2
votes
1answer
613 views

What does the word 「ようく」mean?

I came across the word in a manga in a situation that a teenage boy is going to explain something to a group of kids. I cannot find the word in online japanese dictionary. Here is the sentence. ...
5
votes
1answer
60 views

What does the word 「っぷち」mean?

Here is the sentence including the word. 計画{けいかく}の一! それは この広{ひろ}い川{かわ}っぷちの両{りょう}岸{がん}一[帯]{たい}の おとなも子{こ}どももあそべるでっかい遊{ゆう}園{えん}地{ち}を作{つく}ること!
2
votes
3answers
166 views
3
votes
2answers
2k views

What's the difference between「~と言いました」and「~と言っていました」?

「~と言{い}いました」and「~と言{い}っていました」 basically the difference between します and しています.
3
votes
1answer
68 views

How to translate 以前の問題

How would you translate "以前の問題" in the next sentence: 作文が上手かどうかは、日本語能力以前の問題である。 Thank you! )
3
votes
2answers
393 views

Is there a female version of ikemen?

Ikemen means something like cool man, is there something similar for women?
7
votes
0answers
84 views

Why と言っていました and not と言いました [duplicate]

My textbook I studied from many months ago stated that to quote what somebody said, you have to use と言っていました. I was wondering why that form is used and not と言いました。 Is there any specific reason for ...
1
vote
1answer
59 views

What is 帰す form here?

The relevant bit goes like: 我が祈りを聞き給え 生きとし生けるものすべては主に帰せん 我が魂よ再び安らぐがよい主は報いて下さるがゆえに Going off context ん seems to be a volitional auxiliary (推量) as it would make the middle bit as "to you ...
1
vote
2answers
96 views

Using と to link clauses instead of て

I've seen several posts saying that と cannot be used to mean 'and' when linking clauses. They say it should be treated as 'when'. I have come across several sentences in my studies that do not support ...
5
votes
2answers
735 views

If 鳥肉 is chicken meat, what is duck meat?

鳥 means bird or poultry. It's understandable that 鳥肉 would be chicken meat since chicken is the most popular "bird meat". But in this case where chicken has monopolized the meaning of bird, how would ...
0
votes
0answers
50 views

Can any 名詞をする be shorten as 名詞する? [duplicate]

Can any 名詞をする be shorten as 名詞する ? Is there any exception for this? For example, 勉強をする can be shorten as 勉強する テニスをする can be shorten as テニスする
2
votes
1answer
53 views

“The way she went about things” as 彼のする方

I'm working to translate this particular line, wondering if it accurately puts across this idea. Alternatives are welcome too! 彼{かれ}のする方{かた}
4
votes
1answer
43 views

What is the name for the mixed ingredients in a bowl?

I am writing a recipe in Japanese. The excerpt is given as follows. まず、丼に卵と塩とこしょうと薄切りの玉ねぎを入れて、混ぜる。 フライパンに油を入れて、火をつけて、1っ分ぐらい持つ。 フライパンに「the contents of the bowl」を入れて、5分ぐらい炒める。 The ...
1
vote
0answers
43 views

When to use kanji (e.g. 出来る vs. できる) [duplicate]

Japanese textbooks often use できる (hiragana) instead of 出来る (kanji). Japanese variety shows sometimes use 出来る instead of できる. Another example is 出る vs. でる. Is there any difference in usage between the ...
0
votes
0answers
75 views

sentential modifiers(?) and relative clause question

I just finished Japanese level 2 in college, which as I have come to understand is ~the most important~ and I came away with quite a lot of questions. We learned about relative clauses and something ...
-2
votes
1answer
116 views

What is 'Eternal Ruler of the Universe' in japanese? [on hold]

More specifically, what is eternal in japanese. I have seen eien, and rarely nagai. Which one do I use? Please give breakdowns of all phrases, and give sentences both polite and casual. Please also ...
2
votes
2answers
170 views

Meaning of 私がではない

Spoken as part of a monologue by an anime character (cutting out parts irrelevant for context): 私にとっても、それは不快な事実だった。私がではない。 あれほど冷酷な魔術師だった男が、敵を助けたという事実こそが不快だった。 Is it a fixed phrase? What does it ...
-7
votes
0answers
56 views

l and r in japanese [duplicate]

how can it be that there is not the litter l in japanese and ikimono gakari in her song hotaro no hikari naruto shippuden openinig 5 says sha la la not sha ra ra
2
votes
1answer
63 views

What is that suspentive の particle?

I have come several times across the の particle just before a comma (、)but I could not figure out why の was use and for what purpose. Here are some examples I have run across: ex1: ...
1
vote
1answer
79 views

The positive ~じゃない

Just how feminine is it? How odd would it be if a male speaker said it? I have found one example of someone male using, in a piece of fiction: Lest レスト、 the main character of Rune Factory 4 ...
5
votes
1answer
99 views

How to pronounce 繁栄 han'ei?

How to pronounce 繁栄 han'ei? Is there a glottal stop between the two syllables? Is it //haɴʔeː//, //haɴeː//, //haŋʔeː// or //haŋeː//?
2
votes
1answer
77 views

Pronunciation of マッハ or シャッフル

How do the Japanese actually pronounce words such as マッハ (Mahha - Mach) or シャッフル (Shaffuru - Shuffle)? I know gemination is a feature of Japanese phonology, but I've only managed to articulate such ...
3
votes
2answers
101 views

Usage of て form before relative clause e.g. そう呟いて見上げる空は、朝見たもよりも輝いて見えた

My question is how to interpret this. そう呟いて見上げる空は、朝見たもよりも輝いて見えた In this sentence does it mean he was already looking at the sky before he muttered whatever he said, or can it still indicate ...
3
votes
2answers
169 views

て versus combining-form for joining clauses

Is there a difference between these two sentences 昨日はビールを飲んでパイを食べました。 昨日はビールを飲みパイを食べました。 More generally, when should I choose one form over the other? Thanks.
2
votes
2answers
67 views

Sentence Polarity when connecting sentences/clauses with て/で

I was reading the Tobira textbook recently and I became a little confused when reading the following passage. "日本語では、会話をスムーズに進めるために「あいづちをうつ」ということをします。「はい/ええ」「うん」「そうですか」など色々ありますが、これらは ″Yes, I'm ...
4
votes
2answers
295 views

Do Japanese actually pronounce the “v” sound?

Do Japanese actually pronounce the "v" sound? They do have a kana character (ヴ) dedicated to transcribing foreign "v" sounds, but do they actually pronounce them like the English phoneme /v/ (using ...
1
vote
3answers
262 views

Why does 日本語{にほんご} mean Japanese?

Google translate says 日本語 means Japanese. It also says: 語 means "word" 本 means "this" 日 means "day" So how do you get "Japanese" out of these three kanji?
3
votes
3answers
234 views

Most egregious examples of the reading of a kanji changing due to (textually) distant characters

I've been thinking about how Japanese people can read a text (out loud, say) when the readings of the kanji can be so variable depending on okurigana, suffixes, or prefixes that change the meaning ...
7
votes
1answer
163 views

Where does the な in 大人 (otona) come from?

As far as I understand, the word 大人 (otona) uses the kanji 大 to represent お and the kanji 人 to represent と. According to this site the readings for 人 do not include な. Where does the な come from then? ...
2
votes
1answer
61 views

Difference between (「~~~」と話した) and (「~~~」と語った)?

In newspaper articles, quotes seem to be always followed by (「~~~」と 話した ) and (「~~~」と 語った ). examples : 大村明日香さんは「緊張しましたが、練習より楽しかった。大きな声を出すように心がけました」と 話した 。 (full context) 担当者は「ますます女性にとって快適な機内にしたい」と ...
6
votes
2answers
3k views

a natural and short way to say I'm currently learning Japanese, and it isn't very good?

background: I'm playing Shogi 将棋 on a Japanese site since there are no good english ones, and every once in a while someone tries to open a converstaion with me. While I try to participate as much as ...
2
votes
2answers
137 views

で used for abstract location?

Consider the sentence: 今度の旅行は全部で何人行きますか。 I would roughly translate it literally to: For this trip, in the domain of "total"(abstract location), how many people will be going?" And then ...
9
votes
3answers
5k views

How do you ask for “the bill” at a restaurant?

This is probably a bit of a silly question, but what do you say in Japanese when you're asking for the bill in a restaurant? Or is it unusual to say anything at all? When I was in Japan I could never ...
0
votes
1answer
64 views

Difference in usage/nuance between 厚生, 福祉, 福利 and 生活保護

厚生[こうせい] 福祉[ふくし] 福利[ふくり] 生活保護[せいかつほご] Translating "welfare" into Japanese seems a bit complicated. Could someone maybe provide for context the most typical phrases/chunks that use these words? I'm ...
1
vote
1answer
67 views

The meaning of 司る

Context: Someone(アスタリスク) is about to have his ceremony to become a knight. 「それではアスタ、……アスタリスクの騎士叙任の儀を始めます。さあ、私の元へ」 「……はい」 「リッシュ・エデンが聖母イブの名の下に、この世に新たな騎士を遣わせる」 ...
1
vote
1answer
50 views

Meaning of 間合いを外す

In the context of two opponents facing off each other. Does it mean reducing or increasing the distance between the two? Something else?
1
vote
0answers
56 views

Are there verbs that simply cannot work alone under any circumstances?

Some verbs, like 過ぎる can be added to the stem of other verbs to alter the meaning, (食べる>食べ過ぎる), can 過ぎる be used alone in specific circumstances? Are there verbs which are either grammatically ...
11
votes
2answers
6k views

What does the use of a dash (instead of a character) to extend a sound mean?

I came across the sentence 混乱する気持ちもよーくわかる in my manga. I have translated it, but the use of the dash (which was vertical in the actual vertical text) stumped me for a bit (I thought it was よう at ...
1
vote
1answer
69 views

Difference between 誠, 実, and 本当

All of them means "truth; reality". 誠 is read as "まこと", and 実 as "じつ", however 実 can also be read as "まこと". 本当 seems to have an inclination to a thing or fact, rather than a concept, but it also means ...
6
votes
1answer
73 views

What is the etymology of the “emphatic” ない?

Upon looking up the term 大事ない, I was, shall we say, nonplussed to learn that it could mean both "very important" and "not very important". The explanation of the "very important" meaning clears things ...
5
votes
1answer
82 views

(When) can you use dictionary form with 間? / 辞書形と「間」は(どんな時に)一緒に使えますか?

I've just learned 間・間に, as in: 私はビーンにいる間、写真をたくさん取りたいですよ。 ジョンは出かけている間、ビールを飲みました。 All the examples on my grammar sheet use present-continuous form (~ている) or いる. (These are my own examples, ...
1
vote
1answer
59 views

Question about で in this sentence: 今日だけは悲しいままでいさせてほしい。

I saw this sentence, but I'm not sure what the で particle is doing in it. Everything else is fine, and I can make out what the sentence says pretty easily, but it's bugging me that I don't know ...
0
votes
0answers
44 views

Trying to understand the use of が as の

Many times I come across sentences that uses が instead of の to indicate possessiveness. Example: 彼が車 instead of 彼の車. The dictionary says that が can also "indicate possessive (esp. in literary ...
3
votes
1answer
88 views

i-adjective followed by だ

All of my studies so far have suggested that i-adjectives never take だ (です can be used to make the sentence polite). Then I came across this sentence: 私が世界で一番偉いだって?? I'm the greatest in the ...
3
votes
1answer
153 views

Referring to the English language

I found myself thinking about how to refer to the English language in Japanese. I realise of course that English originated here in England, and then by colonisation was brought into America, but ...
1
vote
0answers
50 views

名 and 名前 - the difference

My impression is that, in speech, 名前 is polite, and 名 is ruder - but in writing, 名 sounds more literary. Am I correct?
1
vote
1answer
86 views

What is the use of か in 売り始めるか〜

I was reading an article and I came across this sentence: 車の会社がいつごろこのような自動運転の車を売り始めるか予想しました What exactly does the か in this sentence/what is the meaning?
5
votes
3answers
2k views

How to separate words in a Japanese sentence?

Unlike some languages (English, French ...) , written Japanese sentences don't have spaces between words. I know that it is the same in Chinese for example, but the fact that the Chinese language ...
5
votes
1answer
136 views

The origins and mechanics of pitch accent in SJ compounds

For the past few months I've been researching pitch accent in Japanese off and on, concentrating on trying to identify regularities in a phenomenon which is nearly completely arbitrary. I've not seen ...
4
votes
2answers
105 views

Can you make an adverb from a noun by adding に?

I think I understand the pattern  ...を adverb する e.g. 彼は彼女を幸せにする He makes her happy 部屋をきれいにしました I made my room tidy I think I'm right in saying that the に in these sentences ...

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