "not expecting me to understand (it)" but I have a feeling that they give different nuances that I just can't put my finger on: ...
1
vote
2answers
172 views

expressing 'not possible that' [duplicate]

kono team ga makeru (hazu ga nai / wake ga nai). Which one is correct? How do we differentiate the use of the above?
-2
votes
0answers
36 views

Japanese Surname Meaning: Satoshige (恵乗) [on hold]

I am interested in learning what the meaning of the characters (both individually and used together) that compose the Japanese surname "Satoshige" (恵乗).
4
votes
1answer
96 views

Why “greengrocer” kanjis are 八百屋 (やおや)?

I've seen the last one (屋) many times before meaning something along the lines of "establishment where you can buy things or services". However, the rest of the word confuses me. Doesn't the word 八百 ...
3
votes
1answer
325 views

Usage of か after a clause?

Here's a sentence I found: デパートはどこにあるか、知っていますか? Do you know where the department store is? What's the purpose of the か particle in 「どこにあるか」? Under what circumstances do I use it? I'm fairly ...
0
votes
0answers
41 views

what is 'i thought you were an idiot' in japanese? [on hold]

what is i thought you were an idiot in japanese?
8
votes
4answers
328 views

Why is 住んでいるのが好きです incorrect?

住んでいるのが好きです is a fragment of a sentence that is incorrectly constructed - the correct way to say "I like living in [place] would be 住むのが好きです. But why is this? In the present tense, the usual way to ...
1
vote
1answer
69 views

How do you interpret an “interrogative word + non-polite form + か + 知る” construct? [duplicate]

Came across this sentence that has this "interrogative word + non-polite form + か + 知る" structure but not too sure if this is a kind of question or answer. どこの会議室か知りません。 Is this a question or an ...
10
votes
3answers
661 views

Difference between [行く末]{ゆくすえ}, 将来{しょうらい} and 未来{みらい}

I've been looking around and I got that the three words can mean "future". Is there a way to differentiate them? Can they be used the same way?
4
votes
4answers
165 views

What's the difference between そうです and そうでしょう?

In 『よつばと!』, やつば says 「ここ家がいっぱいある」 to which her father replies 「そうだろう」. What's the difference between そうです and そうでしょう? I know when we use そうです but I can't figure out the other. I know ましょう is used to ...
2
votes
1answer
107 views

What does the てさ in 「忘れててさ」 mean?

I was reading the comic strip titled 「エボラ出血熱の巻」 on スマ町 when I encountered 「忘れててさ」. I've reproduced part of the dialogue here for a bit more context (bold mine) てっしー:火達磨さん!宿題手伝いますよ 火達磨 ...
25
votes
3answers
35k views

でも (demo) versus けど (kedo) to mean “but”

I learned that you can use でも (demo) at the beginning of a sentence to mean "but," and that you can use けど (kedo) at the end of a sentence to mean "though." However, I don't see a difference between ...
2
votes
1answer
76 views

Difference between ベッド and 寝台

Both of them mean bed and they target the same wiki page. I mostly see ベッド, so I guess it is the common word for bed. In which case should I use 寝台 ?
4
votes
0answers
65 views

Grammar in the 古事記 : ~ようもない

I recently started studying the 古事記. In the beginning of the modern translation, there is a piece of grammar which, while not terribly confusing in itself, still fascinates me. The whole sentence is ...
0
votes
1answer
57 views

Understanding use of における

明治【めいじ】時代【じだい】における学校【がっこう】教育【きょういく】について Please help understand the use of ~における. Is it a form of において? Why wouldn't it be a past form then?
1
vote
2answers
131 views

Is the negative form of 住む related to すみません (i.e. “I'm sorry”/“Excuse me”), and how is it used in actual conversation?

Just learned the verb “to live” 住む. When conjugated to masu negative it is pronounced as すみません. How is this related to the expression すみません which means “I'm sorry”/“Please excuse me”? Or is it just a ...
2
votes
2answers
139 views

What is the subject in 「士郎の理想、英雄となった姿があなたではないのですか。」?

士郎の理想、英雄となった姿があなたではないのですか。 I think the subject of なった is 姿, but a friend tells me it's 士郎. Is it not possible that the sentence means The figure that became hero, are not you? ?
1
vote
2answers
81 views

しな at the end of a sentence

In the manga Yotsubato, the main character Yotsuba's father says 「ジャンボが二人分働くしな」. I understand the sentence as a whole, I think, but I don't understand the しな at the end. Here's the full dialogue: ...
1
vote
1answer
65 views

expressing ~should do

じょうず に なりたければ もっと れんしゅう する [こと/べき/もの] だ As per my understanding, all the 3 options seem appropriate above. Is that correct? If so, are there any quirks or exceptions?
0
votes
1answer
68 views

~ようと… Japanese grammar

お百姓と、その息子を殺したヘビ  ヘビがお百姓(ひゃくしょう)の息子の方へはい寄って来て、噛み殺してしまいました。  お父さんのお百姓は、悲しくてたまりません。  それでオノを持ち、ヘビの穴のそばでヘビが出てきたらすぐに叩き殺そうと待ち構えていました。  そのうちにヘビが一匹、穴から出てきました。  お百姓は、 「それっ!」 と、オノを振り下ろしました。  ...
0
votes
0answers
59 views

なら and そうに grammar pattern

I have a question concerning a grammar pattern. I want to say this: I feel if she was Kathy, she can do it. So, I say this: Kathyさんならできるそうに感じしています。 Is this right or wrong? I would like ...
8
votes
1answer
177 views

Does 好きな really mean “favorite”?

In books that I've come across and even in dictionaries, I've seen the word 「好きな」 translated as "favorite". I'm a little confused by this because 「好きです」 normally gets translated as "like", or in my ...
2
votes
2answers
143 views

Why is Austin spelled with an オ?

Based on the pronunciations here, what I hear in Anime, and the way I hear kana pronounced in Japanese class, it seems to me that Austin should start with ア rather than オ, but it is clearly spelled ...
4
votes
1answer
85 views

Is “Xがどこに見つけられますか” an acceptable translation of “Where can I find X”?

I'm currently studying the potential form by making up sentences from several scenarios and find it rather difficult to check their correctness using nothing but vague online translators. Is the ...
6
votes
1answer
152 views

What does 揺らぎやすい女性 mean?

I was translating a passage the other day for a health spa and came across the following passage: 揺らぎやすい女性のための限定メニューができました。 1ヶ月の周期の中で、私たちの体は大きく変化します。 生理は、体をととのえる絶好のチャンス。 ...
18
votes
5answers
1k views

How would one convey “get over it” in Japanese?

As a foreigner in Japan, one has to get used to the fact that some Japanese will compliment you on things that are too mundane to really deserve mention. Like the fact that you can use chopsticks, eat ...
7
votes
3answers
466 views

What does “声が出る” mean?

When somebody uses 声が出る, what is the significance of saying it this way as opposed to using 言う? Is this used commonly and does it have some sort of special nuance I'm not aware of?
3
votes
1answer
298 views

に Particle ambiguity

あまりにも子供じみた言動に呆れる。 だが、こういった[A]の対応には少なからず救われている部分があった. 深く踏みこまずに居場所を与えてくれるこの距離感に、周囲の人間も惹かれて集まってくるのだろう。 I'm tripped up on the second sentence. Is the 部分 part of the childish behavior, or the ...
6
votes
3answers
414 views

How does one transcribe the romaji “ō”?

I use The Kodansha Kanji Learner's Dictionary, which describes pronunciation in romaji instead of kana. I never learned romaji in a classroom, and generally only use it when reading this dictionary. ...
1
vote
3answers
226 views

What's the difference between でしょうか and ですか at the end of a question?

I am having a little trouble understanding the nuance of でしょうか in comparison to ですか. People say it makes it more hesitant and polite, but that doesn't explain the nuance enough for me. Why would you ...
2
votes
2answers
256 views

What does 相手 mean in 「素直な自分をぶつけられる相手」?

I'm confused about how to describe 相手 here. I don't know if it's “partner who can show their true self” or “partner to whom can show your true self”. Also, is the ぶつけられる here like ぶつけることができる? ...
1
vote
1answer
44 views

particle grammar, は and が [duplicate]

If I want to say the dog barked, which is more grammatically correct: inu WA naita or inu GA naita? I'm thinking the second one because it's identifying what's barking, but I'm not sure I fully ...
0
votes
0answers
96 views

About the literal translation of a phrase [duplicate]

The phrase it's this: "士郎の理想、英雄となった姿があなたではないのですか。" I understand it literally as "The ideal of Shirou, the figure that became a hero, are you not you?" It's right?
1
vote
3answers
99 views

Dictionary form of verb to indicate progressive actions or actions in progress?

I've always interpreted the plain/present affirmative of a verb (e.g. 行く/行きます) as either A.) an action that I will do in the future 図書館に行きます "I will go to the library" B.) an action that I ...
1
vote
1answer
311 views

Can だ be used as a particle in a phrase?

I'd like to say “Tomorrow is Monday”. Is it correct for me to say 「あしただげつようび」? Or is there simply no particle at all?
-1
votes
1answer
48 views

How is “if one does not differ” translated using the word 異なる and the ば-ending?

異なる is the dictionary form. To express the idea of condition, one has to change the u into an e and add the suffix ba. 異なれば = If one differs. How do you express the idea of a negative condition -> ...

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