3
votes
2answers
171 views

ないでいますvsていません-Verb Continuity and Negation

I'm not even certain that ないでいます is used, but if it is, what is it's difference from ていません? They are both negation, but one is saying they are negating, and the other one is saying they aren't doing. ...
1
vote
1answer
146 views

Acceptable use of 黄

I've noticed there appears to be a class of Japanese colors which are denoted by -色. Most of these literally translate to "noun-color" (brown = "tea color," grey = "ash color," etc.) It makes sense ...
9
votes
4answers
8k views

What's the difference between がんばれ and 頑張って 【がんばって】?

This one stumped my Japanese friend that I was having dinner with earlier tonight. We were talking about the fact that tomorrow is Monday and I had a tough work week ahead. She said ガンバレ, I paused, ...
2
votes
2answers
437 views

Difference between 移る, 引っ越す and 引っ越しする

I originally learnt 引っ越す to mean "to move house", but my textbook recently told me "移る" was also "to move house". Flaw also mentioned that 引っ越しする meant that too in chat, but that just looks like ...
2
votes
0answers
55 views

Sake? Nihonshu? [duplicate]

Is it true that in normal conversation, "sake" means alcohol generically? Not sake specifically? And sake specifically is "nihonshu"? The story is, I learned some Japanese 40+ years ago in Australia. ...
2
votes
1answer
324 views

What does さすがお尻マイスター mean?

When one of my girlfriend asked her friend, if he is in Osaka now, he said "yes, that's right" (in japanese) and then "さすがお尻マイスター". I didn't understand it, but I didn't ask her or him back either. ...
2
votes
2answers
202 views

What is the use of the particle “の” and “ある方”?

I am a bit confused about this sentence I came across while studying: 質問のある方はどうぞ。 "Please feel free to ask any questions." I'm not sure about the "のある方" part of the sentence. My guess is that it ...
3
votes
1answer
555 views

What is the difference between 有用(yuuyou) and 便利(benri)?

As far as I know both words could be used to describe usefulness/handiness/conviniency of something. What are the main differences between them? In particular, what are the use patterns for these ...
4
votes
1answer
146 views

Are 短(い) and 身近(い・な) related?

Is one derived from the other? 身近 means - amongst other definitions - "close/near to one(self)", so it's not that much of a leap to say that something near to you is a "short" distance away, and get ...
1
vote
1answer
103 views

Translating --「きめぜりふつかった」って?

Playing through a game, and I've encountered a verb / combination I've never seen before. The full dialogue is: もうお姫さまにきめぜりふつかったの? Am I looking at some stem of きめ・る? Or something else entirely? ...
5
votes
2answers
279 views

Very confused about “には” in indicating relationships

I read a very detailed and useful answer explaining the difference between "に" and "には" but am still confused about a sentence I recently encountered. 私たちには息子が二人います。 I do not understand the function ...
2
votes
1answer
111 views

Questions with 辞書形 and raising tone and 辞書形+の?

I was tonight with japanese friends and I noticed they rather used a simple 辞書形 form along with a raising tone to ask a question, although we learned in class that "non-polite" questions were formed ...
2
votes
1answer
216 views

What is the difference between しかも and それどころか?

しかも is pretty straight forward: 今度、「一番」ってお店のランチに行こうよ。あそこ、すごくおいしんだよ。しかも量もおおいよ。 Let's go get lunch at Ichiban next time. The food is great, also the servings are big. ...
5
votes
1answer
172 views

How to read 前 on its own?

For example, when you're on a homepage, and on the bottom, you can go to the previous page with the 前 button and the next page with the 次 button.
3
votes
2answers
503 views

What exactly does 捉え直す mean?

The term 捉{とら}え直{なお}す has come up in three different essays in my JLPT practise book, and I can't determine exactly what it means. My understanding of 捉{とら}える is that it means "to catch, to capture", ...
4
votes
1answer
149 views

What sort of tone/nuance does せいぜい have? Can it be sarcastic or condescending?

I understand that せいぜい has implies 'at most' or 'at best' such as: 田中:今日、8時に横浜駅ね。仕事遅くならない? 加村:大丈夫だよ。いつも通りに終わるから、せいぜい7時半までしか残業しないから。 However, in my notes I have my sensei saying that: ...
3
votes
1answer
123 views

How is “しかい” used in this sentence?

I'm a bit confused about how "しかい" is used in this sentence I came across while studying: そこには私一人しかいなかった。 "I was the only one there." My guess is that it is an ending to "一人", but I couldn't find ...
-1
votes
1answer
160 views

Kanji for Hirohito [closed]

I cannot find the kanji for hito, as in the name Hirohito, in my Modern Reader's Japanese-English Character Dictionary (Andrew Nelson). When I searched online I found that the hito was shown as a four ...
3
votes
1answer
120 views

Is 「てまえ」an informal way of referring to someone?

I was recently flipping through a copy of the [新宿]{しんじゅく}スワン manga and seem to recall a senior figure talking to a junior character, referring to them multiple times as 「てまえ」. It caught my attention ...
0
votes
2answers
376 views

Sentence ending with -とでも

Konna ikari ni warawa ga hirumu to demo? In this sentence does that mean, Sould I scared/afraid of this (little) anger? (a humiliation/mocking intent is directed in this sentence) or, Do I need to ...
3
votes
1answer
621 views

Does おお sound different from おう?

I know おう sounds like a long o, but does おお sound the same, or should it be pronounced differently?
3
votes
2answers
192 views

Translation of 人となり

I cannot understand the meaning of 「人となり」 in the following sentence. Some sort of translation: If Mibu-san would be partner of that ghost than things that happened before seems strange.(Sorry for bad ...
6
votes
1answer
226 views

Why is using ば or と, to indicate a conditional, considered ungrammatical if the 2nd part expresses a will, wish, order or request?

The example my book gives for an ungrammatical usage is "山田さんがくれば、いっしょに大阪に行きませんか?" I recognize that such things are the standard, but nowhere in any of my research is it indicated why that's the case, ...
6
votes
2answers
616 views

“Boo” equivalent in Japanese?

Is there a disappointed or sad "boo" equivalent in Japanese? Kind of like: Person 1: "Hey man, can I borrow 10 dollars?" Person 2: "Nah I don't have any change." Person1: "Boo, now I don't have ...
5
votes
1answer
255 views

Particle に to enumerate things?

I encountered several sentences where に was used—from my deduction of the context—to enumerate things. For example a character about to go somewhere, checks his bag if he has everything he needs : ...
52
votes
5answers
9k views

Differences among -たら、なら、-んだったら、-えば, etc

Japanese language has a lot of patterns for "if" clauses. What are the differences among the following patterns and how do we choose to use one over the others?: 行ったら 行くなら 行けば 行くんだったら 行くのなら 行くとしたら ...
2
votes
2answers
177 views

Why is 一歩 pronouced 'ippo'?

I am very new to Japanese, but I noticed this today. In Wiktionary article on 一歩 we see that the pronounciation is いっぽ. In article for 一 we see that there is a nanori reading いっ. On the other hand ...
2
votes
2answers
154 views

The etymology of 泊

I was looking up the etymology of 泊, and I got this: 形声。白は、どんぐりの実を描いた象形文字で、どんぐりの実の中みのあわく白い色を示す。泊は「水+音符白」で、白の原義とは関係がない。水が浅くて舟底が水底にせまってとまること。また、水かさの少ない浅瀬のこと。 【泌】  ...
3
votes
1answer
170 views

Meaning of vb-たかった + しまいました

I am currently in my third year of japanese studies, and in lesson 29 of 皆の日本語, we learned to use vb-て+しまいます or しまいました to emphasize the action or its completion, or the embarrassment, regret of the ...
6
votes
1answer
224 views

What's the difference between 食品 and 食料

I can't quite figure out the differences between these two. I would guess that 食料 is only used in situations, where the only thing that matters is that the food is there or not there (As in, searching ...
3
votes
1answer
172 views

How to distinguish between words with identical okurigana?

There are a ton of verbs with multiple readings and the exact same okurigana. Sometimes they mean totally different things and sometimes they have very similar meanings, so in the cases when they have ...
6
votes
1answer
274 views

What is it called when someone is made poor from attending too many weddings?

I cannot remember the phrase once taught me for when someone has become poor by attending too many weddings in Japan. Due to usually having to pay at least 30,000 yen just to attend weddings as a ...
6
votes
1answer
209 views

question about 以下

What does 以下 mean in the following sentence, and how does it compare with 簡素? Could it be something "even less than plain..." ? ...
1
vote
1answer
194 views

What are the differences and usage patterns for 常套句, 言い草, 決まり文句, 諺, and 名言?

This is a little bit of an encyclopedic question, but I would like to know what separates the four expressions in the title, i.e., what separates them when they are close to referring to the same ...
3
votes
2answers
512 views

Is マグロ always an insult?

A common insult, or at least, I've always understood it to be an insult, is to describe a woman as a マグロ in bed. Being referred to as マグロ, which is "tuna" in English, implies that a woman just lies ...
0
votes
2answers
292 views

What are these suggestions in hiragana typing?

What are these in hiragana typing when I want to type wa?
1
vote
1answer
216 views

What does ピグ mean? (Not pig.)

I was reading http://helps.ameba.jp/faq/pigg/5301/post_362.html, and it said "ピグ", I can't for the life figure out for the life of me what it means (Unless it means pig, and contextually that makes no ...
3
votes
1answer
141 views

Why does そっくり(な?) take the な particle?

I was reading this page: http://helps.ameba.jp/faq/pigg/5301/post_362.html and I found そっくりな, however my dictionary says it's an adverbial noun... and I though those took の as their particle-Then ...
3
votes
1answer
154 views

What's the difference between 見解 and 意見

I've been unable to find the difference from example sentences online. Is it a matter of formality? Something completely else?
6
votes
2answers
904 views

How to translate “once” and “every” in Japanese? 一度 or いつも

[一度]{いちど(ひとたび)} means once, but [一遍]{いっぺん} also mean once in sentences like once I did something or once I am a something. 常に means always in sentences like I always am a something or I always do ...
6
votes
2answers
3k views

What is an equivalent phrase to the colloquial “I know, right!?”

What are the Japanese equivalent phrases for the phrase "I know, right?!" The scenario is my friend said 「PS4には最高だね」, and I'd like to respond with something akin to "I know, right?!" 「でしょ!?」 comes to ...
3
votes
1answer
228 views

Meaning of どこの ( + noun)?

I found Shimazaki Touson's work 'shiawase', and read the first few lines: 「幸せ」が色々な家へたずねて行きました。だれでも幸せの欲しくないひとはありませんから、どこの家をたずねましても、みんな大喜びでむかえてくれるに違いありません。 My question is how I can translate ...
2
votes
3answers
102 views

Best Interpretation: 過去を消して穴を埋めて作り変えよう。そうだそうしよう。

What is the best way to interpret this line from the song "Dark Blue Day" by Straightener? 「過去を消して穴を埋めて作り変えよう そうだそうしよう」 I know: 過去を消して:Erase the past 穴を埋めて:Fill the hole I'm not sure how to ...
5
votes
1answer
279 views

What is the meaning of 「ほおかむり」?

My daughter is in first grade at a public elementary school in Japan. In some homework yesterday, there was the appearance of the word ほおかむり. My Japanese isn't great as a non-native and she didn't ...
0
votes
4answers
588 views

What's the joke in this 4コマ comic?

In this 4コマ漫画{まんが}, a four panel comic, a young attractive woman walks through a station ticket gate, but there's something wrong with her ticket. The station attendant calls after her, first by ...
3
votes
2answers
180 views

translation help: 天気を毎日おんなじにしちゃう

This is a brief dialog from the game Tales of Graces. In the English version, it goes: Sophie: Pascal, what's an airhead? Pascal: Someone who's so smart, they can control air with their mind! ...
1
vote
2answers
276 views

Is 行ってみい a dialect form of 行ってみよ?

The following dialogue is from Final Fantasy XII: さて……王宮に忍びこむ方法じゃがな。 まず5番倉庫に行ってみい。 あそこに扉が2つあるじゃろう? I bolded 行ってみい. I'm not sure what this is, and there's no dictionary entry for みい. My ...
9
votes
2answers
381 views

Understanding the abbreviated labels on a Japanese driving license

I'm attempting to write a guide to understanding what is written on a Japanese Driving License for Wikipedia, but I've reached the limit of my reading comprehension abilities. Here's a labelled image ...
5
votes
3answers
514 views

What's the difference between [上]{あ}がる and [上]{のぼ}る?

The textbook I'm studying from lists [上]{あ}がる as "to go up", but I've previously learnt that [上]{のぼ}る also means "to go up". Jisho.org only lists "to go up" and any derivations of that as a single ...
1
vote
1answer
200 views

What does にして mean in this sentence?

Tell me please what is にして means in the following sentence and how can we translate 「傲慢にして古き蛇」 part? 我が罪の名は傲慢にして古き蛇。刮目して見るがいい。 Thank you.

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