All Questions

0
votes
1answer
106 views

What's the first character in the phrase 「?度乾燥しなさい」?

A couple days ago I came across the following Japanese phrase: ?度乾燥しなさい "?" represents a character I was unable to recognize. Attempts at drawing it on Google Android handwriting input yielded ...
5
votes
2answers
142 views

Greetings to use in email enquiries

As a potential customer, how should I start and end an email if I am emailing a business, for example, to ask about a product? How should I introduce myself? Would I need to use 謙譲語 and 尊敬語? ...
5
votes
4answers
143 views

What is the difference between 積もる 【つもる】 and 溜まる 【たまる】?

What is the difference between 積もる 【つもる】 and 溜まる 【たまる】? I've found the verbs used like this: 洗濯{せんたく}が溜まる{たまる}。 雪{ゆき}が深く{ふかく}積もる{つもる}。 In this context, are these verbs interchangeable? Can I say ...
6
votes
2answers
462 views

Usage of か after a clause?

Here's a sentence I found: デパートはどこにあるか、知っていますか? Do you know where the department store is? What's the purpose of the か particle in 「どこにあるか」? Under what circumstances do I use it? I'm fairly ...
5
votes
2answers
196 views

What is the best expression used by an employee to appreciate his/her employer?

Assume that the employer gives a presentation to the public audience. After the presentation, you as the employee want to appreciate it. What is the best expression used by an employee to appreciate ...
9
votes
1answer
320 views

What is the difference between 沸く【わく】, 炊く【たく】, 茹でる【ゆでる】, 煮る【にる】, and 蒸す【むす】?

I am learning JLPT N2. I came across these words in one sentence. I couldn't find the difference between 沸く【わく】, 炊く【たく】, 茹でる【ゆでる】, 煮る【にる】, and 蒸す【むす】. All the words have similar meanings. Can anyone ...
0
votes
1answer
133 views

Both 当たり前 and 相変わらず seem to mean “usual” or “ordinary”. What's the difference between them?

What is the difference between [当たり前]【あたりまえ】 and [相変わらず]【あいかわらず】? They both seem to mean “the usual” or “ordinary”.
7
votes
1answer
256 views

In 君が代, what's the function of の?

I've got a question about the two instances of の in 君が代: さざれ石の巌となりて 苔の生すまで First, is さざれ石の巌 to be interpreted as a boulder made of pebbles (analogous to, say, 木製の槍)? Second, is the の in 苔の生すまで ...
1
vote
2answers
193 views

How do I translate this small passage about make-up, depression, and Alzheimer?

Can somebody help me with the translation for 実際にうつ病やアルツハイマーの治療として、女性患者に化粧やヘアチェンジを実践することもあるくらいです。お化粧はテンションをあげてくれるお薬でもあるんですね。 I came up with this Did you know (or truthfully), as a treatment ...
6
votes
3answers
252 views

What's the appropriate 挨拶 for e-mails to a friend and for e-mails to customer service?

Most of the time when I'm composing e-mail in Japanese it's either: A friendly, informal e-mail to a friend A request for tech support or similar customer service When composing these e-mails I ...
10
votes
1answer
220 views

What is the meaning of: 「ばえていくけん」?

The complete phrase is: 「日本中で、ばえていくけん!」. With the けん at the end, I thought it might have been something from a Kyushu dialect, but the person who said this is from Tottori. The only part I'm really ...
2
votes
3answers
1k views

What does てたも mean?

In an anime series called "Ojarumaru", the title character sometimes ends his sentences with てたも. I can't really figure out what it means. Here are some dialogue examples from the show: 助けてたも! ...
4
votes
1answer
333 views

What's that accordion style book you can get at shrines called?

When one goes to shrines, one can get an accordion style book where one can pay a couple hundred yen to have a shrine's seal written inside. What is that book called?
4
votes
1answer
179 views

の versus こと in head-internal relative clauses

I'm sure something similar to this has been asked already, but I'm hoping this is a little different. I imagine the nominalizing usage of の is related to its noun modifying usage, like: 食べるの ...
1
vote
1answer
68 views

How should I refer to food whose name mentions its main ingredients?

In Spanish we have lots of dishes whose names refer to the main ingredients it has. For example "arroz con pollo" (rice and chicken), "arroz con leche" (rice and milk), or "pollo con papas" (chicken ...
0
votes
1answer
126 views

Using double negative

Would appreciate if someone helped me understand the following word patterns with examples: なかなか〜ない ほとんど〜ない ぜんぜん〜ない Can any of them be used in a positive context too?
7
votes
2answers
161 views

What is the difference between 思【おも】い付【つ】く and 思【おも】い浮【う】かぶ?

The words 思い付く and 思い浮かぶ both mean something along the lines of "to come to mind". But I'm not actually sure about the details of when to use one versus the other. Yet, at the same time, they don't ...
1
vote
2answers
121 views

What does 「かけようかどうしようか」 mean?

The sentence below is taken from a light novel. 声をかけようかどうしようか迷っていたら、ほんの一瞬風が止んだ I don't understand what 「かけようかどうしようか」 means. Is it an expression? This light novel sometimes omits kanji and I'm ...
1
vote
3answers
190 views

Meaning of 資料共 in the context of web conferencing

The literal translation for "資料共" seems to be "total" (Google Translate) or "Documents" (Rikaichan). How would you parse it and interpret it in the context of web conferencing? It's supposed to be ...
2
votes
2answers
197 views

Natural Usage of けれども

In this question before, I tried to produce examples of the usage of けれども (けど, けども). These are those examples: 犬{いぬ}がほえているけれども、だれか外{そと}にいるんじゃない? ...
1
vote
2answers
120 views

Difference between 変{か}わり and 変{か}える

What is difference between 変わり and 変える ? 変える means "to change". Maybe 変わり is just a noun? Or maybe there is some grammar rule?
0
votes
1answer
94 views

How can I translate these workplace goals into Japanese? [closed]

I'm an ALT and my supervisor asked me to write my goals in Japanese this year. I'm trying to keep it simple, but I really struggle with putting English into Japanese. Here is my attempt Deepen ...
3
votes
2answers
128 views

How do you say “after all”, in the sense of reaffirming or justifying a previous statement?

For example: "You should wear a jacket. After all, it's snowing out there." "Of course I bought you a present! It's our anniversary after all." I tried an online dictionary but they gave me a lot ...
6
votes
1answer
109 views

How to reply to a business email with “yes, I'm ok with this time frame”?

So I received an email from one of our suppliers who aims to visit my company and have a meeting with me, the main part of it is 12月5日(金)13時以降にご都合は如何でしょうか? Now, I am fine with the mentioned ...
4
votes
2answers
412 views

How is かって being used here?

いつまでに送ればいいかっていうことですよ。 I can kind of get whats going on here. Forgive me if I'm mistaken but I think it means "When are you expected to send this thing, is what I mean". I don't understand how かって ...
2
votes
2answers
119 views

the omission of an implied “の” creates the appearance of a 四字熟語{よじじゅくご}?

I believe that www.yojijukugo.com has a pretty thorough list of 四字熟語? Is there a better site? However, I know that I've seen a lot of 4, or more, adjacent kanji that are not listed as 熟語。An example ...
3
votes
2answers
125 views

Translation help with this sentence? 何人も触れること能わぬ- everyone or no one?

何【なん】人【びと】も触れる【ふれる】こと能わぬ【あたわぬ】才媛【さいえん】 I'm having trouble with this sentence. I'm just confused as to whether '能わぬ' counts as a negative verb that affects 何人も or not. Since I know 何人も means ...
0
votes
1answer
57 views

The etymology of 頭{あたま}金{きん}

頭金 means "initial deposit". The meaning of first Kanji is "head", the second - "money, gold". How to understand them both - etymology? "Head" + "money" seems not related.
4
votes
2answers
465 views

Can you substitute やっぱり with さすが in 「疲れているが、やっぱり行くつもりだ」?

In such a sentence as 「疲れているが、やっぱり行くつもりだ」, can you substitute やはり with さすが, with the meaning of "as one would expect", "also", "as I thought", "still"? How would the meaning change in this sentence? I ...
10
votes
3answers
523 views

How do I say “He already went to do X for me”, implying he is still in the process of X, not finished?

The other day at some festival a few japanese friends asked me something to the effect of アイスを買ってくるけど、行く? But I had already asked a friend, who had not yet returned, to get some for me. So I said ...
1
vote
1answer
92 views

What is the English equivalent of ストーリー総監修?

I'm confused as to the meaning of this cinematic term found in the credit of a movie. ストーリー総監修? Story Total Supervising Editor?? I'm not sure what this means. Is there any English equivalent to this ...
3
votes
1answer
172 views

NHK has a series titled 「きらり!えん旅【たび】」. What does the えん in えん旅 mean?

I saw a broadcast named 「えん旅」 on NHK. It's about travel, food, culture. Is it some abbreviation? I don't understand what the 「えん~」 part means.
2
votes
1answer
118 views

買う, durative or instantaneous?

I'm at the point in my textbook where it explains the use of -ている and the three kind of verbs related to its use: stative, durative, instantaneous. The book says I should ask myself if saying ...
2
votes
2answers
143 views

Can the である copula be explained as で (particle) + ある (to exist), i.e. “to exist in the form of ~”?

Recently, I read this article which interprets である as described by this post's title, so 学生である would be analyzed as "(I) exist in the form of a student". On one hand, である originated from にて + あり, ...
2
votes
1answer
69 views

What function does で have in the sentence 馬は動物である? [duplicate]

I have a denshijisho, always giving me helpful expressions attached to a kanji/word etc. and this time it was 馬は動物である。 A horse is an animal. in which I don't understand the function of the ...
2
votes
1answer
76 views

使ってみなさい, and 使っても意味のない場所

After a brief hiatus I'm getting back into my Japanese study. I've hit a roadblock straight away ;-) I am having trouble with the use of '使ってみなさい' here. I don't think I've seen it before. -なさい means ...
3
votes
1answer
283 views

Is 「やってもた」 the same as 「やってしまった」? What is the grammatical rule behind this?

I have recently seen 「やってもた」 used in a Japanese conversation, I don't remember the context exactly, but it was something like: 久々にやってもた。 After asking my Japanese friend, it turns out to be some ...
7
votes
3answers
6k views

What are the differences/characteristics between katakana, kanji and hiragana?

I know that romaji is the conversion from those to the roman alphabet, but what are the differences or characteristics between katakana, kanji, and hiragana? Are they used on a different context? Is ...
11
votes
4answers
2k views

What is the significance of の in 「鳥の詩」?

I've seen it used in many places, and sometimes it feels like a connection between words. For example in 「鳥の詩」 (tori no uta), it looks as if the の is connecting 鳥 (tori) and 詩 (uta), and I would like ...
14
votes
2answers
689 views

Rules for emphasizing by lengthening sounds

Sometimes, sounds are lengthened for emphasis. For example, see "とっても versus とても". What are the rules governing this process? Are there restrictions on where lengthening can be inserted? とっても or ...
4
votes
2answers
139 views

What are valid responses to the expressions 「はじめまして」 and 「よろしくおねがいします」 used in introductions?

I came across a learn-Japanese book from the 1980s and wanted to know what you guys think. The book gave a general formula for introduction and here is how it goes: Someone says their name with any ...
9
votes
8answers
2k views

What are the advantages/disadvantages of writing in romaji instead of in kanji and kana?

Romaji is somewhat of a conversion from kanji and kana to the Roman alphabet. What are the disadvantages of learning only or mostly romaji aside from being unable to read/write in kanji? I don't ...
1
vote
1answer
175 views

What is “うち” in “ごろうち”?

I recently came across this sentence: たかしは7時ごろうちに帰りました。 I do understand that it probably means たかし came home at around 7, but from what I learnt to say "around 7" it's: 7時ごろ. So it has no ...
1
vote
1answer
56 views

What's the word for “life” but with emphasis on the positiveness of life?

I know that 人生 is used for “human life”, and 生命 for “life” in the biological sense. But I want to express that life (whatever) is something good, something positive and I don´t know if it's possible.
1
vote
4answers
146 views

たの at the end of 「そんなに寝ぼけるまで熟睡してたの?」

Could you help me with this sentence (it's from Attack on Titan) そんなに寝ぼけるまで熟睡【じゅくすい】してたの? そんな refers to the muttering he did earlier まで probably doesn't mean "until", but rather "even" So ...
2
votes
0answers
70 views

Don't understand the use of そして + に in a sentence [closed]

I just received an answer from a Japanese friend about a video I sent her. The video shows my dog doing stuff. She answered with, among other things, these two sentences: ...
2
votes
1answer
80 views

「床屋」と「髪床」の違いは何ですか?

「床屋」と「髪床」と言う単語の意味は何か違いますか? どちらが古いですか?もし両方は古かったら、今の時代に「美容院」以外に髪を切る場所に関して何の単語を使ったほうが良いですか? よろしくお願いします。
0
votes
1answer
102 views

Meaning of JAPAなび

What is the meaning of 「JAPAなび」? The term is often used on NHK あさイチ broadcasts. Maybe 「なび」is for "navigation" here?
5
votes
1answer
135 views

Significance of 「温」 in 「温故知新」

This question came to my mind while playing 漢字読めるカナ for Android to pass time. 温故知新 is a 4-character idiom from the 論語, Confucian Analects, meaning to learn from the past. It is a Chinese phrase* and ...
4
votes
1answer
254 views

Difference between 生まれてくる and 生まれる

What is the difference between 生まれてくる and 生まれる? I looked up くる in 大辞林 and found the following: ある事態が出現し,またある現象が現れる意を表す。 「生まれてくる子供のために」 「なくした本が出てきた」 But this still doesn't help me understand ...

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