4
votes
1answer
68 views

A single verb or phrasal verb that means “I have no choice but it is better if I let you win”?

Consider the following situations: Your mother has just one cake. You and your younger brother really like that cake. If you eat the cake, your younger brother will cry. As you are older so you must ...
1
vote
2answers
108 views

In a sentence that ends with a verb, when could “が” modify a 3rd person pronoun?

3rd person pronouns (both English and Japanese) and the particle "は" have a commonality. For pronouns (jp & eng) antecedent must exist in the conversation. An "antecedent" is what the pronoun ...
5
votes
1answer
107 views

Why is あるうちに correct but 残るうちに is not?

This question comes from 新完全マスター文法N2: ( )うちに欲しい物を買っておこう。 1. お金がある 2. 給料をもらう 3. お金が残る The second answer seems pretty obviously incorrect to me, but I'm not sure why #1 is correct yet #3 is not. ...
11
votes
2answers
1k views

です after some verbs

Super beginner question. I've learned that です means something like the state of being, or close to the be verb. Recently I found the following phrase: 犬がほしいです。 Why does it end with です if I am saying ...
3
votes
1answer
95 views

Understanding ということのはずだ in this sentence

食事に求められるものは多々あるがー栄養バランスだの、しあわせ感だの、心の交流だのーしかしそのなかでもっとも求められているものは、空腹を満たす、一刻もはやく満たす、ということのはずだが、...rant continues There are many things that are desired in a meal but, nutritional balance, a happy ...
6
votes
2answers
126 views

にしても and としても, is there a difference?

にしても and としても...Don't they both have a meaning of "even if"? Is there any subtle difference between these two forms?
3
votes
1answer
96 views

What are the differences between 出かける and 行く?

What are the differences between A and B? I think both mean almost the same thing. I often went to various places once I had bought a new car. A: 新しい車を買ったばかりのころは、よくいろいろな所へ行った。 B: ...
12
votes
3answers
2k views

What form is あり?

On the road outside my daughter's nursery is painted 保育園アリ. I guess this is a form of ある, but what's it called, and why is あり used not ある?
3
votes
1answer
93 views

Questions about causative constructions

If I wanted to say "The teacher who made the kids write a letter to their friend in the hospital", how should I write it? Are 2 にs ok in the same sentence? Would 病院にいる友達に子供に手紙を書かせた先生。be acceptable?...
0
votes
1answer
70 views

貢がせる verb and its usage

遠坂にそんな高価な品を貢がせる悪しき男はあたしが天に代わって誅罰を下してくれるわー!キエー!」 【貢がせる女、貢ぐ男】 1. 思わせぶりな態度で男に貢がせようとする女のこと。 2. セックスのために売春婦に金を払う男、または付き合うために女に貢ぐ男。 The evil man who is tricking Tohsaka with precious goods. Is this ...
1
vote
0answers
48 views

Imperative with masu stem [duplicate]

I just had my first karate lesson and was puzzled. When the instructor wanted us to start or stop he would say はじめ and やめ. I would have expected to hear はじめろ or はじめて for example. Is it proper grammar ...
3
votes
1answer
194 views

How to use nested causative?

I want to exaggerate my previous question by nesting one more causative action. Assume that there are a policeman, a girl with her dog, and a snatcher on the street. The dog belongs to the girl. ...
1
vote
0answers
73 views

What is the meaning of 「気のすまぬ」? [duplicate]

Here is the context including the word. なにが なんでも たたきのめさにゃ 気のすまぬ 男が俺の眼のまえに立ちはだかったんだ。 I found a word 「気がすまない」 in an online dictionary which gives the meaning of it as 'not to be able to settle ...
1
vote
1answer
96 views

Use of past tense in quoting others

In my textbook, it says the translation of "Roberto said it was interesting" to be Robert-さんはおもしろかったといっていました. Since we quote the person in the same tense they used, does this imply that Robert ...
2
votes
1answer
167 views

Using -ている form in the past tense

What's the difference between きのう、いちじかんほんをよみました。 and きのう、いちじかんほんをよんでいました。 ? What would be the equivalent English translations for the two sentences?
1
vote
1answer
158 views

Is the name Madori Japanese?

Yes, I do mean Madori and not Midori. I was told by my mother that it means 'angel of the sky.' I haven't found anything on this, however. In my research, I only found that it could be a variation of ...
1
vote
2answers
208 views

家を出ます ? Why not に?

Why is this を and not に to indicate moving in a direction? 今日は天気がいいから家を出ます Unless this example is wrong? But it is from JapanesePod101
4
votes
3answers
180 views

「5しゅうかん 日本語 を べんきょうしました」or 「日本語 を 5しゅうかん べんきょうしました」

わたしは くにで 5しゅうかん 日本語 を べんきょうしました。 わたしは くにで 日本語 を 5しゅうかん べんきょうしました。 I have seen sentence in this two orders. Which is more appropriate?
2
votes
1answer
75 views

What does 「~の ほうが」 mean in this sentence?

サッカー と やきゅう と どちらが おもしろいですか。 ....サッカーの ほうが おもしろいです。 What is the meaning of the answer here?
3
votes
1answer
123 views

What is the difference between Vてはじめる and はじめてV meaning?

例えば: 1.子供のとき、コーヒーをはじめて飲みました。 2.子供のとき、コーヒーを飲んではじめました。 I think both mean "When I was a child, I started/tried to drink coffee." And how do I say "I drink coffee for the first time"?
0
votes
1answer
93 views

Is the word ぐらい a noun? Why do we need の between ぐらい and はず?

Recall that はず can follow a noun followed by の a verb in plain form i adjective na adjective followed by な for the present tense and considering the following sentence, 十年前は小学生だったが、...
4
votes
1answer
66 views

What is the difference between 原因 and 要因, 解析 and 分析?

When I search meaning, both 原因 and 要因 mean cause. 解析 and 分析 mean analysis. But I think there will be little different meaning.
7
votes
3answers
3k views

What does the word 「のたのたして」mean?

Here is the context including the word. I put the blank spaces according to the column line breaks. なんでえ 大の男が まっぴるまから 酒くらって のたのたしてよう For this word, I have no clue to guess at all what it should ...
7
votes
1answer
97 views

What is つ in 中つ国 and why is it equivalent to の?

According to Wikipedia: 中つ国(なかつくに)とは中間の国、中央の国を意味し、「つ」は現代語の「の」に相当する。中津国、中国とも書く。 I looked for 津 in a dictionary but it seems to be an 当て字 so I did not get new information. But I can't get why の ...
3
votes
1answer
97 views

What is correct reading for 舞桜

What is the correct reading of word 舞桜? I found some pages, where they state, that it's one of variants of female name read as 「まお」, in this form meaning "dancing cherry blossom", but I checked in ...
3
votes
2answers
350 views

Is “da” used often in the casual speech?

Is "da" used often in the casual speech? Or is it often omitted whenever it's possible? For example: 1) Genki (da)? 2) Suki (da)? 3) Ke wa atsui (da) ne?
1
vote
0answers
70 views

Definition of 例車? [closed]

I hear this word often in train/subway stations, and I've seen it a couple times on the internet, but I can't find a definition for this word in the dictionaries I've checked. What is a 例車?
4
votes
2answers
88 views

Should the tense of predicate in main clause be the same as the tense of predicate in the relative clause?

It is a very basic question that I need to be confirmed. Consider the following sentence (taken from a book titled Essential Japanese Grammar by Masahiro Tanimori and Eriko Sato). ...
10
votes
1answer
2k views

What is the proper term for a bug fix with respect to Software Development

In English, when dealing with Software Development we sometimes refer to the word "fix" in order to describe some code change which makes an attempt to fix a bug, or problem in the code. For example: ...
3
votes
2answers
127 views

Do X and Y have the same state when using ~X にかぎらず Y?

Consider the following sentences. A: 女性に限らず、男性も化粧品を使うようになった。 My translations: A'1: Using cosmetics is not limited to women but also has been started by men. A'2: Not only women but ...
3
votes
2answers
159 views

How to use またしても?

I know that またしても means "again, moreover, in addition" and it often comes with relative nuance. However, given the below sentences, I don't know why it's only proper in a sentence but not both. 1/ ...
5
votes
4answers
298 views

About the meaning of 「しわよせ」

I was discussing with my Japanese friend about the meaning of 「しわ寄せ」, and none of us could come up with a way to say it in English. As far as I know, it could have several meanings. The first few of ...
1
vote
1answer
159 views

Inconsistency in applying direct object to 勝つ

As far as I know, the verb 勝つ takes a direct object with に as 彼はチェス試合に勝った。He won the chess match. and takes an indirect object with に対して as 彼は私に対してチェス試合に勝った。He won the chess match against me. ...
5
votes
2answers
407 views

Who is the subject of this sentence?

Most of the time when I read Japanese sentences, I have no confidence whether the speaker or another person is the subject. Let's see one example as follows. 主人は、料理にかけては、誰にも引けを取らないと信じている。 I ...
3
votes
2answers
420 views

What are the most obscure kanji?

To my understanding, there are standardised kanji that have either: No reliable information on how they are to be pronounced OR No reliable information on what they mean OR All of the above. Do ...
3
votes
2answers
116 views

The meaning of 二条大宮の百鬼夜行

早い話が堀川のお邸の御規模を拝見致しましても、壮大と申しませうか、豪放と申しませうか、到底私どもの凡慮には及ばない、思ひ切つた所があるやうでございます。中にはまた、そこを色々とあげつらつて大殿様の御性行を始皇帝や煬帝に比べるものもございますが、それは諺に云ふ群盲の象を撫でるやうなものでもございませうか。あの方の御思召は、決してそのやうに御自分ばかり、栄耀栄華をなさらうと申すのではございません。...
2
votes
2answers
89 views

How to say my friend with a name

For example, "my friend Tomoko" Is it correct to say "友達の朋子?" As in: 昨日、友達の朋子ちゃんと2人で買物に行きました。 Also, how would you say "my friend is called Tomoko"?
2
votes
1answer
75 views

How to determine the scope of modifiers in long sentences?

I found a difficulty to determine the scope of modifiers in long sentences. To make it clearer, see the following sentences. My translation may be wrong. Sentence 1 新しい工場を建てるに当たって(は)、環境への影響などを調べ、...
11
votes
3answers
1k views

Is a palindrome a thing?

A palindrome is a word or phrase that is the same backwards and forwards, such as "Bob", "aibohphobia" or "A man, a plan, a canal: Panama." In English, as well as many other languages, this is a ...
5
votes
4answers
196 views

Function of は in にはなる

The author is complaining that she hates men's cooking but acknowledges that somewhere in the world there may be some that she likes. She then says: だからただしくは、今まで喰らってきた男の料理を私は好きにはなれなかった、と言うべきなんだろう。 ...
0
votes
2answers
49 views

Why/when should I use the different forms of this and that?

When do I use これ, それ, and あれ vs この, その, and あの to say "this" or "that". example: why is it それはペンです vs そのはペンです?
1
vote
2answers
112 views

What does だって do in 「それは僕だって知ってる…」?

This is from 楽しいムーミン一家. You can watch the full dialogue here starting from 2:35 if you need more context. The part I'm asking about begins around 3:25. Basically, winter is coming so Snufkin is ...
1
vote
2answers
203 views

Is yen a Japanese word? [duplicate]

Do Japanese people call their money "yen" even though there is no YE sound in their language?
1
vote
1answer
70 views

What is the origin and meaning of 馳せ参じる

What is the origin and exact meaning of 馳せ参じる (はせさんじる)? From what I've heard, it's an old samurai saying, and it means something along the lines of "To go forward in haste". Anyone know?
1
vote
1answer
67 views

Using から (because) with nouns, adjectives and verbs

Could I please check my understanding of how から is used with nouns etc? I today read what I think were some rules. から needs だ/です depending on what precedes it. しずか ですから 散歩しましょう - -na adj, needs です ...
1
vote
1answer
61 views

Order of particles in a sentence

I have a question about this sentence. Q: 会社 ___ ____ ______ ______ 行っていますか. A: 私は歩いて行っています. I can use the particles で は へ and 何. According to the answer key, the correct order is: ...
4
votes
2answers
68 views

What is the nuance of 寝てもらう in this context?

Consider the following sentence. 私のアパートは狭い上に家具がたくさんあるので、お客さんが来た時、寝てもらう場所がない。 What is the nuance of using 寝てもらう rather than just 寝る? The guest is sleeping for my purpose?
2
votes
1answer
77 views

How to use とても in Japanese

I have often seen ”とても” translated as "very" in English. However, I also have seen direct translations (automatic translations, so I don't know if this still applies) where what is being translated, ...
4
votes
3answers
202 views

Saying for so much time / for so long

I want to know how to form the sentence "I looked at the water for so long that people thought I was crazy" but I'm not sure of how I can express "for so long" in Japanese I thought of ...
2
votes
2answers
81 views

Why is the Kanji 「太」read 「ふとし]?

I found this one from a title of a manga チャンピオン太 As my understanding, it should be read just as「ふと」.

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