1
vote
1answer
193 views

rules for “personification” with 「じん」、「しゃ」、「か」?

In English, "personification" is a literary device. But, I am talking about when you take a common noun, and then add 「人」、「者」、 or「家」: 「労働」--->「労働者」 「案内」--->「案内者」 「日本」---> 「日本人」 「社会」 --->「社会人」 「農業」---> ...
6
votes
3answers
699 views

Japanese equivalent of “Thanks anyway.”?

In English, "thanks anyway" is a common way of acknowledging the other person's effort/attention even though the end result wasn't satisfactory to the person doing the thanking. For example: ...
1
vote
0answers
311 views

Where to find a list of all syllables [closed]

How many syllables are there totally? Is there any complete list? Update: Yes, a list of all sounds would be great. This is what I had to start with http://www.bnb32.com/images/katakana.gif And ...
7
votes
1answer
344 views

Present vs. past tense with certain verbs?

~ことにする vs ~ことにした  ~と思う vs ~と思った What sort of context would you use either of these? Does the past tense imply that you've changed your decisions or thoughts?
2
votes
1answer
120 views

に particles with no attaching verbs

口下手で料理好きの父親を主人公に、家庭や会社の人間ドラマをほのぼのと描いた漫画 「クッキングパパ」が昨年末、「週刊モーニング」(講談社)で連載千回を迎えた。 What is the first に particle doing?
4
votes
1answer
142 views

Are people named after prefectures, or are prefectures named after people?

In Japanese, some names exist in both people and prefectures or cities. For example, Fukushima Industries Corporation is not named after the prefecture of Fukushima (福島県) or the city, but after Nobuo ...
3
votes
1answer
186 views

What's the difference between 働くvs 勤める

I was wondering if someone could explain the difference between 働くvs 勤める. They seem to both be used to indicate work. As in "I work at Nasa" or something like that. But they have different ...
6
votes
2answers
256 views

Can one say “A decides that B will do X” with ことにする?

Can one use ことにする to express the idea "A decides that B will do X"? Take the sentence 私は外へ出ることにした. The way I see it, 私 is the subject of both 出る and した, with one usage omitted due to being ...
2
votes
1answer
152 views

Slang for funny, うくれ?

A friend of mine told me that he heard うくれ or 受けれ was slang for funny (He said it was suppose to be "we accept"). I don't really know much more that that so I'm having trouble finding it online-does ...
5
votes
2answers
298 views

A closer look at そう思う

I just realized today that for some reason I'm pretty uncomfortable with things like そう思う because the Japanese そう has a meaning akin to saying isn't that so in English. But when you say そう思う, そう is ...
3
votes
1answer
149 views

The process behind キャ in loanwords from English

I'm curious why many English words that are borrowed into Japanese which have the "ca" sound as in "can" or "canvas" end up with that being mapped to キャ: キャンバス (canvas) キャビネット (cabinet) キャンセル ...
2
votes
2answers
190 views

Question about ように

I'm confused in ように in the following sentence. Maybe it connects to 聞こえる or maybe means "in order to" ? I'm not sure about it here. Some sort of translation: "Conversations in this period of time ...
1
vote
1answer
111 views

Meaning of 言いだしっぺとして

I stumbled upon the following sentence: 言いだしっぺとして、10人がんばります! Context: a person is told to invite 10 persons, and seems to answer "言いだしっぺとして, I will try my best to get 10 persons!" What does the ...
6
votes
1answer
169 views

How does one read AxB as in “A by B grid” in Japanese?

Here's the definition of sudoku in Wikipedia: 数独(すうどく)とは、3×3のブロックに区切られた 9×9の正方形の枠内に1〜9までの数字を入れるペンシルパズルの一つである。 How should one read 9×9の or 3×3の out loud?
2
votes
1answer
153 views

a few words have an honorific 「お」or「ご」 as a necessary prefix, right?

I just came a across the word 「お巡りさん」。While 「お巡り」 is a word, 「巡り」 is not. Likewise, 「ご飯」 is a word, but while 「飯」is a word, the reading changes to the 訓読み (めし)。This means that the 「ご」in「ご飯」is not ...
3
votes
1answer
145 views

に particle and passive form… multiple meanings?

There's a sentence in my textbook. 子供の時から今までを振り返って男あるいは女に生まれて、Aよかったと思った/思うこと、B嫌いだと思った/思うこと、を三つずつ書いてください 男あるいは女に生まれて、 This is the part in particular I don't understand... I read it as... "Born by a ...
5
votes
1answer
167 views

Replacing になっている with だ

A sentence from JapanesePod 101: 米は、多くの食事で、重要な糖質源になっている。 Rice is an important source of carbohydrates in many diets. The になっている seems unnecessary here. Could one simply end the sentence with ...
3
votes
2answers
2k views

Under what circumstances does Japanese read from right to left?

In The Global Soul: Pico Iyer, (disclaimer: the depiction of Japan may be offensive) Iyer says: Rather perversely I live in Japan, which, as you know, is the most alien science fiction place on ...
2
votes
0answers
153 views

どこでも vs. どこにでも vs. どこも

What is the the difference between どこでも vs. どこにでも vs. どこも? I though どこでも was anywhere, どこにでも was everywhere, and どこも was also everywhere... but then I didn't know what the difference would be between ...
3
votes
1answer
113 views

ぬかるむ Meaning and Use

ぬかるむ has the definition of "to be muddy" in my dictionary, but it is a verb. Furthermore, all the examples use it before a noun, as opposed to saying 丘はぬかるむ. Is it correct to say this? Why is ぬかるむ a ...
0
votes
2answers
158 views

わからない vs わかね, My Boss My Hero

I was watching My Boss My Hero, and I could have sworn he said わかね instead of わからない-Is this feasible? Is there some dialect that drops off ない for ね?
1
vote
1answer
132 views

浴びる vs 浴びりゃ-Hikawa Kiyoshi [duplicate]

I was listening to Hikawa Kiyoshi's ソーラン節 and instead of 浴びる he said 浴びりゃ, is there a normal pattern for this kind of pronunciation? Is it regional?
1
vote
1answer
126 views

浴びる-Transitivity

I read that 浴びる is a transitive verb, but if it means to clean, then shouldn't it's object be what's be washed? The examples I see have the object of the verb as what one is using to wash with or ...
0
votes
1answer
275 views

History and Meaning of Soran Bushi

Recently I've found several versions of Soran Bushi, and this puzzles me-I don't understand why it would be different in different places. Moreover, I don't understand some of the vocabulary in it: ...
1
vote
2answers
436 views

Difference between こと、もの and やつ

I am trying to understand the following clearly: 私のこと 私のもの 私のやつ When someone is talking about us, we can use こと。 ”いいえ、それは私のことではないです” - No, that is not something related to me. やつis used when we ...
8
votes
1answer
223 views

Are there any rules governing voicing in words formed via reduplication?

Consider the following words: 燦々 sansan 散々 sanzan Both of them are formed via the reduplication of san, but the latter word has the second instance voiced, while the former doesn't. Was there ...
2
votes
1answer
92 views

A question about the に particle

I have a question about the に particle. I was never told that it was possible to do something like this: 私は妹に新しいおもちゃを買いました。 I thought you HAD to say 私は妹のために新しいおもちゃを買いました。 ...
6
votes
1answer
2k views

What is the literal meaning of どういたしまして?

どういたしまして 【どう致しまして · 如何致しまして】 you are welcome;  don't mention it;  not at all;  my pleasure; —Usually written using kana alone. 「手伝ってくれてありがとう」「どういたしまして」 "Thank you for your help." "It's ...
7
votes
1answer
602 views

What does かの日 mean?

In my Japanese Bible, I've seen several passages that use the phrase かの日. Here are a couple. ...
4
votes
1answer
155 views

Which is the proper way to say “I don't X”?

I thought if you say "I don't smoke cigarettes" that would be "[Watashi wa] tabako o suimasen". But I just saw something that said it would be "tabako wa suimasen". Are they interchangable? Is there a ...
0
votes
3answers
2k views

Native speakers (basically) don't study radicals. So, how could they be useful for learning kanji? [closed]

In a recent post titled "Kanji identification?" the accepted answer stated that the "parts" for 「烙」 are "fire", "folding chair" and "mouth". Japanese native speakers don't understand what that means. ...
3
votes
2answers
598 views

What does 何もいません mean?

I am trying to understand the dialogue 5:03 in this tutorial video. What I'm hearing is this: なにがいますか。 なにもいませんね。 あれ。ねこがいますよ。 え、どこに? あそこにいますよ。 The lesson is about how to say ...
3
votes
2answers
553 views

What does this sentence mean? These katakana are confusing me

The full sentence is: 気にしないでコレ全然アレじゃねぇから 間違ってもチクんじゃねーぞ And I'm having trouble deciphering those katakana, コレ and アレ are probably a way to emphasize これ and あれ, but what about チク? Is it replacing a ...
1
vote
1answer
229 views

What does ウリ mean

What does ウリ mean in the following conversation? Where ソウ and アムロ=レイ are two characters in the [第]{だい}4[次]{じ}スーパーロボット[大戦]{たいせん}. ソウ「よろしくお[願]{ねが}いします!アムロ=レイ[少佐]{しょうさ}」 ...
8
votes
1answer
271 views

What does “もんだなって” mean?

I'm reading a manga and I found that phrase. What is it supposed to mean? Is it some kind of informal way to speak? This is the full sentence: 男でもいけるもんだなって思ってさ
8
votes
2answers
548 views

Usage of か after a clause?

Here's a sentence I found: デパートはどこにあるか、知っていますか? Do you know where the department store is? What's the purpose of the か particle in 「どこにあるか」? Under what circumstances do I use it? I'm fairly ...
2
votes
1answer
193 views

Kanji identification?

What does the Kanji next to the bar at the bottom right hand side of the screen mean in this video? (The small bar, not the larger one): http://youtu.be/qIKNRmdEx5E?t=20s - The bar that it's next to ...
2
votes
1answer
208 views

Do adjectives/adjective-like verb forms in informal speech need a copula?

The class I go to uses the «Minna no Nihongo» textbook, and according to it you can say the following in informal language: そのカレーライスおいしい? わたしは富士山にのぼりたい。 (See book 1, lesson 20) So I ...
3
votes
1answer
192 views

The implied meaning of 気(き)

I have the following sentence: [仕事]{しごと}で[気]{き}を[遣]{つか}うことが[多]{おお}い. Which directly translates to: at work you use your 気 often. Some other translations of ki wo tsukau include, paying attention to ...
0
votes
1answer
116 views

What's the difference between 機械 and 器械

In which case would one be more appropriate than the other?
0
votes
1answer
147 views

How to say Populations and Civilizations when talking about history?

Dealing with historical matters for a certain urban area, one would like to say the following: In this city we had many populations here: Normans, Greeks and French... So what is the right term ...
4
votes
2answers
293 views

Why do road signs have 止まれ, not 止まる, 止める or 止めて?

From what I know ending verb in え makes it sound rough and very casual. I checked in tangorin.com online dictionary - it's said there it is actually a noun. To me, though, it looks like a rough ...
4
votes
1answer
446 views

How do you say “which one of you”?

I'm trying to translate a sentence containing "which one of you" into Japanese, like in "Which one of you took my sandwich?". Google's search bar was no help - a query for "which one of you" in ...
3
votes
1answer
98 views

What does it mean when と is at the end of a noun list

似てるよ、ユーマくんと初めて出会って時と。 I'm slightly confused at how と is used at the end.
3
votes
1answer
118 views

How do Japanese people read the pH (measure of acidity or basicity) of a solution?

I read an article (http://www.gizmodo.jp/2013/10/post_13267.html, in case anyone is interested), and it got me thinking how a Japanese person would read this passage: ここの水は水素イオン指数pH 9~10.5。 Do ...
1
vote
1answer
450 views

What does おやすみちゃー mean?

I saw a native Japanese speaker post this on Twitter, I believe that おやすみ means vacation or holiday, but I was unable to figure out the phrase from the context.
5
votes
1answer
405 views

「二番」 vs. 「二番目」 confusion

I am confused by 「二番」vs.「二番目」、「三番」vs.「三番目」etc. While 「一番速い人。」 seems grammatically correct and sounds ok to me, 「二番速い人。」 sounds so unnatural to me I am thinking the grammar might be wrong. But, if ...
0
votes
1answer
123 views

Is the i in kakikonde silent?

Here's the sentence that I was listening to: Kono shorui ni Yan-san no juusho, shimei, seinengappi nado o kakikonde kudasai. When I was listening to it, it sounded like the word was being pronounced ...
1
vote
1answer
140 views

What conjugation is 助けて, when used as an interjection?

According to Wiktionary, the only conjugation I can match this to is the conjunctive form, but that doesn't make any sense, given the context (as in "Help me!"). What would the equivalent conjugation ...
4
votes
4answers
360 views

Examples of ambigious sentences

I'm looking to test some Morphological Analysis tools, which split sentences into tokens and provide part of speech and pronunciation information (specifically, providing kana when given kanji). I'm ...

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