0
votes
1answer
89 views

What does “なあ” & ”なんて” mean in this sentence. (うん、めずらしいなあ、めぐみのほうがおそいなんて)

Here is the sentence I'm talking about... うん、めずらしいなあ、めぐみのほうがおそいなんて
6
votes
1answer
140 views

〜ということ and just 〜こと

I've been trying to learn when to use 〜ということ or just 〜こと, for example: 彼が金を貸してくれた{ということ/ こと}は私は彼に信用されている{ということ/こと}だ。 (The fact that he lent me money means that I am trusted by him.) With the above ...
8
votes
1answer
528 views

Does Japanese have free indirect speech?

In English (and, I assume, its relatives), there is a style of narration called free indirect speech, some examples of which are given in the linked article. I'm having trouble figuring out whether ...
4
votes
2answers
149 views

What is this い sound change?

I often hear 全員 pronounced as ”ぜいいん”. I also read online that 雰囲気 can sometimes be heard as "ふいんき” although I have personally never heard that. I have a few questions about this phenomenon: Is there ...
10
votes
2answers
307 views

What is the difference between all the words for tools / devices?

There is too many words for 'tool' that I am having hard time figuring out when to use which, or if some of them are just synonyms, meaning essentially the same thing. So far I know at least the ...
0
votes
0answers
31 views

Does the ゛ have any use?

Does the ゛ have any meaning in the hiragana alphabet?
1
vote
1answer
140 views

When is “na” used at the end of a sentence?

When is "na" used at the end of a sentence, is it like "ne" or "yo" and has no meaning really? For example: Mata Nihon ni ikitai na. また、日本に行きたいな。
4
votes
3answers
216 views

「床屋」と「髪床」の違いは何ですか?

「床屋」と「髪床」という単語の意味は何か違いますか? どちらが古いですか?もし両方とも古かったら、今の時代に「美容院」以外に髪を切る場所に関してどんな単語を使ったほうが良いですか? よろしくお願いします。
3
votes
2answers
82 views

Dictionary form (解ける) as potential form (解けられる)?

Suppose I wanted to say to someone, "Can you solve this question?" According to my Memrise app and some Google results, this is the model sentence: (1) この問題が解けますか。 Since potential ("can") is ...
0
votes
0answers
36 views

Why is the name Tokiya written in katakana?

The name Tokiya is written トキヤ which would imply it's of foreign origin but I'm not having any luck uncovering the origin or meaning of the name. It seems to be somewhat traditional. Ideas?
3
votes
1answer
68 views

は and が with 何 & こそあど

One of my textbooks said that you cannot use the particle は with 何 and undefined words of the こそあど. Yet I'm sure I've heard これは何ですか。 many times before, and これが何ですか。 sounds unnatural to me. What is ...
3
votes
2answers
51 views

Saying you'll do/have done something for a certain amount of time?

I wasn't sure how to properly word the question, but I'm asking how to make sentences such as: "I have lived in America for 10 years." "I will go to Japan for a month." "I have had this job for a ...
1
vote
2answers
52 views

What does こう mean in this sentence?

そのときに歴史の先生がこう呟きながら連れて行かれます。 Source: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3xs-XWk_oQA 1:17 I'm assuming it's the word 斯う meaning "in this way," and here it would be describing how the teacher said the ...
2
votes
1answer
27 views

Attaching は to a direct quote

If a Japanese person wanted to say something like: I don't understand the phrase "I am flabbergasted" then I think 「I am flabbergasted」という意味が分からない would be okay. I was wondering if you ...
4
votes
4answers
109 views

How do you differentiate “nande” (why) and “nande” (how, by what means)?

In a question: Tokyo e nande ikimasu ka? how can I know what "nande" refers to, even when I have the context: how are you going? (by bus, by car, on foot) why are you going?
2
votes
2answers
65 views

Compund verb with きれる

In the sentence: 田中さんは諦めきれなかった。 what is the function/meaning of きれる? I assume the sentence means "Tanaka didn't give up", but how does it differ from 諦めなかった?
1
vote
1answer
56 views

Explaining the phrase なかなか片{かた}付{づ}かない

なかなか片{かた}付{づ}かない means "hard to clean up". My question is ~か~ part in this sentence. The verb is 片付ける, but what 片付か is doing here?
2
votes
1answer
57 views

The particle は (wa)

I'm studying Japanese with みんなの日本語. In one page there are this two examples: にちようびは なにを しましたか. どようび なにを しましたか. Why one of them have the particle は and the other hasn't? It's a mistake or ...
2
votes
1answer
75 views

The differences between そうです ・ ようです

I'm recently revising my Japanese for the upcoming JLPT this July (I'm taking N4), and I came up with difficulties in using these 2 items. For example: 気分が良くなりました。やっとねつが (下がりました...)。 (I ...
7
votes
3answers
1k views

What does する means when it does not mean “do”?

What does する means when it does not mean "do"? Like: あなたも血のにおいがするな
5
votes
2answers
273 views

What does そこまでのもの mean here?

【ノーシン】「いえ、別に教会運営によるものではないのです」 【アスタ】「ん? じゃあ、どうして?」 【サイレント】「ぶっちゃけ、解読された内容を読んだ教皇はショックを受けて、びびっています。単にへたれているだけですね」 【ノーシン】「お恥ずかしながら、その通りです」 【アスタ】「相変わらずサイレントさん容赦ないな」 ...
4
votes
1answer
84 views

What does 笑みがこぼれてくる mean and how is it different to 笑みがこぼれる

愛鳥の寝顔、見てるだけで思わず笑みがこぼれてくる 愛鳥の寝顔、見てるだけで思わず笑みがこぼれる My question is how is the 1st sentence different from the 2nd, and what nuance does the くる add.
0
votes
1answer
51 views

Why use が in the sentence below? [duplicate]

Why use が in the sentence below? Would を be equally correct? このピアノはとてもいい音がします。
5
votes
1answer
53 views

~かえす and ~なおす as suffixes

Does there need to be some mistake in order to use the ~なおす suffix: 宿題をやりなおしなさい。// ok (but there needs to be at least one mistake) 料理を作りなおした。 // ok (but there needs to be some fault) ...
6
votes
2answers
89 views

What's the grammar behind どうせ?

I saw a few bits here and elsewhere on it, but I have yet to find something that explains its usage, in detail(e.g. in positive and negative contexts and in different tenses). Anyone know?
1
vote
2answers
61 views

How to say “clean up” (for example a house or a room) in Japanese?

I'm trying to compose the sentence, which starts: パーティーが終{お}わる時{とき}に~.. I want to say "After party is over, it is hard to clean up the house." Can you help me?
0
votes
0answers
38 views

What's “so-ga?” mean? [on hold]

Is it like "so da" or "so desu ka"?
8
votes
4answers
234 views

What's the difference between 勇ましい, 勇気, and 勇敢?

In English-Japanese dictionaries, they are all defined along the lines of "brave" or "courageous". Japanese dictionaries describe all of them more or less as "not fearing danger", using a phrase ...
3
votes
1answer
485 views

Use of と and meaning of 色々 in this sentence

I came across a sentence and was wondering what the と in it functions as, as well as the exact meaning of 色々 色々とお母さん、 言いたい事が溜まってるの The context is that a high school boy has been doing things ...
6
votes
1answer
641 views

このとおりよ as an expression

In a manga I'm reading a boy accidentally broke a friends toy, after which he says in an apologetic fashion : あなたの言う事何でも聞くよ! このとーりよ! I understand the first part, but the second part which ...
7
votes
3answers
8k views

What's the difference between Ichidan/Godan and Ru/U verbs classification?

I've come across two different ways (at least, apparently for me) to classify verbs. Please note that this question is fundamentally different from Verb classifications by japanese learners. The ...
3
votes
3answers
182 views

て-form and other conjugations of 謙譲語

In my limited exposure to 尊敬語【そんけいご】 and 謙譲語【けんじょうご】, I feel like I've only really seen them used in their normal -ます forms and never in て form or conjugated such as a -たい form. Are honorific and ...
4
votes
2answers
151 views

The finer points of the word 代理店

I'm trying to understand what the nuances of the term 代理店 as it is used in business communications. For example, if a 卸会社 tells a 販売店 their products are available for resale, however they are not ...
3
votes
3answers
140 views

女子 vs 女の子 nuances

I was wondering when to use one over the other, when talking about a girl. I've seen 女の子 more often, but would like to know the nuances. Interesting enough, I've only come across 男の子 for boys. But ...
2
votes
1answer
77 views

Possible conjugations on certain grammar patterns

On "A Dictionary of Basic Japanese Grammar", when a grammar pattern works with the informal form of a verb, they only talk about the positive present tense and the positive past tense. (At least until ...
2
votes
1answer
58 views

て頂く、てもらう, に. Who does the action?

あなたにとってWAO!!STYLEでの使命は?? WAO!!STYLEに関わる全ての人を幸せにすること、 私を選んでくれた人の期待を超えることです。 常に自分の満足ではなく関わる人の幸せを思う人間性をみにつけ、 私に任せたいといってもらえるようにならなければなりません。 また私に結婚式をまかせていただけるお客様の期待に応え、 その期待を超えていきます。 ...
4
votes
1answer
71 views

Which form is はじめまして?

So I've learned that はじめまして is used in first meetings and that it stems from the verb はじめる (to start; to begin). But what form is it? It's apparently not the polite past form, which has a -た at the ...
9
votes
3answers
19k views

Address someone by their first name, or their last name?

When addressing John Doe, would you say "John-さん", or "Doe-さん"? Does it depend on how polite or formal you're being? Does it also depend on whether the person is a nihonjin, a kankokujin (who have ...
6
votes
1answer
75 views

〜の vs 〜と before 分かる

Sometimes I see ~の(が/は) used before the verb 分かる, and sometimes と(は). Is there a difference in meaning or grammar between these two? For example, are both below sentences correct and do they have the ...
1
vote
1answer
87 views

Help with this sentence

While taking a look at his bycicle the protagonist said. つい気になった部分を、小手先で済ませるよりは結局早く終わるだろうと、分解しつつ片っ端から手をつけていったら、完全にバラしてまた組み直すような真似をしていた。 Regarding the parts I got interest in, thinking it's better ...
8
votes
3answers
229 views

Do native Japanese speakers confuse “オーストリア” and “オーストラリア”

Native English speakers sometimes mix up Austria and Australia (example). Do native Japanese speakers sometimes mix up "オーストリア" and "オーストラリア"?
2
votes
1answer
107 views

Other uses of the たら conditional

Passing a verb to its past tense conjugation and adding ら makes the sentence a condition, right? Like 暇だったら、遊びに行くよ - If I'm free, I will go to play. But in the ももたろう tale the たら form is used ...
5
votes
1answer
165 views

What does 「フーホり」mean?

I recently started learning Japanese before my friend suggested I try out this cool app that lets me meet people from Japan to talk to. I get a lot of japanese messages and in some requests the ...
2
votes
1answer
102 views

Can もの be replaced with の when it is used to mean “thing”?

I'm confused about the use of the first (bold) の in this sentence: 「先によそへ贈るのを買うのっ」 I'm happy with the use of の as a nominaliser, but if I use it like that I get: Before that, I will buy ...
0
votes
1answer
157 views

Oldest Japanese Pronunciation for “When Is It?”

I'm writing a story with some... very old people, so I'm chasing down some very outdated pronunciations. What's the oldest known pronunciation for the sentence "When is it?" (I'm not directly asking ...
0
votes
1answer
97 views

What's the correct transliteration of ~“yao mae”?

I've heard a martial arts Sensei use a phrase that sounds to my English ears like "yow may", I think in context (at the end of a teaching, when it was time to practice he would clap his hands and then ...
8
votes
2answers
508 views

What is the verb ending of われん mean?

I am reading the Fullmetal Alchemist manga and came across the following in the first volume: 祈り信じよ されば救われん The subtitles of the anime translate this to be: "Pray and you shall be ...
5
votes
1answer
109 views

What's the meaning of 「これはというもの」?

I'm solving exercises for N1 level and I came across this question. 新しい家に飾る絵を探しているが、なかなか__というものが見つからない。 A. これか B. これは C. これさえ D. これだけ The correct answer is B but I ...
4
votes
2answers
330 views

How to say “written by”

In a shop I want to ask "Are there any books by Haruki Murakami?" I don't know the natural way to express by in this context. I thought maybe I could use the passive form like this: ...
4
votes
2answers
120 views

Noun + da kara desu — why are da and desu mixed? why not both “da” or both “desu”?

In this sentence: Neko da kara desu. Because it's a cat. Why are the "da" and "desu" used at the same time? Logically, it should've been: Neko desu kara desu. Or in a casual conversation ...

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