1
vote
1answer
54 views

The modification target of 忌み嫌われる

The sentence is taken from a fantasy visual novel. 現の神と古の神が相克するこの世界でも類を見ない、 双方にとって、 忌み嫌われる世界の敵 It's a bit unclear for me which clause is modified by the word 「忌み嫌われる」 Does it mean: "The abhorred/...
7
votes
1answer
382 views

How do you indicate line breaks in a poem when it is written without actual line breaks?

In English, if you have a poem, like Roses are red, Violets are blue, Sugar is sweet, And so are you. and you need to write it on just one line (for reasons of space or whatever), you ...
10
votes
2answers
421 views

好き【すき】でした。付き【つき】合って【あって】ください。

I found many people say 好きでした when they actually mean 好きです. I think it is short for ずっと好きでした. I know ずっと~していた and ずっと~している can well mean the same, but I still do not know the nuance between 好きでした and ...
5
votes
4answers
205 views

Pronunciation of 九

The dictionary I'm using lists two common pronunciations of 「九」: 「きゅう」 and 「く」. I've usually heard it as 「きゅう」 before, but when saying 「9時」, it always seems to be 「くじ」. Is there a rule to this?
4
votes
1answer
227 views

How does the order of place and subject affect the meaning of a sentence using the verb iru

Consider the two sentences: うちに犬がいます。 uchi-ni inu-ga imasu 犬がうちにいます。 inu-ga uchi-ni imasu Is it correct to translate these as "There is a dog at home" "The dog is at ...
1
vote
2answers
118 views

What does it mean when a number is followed by こ

れいぞうこ の なか に ケーキ は 3こ ありました. せんしゅう 、かんじ を 20こ おぼえ ました. In the above examples, why does こ come after the number? Is it a counter? If yes, at what instances can it be used? If not, please ...
1
vote
1answer
124 views

Function of ' のあるところで ' [closed]

In response to a question I asked about relative clauses, I received a link to a grammar guide written entirely in Japanese. Given that I'm still a beginner (maybe three weeks of real study?), I ...
1
vote
1answer
139 views

”でもありやいい制度だ” Help with one line from manga translation

でもありやいい制度だ As in the title, could you help with the translation to English of this one sentence? If you want the context, here I've got an English version here too, but it doesn't make any sense(at ...
4
votes
1answer
306 views

名詞の修飾と「~か」・「~かどうか」についての質問

日本語の名詞を修飾する時、「が」しか使えないでしょう? 例えば、 私がいつも遊んでいたところはあの川の傍の公園です。 友達が買ってくれたパソコンはこれだ。 今私の質問は、~か/~かどうか についてはそういう文法がありますか?? そして、そういう思いの上で文を書いてみました(英語で同じ意味を表してみました、意味は正しくないなら 是非教えてくださいね): ...
5
votes
1answer
178 views

Meaning of 入る in 帯が入る

From JapanesePod101: 十四番のボールは、緑の帯が入っている。 The fourteen ball has a green stripe. I'm not sure how and why 入る is being used here. There doesn't seem to be any clear fit amongst the dictionary ...
2
votes
1answer
296 views

How to say “he/she knows”? [closed]

For example, "He knows that he's a lazy guy" or something like that. Something along the lines of he/she is aware of something + the thing he/she is aware of.
5
votes
2answers
157 views

Meaning and transitivity of 立ち上がる in ~を手に立ち上がる

While doing some tranlating, I stumbled upon this usage of 立ち上がる。 わたしがゴミ袋を手に立ち上がると、イツカ君とお姉ちゃんは二人一緒にわたしの所へやって来ました。 It doesn't match up with the definitions I'm familiar with, nor any of the other ...
3
votes
1answer
243 views

Rendering an appositive “which” clause in Japanese

I've been writing little news pieces lately for practice, and I'm presently hung up on this passage. I'm trying to express the idea "This decision caused many protests, which have remained peaceful ...
3
votes
1answer
721 views

What does やがんだ mean?

Right now, I'm reading the Japanese translation of Catcher in the Rye. This sentence has been puzzling me: 奴さん、ジャガーをもってやがんだよ。 I know that the author is saying that his brother owns a Jaguar, but I'...
0
votes
1answer
193 views

Did ある and いる once have kanji?

I'm surprised I haven't been able to turn up anything, but I'm sure you'll notify me if there's a dupe I missed. Did the verbs ある and いる ever have kanji? I recognise that it won't be in use today.
4
votes
2answers
149 views

How do you decide the alias of the radical for kanjis such as “字” and “旧”?

I recently came across a document that says the radical of "字" is "こへん". And I think that is wrong. Any "_へん" must be in the left region of a kanji (or is that just a guideline?). The aliases for "子" ...
3
votes
3answers
1k views

Why are the names of plants and animals often written in katakana?

I was wondering why fruits, vegetables, animals and plants, are written in katakana? Often, there exist kanjis for those, so why aren't they written with those kanjis instead? For example: カマキリ ...
9
votes
4answers
2k views

Could you repeat that please?

I recently was on the phone with a Japanese customer service representative and I couldn't quite understand what she had said. I wanted her to repeat what she had said so I said something along the ...
1
vote
1answer
102 views

Transitive, Intransitive Verbs and Particles

I think that these sentences are both correct: 旅行の日程が決められました。 and 旅行の日程が決まりました。 But if I use 旅行の日程を決まりました。 is this correct?
1
vote
1answer
379 views

meaning of ギッタンギッタン with reference

I tried to add a definition for ギッタンギッタン to JDIC using references on the Internet. http://www.edrdg.org/jmdictdb/cgi-bin/entr.py?e=1907714&svc=jmdict&sid= They're slow to add it (or reject ...
6
votes
2answers
353 views

How to rephrase sentences with an ambiguous は to indicate the contrastive or thematic / 「主題」と「対比」の解釈の余地のある、あいまいな「は」の言い換え方

First, some background. My question is kind of an extension of this previously-answered question about the difference between は and が. While I am fairly clear on the different usages of は as a ...
0
votes
1answer
98 views

How to find words you cant find in a dictionary? Help with translating Dragon Ball [closed]

I have been learning japanese for 6 months now and thought that I would have a stab at buying a Japanese comic book to try and read/ translate but I'm struggling! There are many different words that ...
4
votes
1answer
560 views

Are there ways to write Japanese fast (like shortening the words)?

When the regular student is hearing a lecture he needs to write the lecturer's words very fast. So many of them are shortening the words (like smb.) and sentences but after the lecture they can still ...
1
vote
3answers
388 views

Why is the に particle used in this sentence?

ともだち に あいます。 To meet friend. My understanding of the に particle is that it is used to indicate the indirect object, for time, and for location only when the verb is a "to exist" verb like います or ...
2
votes
2answers
128 views

How are 超域 and 学際 different?

As I understand it, the word 学際 is usually used to mean "interdisciplinary" when referring to college courses. However, I recently came across the word "超域文化科学" while browsing college websites. In ...
4
votes
1answer
425 views

Can both Hepburn and Kunreisiki romaji be used to write a person's name?

I once asked why there are two input systems to type some of the same letters, like し or つ, which can be written as shi/si or tsu/tu. I was told that both are okay, I could choose the way I like to ...
3
votes
1answer
453 views

What type of romanization is “Hatchōbori”?

I found somewhere on the internet that the romanization of 八丁堀{はっちょうぼり} is written as "Hatchōbori". Given that scheme, how could you write "しゅっぱつ"? Given that scheme, how could you write "しゅぱつ"? ...
2
votes
4answers
1k views

Why are し/ち transliterated as 'shi'/'chi', and not 'si'/'ti'?

In Japanese あいうえお are pronounced 'a i u e o', かきくけこ are pronounced 'ka ki ku ke ko'. The spelling is simple and natural. However, when it comes to サ行, さしすせそ, its relevant roman spelling is 'sa shi su ...
4
votes
2answers
259 views

Why wasn't 欒 simplified to 栾, when 戀 was simplified to 恋?

A few pre-simplification kanji (旧字体) that had the 䜌 "radical" in them were simplified such that they instead used the simpler 亦 "radical" in its place, as with 戀 to 恋, and 變 to 変. However, 欒 (as in ...
2
votes
2answers
314 views

When is the onyomi of 田 used?

My Kanji textbook mentions 田 to have the kunyomi た and the onyomi デン. デン is not mentioned in brackets so I conclude it is a very common reading. But I hardly find any words that use デン. In an example ...
3
votes
1answer
303 views

ねん in the Kansai dialect

I've heard the ねん ending a lot in 関西弁 but I'm still struggling to find when it's used. Can you use it with all kinds and conjugations of verbs? I've heard ちゃうねん over and over, but if I try to use ねん ...
2
votes
1answer
183 views

Usage and meaning of 召す【めす】 in different contexts

I am going through some Kanji and I was looking for the usage of 召す when I came across the following translation (from jisho.org): 1: (Honorific or respectful language) to call; to invite; to send ...
2
votes
1answer
117 views

Does 考え方 usually refer to the “methodology” of one's thought process, or can it also refer to something more subjective?

Weblio states that 考え方 is 思考の傾向...but when I look up 思考 I get confused because now I'm not sure if I'm dealing with an objective thought process or subjective feelings. I get the feeling (no pun...) ...
4
votes
1answer
209 views

What does までもが mean in this sentence, and もが in general

I am still reading the 十二国記 novel 月の影 影の海. At the end of the first part, after a rather harrowing day, Yoko is riding a leopard-like magical creature, flying through the night sky, when they are ...
3
votes
1answer
178 views

Categorizing kanji variants - is there a “proper” form?

Here are kanji variants: 海 (as an image: ) 海 In case it does not display correctly for you, the first kanji is unicode U+FA45. Is 海 considered a variant of the much more common 海? Or, are 海 and 海 ...
0
votes
1answer
367 views

ですら・でも・さえ・だろう(と/が)。 Are there any differences?

I am just wondering if anyone can explain the differences between these in terms of nuances. When I say nuances, can you give examples of whether one is for more polite situations, or whether one is ...
0
votes
1answer
132 views

What is wrong in “森田さんは新開発の薬をもって病気を克服した”?

最新の医療技術をもってすれば、人はさらに寿命を伸ばせるだろう。 OK 森田さんは人一倍の努力をもって病気を克服したのである。 OK 森田さんは新開発の薬をもって病気を克服したのである。 KO My textbook* says the third sentence is not OK, but I don't understand why, as it seems ...
1
vote
2answers
257 views

“Year of the X” - is there an idiom?

So, if we were talking about "this is the Year of the Dog", I think the correct rendering of that in Japanese would be 戌年, with the reading いぬどし. But does that extend outside of the astrological sense?...
1
vote
2answers
814 views

What does Japanese sound like for non-native Japanese speaker? [closed]

Let me know what does Japanese sound like to you. I am a native Japanese speaker and I've been so curious about it since I was a child. There is no exemplary answer for this topic. Please don't ...
2
votes
1answer
164 views

Japanese for “The Narrow Road to the Deep North” (the Richard Flanagan novel)

Is there a commonly agreed upon title for the Richard Flanagan novel "The Narrow Road to the Deep North" (not the travel diary by Matsuo Bashō, which the novel was named after)? I've seen both "奥の細道",...
2
votes
1answer
97 views

Direct object or directional を

高校を卒業してから弟はいろんな会社を転々とした. Translation: After graduation my brother wandered from job to job. Here, are both を's (高校を卒業 and いろんな会社を転々とした) used in the direct object sense or in the directional "...
2
votes
2answers
279 views

Which is the most correct (or common): 話 or 話し?

The meaning of 話, as a kanji, is "tale, talk", but as a word, it means the same as 話し: "Talk; speech; chat; story; conversation." In the official jouyou kanji chart, there's only 話, for the isolated ...
4
votes
2answers
359 views

なったら vs. なると – usage in context

I came across the following exercise – I have to fill in the gap with the correct word that I have to choose from a series of 4. 信号{しんごう}があおに(    )、道{みち}を渡{わた}っていいです。 I eliminated 2 words and ...
4
votes
1answer
789 views

What is the proper way to write “cube” in romaji?

I have been trying to search for the Romaji version of "cube" without too much success. There seem to be several variations on the word, although that is true with almost any version of a Japanese ...
8
votes
3answers
292 views

How do you refer to items in a list?

Given a list of things... dog cat fish How would you say... the second item in the list: 2目番? all three of them: 全部三つ? two of them (not regarding the position in the list): 2匹 or 2目? Is this ...
0
votes
1answer
156 views

Can Verb stand in front of sentence?

In 祈りの歌 song, they have a line that I don't understand pretty much (actually all of them but I want to focus on this line) 出会えてよかった And え, is really piss me off. I actually don't what is it. I have ...
0
votes
2answers
302 views

How to say “to mutilate” in Japanese

I tried to look it up in a dictionary, on jisho.org and also by googling for it but I couldn't find out how to say "to mutilate" in Japanese. I really need this word since it's legal here to crop ...
1
vote
1answer
143 views

When does one use 〜もらいました versus 〜くれました? [duplicate]

I know that when giving something, you can say 父に傘を貸してあげました - there's only one word for when giving. But when receiving something, it's either 〜もらいました or 〜くれました. It's my understanding that, when the ...
0
votes
1answer
131 views

Usage of the phrase/word ですので

Why are there no dictionary entries for ですので? I've searched JED, Tagaini Jisho, and Rikaichan. It seems to have an equivalent meaning with だから、but I'm not exactly sure. However I've heard it being ...
3
votes
1answer
102 views

What's the kanji for “appointed location”

Can't seem to remember. Kind of like how 当日 means "appointed day," I'm pretty sure I've seen a kanji for something like 当所 but I can't find one. I've found 当地 but I don't know if it has the same ...

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