13
votes
2answers
302 views

Nouns exhibiting vowel fronting

As touched upon in another thread, there are several nouns that exhibit a kind of vowel shift in older forms, where the ending vowel is fronted when the noun is used on its own to become /i/ or /e/, ...
0
votes
0answers
39 views

How do you say I'm very poor cook" in japanese [on hold]

How do you say I'm very poor cook" in japanese please help me. thank you.
1
vote
1answer
90 views

Do I say えいがにみました or えいがをみました ?

Do I say えいがにみました or えいがをみました? Thank you :D
11
votes
4answers
911 views

に vs で again: 前に vs 後で

Following the current trend of pitting the particles に and で against each other, here is another question that does the same but from another type of usage and perspective. When we want to say "do X ...
14
votes
2answers
1k views

What's the difference between に and で when speaking of time of an action?

What's the difference between に and で when speaking of the time of an action? I know に is very specific about time, but I'm not sure when, or how to use で. Can で only be used in certain instances? ...
28
votes
8answers
2k views

Particles: に vs. で

I have progressed pretty far in Japanese, but when I construct Japanese sentences, I still get these two particles mixed up. For example, when talking about being inside something, I don't know when ...
3
votes
2answers
225 views

Usage of particles で and に with ~的

A sentence from JapanesePod 101: 北米とヨーロッパでは通常スカートは女性がはくものと思われているが、世界的には多くの男性がスカートをはく。 In North America and Europe a skirt is thought of as something a woman wears, but in many countries men ...
2
votes
2answers
139 views

Particles に, で for temporal vs spatial location

What does it mean to put で after a temporal expression? I was taught that only に should be used for times but I still see sentences with で sometimes. This is basically my current understanding: ...
3
votes
1answer
254 views

Is に okay in 「田中さんはビデオゲームに遊んでいます」?

I have a question with the follow sentence: 田中さんはビデオゲームに遊んでいます Is the particle に okay?
8
votes
1answer
241 views

後で vs. 前に- Why not the same particle?

Why don't 後で and 前に both use the same particle (I suppose I would think に would be more appropriate). They both seem to be the same kind of statement, just with different times (before/after), so I ...
9
votes
4answers
219 views

揺れる with に or で

I rarely have any problems with the に and で particles, but I have been a bit confused since seeing the word 揺れる in a few different sentences. As far as I know it is ok to say either: 旗が風に揺れている ...
0
votes
1answer
114 views

technical term for “形容動詞{けいようどうし} + にする”?

A subset of Japanese nouns is the サ変名詞{へんめいし} nouns such as: 勉強{べんきょう}する 運転{うんてん}する 残業{ざんぎょう}する A subset of 形容動詞 words can be appended with "にする" such as: 静{しず}かにする 大切{たいせつ}にする ...
1
vote
1answer
100 views

What's the meaning of ナーミンナイト in this song lyric?

These are the last 4 lines of the lyrics for the song はっぴぃなんちゃら なごりおしいけど そろそろさよなら ときめきナーミンナイト ときめきナーミンナイト ナーミンナイト(イェイ!) What does ナーミンナイト (narmin night) mean here? Especially narmin.
4
votes
1answer
107 views

[奨学金]{しょうがくきん} and Repayment

背景 現在特任講師として大学機関で働いていますが、かつて院生のころから、日本人の「奨学金」の使い方が気になっていました。私は文部科学省の奨学金も頂きましたが、その奨学金は普通の英語の"scholarship"のように、返済しなくてもよいものでした。 ...
4
votes
1answer
336 views

Can't recognize these handwritten kana (or kanji) in a text

While reading a 1920s handwritten official document, I'm having some trouble to recognize these two kana (or kanji) which the red arrows (see image below) are pointing at. The question here is what ...
6
votes
2answers
272 views

How to express appositives in Japanese

I have been searching high and low for how to express appositives in Japanese, yet the most I have come across is how to express something like "my friend John". I would like to know how to express ...
0
votes
0answers
86 views

which verbs have irregular forms? [duplicate]

i know so far: irregular verbs: kuru, suru, aru
2
votes
1answer
148 views

The meaning of phrase 「すこしじつ」

A few minutes ago on TV I heard the phrase 「すこしじつ」. The broadcast is about cuisine 「料理」. Maybe I misheard it, because I can not translate it in vocabularies.. I think it begins with 「少{すこ}し」, then..?
6
votes
2answers
2k views

のか - Particle “lamenting reflections on the preceding statement”. What?

I've come across this sentence in my manga. そ そうか そういう疑いを持っているのか It's actually fairly easy, but the particle at the end has confused me. I thought it was the two particles の and か, but then I ...
3
votes
1answer
109 views

How did the originally honorific forms of address 君、お前、貴様 become informal or even insulting?

君 means ruler, お前 honourable one towards me, 貴様 worthy appearance. How did these originally honorific terms of address become informal or even insulting?
5
votes
1answer
133 views

含む vs. 含んでいる vs. 含まれている

I would like to know if there is a difference in nuance between these four sentences. I am trying to say oranges are high in vitamin C. These are based off a sentence I found in Jisho. 1.) ...
1
vote
1answer
70 views

What is the origin of スタンド meaning “desk lamp”?

I'm struggling to turn up any answers on why the word スタンド is used to mean "desk lamp". My guess would be that it's a case of metonymy, but I don't know.
4
votes
0answers
112 views

“Irregular” 命令形 of some verbs

Recently I've noticed several verbs where the imperative form is used in a way that is not the "correct" conjugation. くれる → くれ! → The one we're all used to つける → つけ! → An example from my ...
1
vote
2answers
135 views

Are ここ, そこ and あそこ prepositions?

これ, それ and あれ are demonstrative pronouns. この, その and あの are demonstrative determiners. What could you call ここ, そこ and あそこ? Are they prepositions?
8
votes
3answers
2k views

How to say “Nobody is perfect” in Japanese

I'm wondering how to say "nobody is perfect" in Japanese. Would 「完全な人いない」 be a correct translation?
4
votes
1answer
103 views

What is 林家パー子ばり?

What is 林家パー子ばり? A colleague used it in a complex context, but I have found many another occurrences, including this one in the very simple context of a self-presentation: ...
0
votes
1answer
99 views

Understanding the usage of つくin 体{からだ}につけたまま

体{からだ}につけたまま使うことができる..... Please help me understand this form/usage of つく. Since I don't know which kanji it corresponds to, it is difficult for me to make out what this phrase actually means. ...
0
votes
2answers
86 views

Q: Should a new Japanese learner stop reviewing Chinese Hanzi? [closed]

After 3+ years of Chinese study, I have about 2600 Hanzi characters under my belt. I've had a good time learning, but now I've realized that Chinese doesn't quite light my fire anymore. I'm defecting ...
3
votes
2answers
224 views

名 versus 名前: Why is this seemingly redundant Jukugo used?

For example I came across a Jukugo like this: 名 (name) + 前 (before) = 名前 (name) What is the point in having this Jukugo when you apparently can just use 名. Can someone explain this to me?
5
votes
1answer
1k views

In general, do Japanese people communicate formally or informally when conversing on a forum/commenting/chat?

I am asking for general use, when it is not clear whether you should be talking in formal/informal.
0
votes
1answer
110 views

V(さ)せる when it doesn't indicate permission/compulsion

さくら は あたたかく なって きた ことを しらせる ように さきます あき の おわり から はな を さかせ はじめ...... The above sentences use the V(さ)せる forms - though they do not indicate permission/compulsion. Could someone help ...
0
votes
1answer
120 views

Is the 仮定形 used only to make the conditional?

toru --aEiou--> tore --joshi--> toreba. Is the ba-joshi the only suffix that can be added to the kateikei form of the verb?
-4
votes
0answers
70 views

はず and べき - almost identical kotoba [duplicate]

かれがわるいのだからきちんとあやまる(はず/べき) だとおもう What is the correct option above, and why? Helpful examples to explain the appropriate use-cases will be greatly appreciated.
3
votes
1answer
162 views

Are there a kanji for マル and バツ (O and X, right and wrong)

AFAIK words マル and バツ are commonly used as short answers (right and wrong, 正しい・正しくない). Are there any kanji for these words?
0
votes
0answers
62 views

「あなたの今までの人生の中で一番の異文化体験は何でしたか?」 [closed]

あなたの今までの人生の中で一番の異文化体験は何でしたか? どういう意味ですか?どうやって答えればいいと思いますか?みなさんの意見を聞きたいです。
4
votes
2answers
156 views

meaning of “べつにいいけど”

I recently skyped a friend just to ask how her English studies were going. During the conversation, I think I said something like: "なんか、英文の質問があれば、どうぞ。ま、べつにいいけど。" She seemed to think my usage ...
0
votes
0answers
37 views

Use of passive past form + なかった [closed]

そういや、好きって言われたなかった。 I know that means - "Love was never said" "You never said you love me" or something like this. What i dont understand is that passive past form of 言う + ない 言われたなかった - Was not ...
6
votes
1answer
264 views

_っ_り form adverbs

I keep seeing these onomatopoeic adverbs popping up with the form: _っ_り. Some examples include ぐっすり、ぴったり、すっきり、etc…. Is there a name for these adverbs, and why are they in this specific form?
0
votes
2answers
165 views

How do you write 縮めて in IPA?

How do you write 縮めて in IPA (International Phonetic Alphabet)?
3
votes
1answer
116 views

どうか〜〜ますように in 「どうか異世界の出来事でありますように」

I don't know what possible translations are for this sentence: どうか異世界の出来事でありますように also I'm a little confused by どうか and ~ように...
1
vote
1answer
71 views

are the godan verbs always followed by either a,e,i,o or u before a further suffix is added? [duplicate]

as far as i know, in japanese verbs are divided into two groups. One ends in a consonant and one in a vowel. tor : stemform of toru. mi : stemform of miru. those ending in a consonant are called ...
4
votes
2answers
303 views

How to use に限って【かぎって】 correctly

I came across the expression に限って but not too sure how to use it. It seems to mean "especially/of all the/only" and has to be used in a negative manner. However, I am confused with the following ...
3
votes
3answers
135 views

Sentence structure: “I can accomplish (a) by doing (b)”

I'm trying to say sentences like "I can accomplish (a) by doing (b)." in Japanese, and I can't seem to figure it out. An example sentence would be "I can earn good grades by studying hard." Maybe ...
0
votes
0answers
36 views

Why are い and な conjugated differently? [duplicate]

With い adjectives, to conjugate the verb into positive, negative, present or past tense, you change the い to くない, かった or くなかった. But with な adjectives, you conjugate by changing です to ではありません, でした and ...
9
votes
7answers
2k views

Why are there 3 ways of writing in Japanese?

Why are there kanji, hiragana and katakana? Is there a logical reason behind this or just tradition?
18
votes
4answers
7k views

Why was both katakana and hiragana created?

Nowadays, katakana tends to be used for gairaigo and onomatopoeia, while hiragana tends to be used for native Japanese words. This is a slight simplification - more information is available here. ...
3
votes
0answers
71 views

Why does katakana even exist?/ Why not use hiragana and kanji for everything? [duplicate]

From what I know, katakana is used for writing foreign words, scientific words, onomatopoeia, emphasis, and food on some menus in Japan. Also the sounds in the hiragana and in the katakana ...
1
vote
2answers
191 views

Are verbs transformed into the ず-form used like adverbs?

Dictionary form: お礼{れい}をする Transformed into ず-form: お礼をせず Is お礼をせず used similar to the English expression "without thanking" which itself can work as an adverb, e.g. I ate without thanking ...
4
votes
1answer
174 views

What is the etymology of the て-form?

What are the origins of the て-form? Was its meaning when it initially appeared different from what it is now?
3
votes
1answer
88 views

いる connected to a proposition?

I'm stuck with the construction of 居る/いる in the following sentence (Botchan, I) 小学校【しょうがっこう】に居【い】る時分【じぶん】学校【がっこう】の二階【にかい】から飛【と】び降【お】りて一週間【いっしゅうかん】ほど腰【こし】を抜【ぬ】かした事【こと】がある。 My translation (excuse ...

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