3
votes
2answers
150 views

木 vs 樹 for trees

It seems that one difference between the usage of 木 and 樹 is that while both mean tree, the former is also used to mean wood. My question is, is there a further distinction for living trees? I'm ...
3
votes
2answers
101 views

と particle usage - am I understanding it correctly?

These two sentences don't seem to fit to the grammar rules on と that I've been able to dig up so far: ぼんやりとした意識{いしき}のまま窓{まど}に視線{しせん}をやると、とっくに日が昇{のぼ}っていた。 This form seems to fit と as an 'if/when' ...
3
votes
1answer
77 views

Meaning of 「兵法」

I have a question about the meaning of 兵法 in the following passage. If I'm understanding correctly in the first sentence it means 「剣術・柔術などの武術」. But what about the last one? Does 双厳 says something like ...
4
votes
1answer
111 views

レアチーズケーキ: Does 「レア」 originally come from “rare” or from “layer”?

レアチーズケーキ is a kind of cheesecake which is not baked. What is the etymology of the レア part of this word? Academic references needed, as this is a controversial topic: The top Google result claims ...
2
votes
1answer
117 views

独{ひと}り善{よ}がりの考え - what does it mean?

I'm struggling to understand this [definition][1]: [名・形動]他人の意見を無視して、自分だけでよいと思い込んでいること。また、そのさま。どくぜん。「―な(の)言動」. 「デジタル大辞泉」 Namely this part: 自分だけでよいと思い込んでいる I am not sure what "thinking that ...
2
votes
2answers
123 views

What's the difference between 最近、このごろ and 近頃?

I always thought that they had similar meanings, however I got an exercise where I got all 3 of them and one only is the right choice.
2
votes
1answer
82 views

How to say “lose a friendship/drift apart”?

I want to say that "as A becomes closer friends with C, B gets jealous and A and B drift apart". What I have so far is A-さんは C-さんと仲良くすればするほど、B-さんがうらやましくなって、A-さんと_____てしまう。
5
votes
2answers
109 views

開始三秒 - what does it mean?

I assume it's always a (vs)noun, so 開始三秒 must be a noun composed of 開始{かいし} and 三秒{さんびょう}? If that is true, does it mean "before 3 seconds have elapsed?" (it would seem so from the context), but given ...
3
votes
2answers
142 views

What is the difference between [新規]{しんき} and [新]{あたら}しい?

What is the difference between [新規]{しんき} and [新]{あたら}しい? Both mean "new". What are the nuances here?
3
votes
2answers
110 views

Activity verbs vs Change verbs

My textbook makes a difference between verbs that describe activities and verbs that describe changes. Two examples given are: 話す - activity 結婚する - change It then goes on to say that 話している ...
4
votes
1answer
104 views

what's the grammar of ださん?

I read in a Japanese tale (kachikachi yama) : An old man (a peasant) is happy since he just catched a tanuki and says to his wife : 「それじゃ ちょっくら まちへ かいものに いってくるから たぬきが にげださんように きをつけておくれ。」 ...
2
votes
1answer
78 views

“Ikkigomi”? Single comment in Japanese

At least that's what I think is being said, "ikkigomi". It means like "single comment" or "impressions" or something, but I don't know how it's written in Japanese. If someone could enlighten/correct ...
0
votes
1answer
60 views

Can anyone help translate this Kanji? [closed]

Can someone please help me translate this kanji? I saw it on a tattoo and would like to know what it means. Thank you so very much in advance!
1
vote
2answers
112 views

~の帰り - what does this mean?

会社の帰りに本屋に寄るのが楽しみです Does this means on the way back to company or start from company, and back to some where else ? And also why use に after 帰り, what does that mean?
2
votes
2answers
124 views

What does it mean to describe a joke as “ジェネギャ”?

ジェネギャなジョーク Need help with translating to English the above phrase. I know it is some kind of joke and Google Translate is not helping much. Thanks in advance.
1
vote
1answer
85 views

When to use もちろん, うん, and はい?

In my understanding : もちろん = of course はい = yes うん = yes When is each of them more appropriate to use, or is it basically just preference? Are other options more casual than the other options?
2
votes
2answers
92 views

前 in 十年前の話 - ぜん, まえ, or さき?

十年前の話 I'm not sure how 前 is supposed to be read in constructs like these. Is it safe to assume that because 十年{じゅうねん} is 音読み then I should use the whole thing as じゅうんえんぜん (IME is returning both ...
2
votes
2answers
113 views

Use of 何か in this sentence

Please explain the grammar behind how 何か is used in this sentence そこにはきっと何かお話があるに違いない。 I'm translating it as There must surely be a story there But I don't understand what 何か is doing. Can ...
3
votes
1answer
103 views

Does 'かわいそ' in this context mean 'is pitiful' or 'I feel pity for'?

This ties in to the dialogue in a previous question I'd asked, although the subject is different, so I thought it best to separate it into another question. For context, the series is in the middle ...
1
vote
1answer
101 views

Using the Nelson index# as a means to order kanji? What do natives use?

What is the universal standard used by Japanese natives to assign ordering to a group of kanji that might be as simple as: [決、元、川、湖] As a non-native, my thinking is that I can use the index# of ...
3
votes
1answer
77 views

ひとこと・いちげん・いちごん - what is the difference?

This is one of my most frequently encountered words and yet outside of specific constructs (e.g. 一言一句{いちごんいっく}) I am never sure if I'm reading it right. How does it stand by itself? Dictionary entries ...
2
votes
1answer
96 views

名詞+のない?名詞+がない?Which one is better here?

I am doing my Japanese reading, and I came across this sentence: 快復の見込みのない末期状態になったとき、単なる延命治療... I don't understand why we use の here instead of が. I am still a beginner so I always use 名詞+がない. I ...
2
votes
1answer
137 views

Understanding hiragana-only texts in videogames

I've been reading since a long time ago that reading hiragana only texts is quite difficult or frustrating because you don't know where a word begins or ends, I understand that and the importance of ...
0
votes
0answers
32 views

When to use 「は」and when to use「が」? [duplicate]

When to use 「は」and when to use「が」?
3
votes
1answer
234 views

Can someone transliterate this artist's name? [closed]

This is a placard next to a work of art from a museum in Japan. I'm curious as to what it says—particularly, what the artist's name is.
2
votes
0answers
75 views

Heard that “master of something” is pronounced as 'shokaneen'—could you help me find the right term?

I attended a talk at SXSW and the chef Paul Qui had a great quote but I don't know how to spell the work in English (and Japanese) and could use some help. Here is the quote, with the best attempt at ...
2
votes
0answers
78 views

Usage of Heisig radical “big”

I'm using RTK to learn the Kanji and yet am pretty happy with it. To review the Kanji I am using an Anki deck. My question is about the usage of Heisig's 大 radical for example in 器. In the book ...
4
votes
2answers
149 views

How to say noun with/without noun

How do I express the concept of with/without in the following sentences: I'd like a coffee with sugar please. The best I can do is to use 'and': コーヒーとさとうを下さい And for 'without': I'd ...
1
vote
2answers
135 views

Is “げえしゃ” a valid pronunciation of “芸者”?

I've read on various web sites that in English, some people pronounce the word "geisha" as "geesha", and that it's a mispronunciation. For example, from Wikipedia: They almost exclusively ...
4
votes
1answer
109 views

Words for area/district/region: the actual difference between 地区、地帯、地域、地方 (and also 区域)?

地区 and 地方 have similar definitions, and 地帯 and 地域 are also defined similarly (at least according to JMdict/EDICT: 地区【ちく】 = district; section; sector 地方【ちほう】= district; region; area; locality ...
4
votes
2answers
423 views

Multiple “wo”s in a sentence?

I had always been told this never happened. I was a little skeptical, but since I never saw a sentence with two of the particle, I gradually came to accept that it was probably true. Well ironically, ...
3
votes
0answers
85 views

Why are Japanese vowels occasionally rhotacised in songs?

This might be a bit weird, but when I listen to Japanese music, sometimes I notice "r"-like sounds in syllable-final positions, or between vowels where there should be no [r]. I know that /r/ is not ...
0
votes
0answers
37 views

japanese conditional, when to use what? [duplicate]

I mainly have problems with たら and ば. please correct me if I'm wrong but と is used when something occurs naturally, "if you press the button the door opens", and similar situations. たら can be used ...
0
votes
1answer
67 views

What is the meaning of “くうとうめえから”

I found this sentence in a book : この魚もうたべあきただものね。だからあんたにやるよ。色は青いけれど刺身にしてくうとうめえから。 I didn't understand the last part of くうとうめえから
3
votes
2answers
305 views

What does シャリン mean here?

So, I have this sentence: 身動ぎすると、シャリンと涼やかな音が鳴り響く。 And I have no idea what シャリン is doing here. As far as I can tell, it's modifying 音, sound, but the only word "シャリン" that I've been able to find is ...
1
vote
2answers
93 views

What are the meanings of おはようございません and ありがとうございません?

Nobody seems to say those things. I want to know the meanings of おはようございません and ありがとうございません.
2
votes
1answer
56 views

Is this a 仮定形 (kateikei) form, and how to analyse it?

I'm stuck with the word かけ in the following text below (towards the beginning of Japanese tale, Kachikachi yama). Obviously, "(こしを)かけ" stands for "(腰を)掛ける" (to sit down). But what's the grammar ...
2
votes
2answers
73 views

What does 元本払戻金 mean?

I'm curious what 元本払戻金 means (in a financial/investment context), if there is a corresponding single English word, and how it is pronounced. Thanks!
1
vote
1answer
113 views

Sentence structure between two clauses question

I don't have a Japanese sentence example of something long, but let's say I have to sentence that has two clauses that are separated with a が followed by a comma. You feel that this second clause that ...
2
votes
1answer
105 views

What does “ 万寿一 ” and “ つうさん ” mean?

In a telephone register, 万寿一 was behind a surname. What does 万寿一 mean when written behind a surname? And second, I came across this sentence. つうさんのこと未だ引きずって、マイナス思考が激しいね。 What does つうさん mean? Is ...
2
votes
2answers
150 views

Meaning of “すわりがいい”?

In a book about introductory Mandarin Chinese written in Japanese, one of the first sections lists some special characteristics of Mandarin not familiar to Japanese speakers (e.g. usually only one ...
6
votes
1answer
394 views

Use of する to describe one's colour

From Japanesepod101: 象は灰色をしている。 The elephant is gray. The meaning of the sentence is not in doubt but I've been trying to figure how する is being used here. Checking a dictionary, definition ...
5
votes
3answers
210 views

What is the difference between 逃{のが}れた and 免{まぬが}れた?

What is the difference between 逃れた and 免れた? They both mean "avoided, escaped". When should I use each of them? I found the sentence in JLPT1 book, where you have to pick the right answer: ...
4
votes
1answer
72 views

What is the difference between 「利{り}益{えき}」 and 「利{り}潤{じゅん}」?

What is the difference between 「利益」 and 「利潤」? They both mean "profit". When shoud I use each of them?
4
votes
1answer
153 views

How many Jōyō Kanji are identical to simplified Hanzi?

How many Jōyō Kanji are identical to simplified Hanzi? If we need to define a restriction for the simplified Hanzi, I would suggest List of Frequently Used Characters in Modern Chinese.
2
votes
1answer
126 views

What does のに at the end of a sentence mean?

does it have a similar meaning to "が、ので etc." which basically make the sentence "softer" and imply something that isn't stated but that should be obvious to the listener? something like "though" in ...
3
votes
2answers
112 views

Order of verbs in this sentence

I'm trying to translate the English sentence below into Japanese: Each theory has a different understanding of how countries like China, Japan and South Korea behave towards each other. My best ...
4
votes
1answer
128 views

How do I say “it was the first time X (of this extent) happened?”

おはよう! I've across come this sentence and I've been wondering how to deconstruct its grammar for my own understanding/use (if I understood it correctly in the first place, that is). ...
4
votes
1answer
92 views

Help with 第一夜 by 夏目漱石: 「大きな潤のある眼で、長い睫に包まれた中は、ただ一面に真黒であった」

I bought the book "Breaking into Japanese Literature - Seven Modern Classics in Parallel text" and burned some billions of neurons to (try to) understand just the first page (lol). Well, I am having ...
1
vote
1answer
111 views

What does 兼 mean when it appears next to a person's name in an organizational chart?

The 兼 character appears next to some people's names in the organizational chart of the company I work at, as shown below. 田中 太郎 (兼) What meaning does the 兼 character signify in this context?

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