1
vote
1answer
73 views

連用修飾語 with で particle

I've been reading an article about 連用修飾語 when I noticed the following lines - 「サルビアの花は真っ赤で美しい。」 「美しい」が形容詞だというのが分かりますか? これを修飾するのは、「真っ赤で」になりますね。つまり、「真っ赤で」が連用修飾語ということになります。 If I'm ...
6
votes
1answer
145 views

How to read 資格外活動許可?

I know 資格 is しかく, 活動 is かつどう and 許可 is きょか, but the 外 puzzles me here. Is it just がい?
2
votes
1answer
82 views

Modifying 形容動詞 (ナ adjectives) with verb phrases

In my textbook, the following phrase: 子どもたちが話しているにぎやかな声 is derived from the following example sentence: にぎやかな声で子どもたちが話している。 It is the phrase that confuses me. It appears to me that the ...
6
votes
2answers
301 views

“仕事は大変だけど元気だよー” Missing adjective or is it correct?

I would imagine that my friend is trying to say "My work is very difficult, but other than that I'm fine!", But for me it feels like it's missing an adjective like 難しい. 仕事は大変だけど元気だよー I imagine ...
6
votes
1answer
159 views

Sentence Ending て form

妻が死んで、子供が家を出て。 Then my wife died, and my kids left home. Is the sentence ending て a contraction for another expression? If so can someone list the possible expressions for any sentence ending ...
9
votes
1answer
156 views

Etymology of 天地無用

WWWJDIC: [天地無用]{てんちむよう} (exp) (yoji) do not turn upside down I see this on some cardboard boxes in the context of shipping and handling. Why is this expression used to indicate "this side up", or ...
2
votes
2answers
137 views

Help me understand 過去の蓄積 and 面白いと思ってきたもの

How do you interpret this? This is an artist talking: 一番気にしているのはやっぱり過去の蓄積、自分が面白いと思ってきたものでしょうね。おもしろいと思ってきたものには一貫性はあるんですよ、人間の癖がありますからね。だから、昔おもしろいと思ったものを、自分というフィルターを通してもう一回具現化したい、それが今の願望なのかもしれない。 I ...
3
votes
1answer
401 views

If 日本語する is not ok, why is 日本語できる ok?

This is my understanding: する名詞: 運転する。 残業する。 勉強する。 their potential forms: 運転することができる。 残業することができる。 勉強することができる。 abbreviated potential forms: 運転できる。 残業できる。 勉強できる。 ...
4
votes
2answers
215 views

Meaning of 何によらず

I was reading a Japanese sentence of which part read 生真面目な性格で、何によらず人の注目を引くことが苦手だった。 but could not work out the meaning of 何によらず. I thought that perhaps the よらず is the negative of よる but that ...
4
votes
2answers
148 views

What to say when answering the phone

I'm often unsure what to say when answering the telephone when I am the customer; people usually say their name and then wait for me to say something before stating their business. I'm guessing there ...
5
votes
1answer
128 views

What does the は in this sentence do?

力任せに壁面に罅{ひび}を刻んでは一つ、また一つと体のパーツを外気に晒{さら}していく。 What does は do here? Is it contrasting? Thanks!
4
votes
2answers
312 views

How to ask to “correct me if I'm wrong”

I've been learning Japanese for a while but I'm truly investing my time recently into really learning Japanese. I have private lessons once a week and I'm trying to use Japanese as much as I can. I'm ...
10
votes
3answers
718 views

Spaces in children's books

Written Japanese ordinarily doesn't use any spaces to separate words. But Japanese children's books do. For example, the opening of Tomi Ungerer's The Three Robbers (すてきな 三にんぐみ) あらわれでたのは、 ...
5
votes
2answers
125 views

The Kanji for ありがとうございます

有難う御座います is one Kanji spelling. However, I thought, 'is ございます here an auxilliary verb, and thus are the Kanji incorrect?' Should the proper spelling be 有難うございます?
2
votes
1answer
95 views

What is the meaning of と here?

What is the meaning of と in this sentence? このため、地震のときと同じように机の下などに入っていると安全なことがあります。 It seems different from all senses in A Dictionary of Basic Japanese Grammar. Kind of "in the manner of"?
4
votes
3answers
113 views

Can the possessive の particle be used like this? あの かさ は だれ の ですか

I was reading about possession on the particle の and it stated one of the ways you can show possession was これ は だれ の かんばん ですか and I was just wondering if this would also work あの かさ は だれ の ...
1
vote
2answers
254 views

What do the kanji 女力 mean? [closed]

Also would they have a different meaning if they were written vertically?
2
votes
1answer
150 views

What does volitional + と mean?

For example in this sentence: 迷宮内は天井が宿す燐光によって光源に困らない代わりに、夜になろうと朝を迎えようとその眩しい光が途切れることはない。 How should I interpret 夜になろうと朝を迎えようと? Thanks!
0
votes
1answer
62 views

What does ~たでえ mean?

Here is the sentences including the words said by a Kansai guy. 思{おも}ったよりやるやないか。ええ? 見{み}なおしたでえ
4
votes
1answer
59 views

Decimal points and sound change of counters

I understand that when a series of numbers in Japanese includes a decimal point each number is voiced individually with the decimal point pronounced as てん as in the following example: 9.76 = ...
1
vote
1answer
161 views

What do these sentences mean? [closed]

Recently, I heard (in a song) these 3 sentences and I can't translate some words in them. I've tried various translators but I'm still confused, so I hope you can help me. Sentences are. 紡いだ日々もあるよ ...
2
votes
1answer
79 views

What is the difference between 就職 and 求職?

I learned a long time ago that 就職 meant "looking for a job". But just a few minutes ago, I came across a new word- 求職, which I assumed to mean (almost) the same thing. After a quick check in a few ...
4
votes
2answers
232 views

人前{ひとまえ} and 人前{にんまえ}

I have been conviced for a long time that both 人前{にんまえ} and 人前{ひとまえ} existed. Which is backed by this wikitionary page. Recently, I just wanted to warn another Japanese learner about this pair of ...
2
votes
2answers
180 views

Translation question on part of a lullaby

I was looking for Mama's Lullaby on Youtube (Once there was a mama bear / sitting in her rocking chair etc.), and I bumped into this. After the astonishment that a video of an evidently Japanese song ...
2
votes
2answers
134 views

Meaning of particle で

I'm a bit confused about で particle in 「微妙な具合で五感を鈍くしている」. Is it used here to separate 「微妙な具合」 from 「五感を鈍くしている」? Or does it show the way the summer atmosphere makes the senses of the speaker dull with ...
2
votes
0answers
84 views

What are the ways to say “endure austerity”?

How can we say "endure austerity" in both formal and informal situations? For example, how can we say: "The people of Greece are currently enduring austerities." "If you have to endure such ...
8
votes
1answer
216 views

た+ではないか or た+のではないか can someone enlighten me?

I encountered a question in my JLPT n1 practice book , and I got really confused because I was sure my answer was right but when I look at the answer sheet the answer is really far from what I have ...
-3
votes
1answer
197 views

Japanese introduction speech help for an English Teacher [closed]

I am currently applying for a job teaching English in Japan, and one of the tasks is to introduce myself to the Japanese teachers at the school. It's basically a test in beginner Japanese. I have ...
1
vote
2answers
138 views

Why can story writers use くれる when describing a third person?

I just read a famous Japanese legend as follows. 昔、ある所に浦島太郎という若い男がいました。 ある日、太郎は子供達にいじめられている亀を助けてあげました。 亀は「助けてくれて、ありがとうございました」と言って、太郎を海の中のお城へ連れて行ってくれました。 Why can story writers use くれる when ...
18
votes
1answer
1k views

= sign in a katakana name

I was surprised when I came across this Wikipedia page: アーシュラ・K・ル=グウィン Does someone knows what that = sign is? I can see it works as a separator like 「・」 Is it simply an alternative?
2
votes
1answer
122 views

Is it true that we cannot say the feeling of a third person using たい, ほしい, 楽しい?

I heard that we cannot describe the feeling of a third person using たい, ほしい, 楽しい, and others? Is it true? For example, the following sentences are considered incorrect. あの人は楽しかったです。 亀は寂しいです。 ...
2
votes
1answer
132 views

Meaning of する verb in 「その少女は小さい口元をしている」

I was looking up in the dictionary, and came across a sentence like this: その少女は小さい口元をしている。 From what I understand, している means "is doing" or "does". So the girl "does" her little mouth? Then I ...
5
votes
1answer
173 views

Indicating a lack of surprise

How do you indicate a lack of surprise at something? For example, in response to someone noting that Cyprus had given 12 points to Greece at the Eurovision Song Contest. I tried using "本当に?" ...
2
votes
1answer
62 views

Difference between “地主” and “家主”, and their relationship with 不動産屋?

I just learned a new word, "地主{じぬし}, whose definition in my web dictionary, and paper dictionary, is landlord, land owner. "家主{やぬし}" is surely the word that native English speakers would use for ...
4
votes
2answers
160 views

Question about の

I am having an hard time understanding the difference between のですね and ですね and the difference between のですよね and ですよね. For example, what is the difference between 簡単ですね and 簡単なのですね? Or the difference ...
6
votes
1answer
133 views

Difference between 少し{すこし} and 少ない{すくない}

I know 少し{すこし} and 少ない{すくない} both as 'few', but what's the difference?
2
votes
1answer
124 views

Specifying location: Do you use ga/wa and does the word order matter?

Here are some Japanese sentences: A) Uses ga. Subject comes first Who is (existing) over there? / Dare-ga asoko-ni imasu ka? だれが あそこに います か。 B) Uses ga. Location comes first There is ...
1
vote
2answers
172 views

Meaning of も in the following sentence

I came across the following sentence: どうしても納豆だけは食べられない。 The sentence as a whole makes sense, but what meaning or function does も have here?
1
vote
1answer
73 views

Is よう used for first person or second person imperatives?

The volitional form is often translated as "let's," but that's a first person plural imperative and I am not sure if that's the case for Japanese. In Japanese dictionaries, one of the definitions for ...
5
votes
2answers
369 views

What really is 人身事故?

What really is 人身事故【じんしんじこ】 (jinshin-jiko) we often hear at train stations? Some say that it always means that somebody just threw him/herself onto a train track and got killed. Others say that it's ...
2
votes
1answer
64 views

What's the difference between 消える and 消え失せる?

In what situations would you use 消え失せる instead of 消える, and 消える instead of 消え失せる?
3
votes
0answers
110 views

Do Japanese stative verbs have the inchoative aspect?

In English, a verb that expresses a state can also express the entrance into a state. This is called inchoative aspect. The simple past is sometimes inchoative. For example, the present-tense verb in ...
4
votes
1answer
111 views

Uncertain about なにも

I encountered a short sentence that I'm having trouble understanding completely. なにも遊ぶのは人間だけじゃない。 The context is, a young girl is playing with a dog for the first time. I'm pretty sure I at ...
2
votes
1answer
182 views

Meaning 「~と思う」 at the end of a sentence

Mostly on the news I always hear 「~と思う」 very often at the end of a sentence, so i started to wonder, Does it has other meaning besides of "I think"?
0
votes
2answers
139 views

(をする) and (がする). Meanings and Uses

What does (をする) and (がする). Sometime ago I read on site something I dont remember, but I got confused because the use of 勉強がする, but I just knew the existence of 勉強をする. So actually Im pretty confused. ...
1
vote
0answers
26 views

Why can an intransitive verb 出る take an object? [duplicate]

Consider the following sentences: ボタンを押すとジュースが出ます。 6時に家を出て8時に帰ります。 I don't understand why the verb 出る which is an intransitive (as in the first example) can take an object (as in the second ...
0
votes
1answer
110 views

が and けど at end of a sentence

I know that when in a sentence-final position が and けど can be used as softeners or to convey hedging, but in some situations understanding them as such doesn't feel right. Although my brain ...
4
votes
2answers
221 views

A bunch of questions about ところ

I think the word ところ in my questions have nothing to do with 所{ところ}. Please correct me if I am wrong. Let us consider the following sentences. Case 1 これから食{た}べるところなんですが。。。 今食{た}べているところなんですが。。。 今食{た}...
4
votes
2answers
602 views

Three conflicting interpretations of “ことになりそう”

To beef up my listening skills, I've been watching some anime targeted at young-adult or older audiences, and got hung up on this line of dialogue: また一年、こうして通{かよ}い詰{つ}めることになりそう、ね。 While I ...
2
votes
1answer
116 views

Topic particle after “expression of time”

I am reading chapter 4 from the JLPT N5 book, where I found the following sentence: 昨日勉強しましたか。 After 昨日, why wasn't there a topic particle? Is "昨日は勉強しましたか。" an incorrect sentence?

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