1
vote
1answer
74 views

help with two lines of this song

These are two lines of the song "believe" of Kalafina... 1-what means 巡{めぐ}り来る時の中{なか}で? 巡{めぐ}り来る時の中{なか}で出{で}会{あ}った君といた僕を信{しん}じている 2-it is normal to change the order in songs (蒼{あお}い日々を切{き}り開{ひら}...
4
votes
1answer
93 views

In this sentence, is changing “迎える” to “迎えられる” for a potential or honorific reason?

Here is part of a document that I am reading: 本日は、世界最高の大学のひとつで卒業式を迎えられる皆さんとご一緒できて、とても光栄です。 "everyone who is able to be attending" or "everyone who is attending" as an honorific ?
2
votes
2answers
159 views

What does と in “対象とする” mean?

In Japanese version of Magic: the Gathering cards, there is a common idiom "[target description] を対象とする。[subject] それに [action]." For example, in this card: the Japanese text says "...
5
votes
1answer
75 views

Appending 内 to a company name is read ない or うち?

For example, if I say マイクロソフト内のパートナーシップは強いです, is the 内 here read as うち or ない?
4
votes
1answer
189 views

-まする verb ending. Is る a particle?

Has anyone ever come across the form -まする where -ます would be expected? I have just come across a sentence ending ...と存じまする. My first thought was that る must be a particle, but I can't find any ...
4
votes
1answer
98 views

Should: ほうがいい、べき、ことだ

So far, I have learned about three different ways to say "should" in Japanese. I'm interested in knowing the differences among ほうがいい、べき and ことだ. What are some situations that each form would be better ...
0
votes
0answers
79 views

Would “Jr.” be included with the family name or given name?

On the application that I am filling out, they have split up the name section into three parts much like any English application, but instead of 'Last name' it says 'Family name'. I usually put my ...
4
votes
2answers
99 views

What's the difference between [歓喜]{かん・き} and [喜悦]{き・えつ}?

From the definitions and examples I've seen, it seems that 喜悦 focuses more on the emotion of joy/happiness, and 歓喜 focuses more on the experience of the joy. Or am I looking too far into it?
2
votes
1answer
108 views

Is ある or いる used for moving water?

Much has been written about the distinction between ある and いる, such as which is appropriate for robots or corpses.I know water is usually referred to with ある, but in a sentence such as 'この川にはいっぱい水が「ある/...
2
votes
2answers
144 views

Is the object uniquely determined when using は in the following sentences?

卵は私が食べた。Speaking of the egg, I ate. Is what I ate the egg? Is it possible that I ate something other than the egg?
4
votes
2answers
183 views

Can もう一つ Be Used As a Question?

Hirigana: もう一{ひと}つ Translation: Another; One More Scenario: I'm drinking with a close friend and we've both finished our beers. I get up to go to the fridge, point to his empty bottle and say "もう一{...
4
votes
1answer
68 views

A single verb or phrasal verb that means “I have no choice but it is better if I let you win”?

Consider the following situations: Your mother has just one cake. You and your younger brother really like that cake. If you eat the cake, your younger brother will cry. As you are older so you must ...
1
vote
2answers
108 views

In a sentence that ends with a verb, when could “が” modify a 3rd person pronoun?

3rd person pronouns (both English and Japanese) and the particle "は" have a commonality. For pronouns (jp & eng) antecedent must exist in the conversation. An "antecedent" is what the pronoun ...
5
votes
1answer
107 views

Why is あるうちに correct but 残るうちに is not?

This question comes from 新完全マスター文法N2: ( )うちに欲しい物を買っておこう。 1. お金がある 2. 給料をもらう 3. お金が残る The second answer seems pretty obviously incorrect to me, but I'm not sure why #1 is correct yet #3 is not. ...
11
votes
2answers
1k views

です after some verbs

Super beginner question. I've learned that です means something like the state of being, or close to the be verb. Recently I found the following phrase: 犬がほしいです。 Why does it end with です if I am saying ...
3
votes
1answer
95 views

Understanding ということのはずだ in this sentence

食事に求められるものは多々あるがー栄養バランスだの、しあわせ感だの、心の交流だのーしかしそのなかでもっとも求められているものは、空腹を満たす、一刻もはやく満たす、ということのはずだが、...rant continues There are many things that are desired in a meal but, nutritional balance, a happy ...
6
votes
2answers
125 views

にしても and としても, is there a difference?

にしても and としても...Don't they both have a meaning of "even if"? Is there any subtle difference between these two forms?
3
votes
1answer
96 views

What are the differences between 出かける and 行く?

What are the differences between A and B? I think both mean almost the same thing. I often went to various places once I had bought a new car. A: 新しい車を買ったばかりのころは、よくいろいろな所へ行った。 B: ...
12
votes
3answers
2k views

What form is あり?

On the road outside my daughter's nursery is painted 保育園アリ. I guess this is a form of ある, but what's it called, and why is あり used not ある?
3
votes
1answer
93 views

Questions about causative constructions

If I wanted to say "The teacher who made the kids write a letter to their friend in the hospital", how should I write it? Are 2 にs ok in the same sentence? Would 病院にいる友達に子供に手紙を書かせた先生。be acceptable?...
0
votes
1answer
70 views

貢がせる verb and its usage

遠坂にそんな高価な品を貢がせる悪しき男はあたしが天に代わって誅罰を下してくれるわー!キエー!」 【貢がせる女、貢ぐ男】 1. 思わせぶりな態度で男に貢がせようとする女のこと。 2. セックスのために売春婦に金を払う男、または付き合うために女に貢ぐ男。 The evil man who is tricking Tohsaka with precious goods. Is this ...
1
vote
0answers
48 views

Imperative with masu stem [duplicate]

I just had my first karate lesson and was puzzled. When the instructor wanted us to start or stop he would say はじめ and やめ. I would have expected to hear はじめろ or はじめて for example. Is it proper grammar ...
3
votes
1answer
193 views

How to use nested causative?

I want to exaggerate my previous question by nesting one more causative action. Assume that there are a policeman, a girl with her dog, and a snatcher on the street. The dog belongs to the girl. ...
1
vote
0answers
73 views

What is the meaning of 「気のすまぬ」? [duplicate]

Here is the context including the word. なにが なんでも たたきのめさにゃ 気のすまぬ 男が俺の眼のまえに立ちはだかったんだ。 I found a word 「気がすまない」 in an online dictionary which gives the meaning of it as 'not to be able to settle ...
1
vote
1answer
96 views

Use of past tense in quoting others

In my textbook, it says the translation of "Roberto said it was interesting" to be Robert-さんはおもしろかったといっていました. Since we quote the person in the same tense they used, does this imply that Robert ...
2
votes
1answer
167 views

Using -ている form in the past tense

What's the difference between きのう、いちじかんほんをよみました。 and きのう、いちじかんほんをよんでいました。 ? What would be the equivalent English translations for the two sentences?
1
vote
1answer
154 views

Is the name Madori Japanese?

Yes, I do mean Madori and not Midori. I was told by my mother that it means 'angel of the sky.' I haven't found anything on this, however. In my research, I only found that it could be a variation of ...
1
vote
2answers
206 views

家を出ます ? Why not に?

Why is this を and not に to indicate moving in a direction? 今日は天気がいいから家を出ます Unless this example is wrong? But it is from JapanesePod101
4
votes
3answers
179 views

「5しゅうかん 日本語 を べんきょうしました」or 「日本語 を 5しゅうかん べんきょうしました」

わたしは くにで 5しゅうかん 日本語 を べんきょうしました。 わたしは くにで 日本語 を 5しゅうかん べんきょうしました。 I have seen sentence in this two orders. Which is more appropriate?
2
votes
1answer
75 views

What does 「~の ほうが」 mean in this sentence?

サッカー と やきゅう と どちらが おもしろいですか。 ....サッカーの ほうが おもしろいです。 What is the meaning of the answer here?
3
votes
1answer
123 views

What is the difference between Vてはじめる and はじめてV meaning?

例えば: 1.子供のとき、コーヒーをはじめて飲みました。 2.子供のとき、コーヒーを飲んではじめました。 I think both mean "When I was a child, I started/tried to drink coffee." And how do I say "I drink coffee for the first time"?
0
votes
1answer
93 views

Is the word ぐらい a noun? Why do we need の between ぐらい and はず?

Recall that はず can follow a noun followed by の a verb in plain form i adjective na adjective followed by な for the present tense and considering the following sentence, 十年前は小学生だったが、...
4
votes
1answer
65 views

What is the difference between 原因 and 要因, 解析 and 分析?

When I search meaning, both 原因 and 要因 mean cause. 解析 and 分析 mean analysis. But I think there will be little different meaning.
7
votes
3answers
3k views

What does the word 「のたのたして」mean?

Here is the context including the word. I put the blank spaces according to the column line breaks. なんでえ 大の男が まっぴるまから 酒くらって のたのたしてよう For this word, I have no clue to guess at all what it should ...
7
votes
1answer
95 views

What is つ in 中つ国 and why is it equivalent to の?

According to Wikipedia: 中つ国(なかつくに)とは中間の国、中央の国を意味し、「つ」は現代語の「の」に相当する。中津国、中国とも書く。 I looked for 津 in a dictionary but it seems to be an 当て字 so I did not get new information. But I can't get why の ...
3
votes
1answer
96 views

What is correct reading for 舞桜

What is the correct reading of word 舞桜? I found some pages, where they state, that it's one of variants of female name read as 「まお」, in this form meaning "dancing cherry blossom", but I checked in ...
3
votes
2answers
350 views

Is “da” used often in the casual speech?

Is "da" used often in the casual speech? Or is it often omitted whenever it's possible? For example: 1) Genki (da)? 2) Suki (da)? 3) Ke wa atsui (da) ne?
1
vote
0answers
69 views

Definition of 例車? [closed]

I hear this word often in train/subway stations, and I've seen it a couple times on the internet, but I can't find a definition for this word in the dictionaries I've checked. What is a 例車?
4
votes
2answers
88 views

Should the tense of predicate in main clause be the same as the tense of predicate in the relative clause?

It is a very basic question that I need to be confirmed. Consider the following sentence (taken from a book titled Essential Japanese Grammar by Masahiro Tanimori and Eriko Sato). ...
10
votes
1answer
2k views

What is the proper term for a bug fix with respect to Software Development

In English, when dealing with Software Development we sometimes refer to the word "fix" in order to describe some code change which makes an attempt to fix a bug, or problem in the code. For example: ...
3
votes
2answers
127 views

Do X and Y have the same state when using ~X にかぎらず Y?

Consider the following sentences. A: 女性に限らず、男性も化粧品を使うようになった。 My translations: A'1: Using cosmetics is not limited to women but also has been started by men. A'2: Not only women but ...
3
votes
2answers
157 views

How to use またしても?

I know that またしても means "again, moreover, in addition" and it often comes with relative nuance. However, given the below sentences, I don't know why it's only proper in a sentence but not both. 1/ ...
5
votes
4answers
298 views

About the meaning of 「しわよせ」

I was discussing with my Japanese friend about the meaning of 「しわ寄せ」, and none of us could come up with a way to say it in English. As far as I know, it could have several meanings. The first few of ...
1
vote
1answer
158 views

Inconsistency in applying direct object to 勝つ

As far as I know, the verb 勝つ takes a direct object with に as 彼はチェス試合に勝った。He won the chess match. and takes an indirect object with に対して as 彼は私に対してチェス試合に勝った。He won the chess match against me. ...
5
votes
2answers
407 views

Who is the subject of this sentence?

Most of the time when I read Japanese sentences, I have no confidence whether the speaker or another person is the subject. Let's see one example as follows. 主人は、料理にかけては、誰にも引けを取らないと信じている。 I ...
3
votes
2answers
420 views

What are the most obscure kanji?

To my understanding, there are standardised kanji that have either: No reliable information on how they are to be pronounced OR No reliable information on what they mean OR All of the above. Do ...
3
votes
2answers
115 views

The meaning of 二条大宮の百鬼夜行

早い話が堀川のお邸の御規模を拝見致しましても、壮大と申しませうか、豪放と申しませうか、到底私どもの凡慮には及ばない、思ひ切つた所があるやうでございます。中にはまた、そこを色々とあげつらつて大殿様の御性行を始皇帝や煬帝に比べるものもございますが、それは諺に云ふ群盲の象を撫でるやうなものでもございませうか。あの方の御思召は、決してそのやうに御自分ばかり、栄耀栄華をなさらうと申すのではございません。...
2
votes
2answers
89 views

How to say my friend with a name

For example, "my friend Tomoko" Is it correct to say "友達の朋子?" As in: 昨日、友達の朋子ちゃんと2人で買物に行きました。 Also, how would you say "my friend is called Tomoko"?
2
votes
1answer
74 views

How to determine the scope of modifiers in long sentences?

I found a difficulty to determine the scope of modifiers in long sentences. To make it clearer, see the following sentences. My translation may be wrong. Sentence 1 新しい工場を建てるに当たって(は)、環境への影響などを調べ、...

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