0
votes
0answers
2 views

Is kuzushiji considered archaic?

I am wondering if it is a necessary skill to learn how to read and write kuzushiji in modern japanese.
0
votes
0answers
28 views

What distinguishes 人情 from 人性?

I think I have a sort of loose understanding of how the words differ and what they mean, but I'm really not too sure. I've checked out weblio and goo and ALC to look around a bit first. Can anyone ...
3
votes
1answer
44 views

How to create 'although' sentences in Japanese

I know there are different ways to get the sense of 'although..., but...' in a sentence. Too many ways for me to be clear about how to express it at all, to be honest. In Chinese it's as simple as can ...
3
votes
1answer
65 views

Why do some transitive verbs take に instead of を?

ヘスティアはせっせと残りの「神聖文字」を付け足し、己のしてやれることに努める。 I don't really understand why に used instead を even though 努める is transitive? Thanks!
4
votes
1answer
67 views

わたし は あまり はやい おきません Is this correct?

I was trying to make a sentence using the words あまり and はやい so I tried making a sentence saying: I don't get up early much. or わたし は あまり はやい おきません。 But the more I stare at it the more ...
5
votes
2answers
58 views

What does volitional form + っと mean?

「そうだ!家で音楽聞こうっと」 「もう寝ようっと」 「英語でブログを書いてみようっと。」 How does it differ from a volitional form without っと? My best guess is that it's a monologue marker, like な is.
1
vote
0answers
59 views

Does the best translation of this sentence require causative-passive?

Bob had resigned himself to the fact that they would drag him into their quarrel sooner or later. There is a party of 3 people. Two have been having a petty argument. Bob is focused on an ...
5
votes
1answer
45 views

Difference between 向かう, 向く, 向ける

From my understanding 向ける is transitive and means to face/turn something towards something. 安藤は日本国内から世界に目を向けたのです。 -Andou turned his eyes from inside Japan to the world. 向く on the other hand ...
5
votes
1answer
85 views

Couple of classical Japanese questions

I found a poem by Nagai Kafu entitled 震災 (The Earthquake) in a volume of Japanese prose and poetry. It's a short poem about the Ansei Edo Earthquake (安政江戸地震) in 1855 which destroyed the red light ...
3
votes
1answer
60 views

行く when comparing age

I can't understand the use of "行っていた" in following line from the book "死者の学園祭" by 赤川次郎: 手塚校長は父の旧友という事だったが、年齢は父より大分行っていた。 I assume it means the principal is older, but I can't tell from the ...
2
votes
0answers
68 views

What does いっぺんシメる mean exactly?

I'm reading "Fruits Basket" volume 3. In this scene, Kyo is annoyed by some comments his classmates make, and says: いっぺんシメんぞ、おまえら。 I assume that this is some kind of a threat, like "I'll get you ...
2
votes
1answer
81 views

Puzzling use of progressive form

In this sentence: 僕は両親が帰ってくるまで公園で時間をつぶしていなければいけなかった。 I had to kill time in the park until my parents came home. Why does 時間をつぶす need to be in the progressive form? Why can I not write ...
2
votes
1answer
47 views

Having trouble with this sentence and how to figure out the exact meaning of compound words?

それ以外、つまり冒険者の半数以上は未だLV1のもとで燃え燻っている。 I am having trouble understanding the last part of this sentence. What does のもとで do here? Also, how do you figure out the exact meaning of compound words? I ...
3
votes
1answer
50 views

The proper way to use でも

I'm just wondering if I'm using the word でも correctly here. わたし は たいてい おちゃ を のみます。 でも ときどき おさけ を のみます。 From what I've read you don't usually use でも in the middle of a sentence and I've seen a ...
1
vote
3answers
124 views

Why is デート read deito instead of deeto?

From what I've seen/learned so far, ー extends the sound from the previous kana. Following this logic デート should be read deeto. Why is it pronounced deito?
2
votes
1answer
42 views

What is the difference between 収める and 納める?

What is the difference between 収める and 納める? The former is what I originally learned the word as, and it seems to be more common. But I came across the latter a few days ago and I'm not sure what the ...
5
votes
1answer
113 views

How is “おらず” used in the following sentence?

I'm trying to read a short story whose theme (I think?) is that in order to have self-awareness other people are necessary. Like, they act as abstract mirrors to view oneself (or something...). So, I ...
2
votes
1answer
60 views

Meaning of 銀星4型 in this sentence

The sentence is from dragon ball, the speaker is driving his car, chasing some other guys. He just said "これじゃとてもおいつかん!" たしかやつらのより新型の銀星{ぎんせい}4型のカプセルがあっただろ! I didn't find info on 銀星 in the ...
2
votes
1answer
93 views

Have I parsed these two sentences correctly?

I am not sure how to parse these two sentences, particularly the two highlighted clauses that fall under the same pattern: 治水とは 洪水などの水害を防ぎ、また水運や農業用水の便のため、河川の改良・保全を行うこと。 雨戸とは ...
2
votes
1answer
60 views

Can you use Adjective + たって?

I've got a question regarding the use of the structure ~たって which I've just recently stumbled across. From what I know so far, this is used in the form Verb(neg) + たって, for example: ...
5
votes
0answers
44 views

How do I parse this sentence?

I came across a definition of a word 権限 in a dictionary (三省堂 スーパー大辞林): ある範囲のことを正当に行うことができるものとして与えられている能力。また、その能力が及ぶ範囲。 However, am not sure if I should read the bolded clause as ...
3
votes
2answers
69 views

How does the passive form of “to invite” work?

So I've got my tables of verb conjugations and I've settled down with "Read Real Japanese", the short story edition, and the very first verb in the first story is さそう - to invite - used in the ...
1
vote
1answer
59 views

What does か + と do in this sentence?

ベルの成長速度にアイズへの恋慕がこれまでかと影響した「ステイタス」を見せつけられ、ちょっとも面白くなかったゆう昨夜。 Is the と here acting as a quotative particle? So it's 「これまでか」と影響した? Thanks!
5
votes
2answers
171 views

Asking a question with “da” and “datta”

We use "desu" and "deshita" to make the polite form and "ka" to make it a question, for example: Tokyo ga suki desu ka? (Do you like Tokyo?) Tokyo ga suki deshita ka? (Did you like Tokyo?) How can ...
1
vote
1answer
53 views

Combining polite past verb tense with potential, imperative etc.

I'm a relatively young Japanese student trying to wrap my head about verb conjugation. I was wondering if some of you experts could help me understand how to combine verb tenses. I was wondering ...
2
votes
1answer
37 views

ni vs te form to express continuity/reason

What is the difference between the two Structures: 1: VERB ni VERB. ex:sentaku ni dekakemasu. 2:VERB(te form) VERB. ex:nagarete kaeimashita. (The example are from momotarou)
6
votes
3answers
140 views

“After I do [x], I do [y]”?

So, I'm trying to construct a sentence along the lines of "After I do this action, I do that action," but I'm having the absolute hardest time figuring out what syntax and verb conjugations to use. ...
0
votes
1answer
56 views

Reason to late office in politely?

How to tell manager when late by traffic jam? Is it ok to say すみません、交通渋滞できから遅きます。
1
vote
1answer
89 views

Why use ん here?

車は駐車場から出てきていったん止まりました. why use ん here? why dont' use ~ 出てきていって止まりました.
3
votes
1answer
119 views

What are the meanings of the words 「えぐりこむ」and「べし」?

Here is the sentence I have seen them from a boxing Manga. ひじを左{ひだり}わきからはなさない心{こころ}がまえで..... やや内{ない}角{かく}をねらい えぐりこむようにして...打{う}つべし! Especially 「べし」, I don't know the purpose to use it in the ...
1
vote
0answers
56 views

Are most kanji characters morphemes?

I've always assumed that kanji characters are almost always morphemes, but I've hardly seen anyone explicitly state that. I think the idea that kanji usually represent ideas, not pronunciation, played ...
2
votes
2answers
41 views

音読み for 箱 - word examples

I've seen that 箱 could be read as ソウ, but when I look in the dictionaries I use most of the time, I can only find words with はこ (Or ばこ)reading (then you realize that Japanese have boxes for everything ...
0
votes
1answer
40 views

Do both “どっかの男” and “ある男” equally effect an indefinite article kind of meaning?

There is no context for these sentences: (1) ある男と自己紹介するために、夜明けに家を出かけた。 (2) どっかの男と自己紹介するために、夜明けに家を出かけた。 both best translate to: I left my house at daybreak to introduce myself to a man. ...
0
votes
0answers
34 views

my first letter, please fix it for me [on hold]

拝啓 はじめまして. ベトナムから XXXX の会社の A と申します。 突然 お手紙をさし上げます 失礼を御許しください。 当社 は備長炭をお供給します。 御社が 供給者 がありますか。 私たちの会社について次のようにお知らせしたいと思います。 当社について、私たちは、アカシア、コーヒーの木、ユーカリ、オークの木から木炭を生成することができます。 ...
11
votes
2answers
596 views

How did we get “Foreign Carrot Regime”?

How is it possible to naively get both "Foreign Carrot Regime" and "Foreigner Suffrage" from "外国人参政権"? I'm interested in how the same kanji can be combined in different ways to create a different ...
2
votes
2answers
83 views

Understanding 生きていて~

私たちはこの時代に生きていて邪悪さがいよいよ増していることを知っています。 I was given this sentence from a friend and I'm having trouble with the extra て in 生きていて。 Could someone explain what grammar is being used here? Why it needed ...
6
votes
2answers
133 views

What the grammar/syntax of 御来駕被成下度奉懇願候?

Dictionary translation is "I beg you will favour me with your company―I request the pleasure of your company." 御来駕被成下度奉懇願候 I can only surmise about ご来駕 noun 懇願候 verb (ask), sourou being a polite ...
2
votes
1answer
105 views

Often go to do something

I've just used a sentence that I think was wrong: グループ員はよくパブで飲みに行く. The concern there is the yoku. Where would the often/hardly/always/whatever actually go in this sort of sentence structure and ...
3
votes
1answer
103 views

Use of 時{とき} in the following sentences

So, I've been told by a native Japanese that the following sentence sounds weird: LA VITA E'BELLAを見{み}る[時]{とき}、[感動]{かんどう}しました。 In her own words, 'because watching that video is a one time thing ...
3
votes
1answer
131 views

必要{ひつよう} vs 要{い}ります

It should be mentioned I can't read kanji, so please keep that in mind when answering I've just encountered the verb [必要]{ひつよう}, in the Rosetta Stone sentence ...
2
votes
1answer
85 views

Does Xから modify Yの here?

From the Wikipedia article for 源頼朝: 源頼朝は、平安時代末期から鎌倉時代初期の武将、政治家であり、鎌倉幕府の初代征夷大将軍である。 Clearly, 平安時代末期から鎌倉時代初期の modifies 武将、政治家. However, what does the 平安時代末期から modify? Is 鎌倉時代初期の treated as a ...
1
vote
1answer
52 views

連用修飾語 with で particle

I've been reading an article about 連用修飾語 when I noticed the following lines - 「サルビアの花は真っ赤で美しい。」 「美しい」が形容詞だというのが分かりますか? これを修飾するのは、「真っ赤で」になりますね。つまり、「真っ赤で」が連用修飾語ということになります。 If I'm ...
5
votes
1answer
82 views

How to read 資格外活動許可?

I know 資格 is しかく, 活動 is かつどう and 許可 is きょか, but the 外 puzzles me here. Is it just がい?
2
votes
1answer
69 views

Modifying 形容動詞 (ナ adjectives) with verb phrases

In my textbook, the following phrase: 子どもたちが話しているにぎやかな声 is derived from the following example sentence: にぎやかな声で子どもたちが話している。 It is the phrase that confuses me. It appears to me that the ...
3
votes
1answer
191 views

“仕事は大変だけど元気だよー” Missing adjective or is it correct?

I would imagine that my friend is trying to say "My work is very difficult, but other than that I'm fine!", But for me it feels like it's missing an adjective like 難しい Whole sentence : ...
6
votes
1answer
110 views

Sentence Ending て form

妻が死んで、子供が家を出て。 Then my wife died, and my kids left home. Is the sentence ending て a contraction for another expression? If so can someone list the possible expressions for any sentence ...
7
votes
1answer
98 views

Etymology of 天地無用

WWWJDIC: [天地無用]{てんちむよう} (exp) (yoji) do not turn upside down I see this on some cardboard boxes in the context of shipping and handling. Why is this expression used to indicate "this side up", or ...
2
votes
2answers
89 views

help me work through a couple sentences here

How do you interpret this? This is an artist talking: 一番気にしているのはやっぱり過去の蓄積、自分が面白いと思ってきたものでしょうね。おもしろいと思ってきたものには一貫性はあるんですよ、人間の癖がありますからね。だから、昔おもしろいと思ったものを、自分というフィルターを通してもう一回具現化したい、それが今の願望なのかもしれない。 I ...
2
votes
1answer
201 views

If 日本語する is not ok, why is 日本語できる ok?

This is my understanding: する名詞: 運転する。 残業する。 勉強する。 their potential forms: 運転することができる。 残業することができる。 勉強することができる。 abbreviated potential forms: 運転できる。 残業できる。 勉強できる。 ...
3
votes
2answers
142 views

Meaning of 何によらず

I was reading a Japanese sentence of which part read 生真面目な性格で、何によらず人の注目を引くことが苦手だった。 but could not work out the meaning of 何によらず. I thought that perhaps the よらず is the negative of よる but that ...

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