0
votes
2answers
89 views

Q: Should a new Japanese learner stop reviewing Chinese Hanzi? [closed]

After 3+ years of Chinese study, I have about 2600 Hanzi characters under my belt. I've had a good time learning, but now I've realized that Chinese doesn't quite light my fire anymore. I'm defecting ...
5
votes
1answer
1k views

In general, do Japanese people communicate formally or informally when conversing on a forum/commenting/chat?

I am asking for general use, when it is not clear whether you should be talking in formal/informal.
5
votes
1answer
134 views

含む vs. 含んでいる vs. 含まれている

I would like to know if there is a difference in nuance between these four sentences. I am trying to say oranges are high in vitamin C. These are based off a sentence I found in Jisho. 1.) ...
6
votes
2answers
277 views

How to express appositives in Japanese

I have been searching high and low for how to express appositives in Japanese, yet the most I have come across is how to express something like "my friend John". I would like to know how to express ...
6
votes
2answers
314 views

The implied meaning of 日本人

I understand that 日本人 means "Japanese person/people"; however, I am confused as to the implied meanings of this term. What are things that we can assume when someone uses this term? Can it mean: A ...
1
vote
2answers
135 views

Are ここ, そこ and あそこ prepositions?

これ, それ and あれ are demonstrative pronouns. この, その and あの are demonstrative determiners. What could you call ここ, そこ and あそこ? Are they prepositions?
8
votes
4answers
2k views

How to say “Nobody is perfect” in Japanese

I'm wondering how to say "nobody is perfect" in Japanese. Would 「完全な人いない」 be a correct translation?
0
votes
1answer
110 views

V(さ)せる when it doesn't indicate permission/compulsion

さくら は あたたかく なって きた ことを しらせる ように さきます あき の おわり から はな を さかせ はじめ...... The above sentences use the V(さ)せる forms - though they do not indicate permission/compulsion. Could someone help ...
4
votes
2answers
156 views

meaning of “べつにいいけど”

I recently skyped a friend just to ask how her English studies were going. During the conversation, I think I said something like: "なんか、英文の質問があれば、どうぞ。ま、べつにいいけど。" She seemed to think my usage ...
-4
votes
0answers
71 views

はず and べき - almost identical kotoba [duplicate]

かれがわるいのだからきちんとあやまる(はず/べき) だとおもう What is the correct option above, and why? Helpful examples to explain the appropriate use-cases will be greatly appreciated.
0
votes
1answer
99 views

Understanding the usage of つくin 体{からだ}につけたまま

体{からだ}につけたまま使うことができる..... Please help me understand this form/usage of つく. Since I don't know which kanji it corresponds to, it is difficult for me to make out what this phrase actually means. ...
3
votes
1answer
162 views

Are there a kanji for マル and バツ (O and X, right and wrong)

AFAIK words マル and バツ are commonly used as short answers (right and wrong, 正しい・正しくない). Are there any kanji for these words?
3
votes
2answers
224 views

名 versus 名前: Why is this seemingly redundant Jukugo used?

For example I came across a Jukugo like this: 名 (name) + 前 (before) = 名前 (name) What is the point in having this Jukugo when you apparently can just use 名. Can someone explain this to me?
3
votes
1answer
116 views

どうか〜〜ますように in 「どうか異世界の出来事でありますように」

I don't know what possible translations are for this sentence: どうか異世界の出来事でありますように also I'm a little confused by どうか and ~ように...
0
votes
1answer
121 views

Is the 仮定形 used only to make the conditional?

toru --aEiou--> tore --joshi--> toreba. Is the ba-joshi the only suffix that can be added to the kateikei form of the verb?
1
vote
1answer
72 views

are the godan verbs always followed by either a,e,i,o or u before a further suffix is added? [duplicate]

as far as i know, in japanese verbs are divided into two groups. One ends in a consonant and one in a vowel. tor : stemform of toru. mi : stemform of miru. those ending in a consonant are called ...
0
votes
0answers
37 views

Why are い and な conjugated differently? [duplicate]

With い adjectives, to conjugate the verb into positive, negative, present or past tense, you change the い to くない, かった or くなかった. But with な adjectives, you conjugate by changing です to ではありません, でした and ...
3
votes
0answers
71 views

Why does katakana even exist?/ Why not use hiragana and kanji for everything? [duplicate]

From what I know, katakana is used for writing foreign words, scientific words, onomatopoeia, emphasis, and food on some menus in Japan. Also the sounds in the hiragana and in the katakana ...
4
votes
2answers
304 views

How to use に限って【かぎって】 correctly

I came across the expression に限って but not too sure how to use it. It seems to mean "especially/of all the/only" and has to be used in a negative manner. However, I am confused with the following ...
4
votes
1answer
174 views

What is the etymology of the て-form?

What are the origins of the て-form? Was its meaning when it initially appeared different from what it is now?
0
votes
2answers
166 views

How do you write 縮めて in IPA?

How do you write 縮めて in IPA (International Phonetic Alphabet)?
3
votes
1answer
88 views

いる connected to a proposition?

I'm stuck with the construction of 居る/いる in the following sentence (Botchan, I) 小学校【しょうがっこう】に居【い】る時分【じぶん】学校【がっこう】の二階【にかい】から飛【と】び降【お】りて一週間【いっしゅうかん】ほど腰【こし】を抜【ぬ】かした事【こと】がある。 My translation (excuse ...
3
votes
1answer
87 views

Meaning of 楽に済ませようとする

How should I translate this phrase? 楽に済ませようとする。 My literal translation is, "Decide to cause to finish/complete having fun," but that doesn't seem to make much sense. Does 楽に済む mean to enjoy ...
0
votes
0answers
48 views

〜み and 〜さ suffix with adjectives [duplicate]

I have seen adjectives in both the following forms: あつみ vs あつさ しんせんみ vs しんせんさ What do these forms indicate and how do they differ? I know that the 〜さ suffix is to convert the
3
votes
3answers
135 views

Sentence structure: “I can accomplish (a) by doing (b)”

I'm trying to say sentences like "I can accomplish (a) by doing (b)." in Japanese, and I can't seem to figure it out. An example sentence would be "I can earn good grades by studying hard." Maybe ...
0
votes
0answers
87 views

which verbs have irregular forms? [duplicate]

i know so far: irregular verbs: kuru, suru, aru
1
vote
1answer
100 views

was the plain negative of aru once or in a certain dialect aranai?

the plain negative of aru is irregular: NOT: aru --> ara (mizenkei) --> ara+nai BUT: aru --> nai
2
votes
0answers
171 views

What is the meaning of this joke?

In the video game Tingle's Love Balloon Trip, whose plot is a parody of The Wizard of Oz, there is a scene in which Kakashi, the scarecrow boy, says goodbye to a friend. The following dialog takes ...
1
vote
2answers
192 views

Are verbs transformed into the ず-form used like adverbs?

Dictionary form: お礼{れい}をする Transformed into ず-form: お礼をせず Is お礼をせず used similar to the English expression "without thanking" which itself can work as an adverb, e.g. I ate without thanking ...
0
votes
1answer
82 views

What is the difference between asu and ashita? [duplicate]

I've seen asu and ashita both used as furigana for the same kanji (明日). Is there a big, subtle or no difference in meaning and usage?
2
votes
2answers
103 views

Usage of wake desu

いま しごとを かたづけて しまえば あすは らくが できる **というわけ** です わけです is used to state the reason of an incident. However,in this case it seems to be different. Can someone help clarifying the above use of というわけ? ...
7
votes
3answers
147 views

What is the difference between “verb+て+みる” and “verb+(よ)う+とする”?

In Japanese there are words which mean "to try something or attempt at doing something", e.g. 試す, 試みる and つとめる. However, at the same time we also have two grammatical constructions "verb+て+みる" and ...
1
vote
1answer
97 views

Difference between おく and 中

Since both (oku and naka) mean 'inside', I am confused as to in which contexts they will be used.
5
votes
1answer
103 views

What does 滅多に modify in these sentences?

I have a question about the usage of 滅多に. As far as I know, when it's followed by negation it means 'rarely'. For example - めったにたばこを吸わない。 I rarely smoke. However I'm not sure if I'm ...
1
vote
1answer
108 views

Something that can be written with kanji but not with kana?

I was reading through some text today and found this (emphasis mine): While it is possible to use the phonetic Hiragana and Katakana scripts to represent almost any Japanese word, it is usually ...
0
votes
1answer
75 views

Japanese writings in Brazil [closed]

I've seen these writings in the ground of Brazil. I've already tried to translate it with my friend but there are some complex kanji that we don't know. I'm very curious to know what they say, can ...
2
votes
2answers
103 views

meaning of “目{め}に見えるほど、〜”

I wanted to say: "As best can be predicted, economic conditions will continue to worsen" I tried: 見{み}える ほど、景気{けいき}が悪くなっているようです。 分析{ぶんせき} できるほど、景気が悪くなっているようです。 推測{すいそく} できるほど、景気が悪くなっているようです。 ...
-1
votes
0answers
37 views

conditional forms [duplicate]

Which of the following forms in correct and why? うんどうしったらげんきになります うんどうすればげんきになります うんどうするとげんきになります What would be an appropriate example for the others?
2
votes
0answers
48 views

Why is ガラスというガラスused in this sentence instead of just ガラス? [duplicate]

Context: I'm reading the first volume of "The Twelve Kingdoms" (月の影・影の海). The protagonist, Yoko, is in the school's staff room when a strange man appears and tells here she is in danger. Indeed, a ...
16
votes
2answers
5k views

My teacher wrote a triangle on my Japanese homework. What does it mean?

One of my Japanese senseis corrected my homework, and several times she drew a triangle next to the item she was correcting. Does this have a special meaning in Japan?
5
votes
2answers
458 views

Polite or casual?

Is this sentence polite or casual? Or even better. Is it correct to use this casual type of sentences inside another more polite? This is the sentence: 時間がなかったからパーティーに行きませんでした。 Wouldn't it be ...
3
votes
1answer
179 views

文章の話題語の変化はどう解釈されていますか?

日本語では、話題語がとても重要だと考えられていると思います。文章で話題語がなければ、ほとんどの人には不自然、もしくは不快に聞こえると思います。 しかし、文章が一文より長い場合、話題語の選択は私にはかなり難しくなります。話題語をいつ変えればいいかがいつもよく分かりません。普段、直感的に選びますが、母語話者じゃありませんので、かなり危険なやり方だと思います。したがって、ある種の指針を求めています。 ...
1
vote
2answers
123 views

Compound words with 漢字 and カタカナ? (例えば:新メニュー)

Today, a magazine about restaurants in my area arrived in my mailbox. It proudly proclaimed : 10月の新メニュー! I am quite curious as to the following points: How is this pronounced ? I would have ...
2
votes
1answer
85 views

What does ”それが” mean in this context?

So I came across the following phrase: それが、どうしてこんなことに…… and I feel like the second part of it means something along the lines of "How did it get like this?" (I could be totally off of the mark, I'm ...
4
votes
2answers
163 views

ダブルクォートと[鉤括弧]{かぎ・かっ・こ}の使い分けは?

日本語の文章では、引用符として、ダブルクォート(””)も鉤括弧(「」)も両方使用されているのを見たことがあります。もちろん、他の引用符も見たことがありますが、それはさておきます。 ダブルクォートは英文に引用符をつける時に使われているような気がしますが、この使い分けは正式に認められていますか?公文書などではダブルクォートも鉤括弧も使えますか?
2
votes
1answer
139 views

How to write the passive form of the potential form?

I am curious about the passive form(受動態) of the potential form(可能形). I thought about using (先生に)褒められられる but it seems awkward, and there are no search results in Google for it. So is (先生に) ...
0
votes
3answers
145 views

What is the purpose of 「し」 in phrase 「私は緊{きん}張{ちょう}しすぎて」?

There is a phrase 「私は緊{きん}張{ちょう}しすぎて」. Translates as: 私は - I緊張 - nervousすぎて - too; exceedingly But what is the purpose of 「し」 after 「緊張」?
2
votes
3answers
206 views

It seems “hard deadline” can be translated to 厳しい締切. Would “soft deadline” then be translated as 厳しくない締切?

I have searched long and hard for a dictionary translation of "soft deadline" to no avail. Google Ngram shows that it has peaked in popularity in the last three decades, so it's relatively new. I ...
0
votes
1answer
57 views

Is 何歳ですか polite? [duplicate]

何歳ですか (なんさいですか) - How old are you? Is it usual for Japanese to ask each other how old they are, and if it is, how do they go about and ask it? Is there a polite way to ask, or do you not ask this at ...
2
votes
2answers
61 views

What is meant/implied by “じゃないんだからね”

I noticed today, while playing Grisaia no Kajitsu (English version, since my Japanese is really bad), and when I click on a menu option while using Michiru's voice to voice the menus, she ends her ...

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