4
votes
1answer
55 views

“Last edited by” - how to translate?

I'm struggling to understand how to translate "Last Edited By", for an online document. I think there must be another english phrase to use, and translate that, but I just cannot think what it could ...
2
votes
3answers
102 views

Difference between 頼む and 聞く

Is there any difference between 頼む and 聞く? I've checked a few dictionaries, and it seems to me that maybe 頼む is more humble and 聞く more generic. Would that be it? Are they generally ...
4
votes
1answer
117 views

Meaning of グリッて

The character doesn't know how to ride a bike and tries to remember what his friend was doing when starting the vehicle. He then says to himself : たしかここんとこをグリッてまわしてたような…… I can't find any ...
5
votes
1answer
108 views
+50

The origins and mechanics of pitch accent in SJ compounds

For the past few months I've been researching pitch accent in Japanese off and on, concentrating on trying to identify regularities in a phenomenon which is nearly completely arbitrary. I've not seen ...
2
votes
2answers
143 views

In front of “ほうがいい,” is it always past tense?

ほうがいい means: the particular way "ほう" is "が" good "いい" So, for example, if it looks like it's going to rain, I might say to a friend: "今日は雨らしい。傘を持った方がいい。" But what I'm curious is, why is "持った" ...
3
votes
1answer
77 views

Usage distinction between 季節 and 季

季節 is composed of two kanji, き and せつ, however, both of them mean 'season' when translated to English. Though I'm aware that 季 originally referred to the seasons of the year and 節 was initially used ...
4
votes
2answers
102 views

Parsing and making sense of this sentence with multiple が's

So I was signing up for an account at a website, and I came across this line: 写真があった方があなたがどんな人なのかわかるし、フレンドも作りやすくなります。 I have never come across a sentence with 3 が's in it, much less one with 3 ...
0
votes
1answer
93 views

Can a 皇帝 be female?

What would the word for empress (other than of Japan) be? Please give me the word for a ruling empress.
2
votes
0answers
75 views

childish manner of speaking

I've heard that this phrase: 王様のベッドで寝ちゃおっと is spoken in a child-like way. The full translation is "let's sleep in the king's bed", and the portion that is child-like would be 寝ちゃおっと (let's sleep). ...
3
votes
1answer
484 views

Thank you note to Japanese professor

I just finished an introductory Japanese class, and the class bought a small gift for the professor. I'm planning to drop the gift off at the professor's office, so I need to write a brief tag saying ...
4
votes
1answer
91 views

名前 - used for the name of something?

I am used to seeing 名前 on application forms. But can 名前 be used on a form where the name of an inanimate object is required? For example an application form that asks for the name of... your boat. ...
2
votes
1answer
50 views

Translation - “form” (internet form you fill out, NOT an application)

A translation question for ya :) I'm in need of the word for "form". In this case it is a form on a webpage a user fills out to answer survey questions ("how did you think you did? did you enjoy ...
0
votes
1answer
162 views

What is the direct translation of ゆっくりする in English? [on hold]

I don't know what the direct translation of ゆっくりする in English is. Do you know?
0
votes
0answers
63 views

Japanese infinitives? [duplicate]

While reading a dialogue section in my textbook I came across this sentence. じゃあ、 買いにいきましょう。 I know the Sentence means then, let's go buy (it) but I'm confused about the 買い in the sentence ...
2
votes
0answers
55 views

Intransitive verbs and ている

I was re-reading my genki text the other day regarding intransitive verbs and ている and it stated that when intransitive verbs take the ている form they exclusively refer to the state resulting from the ...
2
votes
1answer
108 views

Were western soldiers called “鬼畜{きちく}米兵{べいへい}” in WW2?

Part of war propaganda is to assign a nickname to the enemy so as to dehumanize them. The USA has done this for decades in the wars in Southeast Asia, Vietnam, the Middle East, Central America, etc. ...
3
votes
1answer
87 views

What does 許しを乞い mean?

What does 許しを乞い mean? And especially what's the role of 乞い here? The full phrase is: まさか、また許しを乞いに参ったのではありますまいな!?
4
votes
1answer
115 views

Difference between もう いい です and もう けっこう です

I'm going back over my notes from Japanese For Busy People. I no longer have the books but I wrote out many of the examples. What I have not always done is write down my teacher's explanations. ...
4
votes
2answers
166 views

What is the denotation of 方言?

I learnt that it means dialect. During a presentation at university, someone asked a question about whether my topic was possibly influenced by a misunderstanding of the word "hougen" i.e. that it ...
2
votes
1answer
160 views

What does orIF mean in the middle of this Japanese sentence?

I've seen some people in Japanese writing the emoticon "orlF". For example: というシチュであったかもしれないorlFのストーリーという感じです And I really want to know what it means... xDD. Please help~ ^^'
7
votes
2answers
1k views

Beginner miscomprehension of spoken Japanese - finding wrong word boundaries

As a beginner of Japanese, I very often I don't understand or completely misunderstand spoken Japanese - even if I know every word in the sentence, and may have recognized it in different context. ...
3
votes
2answers
128 views

Why are the verb groups in Japanese called “consonant-stem” and “vowel-stem”?

They both contain vowels and consonants. So why should 1 be called consonant and the other vowel?
2
votes
1answer
152 views

~んだね as command

Can you use it that way? 逃げるんだ and 逃げるんだよ are both acceptable commands (if rather forceful), but could you say 逃げるんだね for a softer but still very forceful command (or 逃げるんだな)?
2
votes
1answer
127 views

Difference between 遍 and 度/回 in occurences

I have known for a while about 度 and 回 when counting occurrences, but recently I found a passage that used 遍 as well, which surprised me. 一[遍]{ぺん}転べば・・・十[遍]{ぺん}転べば・・・百[遍]{ぺん}転べば・・・ If I ...
9
votes
2answers
638 views

How many unique on'yomi are there?

This question is of interest to me because of my own difficulty with remembering on'yomi, as there are fewer possible on'yomi than kun'yomi. So there must be a finite number of valid on'yomi ...
3
votes
1answer
116 views

Can 思う take を and と at the same time?

Consider the following sentence: Bobはこの女の子を自分の子供と思って育てることにしました。 Bob thought of this girl as his own and decided to raise her (my rough translation). I have several problems with it: It is ...
1
vote
1answer
137 views

Is ごめんなさいませ idiomatic?

If so, how formal is it? Please compare it with other apologies.
3
votes
0answers
116 views

Is the interjection おう really a Chinese loanword?

In Samuel E. Martin's "A Reference Grammar of Japanese", in a section (Chapter 23, p. 1041) on putative etymologies for some Japanese interjections like さあ or まあ, he asserts: Although others ...
4
votes
3answers
811 views

Why is ゟ considered obsolete?

I recently discovered the kana ゟ, which is a ligature of よ and り, so it's the comparison particle. According to a few sites it's obsolete, or 'dated'. Why is ゟ considered obsolete, and why should I ...
2
votes
1answer
98 views

The 普通形 of a verb in Japanese - future and habitual interpretations [duplicate]

According to my grammar book, the 普通形 of a verb in Japanese usually has two functions: it shows a regular common action and the action that the subject is going to do in the future. For instance: ...
7
votes
2answers
124 views

Is “俎板の上の鯉” related to the Vietnamese phrase “như cá nằm trên thớt”?

Is the Japanese phrase "俎板の上の鯉" - a carp laid on a chopping block related to the Vietnamese phrase "như cá nằm trên thớt" - like a fish on cutting board, either because Japanese got the phrase from ...
1
vote
2answers
122 views

How to ask if others want to do something?

In the Japanese language, if the speaker wants to express the will he himself wants to do, 'たい ' is usually used. For example: I want to buy this book. わたしはこの本を買いたい。 I want to go back ...
0
votes
1answer
71 views

Differences between 'must'

Is there any significant difference between ~ないと、~なきゃ、なくちゃ when they mean 'must'?
4
votes
1answer
112 views

What are the principles behind turning foreign language words into verbs?(e.g. ググる and サボる)

I have a decent grasp on the basics, but I'm not quite clear on the details. Anyone know?
3
votes
0answers
69 views

When particle mo is used to mean also, particle wa is omitted. Does mo also replace ga?

The question is clear but I would like to add an example. (My sentence may have other errors as well) I am glad that you think the same. あなたがそう思いますうれしいです I am glad that you think the same, ...
3
votes
1answer
127 views

Difference between 今{こん}後{ご} and 未{み}来{らい}

When should 今後 and 未来 be used? Both of the words can mean "future". I have noticed that 今後 refers to both present time and what will happen from now on, and 未来 is simply what will happen in the future ...
2
votes
0answers
62 views

How to distinguish between う/よう of volition and suggestion?

Reading a lesson on 国語文法.com, I'm having difficulty telling 意志 from 勧誘. E.g. 「今度こそ成績をあげよう。」 is stated is that of volition (意志). However, why can't it be "(I suggest you to) improve your grades!"? ...
1
vote
1answer
95 views

Was katakana used in the teaching of Japanese as a foreign language?

The Wikipedia article Japanese language education in Vietnam, says that during the 1940s, Japanese was taught in Vietnam using either romaji or katakana. Is it true that katakana, rather than ...
3
votes
1answer
108 views

How should the proverb “能ある鷹は爪を隠す” be understood?

The literal translation of "能ある鷹は爪を隠す" is “The wise hawk hides its talons.” But what should I understand the proverb as meaning? Is it just about humbleness, or about not letting your adversaries ...
1
vote
1answer
77 views

Making sense of inflections and conjugated forms

Is it correct to think that the six conjugated forms listed here encompass a range of ideas rather than having a inflection form directly linked to them? For instance 未然形 is not only the ...
0
votes
1answer
69 views

Can か follow である?

I know it can't follow だ, but is this possible?
2
votes
1answer
38 views

What's the difference between 復帰, 復元 and 復旧

What's the difference between 復帰{ふっき}, 復元{ふくげん} and 復旧{ふっきゅう}? The both seem to mean restore. (I generally use these words in a computer context as in restoring files or settings. Related: ...
7
votes
2answers
1k views

can one ever say “おいかがですか?”

I have almost always added 美化語{びかご} to "いかが" (making "おいかが"). However, a native speaker just told me that "おいかが" sounds unnatural. I'd like to double check this. Is it ever natural to add 美化語 to ...
-2
votes
3answers
80 views

Can I say this sentence in another way? [closed]

Please have a look at this sentence 彼の実力を考えと、今回のかれの受賞は驚くには当たらない Can I say 彼の実力を考えて、今回のかれの受賞は驚くには当たらない If I say 彼の実力を考えて、今回のかれの受賞は驚くのには当たらない is it okay?
3
votes
1answer
101 views

Neutral vs. Exhaustive が

The particle が has a property that implies that, of all items from some group, the sentences applies exclusively to the noun before it. For example, in a room of people from different countries, ...
2
votes
2answers
214 views

What is the meaning of 第ー部

In attempting to translate an advertising poster, I ran into some difficulties. The poster reads: 第一部 ガールズバンドライブ 第二部 カウントダウンライブ The katakana is easy enough: 'Girl Band Live / Countdown Live', but ...
4
votes
1answer
101 views

Confusion on usage of か marking alternatives with verbs

Most textbooks note that using か to mark two noun alternatives, the last one can be omitted. However, what about verbs? Would a textbook sentence such as 今晩の食事はステーキにするか、すしにするかまだ決めていません。 Stay ...
4
votes
3answers
277 views

How much does it matter if I use the wrong 'if'?

Specifically talking about ば、なら、たら、and と here. I just read Derek Schaab's excellent reply to this question on when to use the different forms of conditionals -- something I'm really struggling with ...
0
votes
1answer
215 views

Explaining Tense in Japanese

I find that Japanese is a weird language for its learners, especially for those who've already learned English. In English one usually uses two tenses: present and past, however in Japanese there are ...
1
vote
1answer
77 views

What is the meaning of the word たんじゃ?

It is a situation which a boy who is carrying some goods after successfully escaped from chasing by policemen. Here is the full sentence. なあ...わらってたんじゃわからねえよ。

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