14
votes
3answers
270 views

What is the か in「か弱い」?

I'm wondering what the か in か弱い, か細い and similar words is. It seems to act as an intensifier. The Daijisen tells me simply that this か is a 接頭語, and translates it as いかにも; it doesn't seem to have its ...
4
votes
2answers
347 views

Is 超 (chō) seldom used in written works?

Is it true that the prefix 超 to mean “very” is seldom used in written works (like novels, not counting direct speech), and is usually only used when talking?
5
votes
1answer
224 views

inter- and intra- prefix

What would one use for the equivalent of the "inter-" and "intra-" prefixes in English? e.g. intercity, intracity, inter-server etc I did a fair amount of looking around. 間 looks like it might be ...
3
votes
2answers
254 views

Does 本 work as a general purpose prefix?

The motivation for this question is the phrase 本法廷 which I recently read. Does ほん (本) work as a general purpose prefix? By this I mean can I look in the dictionary and pick any noun and put 本 in ...
3
votes
1answer
128 views

What does the word 「ぶったてる」mean?

Here is the sentence including the word. このドヤがいの西{にし}のはずれにりっぱな総{そう}合{ごう}病{びょう}院{いん}をぶったてること!
2
votes
1answer
93 views

What does the word 「たたっ」 mean?

I'm not sure if it means "very long time" in this sentence. If it means that, what does the 「っ」 do in the sentence? ジョーのやろうは刑{けい}務{む}所{しょ}へたたっこまれるようなことになるんでしょうか?
0
votes
1answer
53 views

Kanji from an image [closed]

I'd appreciate if anyone can give me directions on the meaning of this kanji: How many strokes does it have? Thanks!!
1
vote
1answer
48 views

What does 印象 refer to in 印象に残る?

My question isn't about the meaning and usage of it, but rather how it means what it means as I don't quite see it grammatically. For example, I can grammatically understand the usage of 心に残る、耳に残る and ...
3
votes
1answer
59 views

“この” vs “こちらの” with regard to implied plurality

この この文型{ぶんけい}は文{ぶん}の作{つく}り方{かた}を示{しめ}している。 こちら こちらの文型は文の作り方を示している。 In all contexts, "この文型..." refers to just one grammatical pattern? "こちらの文型..." might refer to one grammatical pattern, ...
1
vote
2answers
81 views

What does the 「おかけしやして」mean?

Here is the dialogue including the word. A: とまあこんなところが矢{や}吹{ぶき}丈{じょう}の罪{ざい}状{じょう}だが...   あんたもずいぶんたいへんな少年を保護していたものだな ええ? B: どうもごめいわくおかけしやして...
1
vote
1answer
85 views

Is it okay to use お帰りなさい on a collegue?

I just want to ask what is the impact of using お帰りなさい on someone who just come back from a business trip? well to elaborate a little, we have a Japanese employee in our company, and one of my ...
2
votes
1answer
101 views

What does the word 「よりうけ」mean?

Here is the sentence including the word. 生{せい}活{かつ}費{ひ}そのほかいっさいのせわを丹{たん}下{げ}氏{し}よりうけ
5
votes
2answers
144 views

Using both と and を with the verb 言う?

I've recently been reading Tobira and there was a sentence that I was really having trouble finding exactly what was going on in it. ...
4
votes
2answers
150 views

Use of に in 「私には本物の若殿様がわかります」

What function is に serving in this sentence (the speaker has been asked to pick out the real lord from a group of people): 私には本物の若殿様がわかります I know who the real young lord is It seems to me ...
1
vote
3answers
198 views

“Understand that…” in Japanese

I'm wondering about this specific piece of grammar. I think you use "wakaru", but what do you use it with? Do you use a particle, like "to" or maybe some other construction? For example, if you ...
4
votes
1answer
255 views

文章の話題語の変化はどう解釈されていますか?

日本語では、話題語がとても重要だと考えられていると思います。文章で話題語がなければ、ほとんどの人には不自然、もしくは不快に聞こえると思います。 しかし、文章が一文より長い場合、話題語の選択は私にはかなり難しくなります。話題語をいつ変えればいいかがいつもよく分かりません。普段、直感的に選びますが、母語話者じゃありませんので、かなり危険なやり方だと思います。したがって、ある種の指針を求めています。 ...
1
vote
2answers
118 views

Is イングリッシュ a good translation of “Engrish”?

Is イングリッシュ a good translation of Engrish? The Japanese-language Wikipedia article on the subject only uses "イングリッシュ" at the start (presumably just as part of Wikipedia indicating how the subject of ...
0
votes
1answer
261 views

Japanese without Kanji [closed]

Everyone says Japanese is a hard language, but if you remove the Kanji learning part from it, is it just as easy as any other language which just has a different writing system? Is spoken Japanese ...
2
votes
2answers
1k views

Usage of Traditional style characters vs Simplified Chinese characters adopted in Kanji

As I started peeking into Japanese, I see lots of characters in hiragana and kanji where the latter uses Chinese characters that are similar to traditional Chinese ones (I'm familiar with hanzi). For ...
4
votes
3answers
2k views

Why doesn't Japanese have a special Katakana form for “hu”?

They have created many new Katakana words such as ファ フィ ヴァ ヴィ ティ テゥ to write foreign sounds. But why didn't they create a new combination for "hu" such as ハゥ or ホゥ? Instead they use the same kana for ...
5
votes
1answer
211 views

Can I insert hiragana in words I only know partially how to write?

This is a problem I encountered today and I had no idea how to decide what was the best course of action, and I only got the advice of a classmate (You're doing it WRONG) to confirm. As I am still ...
4
votes
1answer
277 views

Are there ways to write Japanese fast (like shortening the words)?

When the regular student is hearing a lecture he needs to write the lecturer's words very fast. So many of them are shortening the words (like smb.) and sentences but after the lecture they can still ...
2
votes
1answer
144 views

How the name Aimad is written in Japanese?

How can I write the name Aimad in Japanese? Aimad (عماد) is an Arabic name which means 頼みの綱 in Japanese and "mainstay" in English, written Aimad or Imad in French and Emad in English. It is ...
5
votes
1answer
213 views

What are the major prescriptive style guides for Japanese prose?

What are the major prescriptive style guides for writing regular Japanese prose (as opposed to e.g. technical writing)? I suspect that this question will have a fairly short list as an answer - if ...
1
vote
1answer
94 views

Is this Yamanashi accent?

A friend of mine wrote:  誘えていないんだ。 But aparently it should be written as:  誘いていないんか。 He's from Yamanashi, so I thought that it could be Yamanashi's accent. I think this is not a typo ...
5
votes
1answer
206 views

When writing Japanese when is it appropriate to write vertically?

I am starting to learn Japanese, and a question struck me: If I were to write a note to a friend, or perhaps an extended essay, when would it be appropriate to write vertically? From my experience ...
-1
votes
2answers
182 views

Is it hard to write Japanese? [closed]

I see the Japanese symbols, but never asked myself how hard is to write using these symbols. It seems very inviable. How do you guys do when writing at Japanese? Is it really harder than, for example, ...
16
votes
5answers
2k views

Is there a reason why numbers in Japanese are delimited into blocks of four?

As I understand, Japanese numbers are divided into blocks of four, so while we would think of the number 89123889 as 89,123,889, in Japan they would think of it as 8912,3889 (八千九百十二万三千八百八十九). So ...
2
votes
0answers
165 views

What do dots next to Hiragana mean in literature? [duplicate]

I've been reading more Japanese literature, and in doing so I've come across hiragana with something that looks like 、to the right of some characters where ふりがな would be (keeping in mind that Japanese ...
3
votes
2answers
164 views

When writing by hand, can kana be half-width and kanji be full-width?

Simply I find when I'm writing I can only make kanji so small before they become sloppy, but I can write kana nice and small. Is it allowed to write half-width Katakana/Hiragana alongside regular ...
3
votes
3answers
569 views

How would one emulate capitalized letters in Japanese?

Capitalized letters look like I'M SHOUTING AT YOU. How would you reproduce this effect in Japanese? I don't think any of the obvious choices, using カタカナ instead of 漢字 or ひらがな, using punctuation, ...
1
vote
1answer
90 views

Making sense of inflections and conjugated forms

Is it correct to think that the six conjugated forms listed here encompass a range of ideas rather than having a inflection form directly linked to them? For instance 未然形 is not only the ...
2
votes
3answers
862 views

How do you punctuate phone numbers in Japanese?

Given the phone number in English: (012) 345-6789 how do you write this in Japanese? Is it: (012)345-6789 or: 012・345・6789 or somewhere in between? My personal research suggests ...
3
votes
1answer
970 views

Recognizing Japanese handwriting and translating

I have found an old Japanese note that I would very much like to translate. Background info: I found it in an old gaming console where you're supposed to scan barcodes (barcode is at the back of the ...
4
votes
1answer
253 views

Why would one use 当て字?

I came across 当て字 in my N1 vocabulary list, and while I think I understand what it is from the definition "kanji used as a phonetic symbol, rather than for its meaning", I'm not sure what the point of ...
7
votes
1answer
217 views

What do you call the hooked tip of a kanji stroke?

When writing a kanji, some downstrokes have a clean end (such as in 木) while others end with a little hook (e.g. the center stroke of 小). What are the names of such stroke tips?
4
votes
1answer
377 views

Why is “Yamata no Orochi” written in katakana?

In the game Okami, the demon Yamata no Orochi is written here, and also in a separate game here as ヤマタノオロチ, not やまたのおろち. Even the particle の is in katakana. I'm curious as to why this is. I know that ...
0
votes
2answers
262 views

口ロ Those are supposed to be different characters. How can you tell? [duplicate]

The first is supposed to be the kanji for mouth, "くち" and the sencond is supposed to be katakana. When I typed them in google translate, the sizes were different so I could differentiate them that ...
5
votes
1answer
266 views

What is the current usage of Siddham (梵字)? [closed]

I was taught that Siddham is used in modern cultural context of Japan as a system of writing the Buddhis texts and (or) mantras. What is the exact context of its usage? Is it applicable at all? My ...
12
votes
1answer
414 views

Learning Japanese rhetoric and composition

One aspect of studying Japanese that has greatly frustrated me is my university's lack of writing classes. Learning kanji, vocab, grammar and an academic or other style is important, but Japanese ...
2
votes
2answers
105 views

Japanese Term for “Cutscene”?

As in, the kind you would see in a video game. Do people just use カットシーン, or is there some specific term?
2
votes
1answer
204 views

Meaning of 半分間違っているんじゃないかなと思う部分があるから、アメリカチック,アメリカナイズされすぎているっていうか。

This is from a textbook, the person is trying to explain how his generation is different from his father's generation. He says that all his father did was work and save money. ...
1
vote
1answer
71 views

What is the meaning of the word 「から」 in this sentence?

Here is the sentence including the word. 丈少年をかこんでなごやかな子どもたちの写真をとらせてください。新聞に大きくのせますから。 I'm not sure if I can translate it as 'Then' like this: Please let me take a photograph of you kids ...
5
votes
3answers
131 views

Trying to understand numbers

I started learning japaness no long ago and I'm quite confused about two numbers Seven and nine, I have learned that seven is shichi and that nine is ku But I also know that seven is nana, and nine ...
12
votes
3answers
2k views

Are there native Japanese numbers greater than 10? What use are they?

Most people who've taken a Japanese 101 class know the 10 native Japanese numbers (一つ、二つ・・・十). It's always seemed odd that a system would stop at 10 when so many things in life need larger numbers. ...
2
votes
1answer
77 views

耳をすます、何といみですか?what does it mean? [closed]

私は漢字ドリル本から漢字を勉強している。例文は”耳をすます”。 The sentence stands alone with no context.
2
votes
1answer
69 views

~くする or ~にする versus ~くなる or ~になる

According my teacher, ~くする or ~にする is used for direct action, but ~くなる or ~になる is used for indirect action For me, the meaning of direct and indirect is a bit ambiguous. Consider there is a tool ...
6
votes
2answers
133 views

neighbor, but on which side?

I am a beginner in Japanese and so far, I've met two words for "neighbor": 隣人 (りんじん) and となり, as in となりのトトロ :) In Danish, there are different words for neighbor, depending on the location of his/her ...
0
votes
1answer
70 views

Where can I find the nuance/meaning differences between words with different kanji options?

As per the questions (here) and (here) - regarding a word or verb with multiple kanji options, for example [作る、造る、創る] or [蔵、倉、庫] Is there a resource somewhere that will tell me the nuance ...
3
votes
2answers
4k views

How do you say “[amount of time] later”?

What is the general rule for saying, for example, "2 hours later"?

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