2
votes
1answer
116 views

Is it grammatically correct to use よう without な, に or だ(です)after it?

神の思し召しであなたとよき友情を育むためにあなたにメールするようお告げがありました I think the sentence roughly translates into: "For the sake of raising you and good friend into God's thoughts, you mailed a divine message" Instincts ...
4
votes
1answer
399 views

Difference between 生まれてくる and 生まれる

What is the difference between 生まれてくる and 生まれる? I looked up くる in 大辞林 and found the following: ある事態が出現し,またある現象が現れる意を表す。 「生まれてくる子供のために」 「なくした本が出てきた」 But this still doesn't help me understand ...
6
votes
1answer
193 views

What is the meaning of the 「が」 in 「仲間だろうが!!!!」

It is from a line in One Piece: Another instance from the same manga:
2
votes
2answers
670 views

What is difference between 値段 (nedan) and 代金 (daikin)?

値段 (nedan) and 代金 (daikin) both means "cost" but im not sure where is a difference.
5
votes
4answers
236 views

Translation of particle で in 「オーストラリアは今夏でとてもあついです」

オーストラリアは 今 夏で とても あつい です。 Does this sentence mean: “Australia is currently in summer and it's very hot”. Or, “Australia is now very hot in summer”. I know that the Japanese sentence could ...
3
votes
2answers
262 views

Is there a name for kanji compounds consisting of kanji with the same radical and for compounds with repeated kanji?

There are lots of 二字熟語, say, where both characters have the same radical, e.g., 明日, 機械, and 往復. I find these interesting as often the common radical is strongly associated with the meaning of the ...
4
votes
1answer
136 views

Meaning of 時間も時間だし?

I've seen this a couple of times and it seems to simply mean "it's about time, so ___", but why is that?
4
votes
2answers
110 views

Arimasu as a parting phrase

Hope this is an appropriate question! I visited Tokyo back in September and got by on some very basic Japanese (though more often with the help of their good grasp on English). Anyway, there was a ...
6
votes
1answer
178 views

What criteria decides whether to print 「氏」 or 「さん」 at the end of a person's name in newspapers?

I just realized that newspapers sometimes end a person's name with 「さん」: 後藤さん不明、昨年11月に把握 首相、答弁で明かす:。And then sometimes end a person's name with 「氏」: 自民・山本一太氏、人質事件で与野党結束訴え:。 In this forum, I found this ...
0
votes
1answer
79 views

Explaining the phrase 書{か}き込{こ}みによると

I have translated the phrase 書き込みによると which, and if I'm right, means "According to the writing". I want to know more about the structure and grammar rules used here. I found it in this article.
1
vote
1answer
141 views

Usage of の before です

For example この中でどれが一番難しいのですか。 数学が一番難しいのです Is the の here used as nominalizer meaning "one" or is it used as explanatory/emphasizing のです? I assume the sentences translate to "Amongst these ...
2
votes
2answers
237 views

Use of で for location with an adjective

I understand that で is used when referring to the place where an action is taking place. But what about the following sentence? 日本で車が速い。 Since there's no action taking place I would ...
2
votes
1answer
334 views

How do you write “do you live with your parents?” in hiragana?

Recently, I've been studying about family terms and how to ask where they live, how many siblings, or what do they do. There is a question in one of my worksheets that involves writing it in hiragana. ...
0
votes
1answer
265 views

How do you say, “It makes me want to…” [closed]

How do say,"It makes me want to..." ? For example, "Today's P.E. Class was so tiring. It makes me want to sleep."
1
vote
0answers
38 views

Do you say “はじめまして” to someone you know online, but first time meeting in person? [duplicate]

I'll be visiting Japan soon and I'll be meeting a friend who I knew online, and I was wondering if saying はじめまして is normal in these situations or not.
5
votes
1answer
263 views

Meaning of いくら and って in this sentence

The speaker just stated that her father is too sure of himself. いくらママが死んじゃって いないからってさ! (there is a space in the manga as well) チャンピオンなのを利用していろんな女の人と遊びまくってんのよ! He uses his title to have ...
2
votes
3answers
136 views

がわ/そば difference and use

I've been following the Genki textbook up until now and I learnt to use そば to talk about things that are near something else. I recently bought a JLPT N5 textbook, as it's my intention to try and ...
4
votes
1answer
202 views

What does 曰く mean when it is *not* preceded by a name?

Dictionary or other references are appreciated, as no dictionary I have referenced gives me an example of this kind of usage. Example: ...
3
votes
1answer
107 views

Meaning of 家族ポイントを消費

What is the meaning of 家族ポイント and 家族ポイントを消費? Examples: 家族ポイントを消費して行くオプションもありましたが、年の初めから無理をすることもなかろうと看病モード。 かなりの家族ポイントを消費しつつ、札幌歴史ゲーム友の会の例会に久々に参加しました。 ...
3
votes
1answer
292 views

Compound verb in Japanese; verb(te form)+verb vs verb(masu stem form)+verb

I have seen two type of compound verbs in Japanese, in one type the first verb is used in its "te form", in the second type the first verb is used in the "masu stem form". What difference does the ...
-1
votes
1answer
95 views

Translation of Hosutofamiri- no Minasan (ホストファミリーのみなさん)

It's either: Host family of everyone's Host family of your's (I got this from Google Translator) This is from Mirai Book 5.
5
votes
3answers
1k views

How to say “I don't know what you're referring to”?

Someone asked me something without including the subject. I don't know what they were referring to, so how would you go about asking for the subject of what they are talking about, or just generally ...
4
votes
2answers
226 views

Why is the volitional form used in this title 「時には自分を疑おう」?

I have always struggled to understand the volitional form and translating into English. From a videogame guide I am going through, translating, I have this title: 時には自分を疑おう ”疑う” meaning "to ...
4
votes
1answer
262 views

What's the difference between 補給, 補充, 補足, 補完?

According to Denshi Jisho, they mean "supplementation" but I wonder if there is any difference in their nuances. Here are some examples where they are used: 小まめに補給することが大切です。 職員の欠員を補充するために広告を出した。 ...
6
votes
3answers
261 views

What is the difference between using ている、ていた、た in relative clauses?

I remember seeing in the thread before that there was no difference between ている and た. So then what would be the difference between the usage of them in these sentences below? 最後に立っていたものが勝者だ ...
2
votes
1answer
375 views

興奮する to be excited or to get excited?

When I was looking at a dictionary the definition (in the English part) was given as be [get] excited; ((口)) be [get] worked up What exactly these [] are referring to is unclear to me. From my ...
2
votes
1answer
260 views

Differences between words for “optimistic” and “pessimistic”

I've been confused for a long time about how certain Japanese words map onto the meaning of "optimistic" and "pessimistic" in English. Specifically, what is the difference between (Optimistic) ...
2
votes
3answers
262 views

In real life, do Japanese speakers exclaim things like 熱っ! or 痛たた… or 寒!?

In anime and Japanese television and so forth, I've noticed that people confronted with a sudden undesired stimulus, like heat or pain or cold, will often utter something like 熱っ【あつっ】! or 痛たた【いたたた】… ...
5
votes
2answers
366 views

How to describe something as hypocritical

I know that the word 偽善者 exists in Japanese and is listed in Japanese-English dictionaries as the translation of 'hypocrite'. But the kanji 偽善 and the definition make me wonder what the actual word ...
2
votes
1answer
127 views

What is the Japanese proverb for “even a thief is right three times out of ten”?

Even a thief is right three times out of ten. I ran into this quote in a book about Taiichi Ohno, the creator of Toyota's philosophy. Does anyone know a phrase that corresponds with this ...
4
votes
1answer
5k views

When we should use kanji?

I just confuse about kanji. I just learn a bit of kanji. But I want to know when exactly we use it? is there a rule about that?
1
vote
1answer
182 views

Why do さ and ざ look the same except for the little strokes on the side?

I am learning hiragana and I am looking at sa, shi, su, se, so, and za, ji, zu, ze, zo. The characters look the same except the "z" characters have little strokes on the side of the character. Why is ...
0
votes
1answer
127 views

Meaning of だって in this sentence

It's a sentence from dragonball, the hearer (悟飯) just asked the speaker to create something to wear that could hide his identity without looking like a kind of body protection. ...
9
votes
2answers
352 views

Proportion and Rate

How do I form a sentence pattern for: The more/less X happens, the more/less Y happens E.g. The more you stir, the faster the salt dissolves. The colder the weather, the more ...
3
votes
1answer
96 views

「勉強{べんきょう}を続{つづ}ける」 vs.「勉強をやり続ける」

Do 「勉強を続ける」 and 「勉強をやり続ける」 have the same basic meaning: "to continue with one's studies"? Is 「やり続ける」 a slightly rougher, less formal, way of saying「続ける」? But, the difference in nuance is minimal at ...
3
votes
2answers
576 views

What is meant/implied by “じゃないんだからね”?

I noticed today, while playing Grisaia no Kajitsu (English version, since my Japanese is really bad), that when I click on a menu option while using Michiru's voice to voice the menus, she ends her ...
2
votes
1answer
220 views

Use of 一体 in this sentence

These two sentences have been giving me trouble in terms of understanding their meaning. 友達が恋人にふられて、とても落ち込んでいる。でも、一体何を言ってあげたらいいか、全然分からない。 My translation: My friend was able to trip up my ...
2
votes
1answer
188 views

Difference between 本当に and 全然 in a negative sentence

I want to translate something like the following: I watched a movie with together with my friends. Not at all did I watch it alone. Where the "not at all" is supposed to express obvious ...
4
votes
1answer
273 views

What's the difference between こそ and さえ in 「忙しくて昼ごはんを食べる時間___ない」

I don't know which to choose: 忙しくて昼ごはんを食べる時間さえない or 忙しくて昼ごはんを食べる時間こそない The explanation in my textbook is given in such a way that I can't understand the difference: It says こそ "expresses ...
0
votes
1answer
99 views

Effects of あ after other vowel endings

In usages of あ after other syllables such as け or め, is the あ pronounced or does it prolong the previous vowel's sound? Taking the Katakna spelling of "Mary": メアリー is that "Meh-ah-ri" or "Mehhh-ri"
4
votes
2answers
869 views

What does 春夏冬 mean?

So, I was watching an anime, whereupon I found the following text (cf. screencap): 夜ト・春夏冬中 090-xxxx-##3x どんなお悩みも解決いたします! This text appears in the context of the character 夜ト trying to find ...
2
votes
3answers
317 views

What is an example of how the 推量の助動詞 「む」 can be used to mean 反語?

One of the listed meanings of the 推量の助動詞 「む」 on Wikipedia is that of 反語, which I understand to mean "saying the opposite of what one means for rhetorical emphasis" in this context (as opposed to just ...
3
votes
2answers
598 views

Do ちょうだい、ごらん、ください、おいで constitute an own class of part of speech?

They are all used after the Te-Form of Japanese verbs similar to subsidiary verbs, but they seem to differ from subsidiary verbs. What is their true nature?
1
vote
2answers
252 views

What's the meaning of と in 「『・・・・・・』っていう文章だと良かった」?

Can someone explain what と means in this sentence: 『・・・・・・』っていう文章だと良かった
8
votes
2answers
582 views

What does “=” equals sign mean in Japanese news headlines?

I try to read news in Japanese and sometimes I see equals sign used inside sentences. I tend to think text to the right side of "=" is kind of a consequence of the left part. It does not look like it ...
4
votes
2answers
106 views

usage of ていた in 俺の一撃は、彼のもう一本の剣にギリギリで弾かれていた

I see this kind of thing occasionally, and by that I mean the usage of ていた forms: 俺の一撃は、彼のもう一本の剣にギリギリで弾かれていた in narrative where the た form: 俺の一撃は、彼のもう一本の剣にギリギリで弾かれた would have meant the ...
10
votes
1answer
717 views

Usage of て-form in 知っての通り

I have just come across the phrase 知っての通り〜 (as you know...) I have never noticed this usage of て-form before and can't find an explanation. What is the difference (if any) between this and 知っている通り? ...
5
votes
1answer
347 views

When does こいつ refer to a situation?

I've always heard こいつ refer to a person. (That guy!) However, in my JLPT Reading workbook there is a line where it refers to a situation. The explanation says: 「こいつ」が状況を表し....ことに気づくこと。 It goes ...
8
votes
4answers
3k views

の cannot be used as a pronoun meaning “one” for “highly abstract objects” but what is a “highly abstract object”?(amended)

(Italics are used to indicate revisions to the orginal question made in response to feedback so far) According to "A students' guide to Japanese grammar", by Naomi McGloin, の is used as a pronoun ...
3
votes
1answer
90 views

Meaning of 挨拶 in a visit

This sentence is from Kanji in Context Workbook 1. お嬢さんが近々結婚すると言って、隣の人が挨拶に来た。 I get that basically it means that my neighbour came to visit me and announced that his/her daughter was getting ...

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