3
votes
1answer
80 views

ひとこと・いちげん・いちごん - what is the difference?

This is one of my most frequently encountered words and yet outside of specific constructs (e.g. 一言一句{いちごんいっく}) I am never sure if I'm reading it right. How does it stand by itself? Dictionary entries ...
2
votes
1answer
96 views

名詞+のない?名詞+がない?Which one is better here?

I am doing my Japanese reading, and I came across this sentence: 快復の見込みのない末期状態になったとき、単なる延命治療... I don't understand why we use の here instead of が. I am still a beginner so I always use 名詞+がない. I ...
2
votes
1answer
138 views

Understanding hiragana-only texts in videogames

I've been reading since a long time ago that reading hiragana only texts is quite difficult or frustrating because you don't know where a word begins or ends, I understand that and the importance of ...
0
votes
0answers
32 views

When to use 「は」and when to use「が」? [duplicate]

When to use 「は」and when to use「が」?
3
votes
1answer
234 views

Can someone transliterate this artist's name? [closed]

This is a placard next to a work of art from a museum in Japan. I'm curious as to what it says—particularly, what the artist's name is.
2
votes
1answer
111 views

Heard that “master of something” is pronounced as 'shokaneen'—could you help me find the right term?

I attended a talk at SXSW and the chef Paul Qui had a great quote but I don't know how to spell the work in English (and Japanese) and could use some help. Here is the quote, with the best attempt at ...
2
votes
0answers
81 views

Usage of Heisig radical “big”

I'm using RTK to learn the Kanji and yet am pretty happy with it. To review the Kanji I am using an Anki deck. My question is about the usage of Heisig's 大 radical for example in 器. In the book ...
4
votes
2answers
151 views

How to say noun with/without noun

How do I express the concept of with/without in the following sentences: I'd like a coffee with sugar please. The best I can do is to use 'and': コーヒーとさとうを下さい And for 'without': I'd ...
1
vote
2answers
136 views

Is “げえしゃ” a valid pronunciation of “芸者”?

I've read on various web sites that in English, some people pronounce the word "geisha" as "geesha", and that it's a mispronunciation. For example, from Wikipedia: They almost exclusively ...
4
votes
1answer
112 views

Words for area/district/region: the actual difference between 地区、地帯、地域、地方 (and also 区域)?

地区 and 地方 have similar definitions, and 地帯 and 地域 are also defined similarly (at least according to JMdict/EDICT: 地区【ちく】 = district; section; sector 地方【ちほう】= district; region; area; locality ...
4
votes
2answers
428 views

Multiple “wo”s in a sentence?

I had always been told this never happened. I was a little skeptical, but since I never saw a sentence with two of the particle, I gradually came to accept that it was probably true. Well ironically, ...
3
votes
0answers
87 views

Why are Japanese vowels occasionally rhotacised in songs?

This might be a bit weird, but when I listen to Japanese music, sometimes I notice "r"-like sounds in syllable-final positions, or between vowels where there should be no [r]. I know that /r/ is not ...
0
votes
0answers
37 views

japanese conditional, when to use what? [duplicate]

I mainly have problems with たら and ば. please correct me if I'm wrong but と is used when something occurs naturally, "if you press the button the door opens", and similar situations. たら can be used ...
0
votes
1answer
70 views

What is the meaning of “くうとうめえから”

I found this sentence in a book : この魚もうたべあきただものね。だからあんたにやるよ。色は青いけれど刺身にしてくうとうめえから。 I didn't understand the last part of くうとうめえから
3
votes
2answers
307 views

What does シャリン mean here?

So, I have this sentence: 身動ぎすると、シャリンと涼やかな音が鳴り響く。 And I have no idea what シャリン is doing here. As far as I can tell, it's modifying 音, sound, but the only word "シャリン" that I've been able to find is ...
1
vote
2answers
99 views

What are the meanings of おはようございません and ありがとうございません?

Nobody seems to say those things. I want to know the meanings of おはようございません and ありがとうございません.
2
votes
1answer
58 views

Is this a 仮定形 (kateikei) form, and how to analyse it?

I'm stuck with the word かけ in the following text below (towards the beginning of Japanese tale, Kachikachi yama). Obviously, "(こしを)かけ" stands for "(腰を)掛ける" (to sit down). But what's the grammar ...
2
votes
2answers
73 views

What does 元本払戻金 mean?

I'm curious what 元本払戻金 means (in a financial/investment context), if there is a corresponding single English word, and how it is pronounced. Thanks!
1
vote
1answer
113 views

Sentence structure between two clauses question

I don't have a Japanese sentence example of something long, but let's say I have to sentence that has two clauses that are separated with a が followed by a comma. You feel that this second clause that ...
2
votes
1answer
105 views

What does “ 万寿一 ” and “ つうさん ” mean?

In a telephone register, 万寿一 was behind a surname. What does 万寿一 mean when written behind a surname? And second, I came across this sentence. つうさんのこと未だ引きずって、マイナス思考が激しいね。 What does つうさん mean? Is ...
2
votes
2answers
152 views

Meaning of “すわりがいい”?

In a book about introductory Mandarin Chinese written in Japanese, one of the first sections lists some special characteristics of Mandarin not familiar to Japanese speakers (e.g. usually only one ...
6
votes
1answer
399 views

Use of する to describe one's colour

From Japanesepod101: 象は灰色をしている。 The elephant is gray. The meaning of the sentence is not in doubt but I've been trying to figure how する is being used here. Checking a dictionary, definition ...
5
votes
3answers
212 views

What is the difference between 逃{のが}れた and 免{まぬが}れた?

What is the difference between 逃れた and 免れた? They both mean "avoided, escaped". When should I use each of them? I found the sentence in JLPT1 book, where you have to pick the right answer: ...
4
votes
1answer
72 views

What is the difference between 「利{り}益{えき}」 and 「利{り}潤{じゅん}」?

What is the difference between 「利益」 and 「利潤」? They both mean "profit". When shoud I use each of them?
4
votes
1answer
154 views

How many Jōyō Kanji are identical to simplified Hanzi?

How many Jōyō Kanji are identical to simplified Hanzi? If we need to define a restriction for the simplified Hanzi, I would suggest List of Frequently Used Characters in Modern Chinese.
2
votes
1answer
127 views

What does のに at the end of a sentence mean?

does it have a similar meaning to "が、ので etc." which basically make the sentence "softer" and imply something that isn't stated but that should be obvious to the listener? something like "though" in ...
3
votes
2answers
115 views

Order of verbs in this sentence

I'm trying to translate the English sentence below into Japanese: Each theory has a different understanding of how countries like China, Japan and South Korea behave towards each other. My best ...
4
votes
1answer
130 views

How do I say “it was the first time X (of this extent) happened?”

おはよう! I've across come this sentence and I've been wondering how to deconstruct its grammar for my own understanding/use (if I understood it correctly in the first place, that is). ...
4
votes
1answer
93 views

Help with 第一夜 by 夏目漱石: 「大きな潤のある眼で、長い睫に包まれた中は、ただ一面に真黒であった」

I bought the book "Breaking into Japanese Literature - Seven Modern Classics in Parallel text" and burned some billions of neurons to (try to) understand just the first page (lol). Well, I am having ...
2
votes
1answer
114 views

What does 兼 mean when it appears next to a person's name in an organizational chart?

The 兼 character appears next to some people's names in the organizational chart of the company I work at, as shown below. 田中 太郎 (兼) What meaning does the 兼 character signify in this context?
9
votes
1answer
276 views

Connecting adjectives, “does not have to A and B”

The simplest things seem to be the hardest. I am exercising the "does not have to be" structure. If I want to say "the book does not have to be expensive", it is (may be?): 本は高くなくてもいいです。 But ...
2
votes
1answer
56 views

Significance of と in ~からといって

From what I've read, からいって means "considering this..." 人気や知名度からいって、彼が選挙で当選するのは確実だろう。 But when you add "と" to form "からといって" it becomes "even though..." すぐにメールの返事が来ないからといって、心配することはないと思う。 ...
2
votes
1answer
104 views

Is it easier to learn Chinese after learning Japanese or vice versa? [closed]

For those who speak both Chinese and Japanese, would first learning Chinese make it easier to learn Japanese? I know that Japanese Kanji are derived from Chinese characters.
2
votes
1answer
98 views

Is オージー understood by non-Australian Japanese speakers?

Is the word "オージー" (in the meaning of "Aussie", not as in "old girl" or other meanings) understood by non-Australian Japanese speakers? Also, in English, non-Australians have a tendency to use ...
3
votes
4answers
175 views

Difference between 母語話者 and ネイティブスピーカー

Wiktionary says that the Japanese for "Native speaker" can be either "母語話者" or "ネイティブスピーカー". What difference, if any, is there between the two? Searching the corpus on jisho.org only got one hit for ...
1
vote
1answer
114 views

Reading this sentence right

I've studied Japanese a long time ago and decided to pick it up again. I'm reading from this novel but I want to make sure if I'm reading this sentence right. I having issues when sentences are long. ...
1
vote
2answers
82 views

help with this sentence from Pokemon (みちに だんさが あるだろ!)

みちに だんさが あるだろ! I am a pretty early beginner in japanese, and after mastering hiragana, katakana, and some conversational basics, I have jumped into trying to slowly play through an imported pokemon ...
5
votes
1answer
106 views

Difference between 出席【しゅっせき】する and 参加【さんか】する

Are these words interchangeable? Just for example I have found some sentences but do not see any difference between these word in meaning or politeness: 彼女【かのじょ】はそのコンテストに参加【さんか】した。 She took ...
3
votes
1answer
120 views

What literary purpose is served by not having a verb at the end of the sentence?

おはよう!  I've been coming across this written construction more and more and while it probably doesn't change anything grammar-wise, I wonder what parts of the sentences are stressed by changing the ...
5
votes
1answer
261 views

What's the meaning of 届けて

Can I ask a favour? I am trying to catch on the meaning of the song 涙をとどけて. I have caught everything except for the following 4 lines, which remain vague for me. 涙をとどけて 本当のこと 想いをとどけて 言えないこと ...
1
vote
2answers
92 views

Is there a difference between 爆発しないといい and 爆発しないとよくなる?

I'm having a hard time understanding how と works with negative verbs. With positive verbs, it is easy to see the timeframe of いい because it occurs after the verb happens, but if the verb ends in ない, ...
0
votes
1answer
59 views

“Masu” verb form vs “Imperfective” verb form

I'm trying to put together a chart for myself, to learn the rules for verb conjugation. However, I'm confused at the "Imperfective" and "Perfective" verb conjugations - aren't they just informal ...
0
votes
1answer
71 views

Can you use the “Ha, Heh, Hee, Ho” method for learning Japanese vowels?

In Spanish, you can use the "Ha, Heh, Hee, Ho" method for learning Spanish vowels. For example, A in Spanish sounds like the 'a' in Ha! E in Spanish sounds like the 'e' in Heh! I in Spanish sounds ...
2
votes
1answer
96 views

起きたことを … proper english rendering?

Reading an article from the Asahi Shimbun using Rikaikun, I'm trying to formulate a good translation for the first sentence: ある所で起きたことを、地名とともに象徴的に表す言葉がある。 → {Upon Waking?}, along with the place ...
3
votes
3answers
139 views

思うようにならず - what does it mean?

A definition of 辛気臭い【しんきくさい】 (三省堂): 思うようにならず、いらいらするさま。また、気がめいるさま Nara often implies something happening naturally, zu stands for 'without', so does the whole compound adverb stand for ...
9
votes
1answer
646 views

What is this verb form? 見せっこ

I am reading Hunter x Hunter, and the two protagonists (friends, and kids) are given cards that they are not supposed to reveal for the duration of the game. They start talking and they exchange a bit ...
2
votes
3answers
146 views

Separating words in a sentence [closed]

I am teaching myself Japanese with the aid of beginners textbooks and internet resources. I have learnt to read both the hiragana and katakana alphabets (yay!) I felt super excited and started trying ...
0
votes
2answers
121 views

What is the meaning of どうじゃい

I would like to know the definition of it. Thanks
4
votes
2answers
146 views

A self-introduction for academic purposes

I somehow managed to get a MEXT scholarship. Now I've got to make a self-presentation, but I've been struggling with it since I'm more used to reading than writing (which is one reason I could get ...
3
votes
2answers
102 views

How to say “X if Y”?

I want to say Please tell me if you want to go tomorrow!. I can translate Please tell me to ぼくにおしえてください and you want to go tomorrow to 明日あなたは行きたい, but how do I connected both with a conditional if? ...

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