2
votes
2answers
87 views

How to say my friend with a name

For example, "my friend Tomoko" Is it correct to say "友達の朋子?" As in: 昨日、友達の朋子ちゃんと2人で買物に行きました。 Also, how would you say "my friend is called Tomoko"?
11
votes
3answers
1k views

Is a palindrome a thing?

A palindrome is a word or phrase that is the same backwards and forwards, such as "Bob", "aibohphobia" or "A man, a plan, a canal: Panama." In English, as well as many other languages, this is a ...
7
votes
3answers
504 views

How does the present tense work in a relative clause?

そんなわけで、まだ日も暮れない夕方の通学路を、駅に向かってゆっくりと歩く俺と加藤。 I encountered this quote in a light novel and am stuck on how to interpret it. It feels like 歩く should be "walking" in this context, but it is not 歩いている. ...
3
votes
2answers
114 views

The meaning of 二条大宮の百鬼夜行

早い話が堀川のお邸の御規模を拝見致しましても、壮大と申しませうか、豪放と申しませうか、到底私どもの凡慮には及ばない、思ひ切つた所があるやうでございます。中にはまた、そこを色々とあげつらつて大殿様の御性行を始皇帝や煬帝に比べるものもございますが、それは諺に云ふ群盲の象を撫でるやうなものでもございませうか。あの方の御思召は、決してそのやうに御自分ばかり、栄耀栄華をなさらうと申すのではございません。...
3
votes
1answer
179 views

Verb combination (なりたくって and き消す etc.)

I have started to learn japanese recently and tried to translate some lyrics. But I pumped quickly on words I was unable to translate even with jisho.org and romaji version of the songtexts. ...
1
vote
1answer
157 views

Inconsistency in applying direct object to 勝つ

As far as I know, the verb 勝つ takes a direct object with に as 彼はチェス試合に勝った。He won the chess match. and takes an indirect object with に対して as 彼は私に対してチェス試合に勝った。He won the chess match against me. ...
5
votes
2answers
407 views

Who is the subject of this sentence?

Most of the time when I read Japanese sentences, I have no confidence whether the speaker or another person is the subject. Let's see one example as follows. 主人は、料理にかけては、誰にも引けを取らないと信じている。 I ...
3
votes
2answers
417 views

What are the most obscure kanji?

To my understanding, there are standardised kanji that have either: No reliable information on how they are to be pronounced OR No reliable information on what they mean OR All of the above. Do ...
3
votes
3answers
111 views

What does the word 「とくら」mean?

Here is the context said by a boy who was training in boxing. 左ジャブで敵の体勢をくずし 突破口を見いだしたらば すかさず右ストレートを打つべし これ拳闘の攻撃における基本なり...とくら I have found some sites explaining that it is changed from と来る but I ...
5
votes
4answers
196 views

Function of は in にはなる

The author is complaining that she hates men's cooking but acknowledges that somewhere in the world there may be some that she likes. She then says: だからただしくは、今まで喰らってきた男の料理を私は好きにはなれなかった、と言うべきなんだろう。 ...
10
votes
3answers
280 views

How is Japanese regulated by the Japanese government and any other organizations?

Some languages, but not English, have regulators such as the Académie française (French Academy). Amongst other things, it decides whether or not English words such as email, software and ウォークマン ought ...
1
vote
1answer
70 views

What is the origin and meaning of 馳せ参じる

What is the origin and exact meaning of 馳せ参じる (はせさんじる)? From what I've heard, it's an old samurai saying, and it means something along the lines of "To go forward in haste". Anyone know?
2
votes
1answer
74 views

How to determine the scope of modifiers in long sentences?

I found a difficulty to determine the scope of modifiers in long sentences. To make it clearer, see the following sentences. My translation may be wrong. Sentence 1 新しい工場を建てるに当たって(は)、環境への影響などを調べ、...
6
votes
1answer
152 views

Help understanding odd usage of という

So I'm reading a novel about the Sengoku period, and I've come across a sentence that just can't figure out. The context is that this guy (whose ancestor is a famous admiral) built a castle with a ...
0
votes
2answers
49 views

Why/when should I use the different forms of this and that?

When do I use これ, それ, and あれ vs この, その, and あの to say "this" or "that". example: why is it それはペンです vs そのはペンです?
1
vote
2answers
201 views

Is yen a Japanese word? [duplicate]

Do Japanese people call their money "yen" even though there is no YE sound in their language?
5
votes
3answers
358 views

What does the word 「なりたかねえ」 mean?

It is said by a boy who was straddling on a running pig among other of them. せんべいになりたかねえやつあ おとなしくわきへ どいてろっ。 I think it would mean 「なりたくない」 or 'not to become'. Is it changed because of dialectal ...
8
votes
2answers
253 views

Is the word 「やんな」positive or negative?

I found that in a website 〜やんな is a colloquial form of 〜やるな meaning 'Don't do...' However, I have seen the word in a manga with the following sentence. A: おい あかりを消してやんな。新入りさんがまぶしくてねむれんといかん。 B: じゃあ ...
1
vote
2answers
111 views

What does だって do in 「それは僕だって知ってる…」?

This is from 楽しいムーミン一家. You can watch the full dialogue here starting from 2:35 if you need more context. The part I'm asking about begins around 3:25. Basically, winter is coming so Snufkin is ...
4
votes
3answers
202 views

Saying for so much time / for so long

I want to know how to form the sentence "I looked at the water for so long that people thought I was crazy" but I'm not sure of how I can express "for so long" in Japanese I thought of ...
1
vote
1answer
88 views

When to use おう and when to use おー?

I have read that both おう and おー are read as "ō". When to use each one? Is there a rule for it, or is it totally random?
5
votes
1answer
196 views

How was the first Japanese-English dictionary made?

How was the first Japanese-English dictionary made? In other words, how could the author map correctly each Japanese word to its corresponding one in English?
1
vote
2answers
109 views

Is Japanese similar to English in that saying 享 twice in 享年 means last last year?

In English it's possible to say last last year to informally say "the year before the last". Is it similar in Japanese that I can say きょうきょう年 to mean the same?
4
votes
2answers
112 views

と聞いて in this sentence

山に登るのは大変そうだから、本当は行きたくなかった。 Climbing mountain seems difficult so truthfully, i didn't want to go... The second sentence is the one i need help with... I wasn't sure if i get it right... でも ロープウェイを ...
1
vote
1answer
64 views

Using から (because) with nouns, adjectives and verbs

Could I please check my understanding of how から is used with nouns etc? I today read what I think were some rules. から needs だ/です depending on what precedes it. しずか ですから 散歩しましょう - -na adj, needs です ...
4
votes
2answers
66 views

What is the nuance of 寝てもらう in this context?

Consider the following sentence. 私のアパートは狭い上に家具がたくさんあるので、お客さんが来た時、寝てもらう場所がない。 What is the nuance of using 寝てもらう rather than just 寝る? The guest is sleeping for my purpose?
1
vote
1answer
60 views

Order of particles in a sentence

I have a question about this sentence. Q: 会社 ___ ____ ______ ______ 行っていますか. A: 私は歩いて行っています. I can use the particles で は へ and 何. According to the answer key, the correct order is: ...
5
votes
0answers
183 views

Etymology of 鼻の下を伸ばす / 「鼻の下を伸ばす」の語源

English Today I've came across the expression 鼻の下を伸ばす/ 鼻の下が長い and had to look up its meaning. Other web dictionaries have different meanings, like to be soft on women, to be spooney, and similar ...
2
votes
1answer
74 views

How to use とても in Japanese

I have often seen ”とても” translated as "very" in English. However, I also have seen direct translations (automatic translations, so I don't know if this still applies) where what is being translated, ...
7
votes
2answers
861 views

Why is it incorrect to say 「寒くて、窓を閉めてください」?

寒くて、窓を閉めてください I thought it can mean: Since it's cold, please close the window. The book said we cannot use words that express speakers intent in the form of requests, order, permissions, ...
2
votes
2answers
80 views

Why is the Kanji 「太」read 「ふとし]?

I found this one from a title of a manga チャンピオン太 As my understanding, it should be read just as「ふと」.
10
votes
1answer
220 views

How does the katakana lengthening mark (長音符) sort?

Usually, lists are collated using the gozyuuon order. But how does the katakana lengthening mark ー fit in? Given the following sequence of words, what order should they be in? What are the sorting ...
1
vote
3answers
108 views

Question about using だめ です

A student asks "じしょ を つかって も いい です か?" Teacher replies" いいえ だめ です" I want to know, if possible, how could he have used だめ です to say the full sentence of "no, you cannot use the dictionary" or is だめ ...
2
votes
2answers
136 views

Why is the place's official name written as “なら工藝館” (rather than “奈良工藝館”)?

When I visited Nara, I noticed that on the bus stop lists, the Nara Craft Museum's name did not use Kanji for "Nara" but spelled out with hiragana, as "なら工藝館". As it turns out, in almost all other ...
7
votes
4answers
209 views

Placement of まで

I was reading this, and maybe I'm just missing some common knowledge, but the following part of the sentence in question surprised me: しかも付録までついてこれは買うしかない!! Specifically, 「付録までついて」. I wonder why ...
0
votes
1answer
48 views

How does 非難される translate to English?

あんた学校中から非難されてるわよ。 Taken from a manga. I mean, I sort of understand, but it's hard to fit it in the sentence.
12
votes
4answers
176 views

Is 戦う related to 叩く?

Are 戦う{たたかう} and 叩く{たたく} related? They have a similar pronunciation, and their meanings are close enough (fight vs. hit) that I think they could stem from the same origin. My theory is that 戦う ...
4
votes
1answer
114 views

Does ''脅しじゃねえぞ'' mean ''not a threat''?

I'm confused in this page from a manga the character says odoshi ja nee zo while hes having someone at gunpoint did he mean ''not a threat''?
3
votes
1answer
97 views

What do the words 「いうない」 and 「おねんねしなさい」mean?

Here is the context including the word which a boy spoke to himself. おとなしく規則を守っておねんねしなさい...か じょうだんいうないっ いまのおれはめしを食うひまさえおしいくらいに思ってるんだ I think it should be 言わない, so 「じょうだんいわない」 would be ...
3
votes
2answers
159 views

Which native speakers would be familiar with the expression [竜頭]{りゅうとう}[蛇尾]{だび}?

Background: The expression 竜頭蛇尾, which is literally "dragon's head, snake's tail", seems to imply that the front is more impressive than the back. [EDIT] It seems usage is typically time-like, eg an ...
2
votes
2answers
165 views

Is there some set sentence for 「XXXX年度海外予算会議社長講評」?

I wonder, if there is some set sentence for the heading 「XXXX年度{ねんど}海外{かいがい}予算{よさん}会議{かいぎ}社長{しゃちょう}講評{こうひょう}」? I have tried to translate it on my own, but I had difficulties with posing the word "...
2
votes
1answer
76 views

What does the word 「はわして」mean?

Here is the sentence including the word. いまにおめをぶちのめして みみずみたいに地をはわしてやるぜっ。 I found that 「這う」 would be closest meaning of it but when conjugate to て-form it is 這って which is different.
5
votes
3answers
639 views

How to say “One day at a time” in romaji

Good Evening, I'm a beginner in Japanese and stack exchange. I'm probably going to ask you all very simple and phrase based questions, so I am happy to give any points or perks of appreciation that I ...
7
votes
1answer
264 views

Differences between words for “idiot”

Recently I've been reading the Spice and Wolf manga and came across two words for "idiot" I've never seen before: たわけ and 間{ま}抜{ぬ}け Previously I've only encountered 馬鹿{バカ} and 阿呆{あほう}, with the ...
3
votes
2answers
79 views

Difference between 弾けるように and 弾きたい

I have a sentence example, the translation being "I want to be able to play the piano" ピアノが 弾けるように なりたい Can somebody please tell me how this differs to ピアノを 弾きたいんです I am not understanding why ように ...
-4
votes
3answers
20k views

How do you use “koto”?

My book says that "koto" can convert verbs into nouns. It can also convert adjectives and adverbial nouns, but what does that mean? It gives examples like: Tori o tsukamaeru koto wa kantan ja ...
3
votes
1answer
171 views

そうです expressions

I've been learning Japanese for a few years now but I still haven't fully grasped the ways そうです is used in conversation. What I'm concerned with are the following expressions: そうです/そうなんです そうですか/...
6
votes
1answer
131 views

How do I tell if the に particle is indicating a target or a source?

I'm pretty confused about the に particle and I hope to receive some clarification. 1.彼は私に本をくれました。 2.私は母にしかられた。 In the first sentence, the に particle is used to indicate the target, ...
3
votes
4answers
569 views

how to pronounce 常暗い?

Saw this on the first page of きつねのはなし by 森見登美彦, searched online but only saw this book as reference. Wondering how exactly would you read it...Thanks a lot.

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