4
votes
1answer
198 views

Help with this sentence fragment containing “思想統制”

I came across this example sentence for the grammar point ~にあって, which indicates that something is under a particular circumstance. 彼女は戦争中、思想統制下にあってなお、自由な精神を持ち続けた。 I understand the first and the ...
7
votes
1answer
333 views

Why is there a 分 in 自分?

I didn't find anywhere why is the minute's kanji there in 自分? Is it because a meaning of 分 is "part". Please clarify.
7
votes
1answer
190 views

Is there a figurative use to 春風?

I often hear 春風【はるかぜ】(or, much less often, 春風【しゅんぷう】) used to describe the characteristically windy weather of early Spring. I was also certain I had heard it used on occasions as a figurative ...
5
votes
1answer
163 views

しゅうと/シュート - The great equalizer

I was watching the movie Mr. Baseball the other day. Several times during the movie they talk about しゅうと which they describe as "the great equalizer". (Could possibly be しゅうとう, but their dialog does ...
6
votes
1answer
273 views

What's the difference between these two transitive verb forms?

I've always been little fuzzy on transitive verbs, something which I was reminded of when looking at this answer. The answer says that 終{お}わらせる, 終{お}える, 済{す}ませる, and 済{す}ます are all transitive. They ...
6
votes
1answer
313 views

Does this convey “It's not surprising that ___”?

I am working on the grammar pattern ~にはあたらない, which is used to indicate that something is not necessary. I.e, "No need to ask" ==> 聞くにはあたらない. What I'm caught on is this example sentence: ...
8
votes
2answers
165 views

“乗せる” vs “乗っける”

Good afternoon all, I was wondering when someone gives someone a ride (bicycle, car, etc), what's the difference in nuance between using the verb "乗せる" and the verb "乗っける"? For example, I was ...
12
votes
3answers
373 views

Do viruses あります or います?

Do viruses あります or います? Currently, I'm under the impression that animals and humans use います (though see this question), while plants and inanimate objects use あります. Do viruses fall under the latter ...
11
votes
4answers
738 views

What's the difference between いいえ and English's “no”?

In "Japanese for Busy People I" page 2 (kana or romaji edition) it says that いいえ is 'virtually the same as "no"'. It sounds like there are some differences, but they want to omit mentioning them for ...
10
votes
1answer
361 views

Different ways to report one's impression/guess (~そう/~みたい)

雨が降りそうです 雨が降るみたいです Is there any difference between the two? Which one would be the most common way to say this? このセーターは家で洗えそうです このセーターは家で洗えるみたいです Both these also seem valid, but ...
11
votes
1answer
406 views

“からだけ” vs “だけから”, which is grammatical?

Good afternoon all, I was wondering when we chain particles, should "から" come before "だけ", or should it be the other way round? For example, I'm expecting a mail from 健一, a mail from 健二, and a mail ...
0
votes
1answer
307 views

How to effectively start learning Japanese? [closed]

What would be the fastest and most effective way to start learning Japanese? I've got all the Hiragana / Katakana done, what should I work on now? Please provide resources where I can learn: vocab ...
12
votes
2answers
339 views

When does a suru-noun require し in front of a purposive-に?

According to Chocolate's comment to a question, some suru-nouns can be followed by the purposive に directly, but others require (the stem of) する in between.  面会しに行く  面会に行く  料理しに行く × 料理に行く ...
9
votes
3answers
379 views

How to call the phenomenon where a rectangle Ϳ is shown because font misses glyph?

Is there a name to describe the situation where a particular character is shown on a computer screen in a particular font, but this font does not have a glyph for this particular character? Usually, ...
6
votes
2answers
194 views

When are へ and に used together?

おばあさん は 川(かわ) へ せんたく に でかけます。 Why is there both へ and に? When can they be used together? Can someone break down the sentence for me to understand?
1
vote
1answer
93 views

Does subject marker が always have to be before the conjugated verb?

むかし、 むかし、 ある ところ に おじいさん と おばあさん が いました。 Here's what I got so far: (adv. time), (adv. time), (to be - infinitive) (somewhere) (ni particle), (old man) (to - conjunction) (old woman) (ga subject ...
6
votes
2answers
154 views

What's the difference between なんと and どう

I'm having a lot of trouble working out the difference between なんと and どう。 どう is "How" e.g. これはどう書きますか "How do you write this?" and is easy for me to understand. The problem is なんと、the dictionaries ...
5
votes
2answers
376 views

Meaning of ありじゃないかなぁ

I was asking if something is possible or not, and received the "ありじゃないかなぁ" answer below. I had never heard this expression, is my translation correct? Q: 独習×ゲーム的なソーシャルウェブサイトは可能ですか? A: ...
11
votes
2answers
454 views

What are the valid potential forms of special “suru” verbs?

Good afternoon all, From what I understand, special "suru" verbs only have one potential form which is formed using the syntax: [verb-stem] + [せる] For example, 愛す・愛する → 愛せる and 訳す・訳する → 訳せる. ...
7
votes
1answer
117 views

“10倍もの” vs “10倍の”

Good afternoon all, I understand that "X倍の" means "X times of", however sometimes I see the phrase "X倍もの" and I was wondering what it means. For example, in the sentence: ...
3
votes
1answer
274 views

Trying to translate 遊ばにゃ損なってなもんだろうがおう!

I'm reading a manga and have run into a tricky phrase, so I am asking for help and some explanations: ...遊ばにゃ損なってなもんだろうがおう! 遊ばにゃ (or にや) - can't understand what the verb form is used here... 損なって - ...
5
votes
3answers
305 views

How often is だが used in everyday conversation?

I hear often in anime and is translated as "but". And normally, it's at the beginning of the sentence. But I wonder if it used outside of the TV/movie world. For instance, きみ, I hear very often in ...
7
votes
1answer
495 views

What is the meaning of ~たまえ?

While playing Final Fantasy 7, I came across the following text, which I think translates to something like: このせいせきでは、減給もありうると思ってくれたまえ With these results, you can expect it likely there will ...
6
votes
1answer
133 views

Are the two kanjis 箇所 and 個所 interchange?

Our customer uses 箇所 but my manager uses 個所 when emailing project status. Are both kanji interchangeable? The context of usage in a sentence is: 一箇所変更しました。 A portion (of the code/software) ...
7
votes
4answers
4k views

What does チャラ mean?

What does チャラ mean? It was explained here that チャラ男 means light image. Does that mean cool image of a person? A cool person? ...
6
votes
2answers
326 views

When is it appropriate to use ごくろうさま?

I've seen お疲れさま and ご[苦労]{くろう}さま used to say "Thank you" after some had done work of some type. After reading the お疲れさま thread, I realize that the two are not interchangeable. So when do you use ...
8
votes
2answers
209 views

What's the difference between differences? 差 and 違い

What's the difference between 差 and 違い? When would I use each? Which (if either) would I use for describing the difference between something like sample data and the best fitting equation?
4
votes
2answers
153 views

Pronunciation of 締 in 月末締/翌月末払

If I understood well, 月末締/翌月末払 means "close the deal before end of a given month then get payment before end of the following month" Is the pronunciation "げつまつしめ よくげつはらい" I am especially unsure ...
6
votes
4answers
456 views

When do you use するには as opposed to するため(には) to mean “in order to”?

I keep having するため(には) corrected to するには when writing sentences, but how interchangeable are they and when should each be used? Taking some Japanese sentences from Space ALC with my own English ...
7
votes
3answers
1k views

When to use 早速ですが

I usually hear 早速ですが used as a phrase in the office. After looking on examples in the net, it somehow mean "Well then" in English. Is the phrase just the same as "じゃ" or "では"? For example: ...
7
votes
2answers
194 views

How to say two actions are the cause of a third?

I want to say I did something because of more than one reason. For example: I stayed home so I could study AND feed the dog. I'm not sure how to name the reasons in Japanese. How I'm trying to ...
13
votes
7answers
678 views

Linguistics and Japanese study

Firstly, I apologise if this has been asked before or if I have asked this in the wrong place (should I have asked on the meta site?). I've studied Japanese for (going on) 5 years, now. It's been ...
15
votes
4answers
533 views

How to “shoo away” a sales clerk?

When I go window shopping, the sales clerk would usually come near me asking what I like. How should I politely shoo them away? Can I simply say いいえ、けっこうです or something like 自分で見る I know ...
7
votes
2answers
249 views

Is ほんの一瞬【いっしゅん】だけ redundant?

When using the phrase ほんの一瞬, I somehow feel compelled to insert だけ afterwards. This seems to be somewhat common (over one million hits for "ほんの一瞬だけ" on Google), but does it seem silly in terms of ...
13
votes
1answer
352 views

Why is English “ka” and “ca” sometimes rendered as キャ (kya) instead of カ (ka)?

I sometimes see that English ka and ca are rendered キャ (kya) instead of カ (ka). Why is this? Do English ka and ca really sound more like kya than ka, at least to Japanese listeners? (I know it ...
1
vote
0answers
272 views

How to use “Furigana” with “Kanji” or “Kana” [closed]

How can I use "Furigana" with Japanese text on the Web? Does Latex work for this as well?
5
votes
2answers
307 views

When is 終わる used as a transitive verb?

On Are 終わる and 済ませる synonyms?, there were some questions whether 終わる is used as a transitive verb. Space ALC seems to have a few results for を終わる, but far more for を終わらせる and を終える. Looking at sense ...
6
votes
4answers
544 views

Are 終{お}わる and 済{す}ませる synonyms?

I know that they both mean "finish". But I wonder if there are situations or contexts where you can use one but not the other.
5
votes
2answers
269 views

What is the difference between いろいろ and もろもろ

Both mean 'various, all sorts of', but is there some subtle difference or not?
3
votes
1answer
238 views

Meaning of 真逆, how it is different from 逆

[真]{ま}[逆]{ぎゃく} (not [真]{ま}[逆]{さか}, which is an interjection standardly used) is another 若者言葉, or an expression that is used mainly by young generation (with low education level) that makes me feel ...
10
votes
1answer
385 views

What is the meaning/usage of いざ?

Will someone please explain what this word いざ means? I've found several definitions, but I'm very unclear on what it really means and its usage. I've heard it mostly in the following ways: ...
9
votes
2answers
425 views

What is the difference between 記憶【きおく】 and 思【おも】い出【で】?

Is there any difference between the meanings or connotations of 記憶 and 思い出? I started thinking about this after listening to the song 「タイムマシーン」 or "Time Machine" by 少女時代, where these two lines occur ...
7
votes
1answer
168 views

How do you say multiples of some number?

On a specification about a data. The valid value must be multiples of 10 (10, 20, 30, ...) How do you state that in Japanese. I saw on a document that it is written as Xは10,20,30・・のように10飛で付番する ...
1
vote
1answer
229 views

What is the difference with 引充 and 引当

I do usually encounter the kanji 引当 but I suddenly encountered the 引充 kanji. My colleague said they mean the same and their reading is the same. when do you use the one over the other? The word that ...
-3
votes
3answers
272 views

How can I say “looking through the window of death”?

How can I talk about death's point of view?
3
votes
1answer
176 views

How can I talk about old memories and important “firsts”?

How can I say old memories and first (talk, hug, kiss) kind of stuff?
4
votes
2answers
352 views

The different types of pain and injuries

I'm lacking a range of vocabulary that allows me to express different kinds of pain. And since I'm on this theme I might as well included injuries in this question. It seems that everything can be ...
5
votes
1answer
453 views

Different ways to show intention to do something

How can one say "I am going to", express intention to do something in the future. I know some expressions such as: たいと思う -  I'm going to/ I want to ましょう - I will/ Why don't I ...
7
votes
1answer
212 views

Does the verb 死ぬ has a 死ぬる form?

I have come across a conjugation of 死ぬ verb which I've never heard before. It is 死ぬる, I have heard it in a TV show, you can see the relevant part in this video. Is this a depreciated form? If so, ...
3
votes
1answer
305 views

How does this たる function in this JLPT sentence?

Please bear with me as I reveal my tenuous grasp on advanced grammar... While studying for the Grammar section of the JLPT (N1) I came across this grammar point to study: たる I came across a lot of ...

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