3
votes
3answers
187 views

Reason for 「のか」 and 「かもしれません」 in 「何を言っているのかわからないかもしれませんけど」

One time I was formulating sentences on a website, to practice my Japanese and get natives to correct them. I had written 「何が言ってわかりませんけど」 which I now understand was wrong, but when they corrected my ...
6
votes
2answers
450 views

Is 〜ている really this subtle?

With an action verb, like 食べる, I can count 5 meanings of this sentence: ジョンは納豆を食べている "John is eating natto." (progressive) "John is eating the natto." (progressive) "John eats natto." ...
14
votes
5answers
463 views

What is the origin and usage of the word いい?

According to Denshi Jisho, いい and よい share the same kanji, and that both roughly mean "good". Why are there two different pronunciations despite the similarity, and what are some ways to figure out ...
5
votes
4answers
250 views

Why do some loanword sounds get “abbreviated” when katakanized, but not others?

Not sure the best way to word this. Why is it that some sounds from a loanword get combined down to a shorter or different sound while other do not? Here are some examples: Shortened, but sound ...
6
votes
2answers
177 views

What is 「たもうた」 in 「 神の創りたもうた世界」?

I'd like to know what is the suffix たもうた used in the example phrase 「 神の創りたもうた世界」. I've found several more occurrences of it and it seem to work like some honorific equivalent of くださる used in ...
1
vote
1answer
262 views

particle に uses

I'm having difficulties in understand some of the uses of "ni" particle. If someone can help me explaining what is the function of the particle(like its representing movement, indicating location or ...
13
votes
2answers
756 views

Just how rude is 「俺{おれ}」?

Statistics seem to show that (for young males, anyway) 俺{おれ} is beginning to be used more often than 僕{ぼく} to refer to oneself. I have read that 俺 is somewhat rude. There are certain situations, of ...
3
votes
1answer
197 views

Usage of「次第に」with the past tense

I am confused as if I should put the verb preceding 「次第に」 at the past tense or just use the dictionary version: ランチを食べた次第に帰った Or ランチを食べる次第に帰った Also, if this grammar is not appropriate in ...
4
votes
1answer
336 views

Describing a woman with きれい vs. 美しい{うつくしい}?

Please consider these two sentences (彼女 is a woman): 彼女はきれいです。 彼女は美しいです。 My sense is that #1 and #2 have the same meaning. Pronouncing きれい is easier, so I have just always said #1. And, ...
3
votes
1answer
101 views

Is スポーツ a plural-only word?

Typically there is no pluralization in Japanese unless specified. For example: この車【くるま】は綺麗【きれい】。 This car is clean. / These cars are clean. Does スポーツ work in the same way? Considering the ...
17
votes
6answers
2k views

How should I select what first-person pronoun to use?

I've always had trouble choosing which first person pronoun to use - 私 (watashi), 僕 (boku), or 俺 (おれ). What kind of factors should I keep in mind when choosing between these? Is it common to vary ...
1
vote
1answer
259 views

Does the particle に in に作られた mark the agent or the location here?

I'm confused about 「に作られた」 in the following sentence. Kindly explain this part to me. 「Central Base」とは、旧「アクアポリス・中央エアポート」に作られた、「ASDF」の陸上(?)基地のことだ。 Some sort of translation: Central base is, ...
1
vote
1answer
149 views

Difference between 「〜 時{じ}に」 and 「〜 しながら」

What is the difference between 「〜時{じ}に」 and 「 〜しながら」? I know I can say 「緊張しながら」 - means "while worrying..". Would it be correct if I write it as 「緊張時に」?
5
votes
1answer
150 views

What is the difference between 文{ぶん} and 文章{ぶんしょう}?

I think that 文 means "sentence" or "text"; 文章 means the same and also can mean "writing" or "letter". Is that the only difference?
1
vote
1answer
151 views

Does また今度 imply concrete future plans in certain regions/dialects?

This question made me remember something I'd been wanting to ask. In general, また今度 seems to be understood as a farewell ("See you later") without a later time to meet defined. However, a Japanese ...
1
vote
2answers
244 views

How do I translate the word “Town's End”?

I'm trying to figure out the proper way to translate "Town's End" (a play on my last name of "Townsend", like someone living at the end of town). I've found the word for "town", which is: 町 I think ...
2
votes
1answer
381 views

What does よう at the end of the sentences mean?

I know that "verb without masu + よう" expresses one's will to do something or stimulating other person to do something. But while I was trying to translate the lyrics to Hitoshizuku by Nobuhiko ...
0
votes
1answer
138 views

Meaning of 「緊張しながら」 and grammar of 「〜しながら」 part

Could you explain more precisely the meaning and grammar of 「緊張しながら」? I know that 「緊張」 means "nervous" or "tension", but 「〜しながら」 - I can't understand this part.
5
votes
1answer
291 views

Difference between kara/made から・まで vs kara/nikakete から・にかけて

I will like to understand the difference between kara/made から・まで and kara/nikakete から・にかけて. Are they supposed to mean the same thing?
0
votes
1answer
227 views

example usage of ~kiri

It seems that one of the uses of ~kiri is to show continuance of state/condition. is it similar to '~ta mama' then? However,i have not been able to find an example of this usage. Appreciate help.
3
votes
1answer
154 views

what's a ポッカリ (pokkari)?

context: I read this sentence in a childrens book (オー·スッパ). Judging from the pictures, animals are eating a lemon and go crazy because of the sour taste. The whole sentence is:  ポッカリ ういていたんです。
2
votes
1answer
245 views

I do not understand the meaning of として in the sentence

I do not understand the meaning of として in this sentence: 設備機器を固定資産として登録するために必要としているのでしょう.
0
votes
1answer
310 views

Exact meaning and usage of 「またこんど」

What is exact meaning and usage of 「またこんど」? I know that is like saying "see you later", but it's not very clear to me. Should we use Kanji in this phrase?
4
votes
1answer
241 views

Was “The Tale of Genji” really written completely or almost completely in hiragana?

My question is about the script of Genji Monogatari. It is easy to find many anecdotal claims that it was written in hiragana, and that this is explained by Chinese characters considered unsuitable ...
2
votes
1answer
2k views

How to write “I'm going to sleep tomorrow”?

I'm supposed to write "I'm going to sleep tomorrow" using romaji. Would the romaji be watashi wa ashita neru e iku n desu because "I'm" is the subject which is "watashi wa" the time is ...
4
votes
1answer
144 views

Meaning of 「以上」 when someone finishes his/her speech and says 「以上」

What is the meaning of 「以{い}上{じょう}」 when someone finishes his/her speech and says 「以上」? For example - the lawyer at the court after his speech says 「以上」and stops speaking then.
7
votes
2answers
271 views

Can a 読点{とうてん} (“comma”) join two complete sentences?

Can 、 join two complete sentences? In other words, can 、 replace 。? I thought it could, but in this answer, user1205935 seems to suggest that it cannot. (Rather than ask about it in a comment, I ...
7
votes
1answer
170 views

Why does this text use both 下さい and ください in the same context?

After a trip to Japan, I got a slip stapled to my passport, the first bullet point of which reads: 活字体で記入して下さい。黒色又は青色のペンで記入してください。 "Please type or print clearly. Write by using black or blue ...
2
votes
1answer
178 views

When should I use a verb stem by itself?

I was recently listening to the Hunter x Hunter anime, and during a conversation, a passing character that the protagonist meets states, 頑張って、いいハンターになりな This struck me as a bit odd, as I ...
1
vote
1answer
229 views

Difference between 「受{う}ける」 and 「もらう」

What is the difference between 「受{う}ける」 and 「もらう」? Both translates as "receive"..
2
votes
3answers
215 views

Understanding the meaning and grammar of 出{で}て in 出{で}て来{き}ました

I'm trying to understand the grammar of 「出{で}て」 in 「出{で}て来{き}ました」. Why is 「て」 used here?
0
votes
0answers
47 views

Only 〜ます in ending verb vs. 〜ませんでした [duplicate]

As I understand, 〜ます should only be used in the ending verb while others inside the sentence should be in basic form. How come, then, that the polite past negative tense is made using 〜ませんでした, which ...
-2
votes
1answer
212 views

expressing 'among' in japanese

Sports (de ha/ni ha)soccer ga ichiban suki desu. Which one is correct? What is either of them used to express?
8
votes
1answer
344 views

What's the grammar of 持ちつ持たれつ?

持ちつ持たれつ (meaning approximately "supporting eachother") is commonly heard, but seems to be formed from some archaic grammar. I'm assuming it's an archaic form of 持って持たれて or something like that, but ...
-1
votes
1answer
81 views

Expressing concurrency

人口が増える [ に伴い/とともに ] 周辺もにぎやかになってきた。 Jinkou ga fueru (ni tomonai/to tomo ni) shuuhen mo nigiyaka ni natte kita Both the options seem grammatically correct. What's the difference then? Or do I ...
8
votes
1answer
197 views

History of 馬 and 梅

I learned recently that two mora Sino-Japanese words using one character always end in /ki/, /ku/, /i/, /u/, /chi/, /tsu/, or /n/. However, I was also told that 馬【うま】 and 梅【うめ】 are Sino-Japanese. What ...
1
vote
1answer
244 views

Expressing 'if so'

暇(なら・としたら)ちょっと手伝って下さい。 Hima (nara/toshitara) chotto tetsudatte kudasai. Both the options seem grammatically correct. Is it not so?
2
votes
2answers
1k views

Explaining the phrase お世{せ}話{わ}になります and お世{せ}話{わ}になりました

I can understand what the phrase means 「お世{せ}話{わ}になりました」- "Thank you for everything". But literally it's quite strange to me. Could you explain the logic of it? Also would be very nice to know more ...
1
vote
1answer
110 views

Can we use Kanji for 「すみれ」 (violet color)?

Can we use Kanji for「すみれ」? I want to describe violet color. I've tried 「菫色」to look here, but no luck..
2
votes
3answers
275 views

When mixing Japanese and English, should I use Japanese parentheses? [closed]

Should I use Japanese or Western parentheses when inserting a Japanese word into a sentence parenthetically? For example, Japanese uses morae (モーラ) or Japanese uses morae (モーラ) Is ...
4
votes
1answer
152 views

「慎重すぎる」 and 「慎重に過ぎる」 - is there a difference?

In the short story I'm reading now (「ドライブ・マイ・カー」 by Haruki Murakami) there are two very similar phrases to express what I would translate as "too cautious": 「慎重すぎる」 and 「慎重に過ぎる」: ...
3
votes
1answer
163 views

Making 「たくさん」act as a full-fledged 形容動詞{けいようどうし}

dic.yahoo.co.jp、weblio.jp、and other dictionaries, state that the parts of speech for「たくさん」are noun and 形容動詞。imho, usage cases where たくさん is used as 形容詞 is uncommon. I have seen たくさん take the な ...
10
votes
1answer
1k views

Can we use Kanji for 「もらう」?

Can we use Kanji for 「もらう」(to receive)? If so, is it recommended?
1
vote
2answers
212 views

Difference between 「なるベく」 and 「なるべき」

My Japanese coworker has been unable to explain clearly this. I know that the difference comes up naturally but as someone learning Japanese I need a few examples and grammar rules to know which one ...
4
votes
1answer
454 views

Meaning and grammar of やるっきゃない

I few minutes ago on NHK news 「注目」 I've heard/saw the phrase 「やるっきゃない」. I have no idea what it means.. And what grammar rules are here?
3
votes
1answer
118 views

Analysis of いい[加減]{か・げん}[目覚]{め・ざ}めなさい

According to jisho.org and the yahoo japanese dictionary, the phrase 「いい加減【か・げん】」means roughly either 'half-baked' or 'quite-well'. I know that 「[目覚]{め・ざ}めなさい」means "wake up" or "open your eyes". I ...
14
votes
2answers
430 views

What's the difference between くる and やってくる?

Can someone explain the nuance between them? They both mean "come", but I'm unsure of when they are interchangeable. My perception is that やってくる seems to put more emphasis on the actual action of ...
0
votes
1answer
227 views

Difference between 日{に}本{ほん} and 来{らい}日{にち}

What is the difference between 日{に}本{ほん} and 来{らい}日{にち}? Both of them means Japan right? I understand that 来{らい} means next, like 来{らい}年{ねん}. But above context is interesting to me.
3
votes
2answers
260 views

Difference between usage of ように and ようにして

包み込むようにして、彼を抱きしめる 包み込むように   彼を抱きしめる The example could either use ようにして or 包み込むように抱きしめる(albeit written differently). What is the difference between these two usages? Can anyone explain the ...
3
votes
1answer
121 views

Explanation of 歌にのせて

From JapanesePod101, with their translation: ミュージカルは、歌【うた】にのせて物語【ものがたり】を展開【てんかい】する。 A musical can tell a story with songs. I understand that のせる means (amongst other things) "to take on board". Does ...

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