2
votes
0answers
138 views

Na-adjectives before は

Do na-adjectives need a な before a は? もっと きれいなは どうですか。 もっと きれいは どうですか。 Which is correct? Personally I think な is needed as the sentence is a shorter form of もっと きれいな ハンドバッグは どうですか。(replace ...
2
votes
0answers
59 views

Why is 田 read as だ instead of た/でん in 山田? [duplicate]

When looking up 田 on Jisho.org/田, it states it's readings as た and でん, but when the kanji is used in the family name Yamada (山田), the reading obviously changes to 'da'/だ. Is this something you just '...
2
votes
1answer
118 views

てほしい usage with more than 2 people, particles に and が

The context is this. A girl who was always alone when she was a kid had a butler who was called すわの who is now far away from her. She just saved a boy from drowning and she feels good about that ...
2
votes
0answers
28 views

の as subject marking particle? [duplicate]

I looked up 大丈夫{だいじょうぶ} in a Japanese dictionary and the first entry reads: 危険{きけん}や心配{しんぱい}のないさま。間違い{まちがい}がないさま。 Why is it that, in the first definition, the subject (危険や心配) seems to be marked ...
2
votes
0answers
115 views

What is the meaning of 飲んどけ? [duplicate]

I came across this Japanese tv commercial. Video and transcript are given below. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=JOuwA6rtKsM http://www.suntory.co.jp/news/article/12494.html My question is: what's ...
2
votes
0answers
67 views

Pronunciation of 清音 and 濁音 [duplicate]

橋 reads as はし but 新橋 reads as しんばし 澤 as さわ and 金澤 as かなざわ etc. any rules for how to pronounce?
2
votes
0answers
37 views

What's the difference between 「からです」 and 「ですから」? [duplicate]

Recently I've come across the 「なぜなら〜からです」 sentence pattern, and I noticed that から comes before です. Are there any differences in nuance or meaning between the two orderings?
2
votes
0answers
100 views

連用形 of 「だ」 - difference between 「だっ」「で」「に」

Out of the conjugations of だ, the 連用形 is what is confusing me. I understand だ、だろ、な、なら fine, but I'm confused about だっ、で、に. I think my question might be a bit too broad and that's because I really ...
2
votes
0answers
48 views

What's the meaning of 「そのさま」? [duplicate]

Recently, I looked up the definition of 「流暢{りゅうちょう}」 in a monolinguistic Japanese dictionary, and the definition is as follows: 言葉が滑らかに出てよどみないこと。また、そのさま。 What is the meaning of そのさま in this ...
2
votes
0answers
93 views

Explanatory particle「の」 comes from 「ので」?

I just saw on Imabi.net : http://www.imabi.net/l42karanodenoda.htm That 「ので」 is actually the て form of the explanatory particle の with だ... It actually makes a lot of sense if it is true. I`ve ...
2
votes
1answer
126 views

Parsing the pattern “[noun] を [verb]、また [noun] のため”

I am not sure how to parse these two sentences, particularly the two highlighted clauses that fall under the same pattern: 治水とは 洪水などの水害を防ぎ、また水運や農業用水の便のため、河川の改良・保全を行うこと。 雨戸とは 窓や縁側などの外側に立てる戸。...
2
votes
0answers
84 views

What are the ways to say “endure austerity”?

How can we say "endure austerity" in both formal and informal situations? For example, how can we say: "The people of Greece are currently enduring austerities." "If you have to endure such ...
2
votes
0answers
133 views

What does ところ do here?

青年が皆の手で地面に取り押さえられ、縄でぐるぐる巻きにされているところだった。 Does ところ here take on the meaning of "in the midst of doing"? So this sentence would mean: "The boy was held down by everyone, and was being rolled up by a ...
2
votes
2answers
94 views

How is the の used in the sentence 願いの叶う家? [duplicate]

I'm a little bit familiar with how の is to indicate possession but this just confuses me. Does it translate to "Grant my wish for a family"?
2
votes
1answer
103 views

What does a 交番 look like? [closed]

I know the dictionary definition of 交番{こうばん}, but I've absolutely no idea of what one actually looks like in real life. So, if someone were to tell me the general location of one, what characteristics ...
2
votes
1answer
76 views

Meaning of これ、聞いたほうがいいのかな?

んー…別に寝不足って訳じゃないんだけど。ちょっと、やな夢見てさ… …やな夢? ん…昔のね…… え、えぇと… あ、あ、えっと、これ…聞いた方が良いのかな?それとも聞かない方が…… My question is about what the これ refers to. I think it's like "これを聞いたほうがいいのかな" where they are wondering ...
2
votes
0answers
147 views

Is the negative in ゆめ人に洩らし給えそ implicit?

ゆめ人に洩らし給えそ Never breathe a syllable of it to any one! (NEW斎藤和英大辞典) Is negative meaning here implied but not stated explicitly? ゆめ = 必ず, そ = ぞ as bound particle (it could be negative final particle そ,...
2
votes
0answers
86 views

Does the term 大和撫子 predate WWII, or was there an equivalent term for the ideal Japanese lady?

Does the term 「大和撫子」for describing the ideal Japanese lady predate WWII, or was there an equivalent term before that? These sites here and here indicate that the term was co-opted for propaganda ...
2
votes
3answers
176 views

Nuances in context- なぜそんなことをしたのか - why he did it, or what caused him to do it?

I'm trying to read a light novel for the first time and it's been confusing so far, what with the historical present tense and everything, but I mostly managed through until I got to this one scene. ...
2
votes
1answer
169 views

What are the と, という, and の doing in this sentence?

「帰ってきました!ただいまー!」声を張り上げて足を踏み入れると、広がるのは地下室という響きとはかけ離れた生活臭のする小部屋だった。 I'm confused as to what と does in this sentence. Is it a quoting particle or conditional? 地下室という響きとは I'm completely lost as to ...
2
votes
1answer
495 views

The usage of いや in response to questions

My question is about the usage and meaning of いや in response to questions. Take, for example, the 2 examples below. 1) 「僕たちは、もっと親睦を深める必要があると思うのでござるよ」 「いきなりどうしたのよ、何か思うところでも?」 「いや、...
2
votes
1answer
131 views

Problem parsing this sentence, particle (postposition) の

(中尉は)両手で刃{やいば}を腹{はら}の奥深く押さえつけながら、引き廻して行かねばならぬのを知った。 My trouble lies with 刃を腹の奥深く押さえつける If I consider 奥深く to act as adverbial form of 奥深い, then I don't know what is modified by 腹の: taking の 助詞 ...
2
votes
1answer
192 views

Why are 兄(あに) and 姉(あね) pronounced differently in お兄さん and お姉さん?

姉 is pronounced ane, but お姉さん is pronounced oneesan. What happened to the initial a? Likewise, 兄 is pronounced ani, but お兄さん is pronounced oniisan. What is the rule governing the change in the ...
2
votes
1answer
93 views

The use of 恩着せがましい with と思う in this sentence

I understand most of the below sentence, but when I get to 恩着せがましいと思うのではないか, things get confusing. 日本人は人見知りが激しいので打ち解けあうまでは時間かかりますが、仲良くなると恩着せがましいと思うのではないかと思います。 My translation: A Japanese person's ...
2
votes
1answer
274 views

How do you know what word to write in its kanji correspondence?

My study book writes some words like あまり and おおぜい in pure hiragana and I can't figure out whether it is common to write these words in hiragana as the books says, or I'd better write them in their ...
2
votes
0answers
50 views

When to use イギリス and 英国? [duplicate]

Does イギリス and 英国 mean the same thing? Looking at jisho it seems they do. I know 国 mean country and I think 英 means English. So together it means English Country I guess. イギリス is written in Katakana ...
2
votes
1answer
131 views

Is classifying the usage of the conditionals (if/then) like so, correct?

I think I get the differences between the 4 conditionals. But in order to get used to speaking faster, I want to set hard rules for myself regarding when to use each, and not just rely on intuition or ...
2
votes
0answers
72 views

Te form + はいる question [duplicate]

Watching street commotion from a long distance at night, the vision is blurry: それは見えてはいるけれど、見えていないという状態だ。 My guess is that it translates into "you can call it a situation where (things) can both ...
2
votes
0answers
185 views

Usage of Heisig radical “big”

I'm using RTK to learn the Kanji and yet am pretty happy with it. To review the Kanji I am using an Anki deck. My question is about the usage of Heisig's 大 radical for example in 器. In the book ...
2
votes
0answers
169 views

What do dots next to Hiragana mean in literature? [duplicate]

I've been reading more Japanese literature, and in doing so I've come across hiragana with something that looks like 、to the right of some characters where ふりがな would be (keeping in mind that Japanese ...
2
votes
0answers
74 views

Use of です after informal verb conjugation [duplicate]

The following sentence I saw confuses me: わたしは すしが たべられないです。 So it takes the verb たべる (to eat), turns it into the potential form たべられる(to be able to eat) and then conjugates it in to the ...
2
votes
0answers
44 views

。。。を言います 。。。と言います? [duplicate]

I've seen/heard both を言います and と言いますof these used. What is the difference?
2
votes
1answer
117 views

Does 考え方 usually refer to the “methodology” of one's thought process, or can it also refer to something more subjective?

Weblio states that 考え方 is 思考の傾向...but when I look up 思考 I get confused because now I'm not sure if I'm dealing with an objective thought process or subjective feelings. I get the feeling (no pun...) ...
2
votes
2answers
122 views

Understanding a phrase - 必ずやらなければならないことを まとめてみた

I am trying to understand what looks like an expression, but seems too verbose. And I'm confused by the use of まとめてみた. To put it into context, the title of this page in my guide book is ひとめでわかる 攻略チャート ...
2
votes
2answers
150 views

“To the East/West/North/South are distinct [feature-rich] areas that fill the land”

Could I check my understanding of the last part of this sentence please? For those who don't play games, Hyrule is a fictional place in the Legend of Zelda videogames (this is from a guidebook I am ...
2
votes
0answers
50 views

Are you allowed to continue words on the next line? [duplicate]

I would imagine this would make reading harder, but is it allowed to finish a word on the next line if you run out of room? Does it not matter? 。。。。お姉さんはとて も楽しです!
2
votes
1answer
81 views

What function does で have in the sentence 馬は動物である? [duplicate]

I have a denshijisho, always giving me helpful expressions attached to a kanji/word etc. and this time it was 馬は動物である。 A horse is an animal. in which I don't understand the function of the ...
2
votes
0answers
87 views

Don't understand the use of そして + に in a sentence [closed]

I just received an answer from a Japanese friend about a video I sent her. The video shows my dog doing stuff. She answered with, among other things, these two sentences: 本当にかわいくて、かしこい犬です。...
2
votes
0answers
54 views

Why is ガラスというガラスused in this sentence instead of just ガラス? [duplicate]

Context: I'm reading the first volume of "The Twelve Kingdoms" (月の影・影の海). The protagonist, Yoko, is in the school's staff room when a strange man appears and tells here she is in danger. Indeed, a ...
2
votes
0answers
82 views

Difficulty of Meiji literature [closed]

I'm currently self-teaching myself Japanese with the aim of becoming a proficient reader so I can read Japanese liteature without the aid of a translation. I've heard mention a few times of the ...
2
votes
0answers
93 views

Can you show any examples of a 兼務発令書 in English? [closed]

This is in a university context. Professors will be given an extra post (mostly in name) and the notification will be sent to them in English. I have not been able to find any examples of how this ...
2
votes
0answers
146 views

When did LOC adopt modified Hepburn?

If I look in Google Ngrams, I see that the transliteration "honbu", meaning HQ, basically didn't exist until 1964. But it didn't surpass "hombu" until 1976. I believe Modified Hepburn was introduced ...
2
votes
0answers
41 views

difference between “田中さんのこと” and just “田中さん”? [duplicate]

I'd like to compare the meanings of: 田中{たなか}さんを尊敬{そんけい}している。 田中さんのことを尊敬している。 Are the following statements true? -#2 has a much broader meaning, right? Like, I respect Tanaka as a man, a ...
2
votes
0answers
37 views

The のう ending in this sentence [duplicate]

当時を知る者があれを見て、本人とは思わないだろうからのう The sentence is taken from a visual novel. I am wondering what the ending "のう" means in this context. I've tried searching it but the only thing people were asking was "...
2
votes
0answers
58 views

~に~があります vs ~は~です in this sentence [duplicate]

The following sentence was found in a book: 日本社会の「きまり」にかかわる例の一つに、 会社への就職活動がある。 I'm wondering, assuming the translation is "An example of one of these "rules" related to Japanese society is job-...
2
votes
1answer
249 views

“Ungrammatical” 丁寧語 used by tour guides and museum narrators

I noticed on my trip to Japan that tour guides in museums etc use a very interesting type of language. It seems to be used almost exclusively by people in Osaka and Kyoto. There are two features that ...
2
votes
0answers
68 views

よ after nouns in songs [duplicate]

I've noticed the particle よ appearing in songs occasionally with a meaning that is unfamiliar to me, e.g. in the lyrics of Shima Uta "島唄よ風に乗り届けておくれ私の涙". What does this mean?
2
votes
0answers
91 views

Is the Japanese verb 'ちらばります’ an intransitive verb or not? [closed]

Is the Japanese verb 'ちらばります’ an intransitive verb or not?
2
votes
1answer
183 views

てらんない- can't bear to do ~ [closed]

When we use ていられない, it means that we don't bother or care to do something. アさん)ああ、危なくて見てらんない! イさん) もう黙っていらんない。注意しよう。 A) Oh no, I can't bear to see him doing dangerous things. B) me too, I ...
2
votes
2answers
348 views

The usage of でも

I am getting a bit confused with the multiple uses of でも. Permission, even if, without doing, etc. I have the following 2 sentences to translate. Note - these sentences might not be valid Sentence ...

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