1
vote
1answer
121 views

Formal linguistic term for a “prepositional object”?

examples: (1) The book is on the desk. (2) I went to my favorite cafe. (3) This present is for her. the prepositional phrases / 前置詞句{ぜんちしく}: (1) ... on the desk. (2) ... to my ...
7
votes
3answers
1k views

How would you express “sphere” or “world” in the Japanese language?

How would you express the concept of "sphere" or "world" in Japanese? For example, "Anglosphere" or "Indian speaking world". Is there a repeating pattern or suffix for this purpose, or are there just ...
4
votes
3answers
165 views

Is there any case in which we can use 今日の間に?

I asked some Japanese and they said that 今日のうちに is practically useful but 今日の間に is impractical (never used). Can anybody here give a confirmation about whether 今日の間に is really impractical or not? ...
1
vote
3answers
104 views

How do I translate 「コロッと転がってたりする」 to english?

I've encountered the following sentence in a game: 時には後ろを振り返ると案外役に立つ事がコロッと転がってたりするもんだ。 First, I'd like to understand why the "to" in コロッと isn't in katakana like the rest of the word, why the ...
10
votes
1answer
842 views

How is 口 used here?

祖父はシベリアからの引き揚げを経験した口だ。My grandfather was one of the people who were repatriated from Siberia. I couldn't find any dictionary entries that would fit 口 in this context. What does it mean here ...
-2
votes
0answers
54 views

'良い一日' = 'Yoi tsuitachi' - '良' = 'Ryō' - What's going on here? [duplicate]

Consider the phrase '良い一日' pronounced 'Yoi tsuitachi' - '良' is pronounced 'Ryō' by it's self. Is there some trick to this?
0
votes
1answer
92 views

Which conjugation is this? 吸わないようにしています

Can somebody help me with breaking down the sentence: マスクをして、花粉を鼻から吸わないようにしています It has the general meaning of "they use masks so that they don't breathe pollen through their noses". My question ...
0
votes
0answers
47 views

Mnemonical phrases/verses/songs for Japanese grammar [migrated]

In Russian, we have mnemonical phrases for memorizing things like grammatical cases, conjugations of verbs, detecting adverbs, etc. They are somewhat similar to Roy G. Biv mnemonic, but most often are ...
2
votes
1answer
60 views

A question on event timing

Sentences in which event A happens 風呂からあがり、パジャマに着替えたまる子の口がポカンとあいたのは、それから一時間後のことだった。 Sentences in which event B happens What event does それから refer to? Is it saying that the time when Maruko ...
3
votes
2answers
95 views

Where did the reading for 鏡 in 眼鏡 come from?

I looked up the reading for 鏡 in 眼{め}鏡{がね} on jisho.org here, but I could not find がね, only かがみ,キョウ, and ケイ. Where did that reading come from?
7
votes
4answers
259 views

Is 時間がありますか unnatural?

I asked a few native speakers about which phrase was more natural in a situation where I ask a friend if they had time: 時間がありますか? or 時間はありますか? They all chose the latter. So is the ...
5
votes
1answer
156 views

What dialect is this?

This is a shot from a manga called 飴色{あめいろ}パラドックス by 夏目{なつめ}イサク. I was wondering what dialect the police-man was speaking in? I know he's in 田舎{いなか}/東北{とうほく} as that's all the mangaka specifies, ...
-1
votes
1answer
186 views

Why does Japanese lack word wrapping? [closed]

Why does Japanese (more or less) lack word wrapping, with even words written in katakana broken up by new lines?
5
votes
1answer
68 views

て-form of いる in compound sentence

In English, we can say, "Brad Pitt is living in Los Angeles and is a famous actor". I wrote this sentence as two Japanese sentences. ブラッド・ピットはロサンゼルスに住んでいます。有名な俳優です。 Brad Pitt is living in Los ...
0
votes
1answer
97 views

Phrase/word for “human to god” love / idolatry?

A Korean friend used a word that I believe was a Japanese loan word, that he said meant a "human to god" kind of love - an 'inferior' being loving or idolizing a 'superior' one. It wasn't a phrase but ...
7
votes
2answers
150 views

嬉しい vs 幸せ. Which one to use in this case?

Both mean happy. 嬉しい is an i-adjective, and 幸せ is a na-adjective. If I want to say, "The happy boy studied at the library", which one should I use? The boy in the sentence is feeling happy at the ...
1
vote
2answers
140 views

volitional + negative verb special meaning or kimarimonku

I was reading a Japanese manga and came across the sentence: よそうかんがえるな。。。 Now, I took this to mean "Stop, let's not think about it", but I am wondering if the phrase is a set-phrase or it is similar ...
0
votes
0answers
71 views

Heart emoji in Japanese texts?

One of my friends was on HelloTalk for a few days and recently a female partner sent him a few messages with the heart emoji (three times within an hour) which kind of confuses him. Does this mean ...
4
votes
1answer
70 views

N3 Pattern: Difference of 「~かわりに」、「~反面」、「~一方(で)」

こんにちは! ちょっと困ったことがありますが、誰か手伝ってくれるといいんですが・・・ Hello! I'm having a little confusion with this sentence from 新完全マスター3級・文法 In the explanation from the book, it is said that 「~反面」、「~一方」and 「~かわりに」means ...
1
vote
2answers
94 views

Meaning of 声をそろえる

What is the meaning of 声をそろえる in this conversation: 「だからってドロボーの手伝いまですることないじゃない」 お姉ちゃんがあきれたように言うと、ヒロシも声をそろえた。 「そうだぞ。そんなバカなことしない人間に育てるために、厳しくする方がまる子のためだ。...」 Literally I think it means 'to ...
3
votes
1answer
125 views

Context of “何様のつもりか”

I came across someone referring to the phrase "何様のつもりか" in the middle of an English-language discussion: if I were [person X], I would be shouting "何様のつもりか" (although I am not, and so I can't) ...
3
votes
1answer
72 views

Multiple は particles in a sentence

I came across the following sentence in a website: 人々は月はチーズの球だと考えました This sentence seems to have two topic particles: 人々 is the topic of the main sentence because "people thought something" ...
1
vote
1answer
81 views

How to talk about style

"日本で流行はおもしろいですね。流行は日本の方がアメリカよりだいじとおもいます。たくさんの種類です。好きな服装はなんですか?" In this case am I using "服装" correctly? I'm trying to express that I think that fashion is more important in Japan and asking what the ...
3
votes
2answers
147 views

Are かた and 人 interchangeable in this sentence?

I played a game app, and I found this sentence on the TOS agreement screen. ないようがわからないかたは、おうちの人にがめんをみせてください English: If you don't understand, show this screen to your parents. The sentence is ...
3
votes
2answers
63 views

i-adjective + na-adjective + noun

How do I use an i-adjective and na-adjective together to describe a noun? For example, how do I say "beautiful, red torii"? 綺麗な鳥居 (na-adjective): beautiful torii 赤い鳥居 (i-adjective): red torii
5
votes
2answers
132 views

How to say IS / ISIS / ISIL / Daesh?

A group that is at war in Syria can be called IS, ISIS, ISIL, or Daesh in English. In Japanese daily conversation, what is the best name that can be used for that group?
5
votes
2answers
195 views

What happened to the を sound?

Unlike ゑ and ゐ, を actually still exists. However, I've never heard of this letter actually being pronounced fully as 'wo'. It's kind of weird that there aren't any words with that letter, isn't it? ...
3
votes
1answer
104 views

Causative-Potential or Causative-Passive

Does a verbal form like this exist. I found this sentence while reading. 一体どこの誰に、今のこいつを黙らせられるっていうのか。 Or should I say, who the hell could be able to silence her. I think the meaning is ...
9
votes
3answers
842 views

Why are there many kanjis that are read and mean the same?

My question comes from this case: 会う 逢う 遭う 遇う I see they all are read "au", and mean "to meet". So, why are there these many cases? And more important, which one should I use? I knew 会う, and when I ...
2
votes
1answer
99 views

Help understanding “口に出しては何も言わない”

I've seen this phrase used a few times and i don't think I get it. What meaning does the "ては" indicate? Here are examples from google: そんな彼女を直子はちらりと見たものの、口に出しては何も言わない。    ...
5
votes
1answer
89 views

Meaning of sentence「最近よくじわ怖スレ見てるからビビりになってる。」

I'm self studying Japanese and I read horror stories to build my reading skills. Recently I came across this sentence that I can't figure out: 最近よくじわ怖スレ見てるからビビりになってる I can't understand what do ...
0
votes
2answers
52 views

What does モンスター娘のいる日常 mean? [duplicate]

I can understand モンスター娘 and 日常, but I can't understand モンスター娘のいる.
4
votes
1answer
83 views

What does モンロス mean?

It seems to be used as a na-adjective, but I couldn't find the meaning anywhere.
4
votes
2answers
141 views

When talking about English 文型, how to say “a sentence”? 文章?

I want to talk about English grammar in technical terms. Example, I might want to discuss 文型: Every English sentence must have a main verb. I would say: ...
2
votes
2answers
73 views

Turning on the light

Do younger Japanese people really use 電気をつける to mean "turn on the light"? It sounds like something that your Grandad would say in the times when electricity was new and exciting. I know it's taught in ...
2
votes
3answers
467 views

Japanese for dual flush toilet

What's the Japanese for dual flush toilet, a flush toilet that allows you to choose either a large flush (大) or small flush (小)? Google translate suggests "デュアル水洗トイレ" (katakana for "dual" plus "flush ...
3
votes
1answer
100 views

'私は学生です' & '夜に部屋では電気をつけない' : 'は' 'では'

I'm so confused about the sentence structure'...では...' we say '私は学生です' 'は' here can mean 'be' but Japanese people would say '夜に部屋では電気をつけない' and 'その店では洋書が売られている' So the first sentence mean '(I) don't ...
7
votes
3answers
888 views

How can we determine the subject of 「彼{かれ}が来{こ}ないことを知{し}りませんでした。」?

Consider the following sentence. 彼{かれ}が来{こ}ないことを知{し}りませんでした。 I really get confused in determining the subject. Which is the correct translation? I did not know that he will not come. He did ...
4
votes
2answers
75 views

What does (volitional form) + ったって+(potential form of same verb) mean?

I came across this and don't quite understand is meaning. One character orders another to forget something, who nods agreement but thinks to themselves: 忘れようったって忘れられない What does 忘れようったって mean ...
1
vote
1answer
59 views

Introducing yourself in Japanese when you have a Roman name?

While reading online, I found numerous websites that had "Romaji translations" of names that use the Roman alphabet. For example, the Japanese version of Jordan is said to be either Jo-dan or Yorudan. ...
7
votes
1answer
128 views

What is the difference between 「進行」 and 「進歩」?

What is the difference between 「進行」and「進歩」? In what situations are they used ?
4
votes
1answer
59 views

What does the phrase 「あんのかないのんか」 mean?

Here is a dialog relating to the phrase A: その たったひとつの自由すらうばわれてしまったら おれには なにが のこるっていうんだい。 B: どうしたい ジョー やる気があんのかないのんか! It is said by Kansai-speaking comic character. I'm not sure if it would mean ...
5
votes
1answer
155 views

Listing places in Japanese and using particles afterwards

If I want to say John studies at home and the library do I say ジョンさんはうちととしょかんでべんきょうします。 I feel like I'm getting the particles wrong or that I'm actually supposed to use double ...
0
votes
1answer
116 views

Where to check if a word is used with kanji or not? [closed]

Some words have kanji for them, but the hiragana version is used instead. I come across some words that I'm unsure if they are most commonly used with kanji or hiragana. Is there any website to check ...
3
votes
2answers
115 views

Should you use は or が when you have a compound subject?

What do you put in as the subject marker if there is more than one subject? For example Adam と Sarah ___ すしがすきです.
2
votes
1answer
71 views

Transcribing Feuz

I was wondering how you would transcribe Feuz into Japanese. The word is pronounced like "Foyts". I am thinking it would be フォイツ? Thanks for your thoughts and suggestions. PS. I am using this to ...
3
votes
1answer
75 views

Difference between しては and nominalizer のは

last time I wanted to say "Disturbing someone is bad", so I directly wrote : 誰かを邪魔するの悪いよ But I just came across another way of saying it : 誰かを邪魔しては悪いよ It bothers me a lot not to know the ...
3
votes
1answer
96 views

I keep seeing ため

I understand that ため means "in order to" or "goal". I don't understand how it works in this sentence though. Could someone please explain. バスの事故が続いているため出発前に警察などが調べ This is how I interpret it: ...
10
votes
1answer
198 views

Meaning of トッツケ on a house plan

Same as with my question about a Kanji I tried to identify on a bad image source, I have a katakana word I need to understand / translate. The word reads トッツケ, as marked in this image: I tried to ...
3
votes
1answer
58 views

Trying to decipher a Kanji on a bad image source

I am trying to read this unidentified Kanji It is some kind of house part, found on this map, as marked: http://i.imgur.com/hsSC9kH.png It's from an older book from Nagano-ken, so it is ...

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