2
votes
1answer
115 views

Grammatical meaning of に-particle in へいわに

I'm aware that the に-particle has a lot of different grammatical meanings. The most common of these are time, place and indirect object. But I came across the following sentence and I can't really ...
4
votes
1answer
190 views

Asking “What is the size of the file?”

I am discussing via email about a file, and I want to ask "What is the size of the file?" Here is my try: サイズは何ですか? I realize it sounds weird though, and サイズはどのぐらいですか? might sound better but I am ...
2
votes
2answers
148 views

Differences between verb + の verb + か and -ます/-です?

Consider these two examples: 神{かみ}を信{しん}じるの? and 神を信じますか? To me, both mean 'Do you believe in God/gods?', with the first example possibly slightly more casual than the second. Other than that, are ...
5
votes
1answer
326 views

how did 公 (こう) come to be derogatory

My dictionary says this word means something like "official; public" - how does the word go from that definition to being used as a derogatory suffix for animals and people? One example the ...
1
vote
0answers
355 views

Japanese dictionary with IPA pronunciations [closed]

Is there a reasonably complete dictionary of Japanese that includes IPA pronouncing keys? I can find plenty of sites with audio files, but I'd like to be sure I'm getting the phonemes exactly right.
-2
votes
1answer
169 views

Should I say this differently? [closed]

どうやって私は女の子と良い物事になせるのですか? I'm pretty sure this makes sense, but I think I could say this a little better but I'm not sure how...?
6
votes
1answer
220 views

When is と added to onomatopoeia?

While at first I believed it was simply bound to each individual word, I've noticed that the same onomatopoeic word sometimes has と after it and sometimes it doesn't. Here's a case I stumbled upon: ...
2
votes
1answer
165 views

その巨人の腹をかっさいた manga sentence

The complete sentence is this: ハンジは仲間を喰った その巨人の腹をかっさいた I can't really understand the meaning, why is it ハンジは istead of ハンジの? Then we have 腹をかっさいた. 腹 means stomach while かっさい means to cheer, to ...
6
votes
1answer
380 views

What's the deal with/origin of the character 曰?

I'm talking about the 曰 from 曰【いわ】く, not the common 日【ひ】 we all know and love. Why would they "make" two characters that look (for all intents and purposes) exactly the same? How do you really ...
5
votes
1answer
232 views

Is 〜がりや limited to just a few words, or can it be added to any adjective?

I've noticed a few words like these: 恥ずかしがり屋{や} 寂しがり屋 怖がり屋 I've only noticed this with a few adjectives, like the ones above, and with verbs with たい: 目立ちたがり屋 I suppose this ending is ...
0
votes
2answers
187 views

Which way should you review vocabulary using flashcards? [closed]

Say I want to review a list of verbs, and I create a deck of flashcards, with the polite form verb (よみます) on the front and the English infinitive (to read) on the back. Is it better to review by ...
6
votes
2answers
824 views

Etymology of もん・もの

How do I make sense of the 終助詞 もん as in おいしいもん そうなんだもん Although I have only heard it in 時代劇 speak, I guess it comes from もの, which I think should be も + の. But what も can follow the 終止形 and ...
6
votes
1answer
129 views

Can someone explain the meaning of 画期的?

The BOJ seems to like this word and it is translated as either "epoch-making" or "groundbreaking" Original Japanese sentence: ...
27
votes
1answer
1k views

How do parents obscure spoken messages in front of their children in Japanese?

Let's say I'm a very young child and I love dessert. After my family goes out today, my dad is going to buy us ice cream; he needs to tell my mom in front of me, without me finding out. In English, he ...
18
votes
1answer
487 views

How did 革 “leather” come to mean newness?

How did the character for "leather" - [革]{かわ / カク} - come to also convey the meaning for "newness"? 広辞苑 lists one of the definitions (under かく) as あらたまること, あらためること, and we can see this in some of its ...
5
votes
1answer
239 views

what does てやる mean when it is not used for giving?

Okay, according to the (monolingual) dictionary that I use it is used to indicate "doing something with strong will or determination" (my translation) e.g.飛び降りてやる! But this definition seems a little ...
7
votes
1answer
173 views

archaic -an conjugation

This is a prayer uttered by someone who I presume is imitating archaic speech: 遍く邪悪より御身を守らん What is the conjugation used in 守らん? It's doesn't seem like a negative which was my first thought.
2
votes
0answers
86 views

What is the usage/meaning of ご馳走さま (lovey-dovey)? [duplicate]

Edict states that one of the meanings of ご馳走さま is "used after hearing something lovey-dovey". Does anyone know some examples whereby ご馳走さま is used this way? Specifically, how do we use "ご馳走さま" and ...
6
votes
2answers
181 views

Where does “歩けど” come from?

The other day I came across this line in a game: しかしそれ以外は誰とも出会わず、そして 歩けど歩けど 代わり映えしない通路と部屋ばかり。 I guessed that 歩けど meant 歩いても from the context, but I had never seen a verb conjugated like that before. ...
2
votes
1answer
272 views

What is the Japanese term for the postwar economic miracle?

In France they have "Les Trente Glorieuses" and in Germany the "Wirtschaftswunder". What is the analog in Japanese? Edit to elaborate: In the case of France there is a very specific term -- "The ...
4
votes
3answers
286 views

What are the usages of のだから?

I'm reading a book and I came across a usage of のだから I couldn't really understand. The whole sentence is: その上に[無慮]{むりょ}百に及ぶ階層が積み重なっているというのだから、[茫漠]{ぼうばく}とした広大さは想像を絶する。 My translation to it was ...
3
votes
1answer
183 views

What does あと mean in つーか怖いしあとレア?

つーか怖いしあとレア I don't understand how あと is used in this sentence. What does it mean? レア should mean rare, right? Thank you for your help.
3
votes
1answer
118 views

What does 兜 mean in 黄緑彩兜唐草?

The text I'm asking about comes from a brochure selling pens with bodies of traditional decorated Imari porcelain. Here's the pen design, with its name: 黄緑彩兜唐草 From another brochure, I gather that ...
1
vote
1answer
256 views

Sentence structure of (verb + to + infinitive) in japanese

Assume I want to say something like : I called you to go out. How a sentence with the same structure would be translated? Is there like a certain pattern or rule to it?
2
votes
1answer
204 views

Usage and relation of に to 他

Tae Kim translates the following as: 他にいいものがたくさんあるけど、やっぱりこれにする。 There are a lot of other good things, but as I thought, I'll go with this one. Here is 他 a noun, adjective or an adverb? I would think ...
2
votes
1answer
222 views

“It is okay to have fun however think about others” translation

I want to say : It is okay to have fun at new year's eve ,however think about others. The only part that I was able to translate is : おしょうがつにたのしみますだいじょうぶでも..... and I can't complete. The ...
4
votes
3answers
438 views

What does 目 mean in 勝ち目?

The word 勝ち目 means "odds / chance of success". It is made up of two nouns 勝ち and 目. 勝ち obviously means "winning / victory". But what does the kanji 目 mean? Does 勝ち目 mean something along the lines of ...
6
votes
1answer
223 views

人:difference between ひと and -うと

There are two readings of 人, as in these two examples: 恋人【こいびと】 and 素人【しろうと】 Why is 素人 (among others) the way it is and not しろひと or しろびと? Furthermore, 狩人 is かりゅうど. Why is the final mora voiced here? ...
2
votes
2answers
195 views

How do I say: I am on parental leave

Something like? 今育児休業(いくじきゅうぎょう)です。
3
votes
1answer
219 views

Verbs for bending and turning

I'm having some difficulty with the various verbs that exist for bending and turning and could really use some insight into them: 曲がる - Intransitive 曲げる - Transitive 回る - Intransitive 回す - Transitive ...
6
votes
1answer
158 views

The differences between 真理,真相 and 真実

I've often seen 真理,真相 and 真実 in contexts that to me seem interchangeable. Could some one give examples of where each word is most appropriate? When is one more appropriate than the other? For ...
3
votes
2answers
239 views

聞いてもねえ事をペラペラと喋る。。。

I can't understand the meaning of this sentence very well: 聞いてもねえ事をペラペラと喋る。。。 I know that 事をペラペラと喋る means to talk glibly about something, 聞いて comes from 聞く to listen, but I don't get the general ...
11
votes
1answer
895 views

“slightly/somewhat” の 「~[目]{め}」: Usage and limitations

I'm somewhat confused about the usage and limitations of the ~め suffix that means "somewhat/slightly". I've only ever heard it on a handful of words: 大きめ 小さ目 多め 少な目 早め and maybe a ...
1
vote
1answer
274 views

A word or short phrase for “Moving forward, taking the good things with, leaving the bad things behind”

Apparently there is a Japanese word for Moving forward taking the good things with you but leaving the bad things behind. Would any of you know what it is? Thanks in advance
1
vote
1answer
121 views

In this situation, Which is correct の or から?

私は東京の田中です。 私は東京から田中です。 I am want to say Hello, I'm Tanaka and I'm from Tokyo, but I am not sure which is correct. I feel like 2 is the right choice but am not sure. So which is correct and why?
7
votes
1answer
323 views

Why is it である not にある in this sentence?

Today I saw this sentence: イラクで戦争がある。 I didn't understand why that would be the case instead of イラクに because if it is で I feel like it could be rewritten: 戦争はイラクである。 which just sounds like Iraq is ...
3
votes
1answer
179 views

Function of に in this passive construction

I understand the basics of the "suffering passive". For example, it's my understanding that in a sentence like 友達にビールを飲まれた, "tomodachi ni" marks the person who drank your beer. ぼくにもんくいわれても困る Who ...
7
votes
1answer
655 views

What does “ni tsuki” mean in the title “Sono otoko, kyōbō ni tsuki”?

According to Wikipedia, the Japanese title of the film "Violent Cop", "その男、凶暴につき" ("Sono otoko, kyōbō ni tsuki"), literally means "That man, being violent". Is this correct? What other translations ...
3
votes
1answer
127 views

Question about 「その」 usage

I have a question about その手 part in this text. As far as I can guess 真琴 is talking about her own hand, but in this case shouldn't it be with この, "my hand". The only thought I have is that 真琴's hand, ...
3
votes
1answer
224 views

Kanji question: the onyomi of 江 is found

The onyomi of 江 is コウ. Can someone give me a real-life example of when this is read this way? It seems that most of the time its pronounced え... I should also clarify, yes, I can look this up in a ...
11
votes
2answers
916 views

What is the Japanese term for a gamer?

As in "some one who plays video games". Could I just use ゲーマー?
4
votes
1answer
145 views

using 〜ば〜ほど with adverbs

You can use this construct with verbs: 食べれば食べるほど太る and with adjectives: ジェットコースターは高ければ高いほど楽しい but what about adverbs? if, for example, I wanted to say of a windmill "the faster it turns, the more ...
3
votes
1answer
142 views

「こんな夢を見た。」- why not この?

This is the first line of 夏目漱石's story 第一夜, The first night. The story then goes on to describe the narrator's dream. It is translated as "I had dream" but I am struggling to align the normal meaning ...
4
votes
1answer
284 views

Where does だって come from?

Does だって find it's roots in some different combination of words, or is it it's own, self made, particle? Where does だって come from?
2
votes
0answers
204 views

JLPT N1 Practice site [closed]

What are good sites to study JLPT N1 Grammar and Vocab. Please share me a link ,if you know a nice site to practice JLPT N1. I googled it and can't find a good site that contains Quizs for Vocab and ...
4
votes
1answer
270 views

What is this colloquial / dialect form? 〜たるけんね

I'm still playing Final Fantasy VI, and I came across this bit of dialogue: マリアの頭にオモリ 落としたるけんね。 I understand it up to 落とし. Orthros is going to drop the weight on her head! I can't make ...
7
votes
2answers
957 views

How accurately can 使い be translated as “angel”?

On jisho.org, 使い is translated with words such as "errand", and the same holds true on translate.google.com. Neither site is offering "angel" as a suggestion. Yet in Matthew 1:20, the phrase:     ...
3
votes
2answers
183 views

How does the derogatory term “小便芸者” work?

In Liza Dalby's book "Geisha", while talking about onsen geisha, she mentions various pejorative terms from the general public. She mentions "korobi" (roll-over, presumably 転び) geisha, and "Daruma" (a ...
1
vote
1answer
175 views

difference between きれい and キレイ

I was reading the lyrics of a song called 春先小紅 by 矢野顕子  There is this line that says: きょうはなんだかキレイです I was wondering why キレイ above is written in Katakana and not in Hiragana? Isn't katakana used for ...
2
votes
2answers
536 views

What does the expression くそかわ mean?

I read many times the expression くそかわ referred to babies, what does it exactly mean in english? I know that くそ means "damn" while かわ comes from かわいい, right? So damn cute? Thank you!

15 30 50 per page