5
votes
2answers
256 views

Why are a high proportion of basic Japanese words written in hiragana?

Sometimes it seems like a lot of basic Japanese words are typically written in hiragana rather than kanji. By "basic", I mean pleasantries that are probably the first thing non-native speakers learn ...
1
vote
1answer
87 views

Verbal forms allowed to determine a noun

I'm not confident that the English grammatical words I'm using are okay; feel free to correct me. Let's start with the phrase 読{よ}む本{ほん} meaning, among other acceptable translations "the book I do ...
1
vote
1answer
152 views

How is からである used here?

下人は、頸{くび}をちぢめながら、山吹{やまぶき}の汗袗{かざみ}に重ねた、紺の襖{あお}の肩を高くして門のまわりを見まわした。雨風の患{うれえ}のない、人目にかかる惧{おそれ}のない、一晩楽にねられそうな所があれば、そこでともかくも、夜を明かそうと思ったからである。「羅生門、 芥川龍之介」 Second sentence (from 雨風の...) looks like ...
1
vote
1answer
49 views

atteita vs atteimashita

I am learning Japanese and I'm always mixing these two. Can someone explain what's the difference between them and how are they used? My only understanding is the first is verb+tte+ita which is kinda ...
0
votes
1answer
99 views

What does 「おいちゃあ」 mean?

It is a situation which a salesperson announces to a group of people to attract them to buy his goods Here is the full sentence. 品{しな}数{かず}すくないけど 種{しゅ}類{るい}に おいちゃあ そのへんのデパートなみだ! What does おいちゃあ ...
6
votes
1answer
376 views

Where does “gold day” originate from?

Recently I learned what the days of the week are and noticed "kinyobi" 金曜日. I'd like to know where the term "gold" relates to. Were people in ancient Japan paid at Friday each week?
1
vote
1answer
240 views

Could you tell me how to say 'sounds legit' please? My Japanese is poor

What would be the Japanese slang version of the sarcastic English phrase "sounds legit" (meaning "yeah sure... I believe you")? I have come up with seitounaoto. But yeah, not very happy with direct ...
3
votes
1answer
106 views

What distinguishes 恩, 義務, 義理 and 人情 from each other?

I have an idea about the basics, but I'm fuzzy on the details, and it's been awhile since I've studied the subject in depth. Anyone have some answers?
2
votes
1answer
58 views

Why is it the postposition を used here instead of の?

悲鳴と銃声と爆音の狂想曲は絶え間なく、かつ容赦なく鳴り響き、街を人を根こそぎ壊し、鏖殺{おうさつ}していく。「ディエス・イレ」 Basic structure to me seems to be X狂想曲はA鳴り響き、B根こそぎ壊し、鏖殺していく, a subject 狂想曲 with three verbals (X and A, B being their respective ...
4
votes
2answers
236 views

Relative clauses with になる and のなる

I self study Japanese and among the things I do is reading easy NHK news articles. Here is one article I read. In the article appears the word 首都 capital city. Hovering over it would give the ...
5
votes
2answers
237 views

What's the reading of 二人 in this sentence?

The sentence is 二人間がしっくり行かない i'm confused when to use ににん and when to use ふたり
2
votes
1answer
99 views

why is there a double “が” here: “… 岐阜県警が捜索したが見つからず、…”?

From the newspaper article titles 北アルプス・涸沢岳で2人滑落、1人行方不明, the second paragraph reads: 男性1人が行方不明となり、岐阜県警がヘリコプターで捜索したが見つからず、同日夕、日没のため打ち切った。1日午前から捜索を再開する。 my guess of a translation: Being that ...
5
votes
2answers
223 views

What does the word 「ありゃしねえ」mean?

It is a situation which a salesperson announces to a group of people to attract them to buy his goods. Here is the full sentence. こんなお買【か】いどくはどこの世【せ】界【かい】へいったって ありゃしねえよ
1
vote
1answer
161 views

Why is イチゴ written in katakana?

From which language did it come to Japanese? And why does it have its own kanji?
3
votes
2answers
145 views

Grammatical name of the form used before -て, -たり, -た, -たら?

I'm looking for the Japanese name of the specific verbal form used before -て, -たり, -た, -たら: verb → 連用形 ren.yōkei → XXXX → + -て, -たり, -た, -たら 書く → 書き → 書い → 書いて, 書いたり, ...
0
votes
1answer
311 views

Qualifying Nouns With verbs and adjectives in japanese [closed]

If possible could someone explain this to me? I have the Genki I book that explains it pretty well but I guess I'm still having difficulty grasping it. I'll leave a example sentence in case my ...
3
votes
1answer
136 views
5
votes
1answer
144 views

Volitional + というのだった?

In the short story 「悪魔」by 星新一 , a man walks onto a frozen lake to go ice fishing, carves out a small hole in the ice, and throws in the line. But after throwing in the line, there's a 文型 I've never ...
2
votes
3answers
167 views

Masculine and Feminine Speech - 行こうか and やめてよ

First, regarding 行こうか - is it masculine speech, like か in informal speech usually is? Also, does it sound agressive, again like normal with か in informal speech? Second, is やめてよ feminine speech (as a ...
2
votes
2answers
523 views

Meaning of おん after a name [closed]

I was talking with a Japanese girl by message and she asked me how to read my name, which is Andrea (Spanish female name). I told her it's アンドレア but that some friends call me あんちゃん because it's ...
2
votes
2answers
121 views

Difference between 確{たし}かに and 誠{まこと}に

What is the difference between 確かに and 誠に? I found that: 確かに means: certainly, indeed, surely, sure, definitely;誠に means: indeed, truly, really, surely.Looks like the meanings are almost the same. ...
1
vote
1answer
129 views

What does the word 「すまさんぞ」mean?

Here is the full sentence. An old man talking himself with this one about a boy who should have been staying at home but he should not. かえってきやがったら ただではすまさんぞ。 I'm not sure if it is conjugated from ...
1
vote
1answer
171 views

How do you indicate sections in a report if there are more than 5? (まず、つぎに、さらに、そして、最後に)

If you need to indicate more sections in a report than five (beginning each section with 「まず」、「つぎに」、「さらに」、「そして」、「最後に」 respectively), what word(s) should you use to indicate the start of the additional ...
6
votes
2answers
201 views

Can 「奴」 be used to refer to a female?

Is the word 「奴」/「やつ」 (yatsu) ever used to refer to another female, or to refer to oneself if one is female? Or is it only used to refer to a male? Answers to this question touched on the word 「奴」, ...
3
votes
2answers
1k views

How would you structure a sentence to say “someday I will go to Japan”?

I am trying to figure out the particle and order of words in a sentence to that says "Someday I will go to Japan". Would you say: 私は日本がいつかに行きます。 or would I say: 日本は私がいつかに行きます。 I really ...
8
votes
3answers
280 views

Why the random katakana in 「すみっコぐらし」?

Some of you may be familiar with the San-X line of characters called すみっコぐらし. The shtick is that they're timid and like "living (ぐらし) in the corner (すみっこ)" I know katakana is frequently used for ...
5
votes
1answer
131 views

In 十日と待たずに what does the と mean?

Probably a silly question, but in this sentence: 仕事ができなかったら十日と待たずに解雇されるだろうと思う。 What does the と in 十日と待たずに mean? Is it the "if" と, e.g. "when/if 10 days pass, I'd get fired without hesitation?". ...
4
votes
2answers
125 views

How do I know what the questioner wants me to answer?

I am learning Japanese from a book. The excerpt of a dialogue is given as follows. Q: 夏休みに国へ帰りますか。 A: いいえ、夏休みには帰りません。冬休みに帰ります。 My question is how do we know what the questioner wants us to ...
1
vote
1answer
193 views

What does 「どっか」 mean?

In this clip at 19:50, it sounds like he is saying, "Nante na! Kore dokka no kiza na yatsu ga itteta serifu" ("This is just something a ____ pretentious guy said"). Is it indeed 「どっか」 ? What does that ...
1
vote
1answer
72 views

Can I say “砂糖ダイエット” ?

By "砂糖ダイエット" I mean diet based on heavy consumption of sweets.
3
votes
1answer
129 views

Can the onyomi be longer than 2 morae?

I started learning japanese recently, and I looked back at the kanji I've learned, and I simply can't think of any kanji with an onyomi longer than 2 morae. Is there really no kanji with an onyomi ...
2
votes
1answer
160 views

What do the words 「しとられん」, 「ちゅうて」 and 「おびえとるん」 mean?

I have found them in a manga. It is a dialogue discussing to the third person going into a Pachinko shop. Here is the full sentence なんせ ここいらの商人【しょうにん】どもは あのジョーがくると おちおち商売【しょうばい】しとられん ちゅうて おびえとるん ...
4
votes
2answers
161 views

noun + ばかり [exclusivity sense] ambiguity

My understanding of ばかり so far (please correct if any of this is wrong): After TE form, the meaning is unambiguous as it applies to the verb, e.g.: 本を読んでばかりいる。Do nothing but read books. ...
2
votes
2answers
225 views

The scope of そういうこと

「凄いな 僕にはそこまで先のことを考える余裕はないよ」 「お前さんだって十分に凄い奴だよ。何の後ろ盾もなくここにいるってのは、そういうことだと思うがね」 「そうか。君にそう言ってもらえると僕ももっと頑張る気になるよ」 「ま、そういうことだから、お互いに頑張ろうぜ。今はともかく、いつかは決着を付けなくちゃならねぇんだからよ」 To what exactly does the そういうこと ...
4
votes
1answer
195 views

Does 青少年を外出させないように refer to to letting a youth out alone, or in any circumstances?

Over at Travel.SE, there's a bit of a debate on how to parse this piece of Tokyo legislation: (深夜外出の制限) 第十五条の四 ...
1
vote
2answers
54 views

Japanese Verbs: Causative form

Can someone tell me why there is て in between 休ませ and ください? The sentence is: 今日は仕事を休ませてください。 I know I have conjugated the verb 休む in the causative form but didn't get why the て is used after it. Is ...
0
votes
1answer
99 views

Is the 数 necessary?

I came across this sentence in jisho.org's example sentences: 彼等{かれら}の数{かず}は多い。 And I'm wondering if the 数 is really necessary. I thought 多い already implied a large 数, so saying that the 数が多い ...
3
votes
4answers
208 views

Use of は particle when talking about doing things on a certain day

One thing that I still don't exactly understand is when to use は when talking about doing things on a certain day. For example, 明日は学校に行く。 or 明後日は映画館に行く。 Should the は be included or ...
1
vote
1answer
86 views

What does 今日の所は良いでしょう mean here?

これも全て先生のおかげですね。感謝するんですよ? は、はい 本当に、感謝しています 突っ込むべき時に突っ込むべき場所にきちんと突っ込めない男はもてませんよ? まあ、今日の所は良いでしょう。皆にも伝えないといけませんからね。仲間たちにも順番に顔を出すように伝えて下さいませ In this I'm not sure what she would be referring to. Would ...
2
votes
2answers
94 views

What are the basic physical differences between japanese poetry and prose?

I am not asking about genre, meaning or anything other subjective issues. I am talking about the following type of things in english: English prose: No rhyme, no rhythm. May also have literal ...
1
vote
2answers
226 views

What is the difference between ~ru and ~masu?

What is the difference between ~ru and ~masu? For example: taberu and tabemasu. Don't they mean the same thing? Are there certain instances when one is acceptable and the other isn't?
1
vote
1answer
299 views

Question about the usage of “watashi”

I am currently slightly confused about the exact usage of the word "watashi". I know that the word means I, but it's usage seems unclear to me. Some sources say that it is simply for polite use, while ...
1
vote
1answer
117 views

combining several participle of verb + miru

I am practicing expressing "to try to do something", using the participle of verbs plus 見る. If I understand correctly, a sentence like このビールを飲んでみました。 means something like "I tried to drink this ...
2
votes
1answer
77 views

“Even a crab” - Japanese proverbs (?)

Coming across these kind of constructs: カニでもわかる+名詞句 カニでもできる... カニでも使える... etc. What does it mean? How is it used? In general, what main associations would a "crab" create from a Japanese ...
0
votes
1answer
164 views

Origin of -tai desiderative suffix

Japanese verbs can take the suffix -tai, which attaches to the ren'youkei form and turns the verb into an -i adjective, expressing desire to do what the verb says. I have recently wondered where this ...
0
votes
2answers
150 views

What do the words 「やった台」 and 「はずしてあった」 mean?

I have found them in a manga. It is a dialogue discussing to the third person going into a Pachinko shop. Here is the full sentence. ジョーがやった台【だい】はガラスがはずしてあっただと What do the words やった台 and ...
2
votes
1answer
214 views

When would と appear at the start of a sentence?

In the light novel that I'm reading, the narrator sometimes starts his narration with "と、" like the following example: 「ふん」 と、彼女は鼻を鳴らし、中学の制服であるワンピース型のセーラー服をひるがえす。 I've been curious about ...
2
votes
1answer
92 views

Difference between 食事をする/◯◯を食べる

I came across the following sentence: 駅の近くで食事をした。 Does it sound unnatural if I were to use the following (or rather, is it incorrect)? 駅の近くで食事を食べました。
0
votes
1answer
152 views

What do the words 「ばかこくでねえ」 and 「へえるはずさ」 mean?

I have found it in a manga. It is a dialogue discussing to the third person going into a Pachinko shop. Here is the full sentence. ばかこくでねえ へえるはずさ あとで パチンコ屋【や】の店【てん】員【いん】がしらべたらよ。 What do the ...
5
votes
1answer
197 views

Difference between 発展、発達、and 開発

What is the difference between 発展、発達、and 開発? According to my textbook, they all mean development. I know that they cannot be used interchangeably, but I don't know when to use each of them. I know ...

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