5
votes
2answers
165 views

Is 四分の一 a natural way of referring to “a quarter” as in “a three-month duration”?

Is 四分の一 a natural way of referring to "a quarter" as in "a three-month duration" (usually e.g. January-March, April-June, July-September, or October-November) in Japanese? Japanese Stack Overflow ...
4
votes
1answer
104 views

order of words in a sentence

I am a beginner in Japanese. I want to say "There is a car, that I want to show you." There is a car, should be: 車があります I want to show you: 私はあなたに見せたい。 (may be? Is this right?) I want to show you ...
3
votes
1answer
195 views

How to understand the meaning of 愛{いと}しさ

I know that from adjective we can make adjectival noun like: 高{たか}い -> 高さ - means high and hight. But how to understand/translate the word 愛しさ? I heard it in one of C-ute songs.
1
vote
2answers
111 views

confusion with location words

I'm learning from the "Japanese from zero" course (currently book 2). It translates the following sentence: Konbiniの ひだりうしろに ほんやが あります as There is a convenience store behind the bookstore on the ...
5
votes
4answers
1k views

Meaning of という when it doesn't mean 'call', 'be called', or 'say'

I'm having a little trouble parsing the usage of 「という」 when it it has meanings other than to call, to be called or to say. I often see sentences like 「いざという時, ということだ」 and 「これという問題はない」. The dictionary ...
2
votes
3answers
4k views

How to convert verbs from polite form to dictionary form?

Does anyone have a good rule for converting to dictionary (u)form from masu form regarding the different verb groups? Most websites start with dictionary and go to masu but I learned starting with ...
5
votes
4answers
199 views

Pronunciation of 九

The dictionary I'm using lists two common pronunciations of 「九」: 「きゅう」 and 「く」. I've usually heard it as 「きゅう」 before, but when saying 「9時」, it always seems to be 「くじ」. Is there a rule to this?
1
vote
1answer
54 views

The modification target of 忌み嫌われる

The sentence is taken from a fantasy visual novel. 現の神と古の神が相克するこの世界でも類を見ない、 双方にとって、 忌み嫌われる世界の敵 It's a bit unclear for me which clause is modified by the word 「忌み嫌われる」 Does it mean: "The ...
10
votes
2answers
404 views

好き【すき】でした。付き【つき】合って【あって】ください。

I found many people say 好きでした when they actually mean 好きです. I think it is short for ずっと好きでした. I know ずっと~していた and ずっと~している can well mean the same, but I still do not know the nuance between 好きでした and ...
2
votes
0answers
43 views

。。。を言います 。。。と言います? [duplicate]

I've seen/heard both を言います and と言いますof these used. What is the difference?
4
votes
1answer
217 views

How does the order of place and subject affect the meaning of a sentence using the verb iru

Consider the two sentences: うちに犬がいます。 uchi-ni inu-ga imasu 犬がうちにいます。 inu-ga uchi-ni imasu Is it correct to translate these as "There is a dog at home" "The dog is at ...
7
votes
1answer
368 views

How do you indicate line breaks in a poem when it is written without actual line breaks?

In English, if you have a poem, like Roses are red, Violets are blue, Sugar is sweet, And so are you. and you need to write it on just one line (for reasons of space or whatever), you ...
1
vote
2answers
113 views

What does it mean when a number is followed by こ

れいぞうこ の なか に ケーキ は 3こ ありました. せんしゅう 、かんじ を 20こ おぼえ ました. In the above examples, why does こ come after the number? Is it a counter? If yes, at what instances can it be used? If not, please ...
1
vote
1answer
123 views

Function of ' のあるところで ' [closed]

In response to a question I asked about relative clauses, I received a link to a grammar guide written entirely in Japanese. Given that I'm still a beginner (maybe three weeks of real study?), I ...
4
votes
1answer
286 views

名詞の修飾と「~か」・「~かどうか」についての質問

日本語の名詞を修飾する時、「が」しか使えないでしょう? 例えば、 私がいつも遊んでいたところはあの川の傍の公園です。 友達が買ってくれたパソコンはこれだ。 今私の質問は、~か/~かどうか についてはそういう文法がありますか?? そして、そういう思いの上で文を書いてみました(英語で同じ意味を表してみました、意味は正しくないなら 是非教えてくださいね): ...
5
votes
1answer
165 views

Meaning of 入る in 帯が入る

From JapanesePod101: 十四番のボールは、緑の帯が入っている。 The fourteen ball has a green stripe. I'm not sure how and why 入る is being used here. There doesn't seem to be any clear fit amongst the dictionary ...
5
votes
2answers
149 views

Meaning and transitivity of 立ち上がる in ~を手に立ち上がる

While doing some tranlating, I stumbled upon this usage of 立ち上がる。 わたしがゴミ袋を手に立ち上がると、イツカ君とお姉ちゃんは二人一緒にわたしの所へやって来ました。 It doesn't match up with the definitions I'm familiar with, nor any of the other ...
3
votes
3answers
858 views

Why are the names of plants and animals often written in katakana?

I was wondering why fruits, vegetables, animals and plants, are written in katakana? Often, there exist kanjis for those, so why aren't they written with those kanjis instead? For example: カマキリ ...
3
votes
1answer
204 views

助詞「も」の意味を教えてください

「こういうことも、歳をとったらできなくなるだろうなあ」という文中の助詞「も」の意味を教えてください。
3
votes
1answer
231 views

Rendering an appositive “which” clause in Japanese

I've been writing little news pieces lately for practice, and I'm presently hung up on this passage. I'm trying to express the idea "This decision caused many protests, which have remained peaceful ...
3
votes
1answer
674 views

What does やがんだ mean?

Right now, I'm reading the Japanese translation of Catcher in the Rye. This sentence has been puzzling me: 奴さん、ジャガーをもってやがんだよ。 I know that the author is saying that his brother owns a Jaguar, but ...
4
votes
2answers
146 views

How do you decide the alias of the radical for kanjis such as “字” and “旧”?

I recently came across a document that says the radical of "字" is "こへん". And I think that is wrong. Any "_へん" must be in the left region of a kanji (or is that just a guideline?). The aliases for "子" ...
4
votes
1answer
423 views

Can both Hepburn and Kunreisiki romaji be used to write a person's name?

I once asked why there are two input systems to type some of the same letters, like し or つ, which can be written as shi/si or tsu/tu. I was told that both are okay, I could choose the way I like to ...
1
vote
1answer
100 views

Transitive, Intransitive Verbs and Particles

I think that these sentences are both correct: 旅行の日程が決められました。 and 旅行の日程が決まりました。 But if I use 旅行の日程を決まりました。 is this correct?
13
votes
3answers
835 views

Proper answer to 「何名様ですか」

I have a question about how to properly answer a question. At restaurants, the hostess will often ask 「何名様ですか」 ("How many in your party?") For example, if you have four people in your party, is it ...
1
vote
1answer
370 views

meaning of ギッタンギッタン with reference

I tried to add a definition for ギッタンギッタン to JDIC using references on the Internet. http://www.edrdg.org/jmdictdb/cgi-bin/entr.py?e=1907714&svc=jmdict&sid= They're slow to add it (or reject ...
2
votes
2answers
299 views

When is the onyomi of 田 used?

My Kanji textbook mentions 田 to have the kunyomi た and the onyomi デン. デン is not mentioned in brackets so I conclude it is a very common reading. But I hardly find any words that use デン. In an example ...
0
votes
1answer
94 views

How to find words you cant find in a dictionary? Help with translating Dragon Ball [closed]

I have been learning japanese for 6 months now and thought that I would have a stab at buying a Japanese comic book to try and read/ translate but I'm struggling! There are many different words that ...
2
votes
2answers
125 views

How are 超域 and 学際 different?

As I understand it, the word 学際 is usually used to mean "interdisciplinary" when referring to college courses. However, I recently came across the word "超域文化科学" while browsing college websites. In ...
1
vote
3answers
332 views

Why is the に particle used in this sentence?

ともだち に あいます。 To meet friend. My understanding of the に particle is that it is used to indicate the indirect object, for time, and for location only when the verb is a "to exist" verb like います or ...
17
votes
1answer
1k views

Why isn't a large amount of money a good enough reason to kill someone?

In my JLPT workbook, there is this example question: 適当{てきとう}な語{ご}を選{えら}びなさい この殺人{さつじん}事件{じけん}の裏{うら}には(  )上{じょう}のトラブルがあるようだ。 A 金額{きんがく}  B 大金{たいきん}  C 金銭{きんせん}  D 基金{ききん} The answer ...
2
votes
4answers
1k views

Why are し/ち transliterated as 'shi'/'chi', and not 'si'/'ti'?

In Japanese あいうえお are pronounced 'a i u e o', かきくけこ are pronounced 'ka ki ku ke ko'. The spelling is simple and natural. However, when it comes to サ行, さしすせそ, its relevant roman spelling is 'sa shi su ...
3
votes
1answer
453 views

What type of romanization is “Hatchōbori”?

I found somewhere on the internet that the romanization of 八丁堀{はっちょうぼり} is written as "Hatchōbori". Given that scheme, how could you write "しゅっぱつ"? Given that scheme, how could you write "しゅぱつ"? ...
3
votes
1answer
280 views

ねん in the Kansai dialect

I've heard the ねん ending a lot in 関西弁 but I'm still struggling to find when it's used. Can you use it with all kinds and conjugations of verbs? I've heard ちゃうねん over and over, but if I try to use ねん ...
7
votes
1answer
2k views

What is the phrase for “getting to know” someone or something?

My question is how is the concept of "getting to know" or "knowing" someone conveyed? How do you invite someone to get to know you better? I was posting a message on mixi and could not figure out ...
2
votes
1answer
114 views

Does 考え方 usually refer to the “methodology” of one's thought process, or can it also refer to something more subjective?

Weblio states that 考え方 is 思考の傾向...but when I look up 思考 I get confused because now I'm not sure if I'm dealing with an objective thought process or subjective feelings. I get the feeling (no pun...) ...
2
votes
1answer
169 views

Usage and meaning of 召す【めす】 in different contexts

I am going through some Kanji and I was looking for the usage of 召す when I came across the following translation (from jisho.org): 1: (Honorific or respectful language) to call; to invite; to send ...
0
votes
1answer
336 views

ですら・でも・さえ・だろう(と/が)。 Are there any differences?

I am just wondering if anyone can explain the differences between these in terms of nuances. When I say nuances, can you give examples of whether one is for more polite situations, or whether one is ...
4
votes
1answer
178 views

What does までもが mean in this sentence, and もが in general

I am still reading the 十二国記 novel 月の影 影の海. At the end of the first part, after a rather harrowing day, Yoko is riding a leopard-like magical creature, flying through the night sky, when they are ...
6
votes
1answer
149 views

Two-verb compounds: 振る舞う: plain-form + plain-form verb instead of masu-form + plain form?

I finished Core 10000 (an Anki deck) and 振る舞う (to entertain) was one of the last ones to pop up. I find it interesting because to me it appears to be a combination of plain form 振る (to shake) + ...
7
votes
2answers
5k views

How do I spell “So! So! So! So! So!”?

I've heard people say "So! So! So! So! So!" (or possibly "Sou! Sou! Sou!" or maybe using "z" instead of "s" - I'm bad at hearing) when laughing in agreement. When middle-aged women speak Japanese ...
0
votes
1answer
121 views

What is wrong in “森田さんは新開発の薬をもって病気を克服した”?

最新の医療技術をもってすれば、人はさらに寿命を伸ばせるだろう。 OK 森田さんは人一倍の努力をもって病気を克服したのである。 OK 森田さんは新開発の薬をもって病気を克服したのである。 KO My textbook* says the third sentence is not OK, but I don't understand why, as it ...
3
votes
1answer
159 views

Categorizing kanji variants - is there a “proper” form?

Here are kanji variants: 海 (as an image: ) 海 In case it does not display correctly for you, the first kanji is unicode U+FA45. Is 海 considered a variant of the much more common 海? Or, are 海 and 海 ...
8
votes
4answers
1k views

Is「ふむふむ」still used nowadays?

I learned from a Japanese friend that ふむふむ could be translated like "oh, I got it", "I see", "I know", or "ok". It could be also in this form: ふむふむ なるほど But, my sister lived in Japan for 5 years, and ...
1
vote
2answers
727 views

What does Japanese sound like for non-native Japanese speaker? [closed]

Let me know what does Japanese sound like to you. I am a native Japanese speaker and I've been so curious about it since I was a child. There is no exemplary answer for this topic. Please don't ...
1
vote
2answers
255 views

“Year of the X” - is there an idiom?

So, if we were talking about "this is the Year of the Dog", I think the correct rendering of that in Japanese would be 戌年, with the reading いぬどし. But does that extend outside of the astrological ...
4
votes
2answers
324 views

なったら vs. なると – usage in context

I came across the following exercise – I have to fill in the gap with the correct word that I have to choose from a series of 4. 信号{しんごう}があおに(    )、道{みち}を渡{わた}っていいです。 I eliminated 2 words and ...
2
votes
1answer
93 views

Direct object or directional を

高校を卒業してから弟はいろんな会社を転々とした. Translation: After graduation my brother wandered from job to job. Here, are both を's (高校を卒業 and いろんな会社を転々とした) used in the direct object sense or in the directional ...
9
votes
1answer
969 views

What is the meaning/usage of いざ?

Will someone please explain what this word いざ means? I've found several definitions, but I'm very unclear on what it really means and its usage. I've heard it mostly in the following ways: ...
4
votes
1answer
753 views

What is the proper way to write “cube” in romaji?

I have been trying to search for the Romaji version of "cube" without too much success. There seem to be several variations on the word, although that is true with almost any version of a Japanese ...

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