1
vote
2answers
188 views

Ways to express prohibitions [duplicate]

I've been learning Japanese for a few days and there is one thing that I want to know: How is "forbids" expressed on signs in Japan? And how in formal texts? I suggest that the form "[x]は きんし です。" ...
2
votes
1answer
179 views

Memories and freezing ice

The following are lyrics from Time after time ~花舞う街で~ by 倉木麻衣: 風に君の声が聞こえる 薄氷{うすらい}冴{さえ}返る 遠い記憶 I translate the two lines separately: Your voice still sounds in the wind. Distant memory / ...
1
vote
1answer
113 views

The song in my thought

蘇る 思い出の歌 この胸に 今も優しく The song of returning thoughts or The song returning in [my] thoughts? Does yasashiku at the end imply a verb or is it a sort of continuous form, as I sometimes seem to see ...
1
vote
1answer
150 views

Petal from a misty flower

春の終わり告げる 花御堂{はなみどう} 霞む花 一枚{ひとひら} This is from Time After Time, and translates to: The hanamidō tells us about the end of the spring, A petal from a misty flower. How is the petal linked ...
3
votes
1answer
149 views

Properly translating a conditional

もしも君にめぐり逢えたら 二度と君の手を離さない I would translate this to: Even if I could meet you by chance, I would never leave your hand a second time. That is because of the following analysis: moshi, ...
7
votes
1answer
128 views

What is the difference between 腰掛ける and 座る?

What is the difference between 腰掛ける and 座る?
0
votes
1answer
100 views

Recognizing a Kanji?

One of my friends is translating some stuff, and he told me he needs "A second opinion for this one since he's having troubles to identify the first one". I know the second one is だ, but I really ...
3
votes
2answers
173 views

How to properly pronounce コップ?

How to properly pronounce コップ (meaning: cup)? Should it be コ + short and quick ツ + soundless プ or something different? BTW, is there a good online source where I can look up word with proper Japanese ...
-1
votes
1answer
89 views

Why many words (nouns?) end with つ?

Why many words (nouns?) end with つ? Some examples include 寝室{しんしつ}、万年筆{まんねんひつ}. Is there some underlying patterns or rules that Japanese language learners should be aware of?
7
votes
2answers
462 views

Why does 留守{るす} have two almost opposite meanings?

Why does 留守{るす} have two almost opposite meanings? One is "to keep the door" or "to look after home" and the other almost opposite meaning is "not at home".
0
votes
1answer
113 views

Verb for the object `dareka` in `探さずにはいられない 誰かを` [closed]

Here is part of the lyrics of Mai Kuraki's Time After Time: 風舞う花びらが 水面を撫でるように 大切に想うほど切なく… 人は皆 孤独と言うけれど 探さずにはいられない 誰かを 儚く壊れやすいものばかり 追い求めてしまう Time after time 君と色づく街で 出逢えたらもう約束はいらない 誰よりもずっと傷付きやすい君の ...
2
votes
1answer
87 views

What does 世話焼き mean?

I found various translations for the word 世話焼き: nanny, busyboy or busybo**d**y. Since I'm trying to read シロクマカフェ I would prefer busyboy, but which one's acutally correct and how could I've find out ...
4
votes
2answers
107 views

When romanizing a Japanese title, which words should be capitalized?

Specifically, when you are trying to romanize Kanji titles of movies, plays, written works, etc. for formal writing targeting non-Japanese speakers, what are some good guidelines? As seen in this ...
4
votes
1answer
112 views

What is different between 日本間{にほんま}、和室{わしつ} and お座敷{ざしき}

Are they same meaning? How to distinguish when using them?
4
votes
2answers
282 views

Are katakana names pronounced as they are written?

My name is Laurence. I would write this in Japanese as ロレンス (rorensu). My question is, when I introduce myself, do I pronounce my name as it is in katakana, or as it is in English?: That is, would I ...
3
votes
1answer
98 views

Causative form + te form + another verb construction

In this specific case: 取らせて頂いた So, what's the meaning of such a construction? I understand what each thing does alone (the causative form, the te form and the verb in past indicative), But what ...
2
votes
1answer
654 views

What is a word meaning “to ask”?

I've needed to use a word "to ask" recently, and the word I decided on was [尋]{たず}ねる. But I have strong doubts that this is actually the right word to use in a situation such as this: I would like ...
1
vote
4answers
153 views

Which is more natural: イエス様の救う恵み or 救うイエス様の恵み?

I'm trying to translate "Jesus's saving grace". Translating directly from English, the phrase that comes to mind is: イエス様の救っている恵み But I get the feeling that maybe it's more natural and ...
2
votes
3answers
145 views

~ておく / とく for preparation (Conjugation and nuance)

A few quick questions regarding ~ておく and the casual form ~とく Firstly, when changing from ~ておく to the more casual ~とく I'm assuming the verb is first conjugated to the ~て form then the ~て is dropped ...
5
votes
1answer
249 views

Do people use 駆逐 in general to mean “exterminate”?

In episode 25 of Attack of the Titan anime, the protagonist said 駆逐してやる…いや、殺す (yelling very loudly) Now, "exterminate" seems to be a pretty common translation of 駆逐, for example JMDict defines ...
2
votes
1answer
75 views

Ta form + ように + phrase with verb meaning/usage e.g. 拗ねたように頬を膨らませる

少し拗ねたように頬を膨らませる 諦めたように小さく頷いた 思い切ったように口を開いた Can anyone explain these or how you interpret the ta form of the verb in these usages. Thanks.
1
vote
1answer
125 views

What does [可愛が]りたい mean and how to use it?

桃香を可愛がりたい気持ち、抑えられないよ Touka o kawaii ga ritai kimochi, osae rare nai yo. The example sentence is like that. I'm wondering if this ritai here is in the same use as aritai like in Questions about ...
3
votes
4answers
288 views

What is this use of と辛い

In the sentence 友人に彼女ができると辛い I'm a bit unclear as to what と辛い is actually supposed to mean (or even if it's supposed to separately be と and 辛い). As far as my understanding goes: 彼女ができる means ...
8
votes
2answers
117 views

What's the difference between 静けさ and 静かさ?

Much to my disbelief (no, I'm kidding, it happens all the time), I found out that my handbook was wrong to tell me we must use 静けさ, because 静かさ doesn't exist. Wiki(tionary) says "For degree, ...
6
votes
1answer
175 views

Are 髙 and 高 interchangeable?

At my old job, I knew someone by the name of Takahashi (last name). Sometimes I'd see their name spelled 高橋 and sometimes 髙橋. Why was 高 sometimes used and why was 髙 sometimes used? Thanks!
2
votes
3answers
113 views

Usage and Impression of きない vs. こない

In Japanese class, we were always taught that the negative of 来{く}る is 来{こ}ない (not きない). In Japan, though, I've heard several native speakers use きない. I have two questions about きない. Who uses きない? ...
0
votes
2answers
173 views

Non-Japanese can know their “マナー”, but not their “礼儀{れいぎ}”?

Recently, I was talking about nouveau riche Chinese behaving badly abroad. I was referencing that some cut in line, speak loudly, etc. (going from rural China to Fifth Ave. can be disorienting; i am ...
3
votes
1answer
69 views

What is the difference between -さん and -さま?

Recently I watched the film "The Wind Rises" by Studio Ghibli in Japanese with English subtitles. I heard one of the children referring to an elder as [name]-さま. I was wondering, what is the ...
2
votes
0answers
39 views

difference between “田中さんのこと” and just “田中さん”? [duplicate]

I'd like to compare the meanings of: 田中{たなか}さんを尊敬{そんけい}している。 田中さんのことを尊敬している。 Are the following statements true? -#2 has a much broader meaning, right? Like, I respect Tanaka as a man, a ...
4
votes
1answer
136 views

「健全なる精神は健全なる身体に宿る」のなる [duplicate]

Is the なる in 健全なる精神は健全なる身体に宿る just the normal 成る? I don't think I understand how 健全なる精神 means "a healthy spirit"- I would think to say 健全の精神, I think. Can someone explain how saying 「健全なる精神...」 came ...
8
votes
2answers
194 views

Meaning of 「生きるにしても死ぬにしても」

In the video game Mother 3, there is a group of beings called the Magypsy, who are rumored to be very old. While talking to humans, one of them says the following: 人間なんて生きるにしても死ぬにしても精々たった100年。 ...
9
votes
3answers
982 views

I wish I hadn't gone there

I would like to translate this pattern "I wish I had/hadn't done XXX", precisely within this context: I went somewhere and I wish I actually hadn't. I could come up with: 行かなければ良かったです Whereas ...
0
votes
1answer
95 views

Is there a difference between the particle お (o) and the particle を (wo) [duplicate]

So I'm just confused. I've read that when writing を is used, but when talking お is used. Is this true or are they entirely different?
4
votes
1answer
171 views

Relative clause - noun - copula structure: What does it mean? How can we translate it?

I have two examples of this structure which does not obviously correspond to a pattern in English although it is quite common. I'd like to know what it means, why it is used and how it should be ...
19
votes
3answers
4k views

Why was “一匹” used for Godzilla?

I've heard someone say that "一匹" was used at the end of the original Godzilla movie, with Dr. Yamane saying that Godzilla wasn't the last one of "them". Why did he use that, as opposed to "一頭"? Do ...
4
votes
2answers
262 views

Why is the kanji for luck the same as to carry?

Why is the kanji for うん(運) the same as the kanji for 運ぶ? Did the kanji just somehow end up being the same, or were the two meanings related somehow? All I can think of is some kind of "carrying luck", ...
3
votes
1answer
181 views

Is /z/ pronounced as [z] or [dz] or both?

I am not sure how these two sounds are used in Japanese. Which one is more common, in terms of frequency? Under what cases is the other one used?
1
vote
2answers
104 views

Looking for references on 複合格助詞

I am currently doing research on automatic case frame (格フレーム) acquisition and its applications. A case frame describes the syntactic structure of a predicate by providing a canonical representation of ...
1
vote
1answer
59 views

Regarding the meaning of ~曲げて捉えて

I was translating some stuff and ran into this line: 私の言葉を曲げて捉えていると思ってな. Now, as the title said, my main issue here is the "曲げて捉えて" bit; would it be correct for me to read it as something like ...
1
vote
2answers
96 views

Can the である copula be explained as で (particle) + ある (to exist), i.e. “to exist in the form of ~”?

Recently, I read this article which interprets である as described by this post's title, so 学生である would be analyzed as "(I) exist in the form of a student". On one hand, である originated from にて + あり, ...
6
votes
3answers
221 views

Expressing a mild preference

I'm wondering how to express a very mild preference towards an option when being offered several choices in a conversation (e.g. when arranging a meeting time with a colleague). I am familiar with ...
-3
votes
1answer
103 views

Does Kagekifu mean anything? [closed]

I "dreamed" up this word, and want to use this as a Product/Company/... name. Does this mean anything in Japanese? Google does turn up with a single result, but i don't understand it: ...
4
votes
2answers
208 views

What is this 10^40 thing?

While checking out "正" (as in 正坐, specifically) I found that apparently one of the associated meaning would be 10^40 (i.e. 10 elevated at the 40th power). Example -taken from Tangorin.com: sei 【正】 ...
1
vote
1answer
78 views

How would you say “this song is played” and “in some places/cities” in natural Japanese? [closed]

I'm having trouble saying the following thing in Japanese: "This song is played when the traffic light turns green in some places in Japan." Specifically, I don't what would be 'the most ...
8
votes
2answers
170 views

Middle Dot (中黒) in Non-Japanese Names

My previous question about ellipses (三点リーダー) in Japanese got me thinking about the middle dot (中黒) in foreign names. When I was in college, I learned that if you have a non-Japanese (or, rather, ...
3
votes
2answers
187 views

Meaning of そうして

I can't completely understand the meaning of そうして in the following dialogue. As far as I can guess it is similar to こうして, but what is the point of using そう? ...
1
vote
1answer
84 views

The の in のに and なのに

I've heard that the の in のに and なのに is the general-noun の (I don't remember the word for it.). So why, in that light, does the meaning of the two make sense?
9
votes
1answer
153 views

Telling the speaker apart from the person being spoken about

A recent question about the usage of quoted speech contained this interesting sample sentence: ハイリアの民は、ふしぎな力を あやつることが、できたと言います。 Often when I read this kind of sentence, I wonder if ハイリアの民 is part ...
5
votes
1answer
70 views

Ellipsis Usage and Format

I'd like to ask about ellipses in Japanese. First, as I understand, ellipses in Japanese often indicate silence or trailing off at the end of a sentence in casual text communication and manga. I ...
5
votes
1answer
48 views

Which form should be used ろくしゅうかん OR ろくしゅう

The full sentence, which I had to learn was: わたしは ろくしゅうかんまえに にほんに きました But I don't understand the meaning of the "-kan" that follows ろくしゅう Can anyone please enlighten me when and why I have to use ...

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