3
votes
0answers
29 views

病院に行きます or 病院へ行きます? [duplicate]

which one is correct, or more commonly used? 病院に行きます or 病院へ行きます?? when should I use へ instead of に? Thanks!
0
votes
1answer
210 views

Naming An International Headquarters

I posed this question previously, however the answers were somewhat ambiguous. I simply wished to see if there is a Japanese grammatical rule which would allow an organization whose primary martial ...
4
votes
3answers
492 views

Difference between the words for “living/residing” [住む/棲む/泊まる/暮らす]

I have come across various words meaning "living/residing". What are the differences between them and their usage? I've listed what I think are the difference. Are they correct? 住む: Live in some ...
2
votes
1answer
80 views

‥ができないと vs ‥はできないと

Every evening, we play the かたづけ怪獣 song, where they sing: おかたづけができないと あらあら、大変 (x3) おかたづけ怪獣が出て来るぞ! Now I've been grappling with this language long enough that ‥ができないと sounds natural in this context, ...
3
votes
1answer
637 views

Does「いとこ違い」mean “first cousin once removed” in Japanese?

In Japanese, how do I refer to my mother's cousin? She and my mother share the same great-grandparents. My mother's cousin's mother was the older sister of my mother's father (my maternal ...
6
votes
1answer
286 views

Dating slang question based on a Murakami story

In the New Yorker there is an English translation of a story by Haruki Murakami, called Yesterday. I was reading the first part of it to my wife, and the young man speaking asked, "Did she let you go ...
5
votes
2answers
851 views

What does「英」really mean?

I know that the kanji 英 now really has the exclusive meaning of "English", such as in 英語, but I'm wondering what the original meaning was. It's used in words like 英雄, which obviously don't have ...
5
votes
2answers
352 views

Verb classification of honorific/humble verbs

These verbs: いらっしゃる おっしゃる くださる なさる More? Are all listed as 五段 verbs, but they don't follow the usual conjugation rules for them. For example: 命令形: いらっしゃる -> いらっしゃい, not いらっしゃれ 連用形: Same as ...
3
votes
1answer
260 views

Passive voice (~あれる) + Te form?

I've been faced with the following sentence: いきなりあんな事聞かれて平常心でいられるかよ! What I'm wondering about it is the "聞かれて" part. I know that Kikareru would be the passive form of Kiku - to listen. So, what ...
13
votes
1answer
355 views

Difference between 書かないようになった and 書かなくなった?

Example sentences: ぜんぜん長い手紙を書かないようになった。 ぜんぜん長い手紙を書かなくなった。 My Translation: I never write long letters anymore. I believe they both mean the same thing but there's obviously some difference I ...
5
votes
3answers
1k views

When using もう and まだ does a negative verb always have to be in the (ている) present continuous form?

When using もう and まだ in a negative sense, does the negative verb always have to be in the present continuous form i.e. 来ていません、食べていません etc? If so why is that? Example sentences: いいえ、まだ買っていません。- ...
9
votes
1answer
301 views

Origin of katakana ン (カタカナの「ン」の字源)

Looking on various pages, the origin of ン seems to be very confused. Most lists either don't include ン, or list one theory. So far I've found the following options: 一 爾 无 尓 二 冫 Wikipedia also ...
5
votes
1answer
146 views

Difference between してください and なってください in this sentence

Is there a difference in translation and meaning between these two sentences or are they practically interchangeable? ギターのボリュームを小さくしてください。 ギターのボリュームを小さくなってください。 My translation: Please can ...
3
votes
1answer
135 views

むやみに equivalents : 勝手に vs よく考えないで

Working on practice problems for JLPT N1, had the following sentence: むやみに 知らない人に話しかけないほうがいい。 Correct answer per the book is よく考えないで. Incorrect answer per the book 勝手に Can someone tell me why the ...
4
votes
1answer
299 views

Meanings and translation of 「いいように」

I have a question about the meanings and usage of いいように. I thought that it only has one meaning, which is "to act as one wills, to do something as one wills". Like in the example below. ...
6
votes
2answers
2k views

Difference between そうです、 ようです and らしいです.

Here are the example sentences. デイビットは料理が上手そうです。 デイビットは料理が上手なようです。 デイビットは料理が上手らしいです。 Firstly, what does デイビット mean as based on reading alone its sounds like 'debit' to me which is a strange name ...
1
vote
1answer
224 views

Use of Causative-Passive Form and ために in this example

I’m struggling to translate and understand this example dialogue from my textbook. 学生:先生、どうして私たちはこんなにたくさん漢字を勉強させられるんですか。 先生:だれも勉強させていませんよ。だれのために勉強しているんですか。 学生: 自分です。 My attempt at translation: ...
6
votes
2answers
196 views

Does the use of 百足 as ateji for ムカデ come from calquing “centipede” (or a cognate)?

The English word "centipede" refers to basically the same type of disgusting creepy-crawly arthropod as the Japanese ムカデ. Sometimes, ムカデ is written in kanji as 百足. This is an obvious case of ateji ...
7
votes
2answers
166 views

あかひげ [赤髭] modern usage?

So I started watching the movie あかひげ the other night and intrigued by the title I looked it up in the dictionary where one of the definitions was: Westerner (derogatory) Does it really contain ...
3
votes
2answers
216 views

Why is ホームシック a noun, not a な-adjective?

In class, I was told that ホームシック is a noun, not a な-adjective. ホームシックの時、何をしますか。 By contrast, the closest English word to "ホームシック", which is "homesick", is an adjective. Why is ホームシック a noun? Is it ...
3
votes
2answers
195 views

Why no 移民者【いみんしゃ】?

Reading a Japan Times column, I see: But we still have no word for an immigrant as an individual person, such as iminsha, with its own honorific sha — in the same vein as ijūsha (migrant), rōdōsha ...
5
votes
1answer
1k views

The different meanings of “life”? 生気/生活/ライフ/生命/一生/人生/命

I was looking through a dictionary and came across 生活. My original question was Is this the difference between 生気/生活? 生気 would be like an idea of life. more abstract 生活 would be ...
3
votes
3answers
805 views

Why does 「でならない」 not mean “does not become”?

Apparently the phrase でならない means something like "unable to suppress". For example, in this sentence, 残念{ざんねん}でならない means, "can't help but be disappointed": ...
12
votes
1answer
391 views

Two を in a single sentence - how to understand it?

In the book I'm reading (「キッチン」 by 吉本{よしもと}ばなな) I have found the following sentence: うしろで雄一がぞうきんを手に床をふいてくれていた。 I guess it can be translated to something like (sorry for a quite literal ...
5
votes
1answer
365 views

Introduce someone to someone else

I'd like to say "I introduced Mary to John" but only really know how to use 紹介する when talking about a single person. Is に the correct particle to use in this situation? For example: ジョンにメリーを紹介しました。
5
votes
2answers
252 views

Counters for graphs in oral presentations?

I have to make a Japanese presentation and I'd like to say "I'll explain japanese demographics using three graphs", but then realized I didn't know the counter for graphs. Can someone help me out?
0
votes
1answer
137 views

Who is the subject of 止まらない胸の歪を消しておくれよ

As part of my studies, I started to translate lyrics of songs I enjoy. It was going well until I bumped with this phrase. 止まらない胸の歪を消しておくれよ I'm think it translates somewhat to: "Late to erase ...
6
votes
1answer
1k views

When to use で vs に vs nothing at all

There are a lot of post that describe the ambiguous scenarios when to use で vs に, but there are still many scenarios that are confusing, and sometimes I'm not sure if I should be using a particle at ...
9
votes
1answer
288 views

後で vs. 前に- Why not the same particle?

Why don't 後で and 前に both use the same particle (I suppose I would think に would be more appropriate). They both seem to be the same kind of statement, just with different times (before/after), so I ...
5
votes
3answers
2k views

Why doesn't Japanese have a special Katakana form for “hu”?

They have created many new Katakana words such as ファ フィ ヴァ ヴィ ティ テゥ to write foreign sounds. But why didn't they create a new combination for "hu" such as ハゥ or ホゥ? Instead they use the same kana for ...
6
votes
1answer
267 views

Use of 今ごろ “about now” in Japanese

Looking at the JLPT website and its example questions I come across this one on N3. It wants to know which sentence is correct, 今ごろ is the key word. それでは今ごろテストを始めます 今ごろ東京では桜が咲いているでしょう ...
3
votes
1answer
132 views

Is there a difference between 平和 and 平安

Is it like 平安 is used mainly when talking about the 平安時代 or in terms of historical peace?
4
votes
1answer
134 views

Difference between 特別 and 特

Everywhere I look, they both just seem to be defined as "special" or "particularly/especially" (in the adverbial case). I'm trying to form a distinction in my head. Here's an example from my ...
3
votes
1answer
191 views

Are anaphoric personal pronouns limited to the third person (彼, 彼ら etc)?

(I hope this question is just a sanity check but these things are sometimes worth asking.) On p31 of the Dictionary of Intermediate Japanese Grammar, Makino tells us that anaphoric personal pronouns ...
3
votes
1answer
153 views

How to parse 汚れた物ででもあるかのように、捨てるように

I wonder if someone could confirm my understanding of the grammar in the following sentence on p32 of the Dictionary of Intermediate Japanese Grammar: ...
5
votes
2answers
231 views

What causes loan words to displace native words for existing concepts?

I've been told several times that things like class and classmate don't have non-loan words (I don't know what those are called) associated with them in Japanese. This seems ludicrous to me, as the ...
17
votes
5answers
2k views

Is there a reason why numbers in Japanese are delimited into blocks of four?

As I understand, Japanese numbers are divided into blocks of four, so while we would think of the number 89123889 as 89,123,889, in Japan they would think of it as 8912,3889 (八千九百十二万三千八百八十九). So ...
5
votes
1answer
367 views

Usage of ていられない

I have a question about the usage of ていられる. Can we use it when we speak about somebody else, not about yourself. The examples I've seen are only about the speaker. For example in the sentence below ...
5
votes
2answers
226 views

Development of なんか?

Is there anymore to the usage of なんか that isn't saying "something", but rather something like, or along the lines of? I know the two are very similar, but using なんか at the end of a sentence seems to ...
3
votes
3answers
418 views

Do 形容詞 have a 未然形 in Classical Japanese?

I was reading Eiríkr Útlendi's answer about -い vs. -き in 形容詞 and noticed that he identified -く as the 未然形 of 形容詞. When I studied classical Japanese, though, I was taught that 形容詞 lack a 未然形 (and also ...
4
votes
2answers
379 views

What are those symbols above the racing cars?

In the manga, there are symbols above the cars when they race. In the picture below, it says ガッアアアア in katakana. What does it mean? Is it the sound of drifting or an engine?
8
votes
2answers
505 views

Is verb ending ない shortened to ん?

Off the top of my head I remember hearing these sentences, which I assume are just shortenings: すみません, 分からん 絶対許さん! Along with these two I've seen in sentence examples: もう我慢できん ...
4
votes
1answer
299 views

What is the difference between 美しき and 麗しき?

What is the difference between 美しき and 麗しき and what is the difference between 美しい and 美しき? I know that both 美しい女性 and 美しき女性 are correct. But what is the difference between these two?
11
votes
3answers
674 views

What does it mean when この is in front of a personal pronoun?

As in このオレさま and この僕も. I know the literal translation, but I never understood what the intent of it is.
3
votes
1answer
337 views

-sou + negative past - what is the meaning? e.g. 行けそうで行けなかった場所, 解けそうで解けなかった謎

Still with the Zelda guidebook translation :) I cannot understand the meaning of the third line. It uses ・・・そう・・・なかった. I understand -そう as "seems like" and なかった as past negative, but how do these go ...
3
votes
4answers
556 views

How do I make sense of this use of だったのである?

In my JLPT practise book, there is this section of text. Sorry, it's a little long, but I hope the question isn't overly complex. ...
6
votes
3answers
280 views

Having trouble parsing this triple negative sentence

In my JLPT practise book, there is this sentence, which is designed to test if one can track all the negations: その仕事{しごと}ほどおもしろくない仕事{しごと}はないのではないかと、私{わたし}は思{おも}った。 Up to の, I think it's saying, ...
6
votes
1answer
118 views

How do the verbs 得る and もらう differ?

I know two verbs which are translated as "to get/receive," namely, 得る and もらう. From the usages in which I've seen them used, they seem to be interchangeable; are my suspicions correct or is there a ...
2
votes
2answers
138 views

Meaning of よりまし in バンパー外すよりまし

A friend posted on a social network a picture of his Subaru car's bumper after an minor accident, and got this comment: 大丈夫!バンパー外すよりまし!笑 I guess it means "No problem! Removing the bumper will ...
6
votes
2answers
340 views

What does “湯冷ましを兼ねて” mean?

While looking around, I found this [湯冷ましを兼ねて] expression that no dictionary has been able to translate. Examples of use would be the [再び湯冷ましを兼ねて周辺を徘徊。] line in this post or the first sentence in this ...

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