3
votes
1answer
44 views

であるので and であるのだ vs なので and なのだ

In these pairs, are the ones containg である simply more formal? I think I've seen both in writing.
3
votes
1answer
118 views

呼んでいたのが and 呼んでいるのが which is right?

There are two conversations: A:李さんが呼んでいたのが聞こえましたか。 B:いいえ、聞こえませんでした。 And: A:李さんが呼んでいるのが聞こえましたか。 B:いいえ、聞こえませんでした。 The only difference is た and る. If I want to ask "have you heard Li's ...
3
votes
2answers
144 views

What does 背後に流れていく視界 mean here?

If (衝撃、そして背後に流れていく視界)の中~ means "amid 衝撃 and X視界 (field of sight), where X is 視界's predicate, then what does 背後に流れていく視界 mean? Looking back? Literally seeing what's behind? The "field of sight ...
0
votes
1answer
83 views

How do you say the language of instruction is in Japanese or if something is taught in Japanese?

There is a Japanese school in a foreign country. I want to ask if this school's main language is Japanese, if the language of instruction is Japanese? How do I ask this? I know the term, teach ...
1
vote
1answer
86 views

How would you translate 常に思念工夫せよ?

It's is one of the Niju kun of Funakoshi, the meaning seems quite "cryptical" to me, also seeing the english and italian translation. The italian translation is something like "be always creative", ...
2
votes
2answers
180 views

What does に do in this sentence?

怖い想像をするけど、僕にはこのダンジョンが下界にヒューマンと亜人{デミ・ヒューマン}を創造した神様達と同等のような 存在に思えてならない。 Why is に used here and what does it do? Thanks!
11
votes
1answer
319 views

Meaning of 増える in this sentence

In the following sentence: 魚は三匹に増えていた。 I don't know whether to interpret に as to or by. So if I start with one fish then: The number of fish increased to three (there are now three fish), or ...
1
vote
2answers
101 views

Meaning of the different elements of this sentence

I'm reading a Shin Chan strip and he and his friends are discussing who is going to take care of the stray dog they found. One by one he asks his friends, and they all say they can't. Then, he says ...
2
votes
1answer
89 views

The nasal allophones of /g/

In this this post's comments, Zhen Lin said that the rules surrounding the nasal allophones in compound words are 'complicated', but couldn't remember them. I'd like to know what these complex rules ...
1
vote
1answer
102 views

Please tell me how to use Japanese 終助詞 の and だ

I've been learning Japanese for a while, but I usually use 敬語, like です、ます, so I still can not understand how to use something that is not 敬語 correctly, especially the 終助詞. Like の and だ. For example, ...
5
votes
2answers
150 views

How to compare the ages of people in Japanese?

This is probably a simple question but something I've seemingly never considered while studying Japanese, but how would one compare ages of people in Japanese? For example if I wanted to say "I'm two ...
1
vote
2answers
115 views

What to say if you want to comfort your superior who is sick?

Usually, some Japanese in our company say to us 気をつけてください but in that case they are the superior. Now one of our superior is sick and we want to comfort him like "please take care of yourself and get ...
1
vote
1answer
53 views

I assume this means next episode number 6 “第 六話”

I've noticed this season two shows end the preview with the episode number and title underneath - 第六話 - but this confuses me. How should I read this? Is 話 still はなし or is it something else? What is ...
2
votes
1answer
89 views

How are 憧れる and 憬れる different?

Both verbs have the same reading, and both seem to have meanings of "yearning", "longing" or "admiration". I can't figure any difference between the two; are there any situations where you would use ...
3
votes
1answer
129 views

The gender of the word 素敵

素敵 is often described as a feminine word. Just how feminine is it? What would be the impression of a male speaker using it, if he didn't already use feminine speech?
4
votes
2answers
46 views

How to explain the use of the -te form in “takasugite kaemasen”?

In the exercise section of the chapter on potentials in my textbook, the answer to the question "kimono wo, kaimashita ka?" is given as "iie, takasugite kaemasen deshita." Unfortunately, in neither ...
2
votes
2answers
86 views

Must a relative clause with な adjective be ended with な rather than だ?

In my opinion, the usage of だ is already correct in the following sentence. But someone in my other questions said it is incorrect. For example, 映画を見ることが好きだ女性は私の妹です。The woman who likes watching ...
2
votes
1answer
32 views

What dialects change ます into やす?

What dialects change ます into やす, as in these examples: 「何が出やしたか…?見ておくんなせェ」 「そう決めやしたね…?」 「ならあちらさんの勝ちだ…今夜は逮捕しやせん」 It appears to be Edo dialect. Is that correct?
5
votes
1answer
187 views

The grammar of “虎から食べられた” and “虎に食べられた”?

MORE INFO In an effort to make my question as short as possible, I abbreviated too much. This is the complete sentence that originated my question: 少年時代から20年間もずっと過ごしてきて、他人から軽んじられるのに慣れていなかった。 ...
3
votes
1answer
139 views

The use of 「ん」 in 「どうしたんですか」 [duplicate]

In class we've been learning about sickness, so we went over「どうしたんですか。」and「…がいたいんです。」. I asked the teacher and she said the use of 「ん」 is to provide an explanation, but she didn't explain what rules ...
1
vote
1answer
121 views

How to say “I'm going to spank you if…”?

I am just doing some homework and I can't make the sentence I want. Concretely, I want to write "If you start smoking again, I'm going to give you a good spanking." If I say this in England ...
4
votes
1answer
82 views

What's the difference between 早い and 早め?

On Lang-8, for 'early birthday present' I used 早い誕生日プレゼント but this was corrected to 早めの誕生日プレゼント What's the difference between 早い and 早め?
0
votes
1answer
40 views

Where can I find full katakana combinations list?

Katakana have some combinations beyond low ャ, ュ and ョ that uses low ァ, ィ, ゥ, ェ, and ォ. But I can't find complete list of such combinations. Where are lists like http://goo.gl/Lai88W available, but ...
5
votes
1answer
100 views

Can なっている represent an ongoing change as well as a resultant (completed) change?

From reading a bunch, I've been under the vague impression that [adverb]+なる can be interpreted both progressively and resultatively; according to this chat log, since it can take time, it is a ...
4
votes
1answer
68 views

Is there any significant difference in meaning between 便利な安い物 and 便利で安い物?

Is there any significant difference in meaning between 便利な安い物 and 便利で安い物? 便利な安い物: handy cheap thing 便利で安い物: handy, cheap thing
3
votes
1answer
54 views

Difference between “前々から” and “昔から”?

(1) 準備{じゅんび}は 前々 から万端{ばんたん}だった。 (2) 準備は 昔 から万端だった。 What is the difference in meaning / usage between #1 and #2? Why choose one instead of the other?
3
votes
1answer
72 views

How to choose between 取る and 受け取る

When the meaning is 'to take' why would I choose to use 受け取る rather than just 取る? Are they equivalent or do they carry different nuances? Here's an example: ...
5
votes
1answer
130 views

When and why use という/ということ

One thing that I could never really understand about Japanese is the usage of という/ということ. But first let me clarify which という I'm talking about. 「Small」と「little」の違いということはなんですか? vs ...
2
votes
1answer
65 views

What does the word 「どいとれっ」mean?

After a guy having watched his friend poorly jumped to the ground, he said the following sentence. けっ へたっくそめ パラシュートってのはだな ええい どいとれっ。 Another questions 1) Is there any meaning for the word 「けっ」at ...
2
votes
2answers
101 views

Is there a traditional Japanese kana song or otherwise how are babies familiarised with kana?

I have a newborn son from my Japanese wife. I try to sing to him. I sing the alphabet song (English). Japanese kana and their order is the same value for dictionaries. My wife says there isn't one but ...
2
votes
1answer
152 views

Need help understanding causative and passive form

I was reading up some lesson on causative and passive form online. I am still a little confuse as to when and why use these form. For this example: plain form: 答える passive form: 答えられる ...
1
vote
0answers
94 views

How would you translate “新聞の民主性”?

I'm working on a paper about media science and in one of the Japanese papers the author talks about "新聞の民主性". I do know the general meaning of the word, but I struggle to put it into proper English or ...
2
votes
2answers
76 views

What is the word to convey the same meaning as the replacement money?

Consider the following scenario. I go to a shop and buy many electronic components using my own money. Later, the company will give me money with the same amount as a replacement. What is the ...
0
votes
1answer
61 views

What does the word 「おけっ」 mean?

It is a situation that a guy on the ground asking another one who is climbing on a bed staircase with this sentence. このへんでいいかな? And he replied with this one. おお よかろうしっかり手{て}足{あし}をおさえておけっ。
2
votes
1answer
45 views

How do I say “salmon hand roll”?

Which of the above? 鮭 手巻き 手巻き 鮭 鮭 手巻き寿司 Or how could I say it?
1
vote
2answers
102 views

What does the word 「よっとな!」 mean?

It is said by a guy who is bullying another one by twisting his hand. Is it related to Kansai dialect?
1
vote
1answer
77 views

Having trouble understanding this sentence

迷宮都市{オラリオ}はこの魔石製品を他の地域、他の国に輸出することで莫大な利益を上げていると聞く。この場合、迷宮都市{オラリオ}っていうよりギルドなんだろうけど。 I don't understand the second sentence. Is it actually a complete sentence? Also what does なんだろうけど express?
0
votes
2answers
85 views

How to approximate the phrase “bring to life”

Saying that a character was brought to life is common in the english speaking world of movies to describe characters being made more human and real through acting or scripting. In Japanese, how would ...
2
votes
1answer
53 views

Why does this sentence use と here?

Consider the following sentence. 漢{かん}字{じ}試{し}験{けん}は理{り}解{かい}力{りょく}より記{き}憶{おく}力{りょく}を試{ため}すものだと批{ひ}判{はん}されています。 If I split it into two sentences, they might be as follows (correct if it is ...
4
votes
1answer
160 views

Can を be used when asking for how many of an object?

First Japanese Stack Exchange question :D I'm reading a Japanese book and one of the chapter got me thinking. The book wrote it like this: How many pencils are there ? えんぴつはなんぼんですか。 Can we not ...
0
votes
3answers
71 views

A sentence that must consist of 終わられる, しまう, and よう

Is my sentence below correct? What I want to say is This textbook seems to be finished before Friday this week. My attempt is as follows, ...
1
vote
1answer
81 views

What is the meaning of 「こわあてかなわんで」?

Before the expression is said by a guy, he previously says the following sentence. I'm not sure if it is related to Kansai dialect. しっかりしてんかいな ほんまに 無{む}計{けい}画{かく}なことされるのいちばんきらいや。 Another question: ...
2
votes
0answers
103 views

A word for 'clothed' or 'decent'?

Is there single word in Japanese used for '(fully) clothed' or 'decent'? As in, 'OK, you can come in, I'm decent now' or 'At least one of the kids is (fully) clothed (or dressed).' Of course one can ...
2
votes
1answer
92 views

mochiron or mochirong

I've heard it a few times that some Japanese speakers seem to pronounce もちろん as "mochirong", i.e., with more nasal voice than "mochiron". Is this true, or just my aging ears are fooling me?
2
votes
2answers
70 views

why translate to「周囲の林が暗くなっている」?

What English would translate to: 「周囲の林が暗くなっている。」 「暗くなっている」// speaker location unspecified 「林が暗くなっている」 // speaker location implied as being in the forest? 「周囲の林が暗くなっている」 // speaker location implied ...
2
votes
1answer
72 views

conditionals: “…といったら、…” vs. “…というなら、…”?

(1)「元気そうだと田中さんがいったら、信用できる証拠と思う。」 (2) 「元気そうだと田中さんがいうなら、信用できる証拠と思う。」 Are both grammatically correct? Were I to want to say: If Tanaka-san were to say that X appears to be in good ...
3
votes
2answers
56 views

Need help with translating 今更聞くのもアレなんだけど

I'm playing through the Toradora VN and I'm at a point where Ryuji comes home and spends a bit of time talking with his mom. However, his memory has not recovered and he is unsure what kind of ...
6
votes
2answers
237 views

Difference between passive form and てある [duplicate]

I'm confused about the difference between the passive form and the てある form. 飲み物はもう買ってあります。 The drinks have already been bought. 飲み物はもう買われました。 The drinks were already bought. Are ...
3
votes
1answer
74 views

The Tohoku use of だ

In Tohoku, だ can follow verbs and い-adjectives, as I've heard (I've never actually spoken to someone from Tohoku). What purpose does it serve? Is a sentence ending in just a verb ungrammatical in ...
2
votes
1answer
62 views

What is the grammar of “ごく” in “ごくかすか” mean?

"かすか" means "faint". "ごくかすか" mens "very faint". What part of speech is "ごく"? An inflection of "ごい"? What might either mean?

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