All Questions

4
votes
1answer
162 views

If writing in である form, when is it necessary to use だ?

I know that the である style of writing is used as a somewhat-formal stylistic choice, often in editorials, and in rare cases, in particular styles of speeches. I remember being taught at some point, ...
8
votes
2answers
155 views

〜くはない vs 〜くない in adjective negations

As I spend more time in Japan, I pick up habits that I'm not sure are good or bad. My question here is about nuance / occasion of usage. In formal contexts, how does the impression differ between ...
5
votes
1answer
164 views

Difference between 下る、下りる、下がる?

I cannot, for the love of my life, understand the difference between 下る{くだる} 下りる{おりる} 下がる{さがる} Don't they all mean the same, basically? Is there a difference, and if yes, how could I proceed to ...
3
votes
1answer
128 views

Need help parsing combined forms of a verb

I came across this verb: 捕【と】らえられていた It could have been pretty much any verb really. I tried to parse the different forms the verb has been assigned. Here's my process: 捕【と】らえる - (Transitive ...
3
votes
2answers
140 views

Need help understanding a line from a song

The song Paragraph in question: 宙よりも高く 宙よりも高く どこまでも駆け昇っていくの 心は気高く 心は気高く そのまた先で感じていくの あの日描いた未来を わたしたちの理想論を 実現(させる) 踊る刃(やいば)達の祭壇へ line: そのまた先で感じていくの Can anyone explain how this line ...
4
votes
2answers
126 views

What's difference between 昼(hiru) and 正午(shōgo)?

Both 昼{ひる} and 正午{しょうご} mean noon, so are they interchangeable?
3
votes
3answers
215 views

Differences between 勉強する、習う、学ぶ and 学習する?

What is the difference between 勉強する, 習う, 学ぶ, and 学習する? I've read some explanations in another questions but It's not clearly enough. Please help me to understand these. Thank you.
5
votes
3answers
251 views

How to negate “べき”? (ie. “should not”)

「食{た}べる」 can be negated as 「食べない」. 「美{うつく}しい」 can be negated as 「美しくない」. etc. etc. Can you negate 「べき」as in: 「明日は受験なので、勉強するべきです。」(Since you are taking a test tomorrow, you should study.) ...
6
votes
1answer
133 views

How would a name be used as a non-restrictive appositive?

These other apposition-with-name variants are readily apparent to me: Name as appositive genitive 富士の山 = the mountain of Fuji Name modified by non-restrictive appositive 私の友人のAさん = A-san, ...
1
vote
2answers
283 views

Some questions regarding ~てくる (edited)

Up to now my understanding of ~てくる has been very vague. No matter how many explanations I read, in practice my translations always feel uneasy. Here are a few unresolved doubts I have: From what I ...
2
votes
1answer
127 views

Greeting a friend saying 'yo'

I've heard in anime that close friends greet each other saying 'yo', as if it were the same in English when you say "yo!". I've been searching how to write it, but I have only found the common ways to ...
1
vote
0answers
83 views

What does なんて mean? [duplicate]

I'm having trouble understanding sentences containing 「なんて」 Here are some of them that I've encountered today: 漫画なんてつまらない and あまりにも刑事なんて職業に似合わない
6
votes
1answer
101 views

Difference between 授業を受ける and 授業を取る

I've seen both: 授業を受ける 授業を取る Meaning: "Take a class" Is there a difference in usage, nuance, or meaning? For example, if I want to write: He/she will probably take the beginner's ...
2
votes
1answer
59 views

Classical: On the subject of a sentence with 連用形/て clauses + ば condicional

I'm having some trouble with this beautiful passage from the Kana Preface to the Kokinshū, which is talking about us (spaced for clarity):  1 人まろ なくなりにたれど、  2 うたの こと ゝどまれるかな。  3. たとひ とき うつり こと ...
9
votes
2answers
175 views

~て vs ~てから for sequencing activities

This is potentially much simpler than I'm expecting but when simply ordering events within a sequence are there any contextual differences between using ~て and ~てから? For example, if I was talking ...
3
votes
1answer
78 views

'Get on' a road

In English, when giving directions, there are two possible constructions you can use when telling someone which road to use for a given segment of the trip: 'take', which refers to the entire ...
2
votes
1answer
69 views

Verb used for “being in a class”

I'm new to Japanese language. I was looking for a way to ask "what class are you in?" or similar (not sure if that's the right way to translate it to Japanese, but the idea is to ask him what class is ...
6
votes
5answers
473 views

What is the meaning of のか and how does it differ from か?

What is the meaning of のか in the following sentences? Does it have the same meaning as のですか? 漢字はどう正しく書くのか、どう正しく読むのか、彼らは時々迷います。 参加するのか、参加しないのか、ここではっきり返事しなさい。 Also, I have found sentences of ...
3
votes
1answer
87 views

Meaning of phrase「その足を縫われたいか」

I've been reading a Visual Novel and I couldn't understand what exactly「その足を縫われたいか」means. The only translation I could guess is - "You want that(your) leg(s) to be sewed?" However I'm not really ...
4
votes
1answer
223 views

Looking for a translation コミカライズ

Please, help me to understand the word コミカライズ. It was in phrase 衝撃のコミカライズ
4
votes
2answers
404 views

Asking a negative question

I've heard that it is supposed to be "less demanding" (or something in that regard) to ask a negative question when you're asking for a favor or anything alike. Let's say I want to turn this sentence ...
2
votes
2answers
92 views

Etymological origin of -n in 洗 (セン)

I've always wondered why the 音読み of the kanji 洗 is セン when, in all Chinese topolects I'm aware of, the reading ends in a vowel. I always chalked this up to Japanese having borrowed a Middle Chinese ...
9
votes
2answers
175 views

Looking for an explanation of the usage "あったものじゃない”

I'm looking for an explanation of the usage "あったものじゃない”. 例文 1)ムードも何もあったものじゃありませんね (context:Girlfriend and boyfriend were out on a date and the boyfriend's stomach made a large noise because he ...
2
votes
1answer
132 views

Why is Danny written & pronounced ダニー and not ダニ?

In Japanese, using Katakana, why is the name Danny written and pronounced ダニー. Why not just ダニ? I'm not sure why the i is being extended when this doesn't really happen in english. Thx.
1
vote
1answer
93 views

About 上旬、中旬、下旬 and 始め、半ば、終わり...?

I don't know if the number of days using for six cases above is how many? 3 days or 10 days or...? And moreover, 上旬、中旬、下旬 and 始め、半ば、終わり which is using for month, which is for week and which is for ...
2
votes
1answer
66 views

Do 「AとしてのB」 and 「BとしてのA」have symmetry?

「AとしてのB」 might translate as "B as A"? 「BとしてのA」 might translate as "A as B"? Is there a meaningful difference between the two. I was just thinking about how to explain how to write documents in ...
8
votes
1answer
176 views

What is the difference between 〜を〜とする and 〜を〜とした before nouns?

In everything I can find online, the constructions [N1]を[N2]とする[N3] and [N1]を[N2]とした[N3] are lumped together as basically having the same meaning. Is there any difference between them? My textbook ...
6
votes
2answers
528 views

Why should one be careful of soft and sweet words in this neighbourhood?

A little while ago, in a neighbourhood in Tokyo, I came across this sign: I'm not sure of the readings of the place names, but the sign is put there by the local police, 戸塚[警察署]{けいさつしょ}, in ...
4
votes
1answer
157 views

Meaning and translation of 「佃煮にするほど」

Today I found this sentence in one of the reading materials of my Japanese book: のみこむのに苦労【くろう】した日本語【にほんご】は、佃煮【つくだに】にするほどあった。 According to the book explanation ほど is being used here to adduce an ...
8
votes
2answers
235 views

Why are the verb classes called ichidan and godan?

Is there a particular reason why verbs are classified as "class 1" verbs (一段動詞) and "class 5" verbs (五段動詞)? Where did class 2 to 4 go? Do or did they exist at all, and why (not)? Thanks!
1
vote
1answer
95 views

What does ホルモンの肉が好き mean in this passage?

I am a rank amateur at the Japanese language, but I was trying read some articles on the Japanese Wikipedia. I happened to come across the bizarre sentence ホルモンの肉が好き, which looked to me like it said ...
3
votes
1answer
94 views

What does “irregular” mean in a sense of a missing okurigana letter? (上【あ】がる・上【あが】る, 明【あか】るい・明【あかる】い)

Some online dictionaries list the shorter writing as "irregular". What does this mean exactly? Were those words used like that long ago? Is it an abbreviation with writing? Or a slang? Note that I'm ...
5
votes
1answer
142 views

How is あって being used in this context?

こんばんは。I am new to learning Japanese and this website. I usually try to learn things of my own initiative, by searching up specific things I don't understand and trying to make sense of them myself. ...
2
votes
2answers
93 views

Use of おく and 方 in this sentence

このたなの一番おくの方にございます。 They are at the far end of this shelf. This is an example sentence from one of my textbooks but I don't understand what おく means and I'm a bit confused on the use of 方 as well, ...
3
votes
3answers
235 views

Is は used when asking if something already discussed exists?

If I've talked about a thing before, and want to ask whether or not it exists in another place (or time), would I use "は"? For example, if I said "In Sydney, I saw a ryokan. Are there ryokans in ...
3
votes
2answers
99 views

Is マラソン always 42.195 km?

ALC translate the Japanese マラソン into the English "marathon", which the English Wikipedia says has an official distance of 42.195 kilometres. Is マラソン always 42.195 km? Or has the Japanese word a ...
1
vote
1answer
107 views

What's the reading of 傾げる? かしげる or かたげる?

I was watching http://youtu.be/FiqsDshUSDA?t=6m40s. At the 6th minute, he reads 傾げたく as かしげたく. Jisho.org lists both readings. Goo's dictionary gives a preference for the かしげる reading (insofar as ...
3
votes
1answer
214 views

Other words for and familiarity of 桜でんぶ?

I have some questions about 桜でんぶ/おぼろ. As I understand, 桜でんぶ is the name for the pink, fluffy stuff in sushi made from fish. My questions are: 1) Are there any other common words for 桜でんぶ? I read ...
6
votes
1answer
144 views

Difference between 給湯器 and 湯沸器?

Today I had a discussion with some coworkers about items in apartments. One coworker called the water heater above the sink [給湯器]{きゅうとうき}, and the other coworkers thought that that item was called ...
5
votes
1answer
116 views

Can the appositive have more than one meaning in a phrase?

I'm looking at this phrase: 俺が話していた男。。。 I don't know if this sentence is correct in the first place, but I feel as if this can be translated two ways, specifically: The man I was talking ...
6
votes
3answers
149 views

What is the difference between 実験室, 研究室 and 実習室?

I am reading Toki wo Kakeru Shojo and those three words are refered in the text quite as synonyms. Also my dictionary translates them all as 'laboratory'. It seems that they are used at different ...
5
votes
1answer
182 views

類 in animal and plant names

It seems that there are a number of animal and plant names that can either be used with or without 類 as a suffix. For example, in case of 'fish' I have seen both 魚類 and 魚 being used to denote the ...
3
votes
1answer
90 views

What is the difference between 目を細める and 眼を細める

Example: 「できるのか?」【大男】 大男が眼を細めてくる The definition for the first expression as given from weblio is 目の開き方を小さくする。 うれしそうにほほえみをうかべる Is the reason that this line uses 眼 instead of 目 ...
4
votes
1answer
103 views

“トサカに くる” meaning

This is taken from the manga Doraemon - of which I'm sure most people are familiar with so in explaining the context I hope you don't think I'm crazy.. Having eaten a transforming biscuit that turned ...
4
votes
1answer
141 views

Why is “UFO” pronounced as if it were a word?

In English, "UFO" (Unidentified flying object) is generally pronounced with each letter being pronounced. By contrast, I've read in my textbook that in Japanese, "UFO" is pronounced "ユーフォー". Is ...
4
votes
1answer
252 views

I can't quite understand the meaning of 自分でも

I can't quite derive the meaning of 自分でも from the parts that make it up. Here are the example sentences I don't get with the offered translations. 自分でもそれをやってみます。 Do it by yourself. ...
2
votes
1answer
184 views

What does シャレオツ mean?

Full context: シャレオツだた Google translate shows: I was Shareotsu.
2
votes
1answer
221 views

Is this sentence in a different language or is it just gibberish?

There's a line in the lyrics for the song "Viva La Viva" by Stereopony that's written like this: ヨボセヨペゴパヨ チキンピリョヘヨ Underneath this is: (わたしはチキンが大好きです。) The second line isn't actually sung, ...
2
votes
1answer
136 views

に/で and を/から - particle choice in two JLPT N5 sentences

この かみに 電話番号を 書いてください。 Why is it wrong to use で instead? What if the sentence is like このボールペン__電話番号を書いてください? 六時に 会社を 出て、うちへ 帰ります。 Why is it wrong to use から here? Is it because it's a fixed ...
0
votes
2answers
240 views

What is the exact meaning of “kaizen”?

So I learned about kaizen at school, and we defined the word as meaning "continuous change and improvement for the better". The word kaizen seems to have a bigger and deeper meaning than this simple ...

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