8
votes
1answer
175 views

What is the difference between 〜を〜とする and 〜を〜とした before nouns?

In everything I can find online, the constructions [N1]を[N2]とする[N3] and [N1]を[N2]とした[N3] are lumped together as basically having the same meaning. Is there any difference between them? My textbook ...
6
votes
2answers
524 views

Why should one be careful of soft and sweet words in this neighbourhood?

A little while ago, in a neighbourhood in Tokyo, I came across this sign: I'm not sure of the readings of the place names, but the sign is put there by the local police, 戸塚[警察署]{けいさつしょ}, in ...
4
votes
1answer
156 views

Meaning and translation of 「佃煮にするほど」

Today I found this sentence in one of the reading materials of my Japanese book: のみこむのに苦労【くろう】した日本語【にほんご】は、佃煮【つくだに】にするほどあった。 According to the book explanation ほど is being used here to adduce an ...
8
votes
2answers
231 views

Why are the verb classes called ichidan and godan?

Is there a particular reason why verbs are classified as "class 1" verbs (一段動詞) and "class 5" verbs (五段動詞)? Where did class 2 to 4 go? Do or did they exist at all, and why (not)? Thanks!
1
vote
1answer
92 views

What does ホルモンの肉が好き mean in this passage?

I am a rank amateur at the Japanese language, but I was trying read some articles on the Japanese Wikipedia. I happened to come across the bizarre sentence ホルモンの肉が好き, which looked to me like it said ...
3
votes
1answer
93 views

What does “irregular” mean in a sense of a missing okurigana letter? (上【あ】がる・上【あが】る, 明【あか】るい・明【あかる】い)

Some online dictionaries list the shorter writing as "irregular". What does this mean exactly? Were those words used like that long ago? Is it an abbreviation with writing? Or a slang? Note that I'm ...
5
votes
1answer
142 views

How is あって being used in this context?

こんばんは。I am new to learning Japanese and this website. I usually try to learn things of my own initiative, by searching up specific things I don't understand and trying to make sense of them myself. ...
2
votes
2answers
93 views

Use of おく and 方 in this sentence

このたなの一番おくの方にございます。 They are at the far end of this shelf. This is an example sentence from one of my textbooks but I don't understand what おく means and I'm a bit confused on the use of 方 as well, ...
3
votes
3answers
235 views

Is は used when asking if something already discussed exists?

If I've talked about a thing before, and want to ask whether or not it exists in another place (or time), would I use "は"? For example, if I said "In Sydney, I saw a ryokan. Are there ryokans in ...
3
votes
2answers
98 views

Is マラソン always 42.195 km?

ALC translate the Japanese マラソン into the English "marathon", which the English Wikipedia says has an official distance of 42.195 kilometres. Is マラソン always 42.195 km? Or has the Japanese word a ...
1
vote
1answer
107 views

What's the reading of 傾げる? かしげる or かたげる?

I was watching http://youtu.be/FiqsDshUSDA?t=6m40s. At the 6th minute, he reads 傾げたく as かしげたく. Jisho.org lists both readings. Goo's dictionary gives a preference for the かしげる reading (insofar as ...
3
votes
1answer
213 views

Other words for and familiarity of 桜でんぶ?

I have some questions about 桜でんぶ/おぼろ. As I understand, 桜でんぶ is the name for the pink, fluffy stuff in sushi made from fish. My questions are: 1) Are there any other common words for 桜でんぶ? I read ...
6
votes
1answer
144 views

Difference between 給湯器 and 湯沸器?

Today I had a discussion with some coworkers about items in apartments. One coworker called the water heater above the sink [給湯器]{きゅうとうき}, and the other coworkers thought that that item was called ...
5
votes
1answer
116 views

Can the appositive have more than one meaning in a phrase?

I'm looking at this phrase: 俺が話していた男。。。 I don't know if this sentence is correct in the first place, but I feel as if this can be translated two ways, specifically: The man I was talking ...
6
votes
3answers
149 views

What is the difference between 実験室, 研究室 and 実習室?

I am reading Toki wo Kakeru Shojo and those three words are refered in the text quite as synonyms. Also my dictionary translates them all as 'laboratory'. It seems that they are used at different ...
5
votes
1answer
181 views

類 in animal and plant names

It seems that there are a number of animal and plant names that can either be used with or without 類 as a suffix. For example, in case of 'fish' I have seen both 魚類 and 魚 being used to denote the ...
3
votes
1answer
90 views

What is the difference between 目を細める and 眼を細める

Example: 「できるのか?」【大男】 大男が眼を細めてくる The definition for the first expression as given from weblio is 目の開き方を小さくする。 うれしそうにほほえみをうかべる Is the reason that this line uses 眼 instead of 目 ...
4
votes
1answer
101 views

“トサカに くる” meaning

This is taken from the manga Doraemon - of which I'm sure most people are familiar with so in explaining the context I hope you don't think I'm crazy.. Having eaten a transforming biscuit that turned ...
4
votes
1answer
138 views

Why is “UFO” pronounced as if it were a word?

In English, "UFO" (Unidentified flying object) is generally pronounced with each letter being pronounced. By contrast, I've read in my textbook that in Japanese, "UFO" is pronounced "ユーフォー". Is ...
4
votes
1answer
248 views

I can't quite understand the meaning of 自分でも

I can't quite derive the meaning of 自分でも from the parts that make it up. Here are the example sentences I don't get with the offered translations. 自分でもそれをやってみます。 Do it by yourself. ...
2
votes
1answer
183 views

What does シャレオツ mean?

Full context: シャレオツだた Google translate shows: I was Shareotsu.
2
votes
1answer
220 views

Is this sentence in a different language or is it just gibberish?

There's a line in the lyrics for the song "Viva La Viva" by Stereopony that's written like this: ヨボセヨペゴパヨ チキンピリョヘヨ Underneath this is: (わたしはチキンが大好きです。) The second line isn't actually sung, ...
2
votes
1answer
134 views

に/で and を/から - particle choice in two JLPT N5 sentences

この かみに 電話番号を 書いてください。 Why is it wrong to use で instead? What if the sentence is like このボールペン__電話番号を書いてください? 六時に 会社を 出て、うちへ 帰ります。 Why is it wrong to use から here? Is it because it's a fixed ...
0
votes
2answers
235 views

What is the exact meaning of “kaizen”?

So I learned about kaizen at school, and we defined the word as meaning "continuous change and improvement for the better". The word kaizen seems to have a bigger and deeper meaning than this simple ...
3
votes
1answer
207 views

Difference between 生まれてくる and 生まれる

What is the difference between 生まれてくる and 生まれる? I looked up くる in 大辞林 and found the following: ある事態が出現し,またある現象が現れる意を表す。 「生まれてくる子供のために」 「なくした本が出てきた」 But this still doesn't help me understand ...
2
votes
1answer
120 views

how to translate おでんとか?

According to Google Translate, おでんとか is "Toka Oden". What is Toka? What is おでんとか? Context: アツアツおでんとかそういうのはやらないので Is it a name? Or is it an incorrect translation?
3
votes
1answer
113 views

Politely asking to stay at someone's home? お邪魔させてもらう、泊めてもらう、or 滞在させてもらう?

Which of the following is the most polite? Is any of them incorrect? Is there a more standard way to ask someone if you could stay with them while in town? ~ 8日から9日まで、あなたのお宅にお邪魔させてもらえませんか。 ~ ...
3
votes
2answers
202 views

Meaning of 心が響いてくる

The line: 今のは心が響いてくるなんてレベルじゃなかった。流れ込む意識の奔流に一瞬、自我を奪われてしまっていた. Can anyone explain what the 心が響いてくる part means? Thanks.
2
votes
1answer
125 views

What does 「やめとこう」mean?

In the game Tingle's Love Balloon Trip, if you ask your friend Lion, who is very strong, to forcefully open a gutter, he responds: こ、 こわしたら まずいだろ ? やめとこうぜ。 The first sentence I take it means, ...
4
votes
3answers
136 views

Which one is correct 会社名前 or 会社の名前?

I'm a beginner in Japanese language. In English, "Company Name" and "Name of Company" are basically the same. In Japanese, are those two the same or different? Which one should I use? 会社名前 会社の名前 ...
-1
votes
2answers
110 views

What is the difference between 会社 and かいしゃ? [duplicate]

I'm a beginner in Japanese language. I'm confused as to where I should use kanji or hiragana. For example, "Company" is written as 会社 in kanji かいしゃ in hiragana What is the difference between ...
2
votes
1answer
186 views

What is Vて+た construction?

I came across Vて+た construction in a song I've been listening to: あなたのその瞳をただ見つめてた Can someone explain what it means? I've tried looking for it in some grammar books but unfortunately I couldn't ...
6
votes
1answer
437 views

Is my hiragana writing understandable?

I've started to begin writing hiragana but I've seen many ways of writing them, usually I'm able to read the different ways of writing them but it keeps bothering me sometimes how mine and what I see ...
4
votes
2answers
266 views

How to say “let's start using our first names when we talk?”

I think that there are a lot of societal influences with regard to how to begin addressing a Japanese man with his first names. Please put the societal issue aside and just consider the linguistics of ...
1
vote
1answer
118 views

What does じいつにくうだらない mean?

The phrase "じいつにくうだらない" appeared in the Doraemon manga, but the words don't appear in a dictionary. What is actually being said? じいつ - ? くうだらない - silly (?) I would greatly appreciate help ...
4
votes
1answer
107 views

Exceptions in pronouncing the counter for minutes (分)

I'm learning the counter for minutes, which is 分. I know, there are several exceptions in reading this counter. 1 min = いっぷん 2 min = にふん 3 min = さんぷん 4 min = よんぷん 5 min = ごふん 6 min = ろっぷん 7 min = ...
2
votes
1answer
115 views

How to use はるばる / はるばると in a sentence

はるばる - from afar; over a great distance; all the way I'd greatly appreciate someone telling me what the と at the end of はるばる does to it's meaning, and if it affects the words' location in a ...
4
votes
1answer
170 views

What is the implication when a girl refers to herself using “うち”? Is it meant to be more or less feminine? Neutral? Tomboyish?

I realize it is a kind of Kansai-ben but how does it compare to the other forms of "I" in terms of how they want to represent themselves?
3
votes
2answers
194 views

Difference between usage of ように and ようにして

包み込むようにして、彼を抱きしめる 包み込むように   彼を抱きしめる The example could either use ようにして or 包み込むように抱きしめる(albeit written differently). What is the difference between these two usages? Can anyone explain the ...
4
votes
1answer
135 views

は/が with いる. When to use each of them

My textbook says the correct structure is WHEREにWHOがいる For example: 日本にかおるさんがいる But I've seen some webpages with examples such as: かおるさんは日本にいる So... are they both correct? Do they ...
14
votes
2answers
291 views

meanings of 「書{か}いてある」 and 「書かれている」

I think that these sentences might have similar meanings: 犬{いぬ}についての記事{きじ}が朝日{あさひ}新聞{しんぶん}に書いてあります。 犬についての記事が朝日新聞に書かれています。 I think that the direct translations are: There is an ...
1
vote
0answers
71 views

Origin of on-yomi + じる verbs? [duplicate]

I have noticed there are some verbs which consist of the on reading of a kanji followed by じる: 信じる 感じる 通じる It's obviously unusual for a (non-する) verb to use on-yomi like this. My questions: Are ...
2
votes
1answer
156 views

Usage of -ないことになる

I have heard and read something that sounds like: xxxはできないことになります It became impossible to do xxx Is this correct and should the preceding verb be in this form only? To express the same ...
2
votes
1answer
134 views

Usage of the pronouns 「我が輩」 and 「方」 in everyday life

I want to know if these pronouns are used in real situations. I saw them come up in some video games and wonder if people really use them. 我{わ}が輩{はい} - I've read that this an old usage word but I've ...
0
votes
1answer
117 views

Difference between 闇 (yami) and 怨 (on) [closed]

In two anime series, HUNTER×HUNTER and D.Gray-man, the word 怨【おん】 was translated in the English subtitles as "darkness". 闇【やみ】 is another word for "darkness". What is the difference between these ...
2
votes
2answers
174 views

What is じゃねぇか ? What is its original form?

完成前とずいぶん色が違うじゃねぇか! In this sentence, what is じゃねぇか ?
10
votes
2answers
210 views

How can you express a “double causative”?

Made-up example to illustrate what I mean by "double causative", since that may be an abuse of terminology: Suppose your grandmother always forces your kids to eat okra, which they hate. You think ...
0
votes
0answers
63 views

Meaning of よ in lyrics [duplicate]

What's the meaning of よ in the following lyrics (Angela Aki - Tegami): 夢の船よすすめ
0
votes
1answer
141 views

Is there any difference between the two “エ” in 「エフェクト」?

Is there any difference between the two "エ" in 「エフェクト」? The first is bigger and the latter seems smaller.
2
votes
2answers
413 views

How do you say “This souvenir is from X” where X is a person or a place?

Would it be correct to say これは日本のお[土産]{みやげ}です to say that 'this souvenir is from Japan'? And if so, can the same form be used to say it's a present from a friend? For example これはよしさんのお土産です ...

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