0
votes
1answer
68 views

Can か follow である?

I know it can't follow だ, but is this possible?
2
votes
1answer
38 views

What's the difference between 復帰, 復元 and 復旧

What's the difference between 復帰{ふっき}, 復元{ふくげん} and 復旧{ふっきゅう}? The both seem to mean restore. (I generally use these words in a computer context as in restoring files or settings. Related: ...
7
votes
2answers
1k views

can one ever say “おいかがですか?”

I have almost always added 美化語{びかご} to "いかが" (making "おいかが"). However, a native speaker just told me that "おいかが" sounds unnatural. I'd like to double check this. Is it ever natural to add 美化語 to ...
-2
votes
3answers
78 views

Can I say this sentence in another way? [closed]

Please have a look at this sentence 彼の実力を考えと、今回のかれの受賞は驚くには当たらない Can I say 彼の実力を考えて、今回のかれの受賞は驚くには当たらない If I say 彼の実力を考えて、今回のかれの受賞は驚くのには当たらない is it okay?
3
votes
1answer
98 views

Neutral vs. Exhaustive が

The particle が has a property that implies that, of all items from some group, the sentences applies exclusively to the noun before it. For example, in a room of people from different countries, ...
2
votes
2answers
212 views

What is the meaning of 第ー部

In attempting to translate an advertising poster, I ran into some difficulties. The poster reads: 第一部 ガールズバンドライブ 第二部 カウントダウンライブ The katakana is easy enough: 'Girl Band Live / Countdown Live', but ...
4
votes
1answer
95 views

Confusion on usage of か marking alternatives with verbs

Most textbooks note that using か to mark two noun alternatives, the last one can be omitted. However, what about verbs? Would a textbook sentence such as 今晩の食事はステーキにするか、すしにするかまだ決めていません。 Stay ...
4
votes
3answers
274 views

How much does it matter if I use the wrong 'if'?

Specifically talking about ば、なら、たら、and と here. I just read Derek Schaab's excellent reply to this question on when to use the different forms of conditionals -- something I'm really struggling with ...
0
votes
1answer
208 views

Explaining Tense in Japanese

I find that Japanese is a weird language for its learners, especially for those who've already learned English. In English one usually uses two tenses: present and past, however in Japanese there are ...
1
vote
1answer
77 views

What is the meaning of the word たんじゃ?

It is a situation which a boy who is carrying some goods after successfully escaped from chasing by policemen. Here is the full sentence. なあ...わらってたんじゃわからねえよ。
0
votes
2answers
113 views

Why are there multiple katakana readings for a single kanji?

When I look at a kanji word I see one, or multiple Hiragana pronunciations (or should I call it translation?) - sometimes the pronunciations are for different kanjis, but that's not the question. ...
0
votes
1answer
93 views

Is this sentence correct?

Would u please test this sentence for me? '図書館でいお(ro)いろな教室でできないことができる' some of my mates said it is wrong while some said it is right
4
votes
1answer
126 views

How common/formal is あたくし?

A while ago, I discovered that あたし has a more-formal variant: あたくし This is obviously very similar to the relationship between わたし and わたくし. However, there are a couple of details that I'm not too ...
3
votes
1answer
89 views

Are there any differences between 仕事 and 作業

I have ran across these two words being used in some articles and blog sites. It seems they both translates to "work" but when and why would you use one over the other? Thanks.
1
vote
0answers
49 views

Regarding the word あたくし [duplicate]

It seems too formal for casual use, but too casual for formal use. In what sort of situation would anyone use あたくし?
5
votes
1answer
108 views

Which particle(s) can be used to list nominalised verbs?

Here's the sentence I'm trying to express in Japanese. "I have changed my life, I've become a cheerful person, all because of him!" And this is how I would translate it. ...
3
votes
2answers
108 views

The logic behind kanji choice for country name ateji

亜米利加【アメリカ】 伊太利亜【イタリア】 独逸【ドイツ】 I know these spellings are rarely used... My question is: Why did they choose exactly these kanji characters for spelling these countries' names? Could ...
2
votes
2answers
120 views

What do the words 「きてやった」 mean?

It is a situation that a little girl throwing several raw eggs to two policemen. After that, she was running away and saying the below sentence. Here is the sentence. なっとうもふりかけてきてやった
4
votes
1answer
450 views

I think it's incorrect: 小さいのより大きい方がいいです。 is it?

Somewhere I encountered the following example sentence: 小{ちい}さいのより大{おお}きい方{ほう}がいいです。 It's supposed to mean "The big (one) is better than the small (one)." If I understand correctly, より should ...
3
votes
1answer
90 views

What is the difference between 良い and いい?

Consider the following: 良い yoi — 良く yoku いい ii — よく yoku When typing いい, IME offers 良い in the lookup table. It makes me wonder whether いい is just an alias of 良い but it is pronounced ...
4
votes
2answers
112 views

What does こと mean in 彼らは騒々しいことおびただしい?

Example sentence from プログレッシブ和英中辞典: 彼らは騒々しいことおびただしい They are making a terrible noise [racket]. I don't know if that's 事 or 言, or 殊 (or something else?) so no idea where to even start looking...
3
votes
1answer
116 views

Does 'this friday' take に

I'm happy that the following is correct: 金曜日にケーキを食べる. I will eat cake on Friday. But what about this: 今週の金曜日にケーキを食べる I will eat cake (on) this Friday In English putting "on" in ...
3
votes
1answer
83 views

What's the difference between 信じる, 信用する and 信頼する?

What's the difference between 信じる, 信用する and 信頼する ? How can I know which one to use? According to my dictionary they all mean "to trust". Are they interchangeable? For example, I trust you.
3
votes
3answers
76 views

Trying to understand numbers

I started learning japaness no long ago and I'm quite confused about two numbers Seven and nine, I have learned that seven is shichi and that nine is ku But I also know that seven is nana, and nine ...
3
votes
3answers
111 views

How did 逸 come to feature in pleasure/idleness words?

I can't judge the reliability of http://www.kanjinetworks.com (and it is probably controversial), but there the speed, movement meaning of 逸 is linked to its claimed origins in 兎{うさぎ}. Hence 逸する, 逸らす ...
2
votes
1answer
115 views

Emphatic / Focus loss upon translating between active and passive sentences?

Background information (Do point out if I got anything wrong along the way) So I'm working through Jay Rubin's Making Sense of Japanese, and I've familiarized myself with the concept of zero ...
2
votes
1answer
721 views

Can a man address a woman with sama 様【さま】?

I've seen Japanese women address their husbands with the -sama suffix. Would it be appropriate for a man do the same in some cases? In which context can this be used?
3
votes
2answers
63 views

Why is connective form missing from this sentence?

Example sentence from 研究社 新和英大辞典 第5版: その詩人の発想はまことに融通無碍{ゆうずうむげ}、 操る言葉は自由自在だ The poet has a truly unlimited command of ideas and manipulates words with complete freedom. At the moment I can only ...
2
votes
1answer
89 views

Adverbial Clauses

Thinking about sentence structure in Japanese. Given that the simplest sentence in Japanese is a stand-alone verb, would it be valid to say that the rest of the sentence is an adverbial clause, and ...
1
vote
1answer
102 views

Asking about “time sent” and “time received”

What is the proper syntax for questions like "When was this message sent?" or "When did you receive my message?". Another example would be "What time was it when was this message received?". Beyond ...
0
votes
1answer
137 views

The usage of ~かね

Can you describe, in great detail, how ~かね is used, please?
2
votes
1answer
72 views

Use of に in this sentence

たえ子が入っていったのはジュエリーの有名店である。高級店のたたずまいに怖じ気づきつつ、たえ子に続く。 (from the book おまえじゃなきゃだめなんだ.) I understand this sentence as The store Taeko entered was a famous jewelry store, and while she was ...
4
votes
1answer
154 views

ばかり usage in 目もくらむばかりの宝石の山

An example phrase from プログレッシブ和英中辞典 目もくらむばかりの宝石の山 a dazzling heap of gems Can ばかり here be safely replaced by ほど, くらい etc. without changing the meaning? Is this how ばかり+の (with ばかり working as a ...
3
votes
1answer
364 views

The meaning of さすがにこれは同情する

Context before lines: やまだ (a delinquent) explains to his friends the unfortunate events that lead to him being hated throughout the school, and then they respond as so: A:  なんて悲劇よ やまだのくせに B:  ...
3
votes
1answer
132 views

How to ask someone to do something for you

I'd like to know how to politely ask someone (as a question, not a statement) to do something for me in Japanese. I'm already aware of the basic "___をください" and "___をおねがいします" patterns, but I don't want ...
2
votes
1answer
94 views

Rosetta Stone's usage of kana for words instead of kanji

As I use Rosetta Stone to learn Japanese, I only use the Kanji mode (except when I forget the reading for a kanji and then flip it briefly to furigana mode). However, I've found that for some reason ...
1
vote
1answer
62 views

Does 「わるいところ」also have the meaning of “negative aspect of X”

Does 「わるいところ」 also have the meaning of "negative aspect"? This I heard from a Japanese friend. If not, how would one say "the negative aspect of X"?
1
vote
1answer
81 views

How to say “I need more of X”? - usage of 「ひつよう」

For example, for "I think I need more teachers" - would 「私は先生が多いひつようとすると思います」 be the correct usage for 「ひつよう」?
1
vote
1answer
117 views

How to say “my experience at place X”?

How would you say "my experience at X", e.g. "my experience at university". Is 「私の大学のけいけん」correct for this usage?
3
votes
1answer
154 views

相 used in names

When I'm introduced to a new place I often like to figure out the literal meaning of the characters as I find it can be a useful general vocabulary building exercise, particularly for things such as ...
2
votes
2answers
83 views

Pronounciation of 三分 when it means three minutes

According to jisho, when 三分 means three minutes, it is pronounced さんぷん, however google translate mentions it as さんぶ. Are any of these wrong, or is it dialect? Are there other pronounciations?
1
vote
1answer
72 views

'I'm glad I look like my mother'

How would you say it in Japanese? 「母みたいでよかった」?If not, then how?
5
votes
1answer
151 views

Add English nuances to Japanese “いいえ”

Here are some natural ways to say "no" in English (please forgive the language): No God no Hell no F*** no How to include the English nuances in Japanese? Best attempts: No - いいえ or ううん God ...
3
votes
3answers
135 views

Is “して” dropped in this phrase “ご利用{りよう}ください”?

I happened across this in a document: これより前の記事は、サイト内検索をご利用ください。 Why can you say "ご利用ください"? 体言止めい? But, I used to hear ご利用ください used frequently in the subways... "お仕事ください" // (As noted in the ...
2
votes
1answer
58 views

~うございます construction

I already know that it's hardly used anymore, but for sentences such as 嬉しゅうございます, is this humble? That is to say, is it inappropriate to use the form for someone of higher social standing (provided ...
2
votes
1answer
80 views

へい as agreement

I've heard it a few times, and would have assumed it was written ヘイ had I not seen it in writing. It seems to be an informal synonym of はい, used mostly in masculine speech. Also, it's generally ...
6
votes
1answer
116 views

The “3 highs” and “3 lows” when choosing a husband

Recently I was told about a popular concept among japanese women concerning choice of the future husband. The concept was called '3 高' - three high points, meaning that a good husband should have: 1) ...
2
votes
1answer
116 views

Confusion with passive voice

I've been reading the section on viewpoint in A Dictionary of Basic Japanese Grammar (DBJG). In it he states that the following sentence is ungrammatical 私のむすこは私にしかられた My son was scolded by ...
3
votes
2answers
113 views

Meaning of だけども / ですけども

I was watching はじめしゃちょー on youtube, and I noticed that he keeps adding だけども / ですけども at the end of sentences. I fully understand the usage of けど, however I have never encountered も (or is it ...
0
votes
0answers
60 views

Understanding the 私は v/s 私が [duplicate]

What's the main difference? For example, 私が食べる and 私は食べる

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