3
votes
2answers
93 views

Difference between んい and に

I noticed that the word 単位 is written as たんい in hiragana, not たに. Is there a difference in the way んい and に are pronounced? If so, does the same principle go for んあ and な, んえ and ね, etc.?
0
votes
1answer
65 views

接続助詞は名詞修飾節の中に使えますか?・接続助詞で作る文は他の接続助詞で作る文を修飾できますか?

偶然この質問を思い出しました。 Question 1 英語で《Hey, look! The car over there is the car which I would buy if I were rich》という文はあるでしょう。 その《if I were rich》は従属接続詞(if)で《I would buy》を修飾しているのです。それだけではなく、実は彼ら《I would ...
5
votes
2answers
124 views

Seeing the invisible の in old names and words

In many place and people names, there is an "invisible の", e.g., 三宮 is read さんのみや and 中大兄皇子 is なかのおおえのおうじ. This can also happen in words: 班田収授法 is read はんでんしゅうじゅのほう, which I am less comfortable with ...
3
votes
1answer
128 views

Why do the Japanese use loanwords for words that have functional equivalents?

It strikes me, reading Japanese that katakana is often used for words that have functional equivalents in the Japanese language. Why is this? For instance, using ビル as opposed to 建物。 Or ブルー instead ...
0
votes
1answer
54 views

Dear sir or madame… Japanese Mail Etiquette

I am trying to conduct business with a company located in Japan. I am trying to buy a kimono to complete a set for someone dear to me...(who may or may not be on the site so I am keeping this part ...
1
vote
2answers
125 views

Is there a difference between きらい and がすきではありません?

Simply put Pimsluer says to use がすきではありません to express a dislike, but Human Japanese uses きらい, is there a difference?
3
votes
1answer
797 views

How are items enumerated in Japanese restaurant menus?

I've been asked to render a restaurant menu in Japanese, even though I'm not very good with the language (don’t ask). The original menu has ingredient lists for each entry, usually like this: ...
2
votes
1answer
60 views

Where should I use 租借 {そしゃく} or 賃貸 {ちんたい} or [リース ]{りーす}?

I'm a beginner in Japanese. So far I learned the following three words have the same meaning - Lease (noun). [租借]{そしゃく} [賃貸]{ちんたい} [リース]{りーす} Where should I use them appropriately and what ...
0
votes
1answer
102 views

Old japanese translation [closed]

I would like to know what this says, it is Japanese, about 100 years old. It should be a signature on a sculpture. Here are 2 photos of the same signature.
4
votes
2answers
132 views

記する{きする}、 記す{きす}、記す{しるす} - how do I use and/or differentiate between them?

For instance, here: 碑文に記されているところによれば according to the inscription on the tombstone It's listed under 記する{きする}. Why?
1
vote
1answer
68 views

Meaning of “頭に付く”?

I'm reading through a book about learning Mandarin written in Japanese. There's a section describing the basics of initials (声母【せいぼ】) and finals (韻母【いんぼ】) in Chinese syllables with the following ...
1
vote
1answer
65 views

Some questions about だけ and clarifications about its nuances

The girl who just spoke is clearly being a pain in the ass, and after she leaves, one of the boys says this : 1 - オレ憎たらしさには 自信があったが あいつだけはぜったい勝てん。 I was sure I was unpleasant, but it's ...
2
votes
1answer
137 views

Is マスカット an accurate translation for “green grape”, and what foreign word is it derived from?

I'm new to Japanese so I'm working my way through Human Japanese, when I was adding the vocabulary to Quizlet I realized I didn't know how to type マスカット because I'm not used to seeing ツ used like ...
0
votes
0answers
68 views

Adverbial Nouns and Temporal Nouns

I'm wondering about the difference between adverbs, adverbial nouns, and temporal nouns.* I know that adverbs modify verbs, adjectives and other adverbs. They usually tell amount, weight, time, ...
3
votes
1answer
91 views

ところを 見つかる, this was in a highly reputable dictionary

Is this sentence wrong grammatically, or am I missing something? カンニングをしているところを 見つかる This is an examplensentence from kenkyuusha. More specifically, 見つかる is an intransitive verb, how is it used with ...
1
vote
2answers
124 views

Could you help me translate this sentence into english?

あなたのもの I'm trying to translate the phrase "I'm yours" in a loving way. Or just "yours" as in I belong to you and vice versa. I know a bit of Japanese but I'm a bit confused here. I know "anata no" is ...
2
votes
1answer
89 views

Trying to understand 私のこと in this sentence [duplicate]

According to a tweet from @real_eikaiwa, the following sentence: こんなに私のこと笑わせてくれる人なかなかいないって思ってる! Translates to: "I don't think I've ever met anyone that made me laugh so much!" But this ...
1
vote
2answers
105 views

How to describe a recurring/retrieved condition?

I don't understand how to describe a recurring or retrieved condition. Is there a special way to express sentences like: a) I was sick, but now (just now), I am finally better again. I want to ...
0
votes
1answer
95 views

When to use と and こと?

I was talking to one of my friends about these particles (Hes a native speaker of the langauge, and I thought he might know) and here's what he told me: 私は芋が彼を殺すと思います => I think the potato is killing ...
1
vote
1answer
103 views

Why is 渡部 累 transliterated/translated to “Lui Watanabe” with an “L”?

Why is 渡部 累 transliterated/translated (I'm not entirely sure which it is) into English as "Lui Watanabe" rather than "Rui Watanabe"? The only cases I've seen of transliterations or translations ...
0
votes
1answer
99 views

when should I use を instead of が?

it happens a lot that I'm not sure which of the two is the more correct one. を marks the object and が the subject, I know that. still I get them wrong because it's not that simple, maybe there some ...
2
votes
1answer
172 views

What word describes the concept of worldwide time zones?

The world is covered in the necessary evil known in English as "time zones". Given that, historically, it originated in England (some 300 or so years ago), the concept of a time zone was probably ...
6
votes
2answers
176 views

Does this double negative make a positive or negative sentence?

Is that sentence saying that you will worry, or that you won't worry? 最初からユニコーンを見つけるくらい大変だって知っていれば心配しないじゃないですか I'm pretty sure it's saying that you will worry, since she said that a unicorn is ...
4
votes
1answer
120 views

Why can は and を sometimes be used interchangeably?

For example: 肉は食べますが、すしを食べません。
3
votes
2answers
155 views

When can an adverb use の to modify a noun

In this sentence 僕はまったくのひとりぼっちで、まわりには誰もいない。 the adverb まったく uses の to modify ひとりぼっち (which I'm assuming is a noun in this context. I'll come back to that.) How do you know when an adverb can be ...
2
votes
1answer
131 views

Omitting は when the topic did not change

I am on Dr. Kim's Japanese site and want to make sure that I have this right. Am I correct in understanding that as long as the topic of conversation does not change, は need only be used once in a ...
1
vote
1answer
130 views

町{ちょう}、町{まち}、街{がい}、街{まち} - how to pick the correct pronunciation?

I've grown accustomed to enunciating both 町 and 街 as まち in my head but it turns out this may have been totally incorrect, as 三省堂{さんせいど} lists two possible pronunciations for 町 and only one (がい) for 街 ...
2
votes
1answer
73 views

を as locational particle

彼の別荘は後ろに山を控えている Translates into: There is a mountain behind his country cottage. Understood literally: speaking of his country cottage, a mountain is located behind. 控える locates something ...
3
votes
2answers
100 views

The meaning of の in この役立たず and お兄ちゃんのばか

It seems の doesn't always express possession as in 私の本. What does it mean in such phrases as この役立たず and お兄ちゃんのばか? And, what does の do in "埃だらけのテレビをちゃんと拭いてくれない?"?
3
votes
1answer
111 views

A bit confused about the usage of どころ?

I'm having trouble understanding when どころ is used more for emphasis/to show an extreme example, compared to when it's used to negate something. Also, when would it be used to negate something in an ...
10
votes
3answers
744 views

Do Japanese people see ツ as a smiling face?

Tsu (ツ) kana is sometimes used on the internet as a smiling face, such as in the emoticon ¯\_(ツ)_/¯. I'm wondering if Japanese people notice it or is just another character for them? The reason I'm ...
2
votes
1answer
139 views

Is バッチリ a generally accepted term?

Is バッチリ a generally used, non-slangy, and well recognised word? I couldn't find the word in jisho.org or the Japanese edition of Wiktionary. I could find it in weblio, and apparently it means ...
2
votes
3answers
163 views

What does the word 「こいや」mean?

The full sentence is 「ちょっと こいや」.
4
votes
2answers
106 views

Why did the author briefly jump to present tense in this article?

The first sentence of the second paragraph of the article titled モンテ、ナビスコ初戦快勝 in Yomiuri Shinbun is written in the present tense (or possibly the future tense I guess): 序盤、何度も相手ゴールに迫るが、得点に結びつかない。 ...
1
vote
1answer
57 views

What does と mean all by itself here?

So, I have this sentence: "つまりパスポートもビザもない、と" The first part is pointing out that someone doesn't have a passport or visa (since they threw their bag at someone earlier). But what is that 「と」 doing ...
3
votes
2answers
155 views

木 vs 樹 for trees

It seems that one difference between the usage of 木 and 樹 is that while both mean tree, the former is also used to mean wood. My question is, is there a further distinction for living trees? I'm ...
3
votes
2answers
167 views

と particle usage - am I understanding it correctly?

These two sentences don't seem to fit to the grammar rules on と that I've been able to dig up so far: ぼんやりとした意識{いしき}のまま窓{まど}に視線{しせん}をやると、とっくに日が昇{のぼ}っていた。 This form seems to fit と as an 'if/when' ...
3
votes
1answer
79 views

Meaning of 「兵法」

I have a question about the meaning of 兵法 in the following passage. If I'm understanding correctly in the first sentence it means 「剣術・柔術などの武術」. But what about the last one? Does 双厳 says something like ...
4
votes
1answer
115 views

レアチーズケーキ: Does 「レア」 originally come from “rare” or from “layer”?

レアチーズケーキ is a kind of cheesecake which is not baked. What is the etymology of the レア part of this word? Academic references needed, as this is a controversial topic: The top Google result claims ...
2
votes
1answer
118 views

独{ひと}り善{よ}がりの考え - what does it mean?

I'm struggling to understand this [definition][1]: [名・形動]他人の意見を無視して、自分だけでよいと思い込んでいること。また、そのさま。どくぜん。「―な(の)言動」. 「デジタル大辞泉」 Namely this part: 自分だけでよいと思い込んでいる I am not sure what "thinking that ...
2
votes
2answers
131 views

What's the difference between 最近、このごろ and 近頃?

I always thought that they had similar meanings, however I got an exercise where I got all 3 of them and one only is the right choice.
2
votes
1answer
83 views

How to say “lose a friendship/drift apart”?

I want to say that "as A becomes closer friends with C, B gets jealous and A and B drift apart". What I have so far is A-さんは C-さんと仲良くすればするほど、B-さんがうらやましくなって、A-さんと_____てしまう。
5
votes
2answers
112 views

開始三秒 - what does it mean?

I assume it's always a (vs)noun, so 開始三秒 must be a noun composed of 開始{かいし} and 三秒{さんびょう}? If that is true, does it mean "before 3 seconds have elapsed?" (it would seem so from the context), but given ...
3
votes
2answers
151 views

What is the difference between [新規]{しんき} and [新]{あたら}しい?

What is the difference between [新規]{しんき} and [新]{あたら}しい? Both mean "new". What are the nuances here?
3
votes
2answers
111 views

Activity verbs vs Change verbs

My textbook makes a difference between verbs that describe activities and verbs that describe changes. Two examples given are: 話す - activity 結婚する - change It then goes on to say that 話している ...
4
votes
1answer
105 views

what's the grammar of ださん?

I read in a Japanese tale (kachikachi yama) : An old man (a peasant) is happy since he just catched a tanuki and says to his wife : 「それじゃ ちょっくら まちへ かいものに いってくるから たぬきが にげださんように きをつけておくれ。」 ...
2
votes
1answer
80 views

“Ikkigomi”? Single comment in Japanese

At least that's what I think is being said, "ikkigomi". It means like "single comment" or "impressions" or something, but I don't know how it's written in Japanese. If someone could enlighten/correct ...
0
votes
1answer
60 views

Can anyone help translate this Kanji? [closed]

Can someone please help me translate this kanji? I saw it on a tattoo and would like to know what it means. Thank you so very much in advance!
1
vote
2answers
114 views

~の帰り - what does this mean?

会社の帰りに本屋に寄るのが楽しみです Does this means on the way back to company or start from company, and back to some where else ? And also why use に after 帰り, what does that mean?
2
votes
2answers
127 views

What does it mean to describe a joke as “ジェネギャ”?

ジェネギャなジョーク Need help with translating to English the above phrase. I know it is some kind of joke and Google Translate is not helping much. Thanks in advance.

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