5
votes
1answer
155 views

Particle に to enumerate things?

I encountered several sentences where に was used—from my deduction of the context—to enumerate things. For example a character about to go somewhere, checks his bag if he has everything he needs : ...
42
votes
5answers
7k views

Differences among -たら、なら、-んだったら、-えば, etc

Japanese language has a lot of patterns for "if" clauses. What are the differences among the following patterns and how do we choose to use one over the others?: 行ったら 行くなら 行けば 行くんだったら 行くのなら 行くとしたら ...
2
votes
2answers
163 views

Why is 一歩 pronouced 'ippo'?

I am very new to Japanese, but I noticed this today. In Wiktionary article on 一歩 we see that the pronounciation is いっぽ. In article for 一 we see that there is a nanori reading いっ. On the other hand ...
1
vote
2answers
135 views

The etymology of 泊

I was looking up the etymology of 泊, and I got this: 形声。白は、どんぐりの実を描いた象形文字で、どんぐりの実の中みのあわく白い色を示す。泊は「水+音符白」で、白の原義とは関係がない。水が浅くて舟底が水底にせまってとまること。また、水かさの少ない浅瀬のこと。 【泌】  ...
3
votes
1answer
138 views

Meaning of vb-たかった + しまいました

I am currently in my third year of japanese studies, and in lesson 29 of 皆の日本語, we learned to use vb-て+しまいます or しまいました to emphasize the action or its completion, or the embarrassment, regret of the ...
6
votes
1answer
180 views

What's the difference between 食品 and 食料

I can't quite figure out the differences between these two. I would guess that 食料 is only used in situations, where the only thing that matters is that the food is there or not there (As in, searching ...
4
votes
1answer
163 views

Meaning of おま言う

On the Internet, two persons talk about spying and open source: A: 秘密をなくして、全部さらけ出せよ。そっちのほうがオープンだぞw B: おま言う What does B want to express? I thought it was a typo but there seems to be many ...
21
votes
4answers
13k views

When to use ください (kudasai) or お願いします (onegaishimasu) in requests?

When asking for something I seem to hear sentences end in both ください (kudasai) and お願いします (onegaishimasu). Is there a difference and how do I know when to use which?
3
votes
1answer
161 views

How to distinguish between words with identical okurigana?

There are a ton of verbs with multiple readings and the exact same okurigana. Sometimes they mean totally different things and sometimes they have very similar meanings, so in the cases when they have ...
5
votes
1answer
155 views

What's the difference between 売店 and 商店

Is 売店 more used for smaller stuff, like a stand? I'm finding it hard to pinpoint the exact difference.
6
votes
1answer
257 views

What is it called when someone is made poor from attending too many weddings?

I cannot remember the phrase once taught me for when someone has become poor by attending too many weddings in Japan. Due to usually having to pay at least 30,000 yen just to attend weddings as a ...
6
votes
1answer
188 views

question about 以下

What does 以下 mean in the following sentence, and how does it compare with 簡素? Could it be something "even less than plain..." ? ...
1
vote
1answer
179 views

What are the differences and usage patterns for 常套句, 言い草, 決まり文句, 諺, and 名言?

This is a little bit of an encyclopedic question, but I would like to know what separates the four expressions in the title, i.e., what separates them when they are close to referring to the same ...
3
votes
2answers
342 views

Is マグロ always an insult?

A common insult, or at least, I've always understood it to be an insult, is to describe a woman as a マグロ in bed. Being referred to as マグロ, which is "tuna" in English, implies that a woman just lies ...
0
votes
2answers
263 views

What are these suggestions in hiragana typing?

What are these in hiragana typing when I want to type wa?
1
vote
1answer
185 views

What does ピグ mean? (Not pig.)

I was reading http://helps.ameba.jp/faq/pigg/5301/post_362.html, and it said "ピグ", I can't for the life figure out for the life of me what it means (Unless it means pig, and contextually that makes no ...
3
votes
1answer
135 views

Why does そっくり(な?) take the な particle?

I was reading this page: http://helps.ameba.jp/faq/pigg/5301/post_362.html and I found そっくりな, however my dictionary says it's an adverbial noun... and I though those took の as their particle-Then ...
3
votes
1answer
137 views

What's the difference between 見解 and 意見

I've been unable to find the difference from example sentences online. Is it a matter of formality? Something completely else?
6
votes
1answer
339 views

what's the difference between とか and や?

what's the difference between とか and や?
6
votes
2answers
588 views

How to translate “once” and “every” in Japanese? 一度 or いつも

[一度]{いちど(ひとたび)} means once, but [一遍]{いっぺん} also mean once in sentences like once I did something or once I am a something. 常に means always in sentences like I always am a something or I always do ...
6
votes
2answers
2k views

What is an equivalent phrase to the colloquial “I know, right!?”

What are the Japanese equivalent phrases for the phrase "I know, right?!" The scenario is my friend said 「PS4には最高だね」, and I'd like to respond with something akin to "I know, right?!" 「でしょ!?」 comes to ...
3
votes
1answer
172 views

Meaning of どこの ( + noun)?

I found Shimazaki Touson's work 'shiawase', and read the first few lines: 「幸せ」が色々な家へたずねて行きました。だれでも幸せの欲しくないひとはありませんから、どこの家をたずねましても、みんな大喜びでむかえてくれるに違いありません。 My question is how I can translate ...
2
votes
3answers
100 views

Best Interpretation: 過去を消して穴を埋めて作り変えよう。そうだそうしよう。

What is the best way to interpret this line from the song "Dark Blue Day" by Straightener? 「過去を消して穴を埋めて作り変えよう そうだそうしよう」 I know: 過去を消して:Erase the past 穴を埋めて:Fill the hole I'm not sure how to ...
5
votes
1answer
226 views

What is the meaning of 「ほおかむり」?

My daughter is in first grade at a public elementary school in Japan. In some homework yesterday, there was the appearance of the word ほおかむり. My Japanese isn't great as a non-native and she didn't ...
0
votes
4answers
534 views

What's the joke in this 4コマ comic?

In this 4コマ漫画{まんが}, a four panel comic, a young attractive woman walks through a station ticket gate, but there's something wrong with her ticket. The station attendant calls after her, first by ...
3
votes
2answers
148 views

translation help: 天気を毎日おんなじにしちゃう

This is a brief dialog from the game Tales of Graces. In the English version, it goes: Sophie: Pascal, what's an airhead? Pascal: Someone who's so smart, they can control air with their mind! ...
1
vote
2answers
231 views

Is 行ってみい a dialect form of 行ってみよ?

The following dialogue is from Final Fantasy XII: さて……王宮に忍びこむ方法じゃがな。 まず5番倉庫に行ってみい。 あそこに扉が2つあるじゃろう? I bolded 行ってみい. I'm not sure what this is, and there's no dictionary entry for みい. My ...
8
votes
2answers
275 views

Understanding the abbreviated labels on a Japanese driving license

I'm attempting to write a guide to understanding what is written on a Japanese Driving License for Wikipedia, but I've reached the limit of my reading comprehension abilities. Here's a labelled image ...
5
votes
3answers
377 views

What's the difference between [上]{あ}がる and [上]{のぼ}る?

The textbook I'm studying from lists [上]{あ}がる as "to go up", but I've previously learnt that [上]{のぼ}る also means "to go up". Jisho.org only lists "to go up" and any derivations of that as a single ...
1
vote
1answer
181 views

What does にして mean in this sentence?

Tell me please what is にして means in the following sentence and how can we translate 「傲慢にして古き蛇」 part? 我が罪の名は傲慢にして古き蛇。刮目して見るがいい。 Thank you.
4
votes
2answers
480 views

Is there any difference between じゃあない and じゃない?

これっ! 石を投げるんじゃあないっ! すいちゃったものはしかたがないじゃあないのっ! I've been reading a light novel called Slayers, and I noticed something interesting: the author usually writes じゃあない and not じゃない. I'm curious if ...
2
votes
2answers
170 views

Kanji and meaning behind Shikifuton?

I've been looking at futon recently and there's a particularly kind called the Shikibed or Shiki Futon. I was wondering where this "Shiki" was coming from.
-1
votes
2answers
439 views

How do I express intention and ask about someone else's? [closed]

How do I ask questions about someone's intention like "do you plan on coming back?" In Japanese?
3
votes
1answer
174 views

How to pronounce 研修生?

I'm totally a beginner in Japanese. I'm confused about the pronunciation of 研修生. In the textbook, it's written as けんしゅうせい. When I listen to the tape, I found that う is not pronounced. Could anybody ...
1
vote
2answers
200 views

Can 一応ね be understood to mean “…just socially.”?

I found this example on lang-8, and wonder if anyone could clarify the use of 一応ね here: A: Are you going on Facebook or Twitter? B: Just socially. A: FacebookとかTwitterやってる? B: 一応ね。 ...
1
vote
2answers
182 views

隣村まで足にのばす。Best way to interpret this sentence?

隣村まで足にのばす。 隣村:the neighboring village 足:foot/leg のばす:aside from growing a beard... stretch, extend... The best I could think is that it's like a literary way of saying you're heading out (extending ...
5
votes
1answer
234 views

Etymology of the copula だ

I think of だ as being the only copula, which can be inflected to で and な. In my mind all other copula-like words are derived from these forms, i.e. です ⇔ であります じゃない ⇔ ではない だろう ⇔ であろう etc. ...
3
votes
2answers
278 views

What are the ways to conjugate “I” and “to be” (in romaji)

I think being able to to specify who you are talking about and yourself is very crucial in a language so, how do they do it? To clarify I know in French there is 6 ways to specify a person: Je (I), ...
5
votes
1answer
179 views

What are some translations for 後は無い?

Does it have a less literal meaning that "nothing left behind"?
4
votes
1answer
101 views

Reading of 味 as a suffix in “X-flavour” / as a counter in “X flavours”

This question brought to you by the existence of カレー味のラムネ In my head, the reading here is あじ。 But I know 七味唐辛子{しちみとうがらし}, so it seems like as a counter it's み。 I'm almost 100% sure that カレーの味 would ...
6
votes
2answers
216 views

Pronunciation of イ列 + う

It is somewhat uncommon, but some words such as 気宇{きう} and the name 霧生{きりう} end with イ列 + う. I thought the pronunciation might be different from a simple concatenation of the two vowels, since 言う{いう} ...
6
votes
1answer
462 views

ぜ at the end of sentence?

What's the meaning of ぜ at the end of sentence? Is ぜ a particle? What's the difference between: おい、逃{に}げるぜ。 and おい、逃{に}げる。 I found a couple of explanations on the web but none I could ...
1
vote
1answer
263 views

王将用語 and Chinese [closed]

How does 王将用語 (used at 餃子の王将) sound like to Chinese speakers? Are they completely incomprehensible, stupid , funny, etc? How difficult is it for Chinese speakers to learn them? イーガーコーテル ソーハンイー ...
8
votes
1answer
245 views

How to make sense of this construct - “<名詞>、それは<名詞句>”

First, some real-world examples of "<名詞>、それは<名詞句>。" : イノセンス、それはいのち (catchphrase for the movie イノセンス) リゾートホテル、それは[極上]{ごくじょう}のサービスに[心]{こころ}[満]{み}たされる[空間]{くうかん} (catchphrase used by ...
3
votes
1answer
137 views

What does 直打ち mean? also whats the reading?

Can someone help me understand this 直打ち, as used in the following sentence: URLを直打ちしてアクセスされた可能性があります。 (this is an error message in a log file) My dictionaries have no idea what this word means. As ...
5
votes
0answers
525 views

Does the 擬態語 word もやもや have a slang meaning of “horny?”

In an informal conversation with a new friend, I was discussing 擬態語. She offered the word もやもや as an example, meaning "to be horny (i.e.., desiring sex)." After clarifying the meaning, I left it at ...
-2
votes
1answer
294 views

Japanese to English : need help with a sentence [closed]

Can someone translate this? 私は学生で友だちはいしゃです。
5
votes
2answers
352 views

What does おめでとう煜ございます mean?

At first I thought it was a typo, but inserting the character 煜 into birthday wishes or the like seems to be common, e.g. おめでとう煜ございます おめでとうございます煜 おめでとう煜ございます煜 I have several problems: What ...
3
votes
1answer
155 views

Proper usage of 四字熟語 in Japanese

In Chinese, usage of 四字熟語 a lot usually demonstrates sophistication and things like political announcements etc that want to sounds powerful and sophisticated use a big load of them. What does using ...
3
votes
3answers
268 views

How can I translate けど in this sentence?

I don't get these sentences; the first one ends with けど (plus I don't get why there is the use of !? at the end) Here the sentences: 俺モデル! 顔命なの です けど!? んなに 硬くねーだろ> I know that けど ...

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