4
votes
4answers
901 views

What is the etymology of the word Katsu?

I heard from an English man that the katsu karē (カツカレー) dish was from English inspiration originally: he told me that the word 'katsu' is coming from cutlet and 'karē' would be curry. Please can ...
3
votes
1answer
117 views

Function of に and meaning of ものだ in this sentence

The context is : some people are acting stupidly, and someone else watching them says this : 困ったものです。こういう連中には... My first thought was to translate the sentence in the following way : That ...
4
votes
3answers
200 views

Particle の in this sentence

Here is the sentence from ドラゴンボール, : 全世界注目の地球の運命を賭けたセルゲームが始まろうとしています。 (the Cell Game is a martials arts tournament for those who don't know the manga) I'm not sure of what the first の ...
2
votes
1answer
236 views

Usage and meaning of とのことです

I see this often in business emails, I guess it is not very important in terms of meaning but I couldn't find any post on stackexchange about it. What does とのことです add to a sentence? Here is the ...
5
votes
1answer
259 views

Unclear grammar elements (Verb - Noun)

Currently I'm learning Japanese by discovering vocabulary and new grammars which I can find in Japanese Windows XP. I have some trouble understanding these grammar elements in the following examples : ...
2
votes
1answer
127 views

meaning of はぐった

I would really appreciate your help. I just read the sentence またひるめしをくいはぐった and I can't quite figure out what はぐった means and what the basic grammar of this conjugation is. I'm kinda lost...
8
votes
0answers
276 views

How should we understand the plain form when used in novels set in the past?

I am trying to understand how the plain form is used in novels set in the past through the explanations in the paper referenced below. I wonder if someone could explain how we should understand the ...
-1
votes
1answer
133 views

Literal translation of the word シレジレ

I'm not sure how to translate the word シレジレ. Does it mean something like "perky, confident, opinionated, presumptuous"? If so, may シレジレメカコラム be translated as "All-knowing Mecha Column" or "Wise ...
2
votes
2answers
169 views

Some questions about the use of となる

According to what I read, となる is the written counterpart of になる. Nevertheless, I stumbled upon some use of となる that seems not to fall under the typical usage of になる (which, for me, means "to become" ...
0
votes
1answer
138 views

Recognizing these kanji: a counter with a circle at the top; and “【?】に” (looks like 大 at the bottom)

I'm puzzling over these kanji... And this. Is it 数, right? Then, it might be translated as "several meters"?
6
votes
2answers
494 views

Alternate spelling for ありがたい, or typo?

I looked up ありがたい in my dictionaries within OSX (looking at this question), and one of the 国語 dictionaries (can't tell which) has the entry listed like this: ありがた・い 【有り難い・難有い】 You'll notice that ...
2
votes
1answer
346 views

Recognizing this kanji: ホイールが【?】いよく回転

Can you help me please? I can't recognize this kanji with red arrow
3
votes
2answers
130 views

usage cases for「ありがたい」?

I am having trouble with thinking of usage cases for 「ありがたい」. The usage case of ありがた迷惑 does not make sense to me. Even though I don't know that particular phrase, I can use it as a template. ...
5
votes
3answers
225 views

I'm a bit lost on this sentence using なかろうか

As part of a long text on the use of られる, there is this sentence: られる は私{わたし}の父{ちち}が信{しん}じていたほどには効能{こうのう}を持{も}っていなかったのではなかろうか。 This sentence is from my JLPT textbook, but it seems a section of ...
1
vote
1answer
202 views

What does “mon” and “kamo” mean in Japanese?

Sorry, I am new at learning Japanese and I am trying my best to figure things out from word-by-word translations... but sometimes it's hard to piece together with just the internet. I was reading a ...
10
votes
2answers
197 views

Why does 生前 mean 死ぬ前?

The word 生後 means something like "after birth". 明鏡国語辞典 defines it this way: 生まれてから以後。 But 生前 doesn't mean "before birth". Instead, it means something like "before death; while [someone] was ...
5
votes
1answer
215 views

What is the subject of this sentence? Is it the book (mentioned) or the author (who is not mentioned)?

The following sentence/phrase comes from the Progressive (プログレッシブ)dictionary: この本は自然主義について論じている|This book deals with naturalism In English people often say something like "This books addresses ...
3
votes
1answer
233 views

Is に okay in 「田中さんはビデオゲームに遊んでいます」?

I have a question with the follow sentence: 田中さんはビデオゲームに遊んでいます Is the particle に okay?
2
votes
1answer
173 views

澤 vs 沢… is the former still in use?

I've asked about 澤 before here on Stack Exchange, but have a follow up question: Is 沢 the modern replacement for 澤? Is 澤 deprecated by the Ministry that decides such matters?
0
votes
2answers
95 views

What is the “one type” being “wiped away” in this sentence?

As part of a larger block of text, my JLPT textbook has this sentence: 私{わたし}たちは、コトバに対{たい}して一種{いっしゅ}のぬぐいがたい軽視{けいし}、軽{かる}く見{み}る傾向{けいこう}が一般{いっぱん}にあるといっていいかもしれません。 I'm specifically confused about ...
0
votes
1answer
231 views

Why do Japanese people 'teach' others their phone numbers?

One of the common mistakes that Japanese people make when speaking in English is to translate the expression "電話番号を教えて" directly into English - "to teach a phone number", which can confuse native ...
3
votes
4answers
719 views

Random meaning of 結ぶ

結ぶ means to connect, tie, or bind things together, either physically or metaphorically. And then it has the seemingly random phrase [実]{み}を結ぶ meaning "to bear fruit". How does this meaning derive ...
3
votes
2answers
180 views

Modifying adjectives 「のように」

I cannot understand what exactly is ように modifying in the following sentence. And is it grammatically possible for 流れる濁流のよう to modify 急激な感情の? Because in phrase like this - 完璧に思ったとおりの仕上がり, 完璧に modifies ...
6
votes
2answers
1k views

Is “田舎” a derogatory term?

I've heard about 田舎, or more likely the English word "inaka" derived from the Japanese word, being used in a pejorative way by assistant English teachers: Inaka (田舎 inaka) is a Japanese term ...
1
vote
2answers
178 views

How to say “person who is consistent” (in romaji) ? Is it a Japanese principle?

I have seen a documentary about a mangaka who would draw her own manga from start to finish and the documentary described that she was applying a Japanese principle of doing things alone, at your own ...
4
votes
1answer
157 views

「春じゃもの」の「じゃもの」はどういう意味?

What does the じゃもの in 春じゃもの mean? The phrase is a koto song title, so I can't give much context. I think my teacher said it meant something like "clearly", or "the essence of". But I can't remember, ...
2
votes
1answer
197 views

“Ungrammatical” 丁寧語 used by tour guides and museum narrators

I noticed on my trip to Japan that tour guides in museums etc use a very interesting type of language. It seems to be used almost exclusively by people in Osaka and Kyoto. There are two features that ...
3
votes
3answers
673 views

How to say “surprising” in Japanese

I saw this link - When is the correct situation to use 案外 or 意外? It taught me a new word (案外) and explained its difference from 意外 well. But it's other words that have me confused. 意外 and 驚くべき. Both ...
4
votes
1answer
139 views

Which part of the sentence is 離陸するまで modifying?

A sentence from JapanesePod101. 私たちは、離陸するまで二時間、飛行機の中で座っていた。 We sat on the airplane for two hours before it took off. The general meaning of the sentence is not in question, but is 離陸するまで ...
4
votes
1answer
177 views

Help with the meaning of 大絶賛 in this sentence

というわけで、俺は実家で只今大絶賛ひとり暮らし中である。 From what I can tell, the speaker is saying that for reasons mentioned he is living alone at home, but I don't see how 大絶賛 (which means very high praise) affects the ...
4
votes
1answer
154 views

Translating an interview, stuck on one part

I'm translating an interview with a manga artist, and there's a part that I don't understand. He's talking about the violence in his manga. 作家: ...
6
votes
1answer
174 views

この間 pronunciation

Probably a very simple question for those more familiar with Japanese language. How この間 are usually pronounced? Dictionary gives both このかん and このあいだ, I was wondering which one is most likely to be ...
3
votes
1answer
152 views

About translating ~てもらおう

I was translating some lines and I'm not quite sure the best way to go through this one, specifically the もらおう bit: 君の妄言もいい加減にしてもらおう! Now, I'm aware of the usage of ~てもらう but what would be the ...
12
votes
2answers
923 views

What do you call young animals in Japanese?

In English we have a lot of very specific words for many animals. Male foxes are known as reynards or tods, female foxes are known as vixens, and baby foxes are known as kits. It's not an isolated ...
-3
votes
0answers
106 views

Romanization of this artist's name [closed]

Need help on the romanized name of this artist: じゃあにぃ from this song: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=L1DiX2AGFzo&feature=kp I cannot find her english name to be honest. Need some help. Thank ...
6
votes
2answers
181 views

What are appropriate situations where you use 何卒 to end a formal correspondence?

Good day! I've seen some emails ending with 何卒宜しくお願い致します but I was wondering if it just raises the respect/politeness of a letter or does it have specific situations where it should/shouldn't be use? ...
7
votes
2answers
163 views

When was 歴史的仮名遣い standardized?

Enno Shioji's answer to my question about 直音表記 says (emphasis added) that: Historically there were multiple way to write a word, and this wasn't standardized. For example, some very old documents ...
4
votes
0answers
104 views

What are all the nuances and uses of 至る? (に至って) (に至っては) (に至っても) (に至る)

I'm studying for the N1. And there are several not so often used structures that you really need to know the minute differences between. One of these is the uses of 至る. As far as I know, these are ...
1
vote
1answer
77 views

How to add a specific day of the week when asking about opening & closing time

I know it's very basic but I am a beginner... If anybody could be of any help it would be fantastic :) I know how to ask about closing and opening time (of shops, offices etc) but I don't know how to ...
6
votes
1answer
784 views

Is there a Japanese term to express the concept of “Comfort Zone”?

According to Wikipedia, it would be "舒适区" IN CHINESE- I would like to know if this is valid and recognizable in Japanese, too, or if there are more specific/nuanced terms to convey the same idea in ...
5
votes
1answer
101 views

Etymology of ギリシャ: what language does “girisha” come from?

I have trouble remembering that Greece is called ギリシャ. Understanding the etymology behind would probably help me? What is the etymology of the word ギリシャ? What language(s) was the name inspired by?
7
votes
2answers
256 views

Words that have been borrowed twice, with different pronunciations?

We all learn early on that hamburger can be translated into Japanese in two different ways: ハンバーガー meat patty in a bun ハンバーグ just the meat patty (or salisbury steak to be exact) Likewise launder ...
9
votes
2answers
291 views

How to Pronounce 化学 “Chemistry”?

A Japanese teacher on Twitter posted that 化学 is pronounced かがく and means "chemistry". I double-checked it on tangorin.com and it lists that pronunciation but says that it's pronounced ばけがく to avoid ...
-1
votes
1answer
152 views

What does 持った mean?

If context is needed, please consult this previous question. So, there's a bunch of verbs related to "持っ" but how can any of them evolve to 持った?
5
votes
2answers
254 views

What does 気が遠い mean?

Could someone help me translate this? 22歳でこんなことも思い出せない。。。あせる これから気が遠いよ I think the first sentence is something about being 22 years old and not remembering well. As for the second sentence, I ...
0
votes
1answer
142 views

Long phrase translation: あの子とも違う秘密を持ったみたいで後ろめたい気分だ

Context: 15-year boy speaking to himself あの子とも 違う秘密を持ったみたいで後ろめたい気分だ I brought this long phrase here because I have several points of doubt in it. First: あの子とも doesn't seem to be the same as ...
10
votes
2answers
756 views

Is there a name for the promotional packs of tissues peculiar to Japan?

Anybody who has visited a Japanese city will have noticed that peculiar type of advertising not common elsewhere. Packets of tissues containing some promotional offer or even quite like a calling ...
6
votes
1answer
118 views

When/why would one write a word using 直音表記?

I looked up 釈迦 at goo辞書 and noticed that there were two alternate readings presented for this word: さか and しゃか. The さか reading is given as being 『「しゃか」の直音表記。』, so these two are clearly the same ...
1
vote
1answer
88 views

When should I use ~ている vs. ~ています?

The book says use ~ている for a) an action in progress and b) a past event that is connected with the present, and it has examples like スーさんは本を読んでいます, and all the examples are using ています. But when I look ...
-2
votes
1answer
113 views

Meaning of 指摘しない程度に

I do not understand this 「指摘しない程度に」 . It appears in advertisements and also I received a letter, an answer to my Q and I just don't get it: これで本人が力みもなくちゃんと演奏出来るのであれば、わざわざ指摘しない程度にきちんと構えられていますよ!

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