6
votes
1answer
99 views

という usage in relative clauses

I'm going through this tae kim's guide lesson about some uses of いう: http://www.guidetojapanese.org/learn/grammar/define And there is something that I don't understand. In the following sentences: ...
3
votes
1answer
54 views

Is “ランタイム時” (runtime-time) acceptable?

I'm writing a manual, and needed to say something to the effect of "at runtime", as in "Some program debugging can only be performed (or is more efficient or accurate when performed) at runtime." (...
2
votes
3answers
101 views

誰か being used as topic, but without topic particle

Reading Tae Kim´s guide, I´ve seen the phrase: 誰が盗んだのか、誰か知りませんか Where (I think) the term 誰か is being used as topic for the verb 知る. Is that grammatically correct ?
0
votes
2answers
42 views

godan verbs ending in nu besides shinu [duplicate]

Are there any godan verbs ending in nu besides shinu?
0
votes
1answer
54 views

State of being and the word こと

I have 2 questions: When I put a verb in the past does it already carry the state of being? For instance, the quote 私は疲れますです。First, です translates like "am", right? Now if I wanted to put this ...
1
vote
4answers
75 views

How to say 'only' when there is only one of something

I want to say a sentence of the form: This is the only shop in this town that sells socks. i.e. there are no other shops in this town that sell socks. The best I can do is: この町で靴下を売る店だけある。 ...
2
votes
1answer
45 views

Potential form vs Intransitive Verbs

So I was looking at conjugations and I saw that the potential form of 切る【きる】 is 切れる【きれる】. However, 切れる【きれる】 is also an intransitive verb. There are others e.g. 休む【やすむ】>休める【やすめる】 行く【いく】>行ける【いける】 ...
4
votes
4answers
515 views

Japanese equivalent of “I identify as X”

I'm looking for a way to express the feeling that sometimes comes up when the way you feel about yourself contrasts with surface-level observations about you. In English we have the "identify as" ...
0
votes
0answers
59 views

Could you revise this letter for my host family?I don't know them, this is my introduction. Thanks! [on hold]

はじめまして。 私はマリエーヴと申します。十四歳で、カナダの出身です。誕生日は10月の25日です。私は両親と18歳の兄と住んでいます。 二年前に兄はアニメを見せてくれました。その時から日本語の勉強を始めました。日本語を流ちょうになりたいです。 学校で英語、フランス語、スペイン語を勉強しています。外国語、歴史、数学が好きです。 アイスホッケは私の好きなウィンタースポーツで、...
3
votes
2answers
976 views

What does the word 「だまっとれ」mean?

It is in a sentence said by an old man who is speaking to a group of children. おめえらはだまっとれ! I think it should be an imperative form of 「黙る」 but I found, in an online dictionary, that the form is ...
3
votes
1answer
469 views

Why を can't be used with existence verbs?

I've always wondered why を can not be used with existence verbs(いる、ある、おる、なる、生きる【いきる】、死ぬ【しぬ】. They're all intransitive verbs but is there a legitimate reason? Is existence "indirect"?
3
votes
1answer
308 views

Using 音読み to write foreign names

I'm wondering if it's possible or acceptable for foreigners to use 漢字 to write their names that would usually be written in カタカナ. I know that some names are already Japanese names such as Ben【勉】, Mary【...
4
votes
1answer
90 views

あちし。。。Real or fiction

I've heard in some mangas あちし, which means "I". However, in every dictionary I've look at, It doesn't exist. So is this a fictional pronoun?
2
votes
2answers
75 views

Large qualifiers before nouns or unusual sentence orders?

Often I find that there are nouns which are tacked on to the end of a phrase. For example, this from an article: 来年公開の映画『獣道』でも主演に抜擢されている伊藤。 Is this giving a description of Itou? Translated as "on ...
3
votes
1answer
73 views

Clarifying meaning of 満系

I'm reading a Japanese term paper and have come across the term 満系, in this context: 日系軍官の満系統制 I am guessing based on the context and searching for possible meanings that it equates to something ...
2
votes
3answers
97 views

What does “石井ん家” (abbreviation) mean?

In sentence: "放課後とりま石井ん家に集合な!"
-1
votes
0answers
36 views

How can I enter Romanji, Hiragan and Katakana on my Mac Keyboard? [closed]

Would appreciate some help and advice. I would like to use my Mac computer or iPad to enter some questions here but I don't know how to enter the characters. Can someone give me advice on this?
4
votes
1answer
69 views

〇〇さん「は・が」いらっしゃいますか?

I found this sentence on https://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/%E3%81%84%E3%82%89%E3%81%A3%E3%81%97%E3%82%83%E3%82%8B and it struck me as odd. 山田【やまだ】さんがいらっしゃいますでしょうか。 Listening to my co-workers (...
1
vote
1answer
107 views

When might someone say おしたいしておりました?

In what situation might a Japanese person say おしたいして おりました and what is it most commonly used to imply?
4
votes
1answer
94 views

What is 社会運動標榜?

What is 社会運動標榜 and how is it different from 社会運動家 ? The first is criminal in Japan and the second is not, but I'm not clear on the differences. Props if you can also explain how this may or may not ...
2
votes
1answer
96 views

meaning of 蓮も好きなんだから

「あぁっ しかもあんな強引にされちゃったりして」 「もぉ… 蓮も好きなんだから」 What does 蓮も好きなんだから mean in the above? To me it's ambiguous and could mean "I also love you", "you also love me", or that he also loves something else. ...
2
votes
3answers
93 views

The meaning of 吐く in a scene from 火花

In the popular novel 火花, after the two main characters engage in a manzai-like conversation, Kamiya says the following: 「二人がかりで結構時間かかったな。笑いって、こんなに難しかったっけ?」 I think I have a good understanding of ...
0
votes
0answers
31 views

What is the meaning of this sign? [closed]

We saw this sign over an exit and its not the typical exit kanji - does anyone know it's meaning?
2
votes
1answer
64 views

what does “たすかれます” mean and use for?

I know 助かります (助かる) means: to be saved; to be rescued; to survive. Imperative form : 助かれ but people say 助かれます(i.e. Amazon.co.jp delivery man came earlier than specified time and i said 早いですね、he ...
7
votes
3answers
190 views

さらわる - what form is this?

I just watched an episode called: ハロルド王子{おうじ}さらわる! What is this さらわる? Can it be written with kanji? Any reason why online dictionaries don't seem to understand its structure?
1
vote
1answer
49 views

What is お in お元気ですか?

Sorry if this is a very basic question, but I'm trying to understand everything in my first lesson (online, Rocket Japanese). I don't understand what the purpose of お is in the phrase お元気ですか, which ...
1
vote
1answer
55 views

What role does と play in this sentence?

What role does と play in the following sentence? みなさんは、アフリカの平原で、ライオンがのんびりと寝そべっている姿をテレビや映画などで、見たことがあるでしょう。 In my understanding, のんびり is a noun and 寝そべっている is a verb. So interconnecting a noun ...
1
vote
2answers
76 views

Can the last い in かわいい be dropped?

In the Genki I textbook, it says that the i and the u vowels are sometimes dropped when placed between voiceless consonants or at the end of an utterance preceded by voiceless consonants. The example ...
1
vote
2answers
80 views

それもまた 人生, what does it mean literally?

曲がりくねった道 地図さえない それもまた 人生 In this beautiful song from Misora Hibari, I don't understand the last line. It surely means something like "That is life" but I don't understand the use of も and また. ...
2
votes
2answers
42 views

What does どうにも穏やかではなさそうだが mean

それで一体どうしたのかね?どうにも穏やかではなさそうだが My question is about the meaning of 穏やかではなさそうだ in the above. According to the man who asked him this, he found the protagonist fainted in the park. The translation in ...
2
votes
2answers
169 views

What does the word 「せん」mean in this sentence?

It is said by the old man to a group of children about going to see a boy who is in a jail. An old man: おめえら そんなかっこうであそんでいていいのか ジョーにあいにいくしたくを せんでもいいのか A child: あたいたちもつれてってくれるの? I noticed that there ...
1
vote
1answer
89 views

What does かこっかな mean?

I see this used but I can't figure out what it means.
6
votes
1answer
98 views

How to represent percentage and ratio in Japanese?

For the sake of simplicity, assume that there are 60 women and 40 men in my class. I want to say the following statements. Are they correct? The ratio of men to women is 2 to 3. ...
3
votes
1answer
205 views

What does the word 「やったる」mean?

Here is the sentence including the word. It is said by an old man who is cooking some food and planning to give it to a younger person who is in jail. ようし わしゃあやったるぜ I am not sure if it is a shorten ...
2
votes
1answer
65 views

Relative clause ending with a noun should be followed by の or である? What is the difference?

According to the book I am reading now, a relative clause ending with noun must be followed by の. But sometimes I also find a relative clause ending with noun that is followed by である. Consider the ...
0
votes
0answers
32 views

Starting with Grammar [closed]

recently i learned hiragana/katakana and started to learn kanji , i learned few phrases too, now i'm really confused i want to learn the grammar but i can't find a good resource to learn from Any ...
0
votes
1answer
83 views

Is it okay if we pronounce a word with an 'r' sound in English 'R' instead of the Japanese 'R', which is somewhere in between 'L' and 'R'?

So instead of pronounce, 'la le li lo lu', I pronounce it normally, which is, 'ra re ri ro ru'. Could the Japanese tell the difference?
1
vote
2answers
133 views

What is the meaning and reading of 小奴?

I saw it used recently but don't remember the line. It was being used toward a group of subordinates, as 小奴ら. I can't find the word in any dictionary or being explained online. What is the meaning and ...
1
vote
1answer
63 views

Function of と言う

The context:The person who are saying these have been attacked and while he was running away got injured.Madoka finds him and she is trying to help him. My question is:What's the function of と言う here?...
2
votes
2answers
124 views

when to use naru hodo and when to use wakarimashita?

when to use naru hodo and when to use wakarimashita? As far as I know they both mean something like "I understand" or "I understood"
3
votes
1answer
63 views

How to translate a sentence that has no particles

I'm reading a manga and a man (Shusuke) and woman (Nozomi) are having a conversation. It starts out with them talking about congratulating a mutual friend (Sawada) on getting a job when Shusuke says: ...
2
votes
1answer
69 views

Modifying nouns (how to know if a modified noun is the object or the subject?)

晩ご飯を食べなかったボブは、映画で見た銀行に行った。 Bangohan o tabenakatta bobu wa, eiga de mita ginkou ni itta. This means "Bob, who didn't eat dinner, went to the bank HE saw at the movie." What if I want to say "Bob, ...
1
vote
1answer
74 views

Japanese Names for Logical Fallacies?

Are there Japanese terms for logical fallacies, or are the English phrases used when they are discussed? If you're wondering what I mean by "logical fallacies," I mean anything on this list, courtesy ...
1
vote
1answer
62 views

We are now living in the era of smartphone in which uneducated lazy people look busy and important, how to say it in Japanese?

I want to say the following: We are now living in the era of smartphone in which uneducated lazy people look (as if they are) busy and important. And my attempt is as follows: ...
2
votes
1answer
36 views

How to modify nouns which are present affirmative?

If I want to say "Tanaka, who is a doctor, drinks cola". Is "Isha da Tanaka wa koora o nomu" the correct saying or not?
2
votes
1answer
81 views

What does らいたい mean here?

This is in the beginning of the Oregairu manga (it's on the 10th page of volume 1, which is in the free sample on ebookjapan): 近頃の高校生はらいたいこんな感じじゃないでしゅか What does らいたい mean here? I would also be ...
3
votes
2answers
103 views

The meaning of ~がいい

I've read a lot of mangas and I've noticed the use of がいい after a verb e.g. 見る{みる}がいい。 諦めた{あきらめた}ほうがいい。 Does it work as an adverb?
1
vote
1answer
66 views

Why ば and ならない in 解決していかねばならない?

技術の革新が環境に与える悪影響についても解決していかねばならない Simultaneously with the innovation of technology concerning negative influence ... Can you explain the grammar behind 解決していかねばならない? I know it has a connection with ...
4
votes
1answer
69 views

Help with おうおういっちょ前におったてて because I can't understand!

I'm reading a manga in Japanese and need help with this, because I can't understand what it really means. Thanks! "おうおういっちょ前におったてて"
0
votes
0answers
24 views

In need of translation [closed]

少しずつ よりそえる よう に ココロ の 向こう がわ の ひかり Exactly what is the meaning and role of each word in this sentence. -A beginner who just started japanese

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