5
votes
1answer
348 views

How does 一目 work in this sentence?

Trying to make sense of this sentence: 自分は死ぬ前に一目{ひとめ}思う女に逢{あ}いたいと云った。 Daijirin lists 一目 as a noun. However, it doesn't connect with 思う according to normal rules (there is no particle). To ...
2
votes
1answer
95 views

Why are 兄(あに) and 姉(あね) pronounced differently in お兄さん and お姉さん?

姉 is pronounced ane, but お姉さん is pronounced oneesan. What happened to the initial a? Likewise, 兄 is pronounced ani, but お兄さん is pronounced oniisan. What is the rule governing the change in the ...
1
vote
1answer
77 views

Trouble with sentence structure and particles

I've been having a hard time understanding how to construct a sentence. If I were going to say something along the lines of: "Learning Japanese on your own is difficult." Would this be grammatically ...
3
votes
1answer
209 views

Subject and beneficiary of 〜くれる

I can't completely understand the meaning of くれる in the following dialogues. In the first example, if I'm understanding, it is something like this: せっかくミストリアはエルドにこう言ってくれているんだし So the one who ...
3
votes
1answer
85 views

Do 〜によれば and 〜によると differ regarding the speaker's opinion of the following statement being true?

From a newspaper: 16日の発表によると、ドイツ経済の今年の成長率は2.1%、来年が1.8%の見込み。 I think that means: According to the report of April 16th, it is expected that the growth of the German economy will be 2.1% ...
2
votes
1answer
110 views

Could a verb or adjective in the past tense 〜た refer to something no longer true?

I found the following sentences on a website teaching people the order of using the 助動詞. 彼は人に笑われる。 彼を人に笑われさせる。 彼を人に笑われさせたい。 彼を人に笑われさせたくない。 彼を人に笑われさせたくなかった。 彼を人に笑われさせたくなかっただろう。 I ...
16
votes
1answer
1k views

Why is 島 used in the name of some cities?

I can understand "島" being used in 硫黄島 (Iwo Jima/Iwo To, literally "Sulphur island"), because it is an island, but why is it used in 福島市 (Fukushima city, literally "Good fortune island") and 広島市 ...
2
votes
2answers
126 views

How is から used here?

An exchange goes like this 「from 第三夢」: A「どうも盲目は不自由でいけないね」と云った。 B「だから負おぶってやるからいいじゃないか」 A「負ぶって貰もらってすまないが、どうも人に馬鹿にされていけない。親にまで馬鹿にされるからいけない」 I thought the first [subordinate] clause ended ...
2
votes
1answer
61 views

How does ようにして work when followed by a verb/al?

Off these excerpts from 夢十夜: A 「田圃{たんぼ}へかかったね」と背中で云った。 B 「どうして解る」と顔を後うしろへ振り向けるようにして聞いたら、 A 「だって鷺{さぎ}が鳴くじゃないか」と答えた。 "asked by turning my head towards my back"? ...
3
votes
1answer
84 views

How to say “email me at this mail address”?

I was wondering how I would say to someone that they can reach me at this email address or they can mail me here at this email address. I would guess it would use the potential form of send for ...
1
vote
1answer
63 views

What is the meaning of ~しにたちよったんじゃ?

Here is the sentence containing the phrase. ちと 忠告【ちゅうこく】しにたちよったんじゃ。
4
votes
1answer
104 views

How is character size dealt with?

When reading manga, I frequently notice that I have no idea what a character says. This is not because I do not know what the kanji is, rather it is very difficult for me to decipher what the kanji ...
2
votes
2answers
125 views

「日本では美味しい和食が食べられる」と「日本は美味しい和食が食べられる」は違う?

(1)“日本では美味しい和食が食べられる” (2)“日本は美味しい和食が食べられる” どっちも使えるんですね。意味もわかりますけど、もうちょっと詳しい文法を知りたいです。 私はこう思います(正しいかどうかわからない): “日本では美味しい和食が食べられる” ⇒ “私は日本で美味しい和食が食べられる” から ...
2
votes
2answers
126 views

て versus combining-form for joining clauses

Is there a difference between these two sentences 昨日はビールを飲んでパイを食べました。 昨日はビールを飲みパイを食べました。 More generally, when should I choose one form over the other? Thanks.
2
votes
1answer
70 views

How is the past tense in this sentence translated?

I'm studying Japanese adjectives right now, and I see that adjectives can be formed to refer to past tense. For example, 自転車は楽だったです。 So, I'm trying to understand a little bit better how the ~だった ...
3
votes
1answer
64 views

why does the following title end “…守られる” and not “守られている”? just to save space?

I read the title of the article キタシロサイ、地球にたった1匹のオス、24時間体制で守られる as "The last male rhino on earth is being protected by a system that is active 24-hrs per day." The " ...is being protected... " makes ...
0
votes
1answer
60 views

Meaning of 「つりたくない者が、つるわけない」 and 「よけいな心配しないで、のびのびと育ってね」

I've come upon a couple of phrases in Doraemon I quite don't understand. The first is said by Nobita's mother, trying to calm Nobita down after finding him freaked out by his first encounter with ...
4
votes
1answer
116 views

Commas and relative clauses

Can't find rules on how commas work with relative clauses. Paragraph [click for full text] ...
2
votes
1answer
121 views

Meaning of 半分間違っているんじゃないかなと思う部分があるから、アメリカチック,アメリカナイズされすぎているっていうか。

This is from a textbook, the person is trying to explain how his generation is different from his father's generation. He says that all his father did was work and save money. ...
2
votes
3answers
124 views

Difference between 〜てみたい and 〜たい

I just learnt about 〜てみる and the book introduced 〜てみたい in an exercise. I can see the difference between, say, 食べたい and 食べてみたい, but with 行きたい and 行ってみたい its not so clear. Would I be right to assume ...
1
vote
1answer
90 views

Adjective negation: difference between 〜くない and 〜くありません

What's the difference between 〜くない and 〜くありません? Both are added to an i-adjective (イ形容詞, verb type adjective) to make it negative. For example: 寒くない 寒くありません But what's the difference? Is one more ...
1
vote
1answer
335 views

Customer who bought from you in the past, and buys again because they like the product

I am looking for a shorter word to convey the fact that a customer buys again: 去年のお客さんが今年も買ってくれたので、価値があるかと思います I want to insist on the fact that a customer buying again means that they like the ...
1
vote
1answer
165 views

(Slang) Way's to say: What's Up/How's It Going

I know: 最近どうですか? 最近どう? to ask, what's up?/how's it going?. what other ways are they to say what's up? or how's it going? Slang-y ways would be nice to know too.
1
vote
1answer
78 views

Pronouncing abbreviations, acronyms, letters? (NHK, CM, JR, A…)

I've been noticing that Latin letters in abbreviations and acronyms are (obviously) common in Japan. For instance: JR becomes ジェイアール CM becomes シーエム N3 becomes エヌさん NHK becomes エヌエイチケイ (I think) ...
4
votes
1answer
91 views
4
votes
2answers
441 views

How do you read 麻色?

Don't know if it should be read as まいろ, まあいろ, あさいろ or in some other way. Couldn't find it in any dictionary. Context:
2
votes
1answer
160 views

What is the difference between spellings しまう、仕舞う、終う、了う?

What is the difference of meanings between the spellings しまう、仕舞{しま}う、終{しま}う、了{しま}う? Or at least, between the first two? (They are marked as common.) If there is a source about such nuances, I'll ...
3
votes
1answer
65 views

A few Doraemon related questions

I'm reading the following Doraemon page and I've got a few questions I'll name all panels beginning from the top right, going left In the 8th panel: でも、これからはドラエモンがついてるから安心しな、おじいさん。 Those 2 から are ...
2
votes
1answer
112 views

why does “ら” follow “山中{やまなか}” here: “山中ら、予備検診{よびけんしん}で異常{いじょう}なし”

In the newspaper article titled 山中ら、予備検診で異常なし…WBCバンタム級, what meaning is created by placing "ら" after "山中"? Does it make "山中慎介" plural, and then "山中ら" means something like "Yamanaka and his ...
1
vote
0answers
39 views

Looking for a Chinese-Japanese-English phrasebook [closed]

I've studied lots of words and their corresponding kanji with flashcards and now I am learning Chinese (still a beginner). As I am 64 years old, my memory is not always prompt to give me back the ...
6
votes
1answer
387 views

Meaning and usage of 〜してからにしろ

From the manga yotsubato!, casual conversation: 早く寝るのはいいけど、せめて晩飯食って風呂入ってからにしろ In this sentence how does からにしろ at the end change it? I know the full sentence means this: It's ok to go to bed ...
2
votes
1answer
122 views

Meaning of 形 here?

I'm wondering what 形 and 形程度 mean in the following conversation. I know that 形 can be used quite figuratively but I never got a good feel for it. A: しかしリーダーといっても形程度のことだろう? B: 形で判断されることもあるでしょ?
1
vote
1answer
81 views

Meaning and grammar of 〜かというとだね

I'm a bit lost with the bolded sentence from Doraemon. のび太: でたらめいうな!! 人の運命なんか、わかってたまるか!! ドラえもん: それがわかるんだ。 ドラえもん: どうしてわかるかというとだね。 ドラえもん: なに これ? のび太: おもち。 I understand どうして、わかる ...
2
votes
1answer
95 views

Difference between て-form and と/や for connecting adjectives/verbs

I was reading about the て form and trying to understand it, then I came across some sentences using て form and a question came into my mind: What changes if instead of using the て form for all verbs ...
4
votes
1answer
175 views

Meaning of ところ in アメリカのいいところ

I feel as though I understand what the below sentence means, but what I think it means makes no sense. 日本に行ったら、アメリカのいいところも発見できるかもしれないですね。 My translation: If you go to Japan, you might be able to ...
4
votes
1answer
100 views

Why was 邪 chosen to spell the names of 伊邪那岐神 and 伊邪那美神 in the 古事記?

I had been wondering about this for a while. Consider the spelling of he names of Izanagi and Izanami in the 古事記: 伊邪那岐神【いざなぎのかみ】 and (妹【いも】)伊邪那美神【いざなみのかみ】 (source) Both of their names ...
5
votes
1answer
157 views

Asking somebody of higher social status whether they made a mistake

I am exchanging an email with someone of higher social status than me after noticing a possible mistake on their part. I want to say I'm wondering if a mistake has been made My first thought ...
2
votes
1answer
62 views

Reading and significance of dakuten with kana for which it normally is not used

Came across these while reading a novel. How do you read this?
5
votes
2answers
159 views

Difference between 光る, 輝く, and 光り輝く?

What is the difference between 光る{ひかる}, 輝く{かがやく}, and 光り{ひかり}輝く{かがやく}? According to my dictionary, they all mean "to shine" or "to be bright", but I'm sure they aren't always interchangeable. Looking ...
2
votes
1answer
63 views

What is the function of と in verb-ていると form

I read this sentence in a book for beginners, but I can't find the grammar in any of my books or online: おばあさんが川で洗濯をしていると、川上のほうから、大きな桃が「どんぶらこ、どんぶらこ」と流れてきました。 Which I translate as While the ...
1
vote
1answer
56 views

Usage and meaning of 仲ばし [closed]

While reading I came across a strange usage which none of my dictionaries could decipher. 腰を仲ばし、両手を大きく振りながら、てくてく歩く。 While googling I found the sentence 手を前方に進め上体を倒しながら仲ばします accompanied by a ...
2
votes
2answers
52 views

Does the pronunciation of ん also change with another word within a sentence?

For example, the word かばん (bag) is pronounced kabaN when it's alone but what if another word like と (and) comes after it? Would it be still pronounced kabaNto, or should you consider the following と ...
4
votes
1answer
151 views

Differences between “何度も or 何度でも” and 何回も?

Things like 何度も and 何回も are somehow common. In what cases would there be differences between the two? Are they the same differences between the plain 回 and 度? Thanks.
1
vote
2answers
117 views

Can とこに配属され be used for being assigned to a position?

I'd like to understand whether the とこに配属 within this dialogue (and in general) can be used in reference to assignment of a position such as proxy, instead of just assignent to a division. For ...
2
votes
1answer
70 views

The use of 恩着せがましい with と思う in this sentence

I understand most of the below sentence, but when I get to 恩着せがましいと思うのではないか, things get confusing. 日本人は人見知りが激しいので打ち解けあうまでは時間かかりますが、仲良くなると恩着せがましいと思うのではないかと思います。 My translation: A Japanese person's ...
4
votes
1answer
83 views

Can と imply と言わんばかりに?

I can't understand how と is used in the bolded sentence below. Does と in that sentence imply と言って ("Understand it please - said ボイスくん looking at me."), or does it imply と言わんばかりに ("ボイスくん was looking at ...
2
votes
1answer
90 views

Meaning of the phrase 「さわいどるんかの?」

Here is the full sentence. いったいなにをさわいどるんかの? What does the bolded part mean?
2
votes
1answer
104 views

How do you know what word to write in its kanji correspondence?

My study book writes some words like あまり and おおぜい in pure hiragana and I can't figure out whether it is common to write these words in hiragana as the books says, or I'd better write them in their ...
3
votes
1answer
111 views

What's the difference between 無【な】くす and 失【うしな】う

These two words, 無【な】くす and 失【うしな】う, seem to be very similar in meaning, but i'm not sure of the difference. Can someone please explain? Here are some examples: 彼【かれ】は時々【ときどき】希望【きぼう】を失う【うしな】。 ...
1
vote
1answer
61 views

Meaning of 長い間のロマンス in the song 四角革命

From the song 四角革命 by 相対性理論 四角カクカク革命前夜の 長いあいあい間のロマンス 近いカイカイ開戦前夜に やってくるくる車の行列 兎角カクカク革命前夜は 街のにぎわい恋のロマネスク 奇怪カイカイ開戦前夜に 迫りくるくる狂った結末 I'm translating this song and ...

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