23
votes
3answers
533 views

When is 行く pronounced as いく, and when is it ゆく?

Are there any rules or guidelines as to when to pronounce 行く as いく or ゆく? I looked it up on jisho.org, and the two pronunciations have the exact same definition. I tend to hear ゆく more often in ...
0
votes
1answer
113 views

Did ある and いる once have kanji?

I'm surprised I haven't been able to turn up anything, but I'm sure you'll notify me if there's a dupe I missed. Did the verbs ある and いる ever have kanji? I recognise that it won't be in use today.
2
votes
0answers
281 views

What does the name Chacha (チャチャ) mean?

I always wondered about the meaning of this name in Japanese, but couldn't find much on Google. Can someone tell me what it means? UPDATE: 茶々{ちゃちゃ} was a concubine to Toyotomi Hideyoshi in the ...
5
votes
2answers
121 views

Is saying 行ってきます and ただいま appropriate for guests?

We are asked to stay at a family friend's house for a couple of days. I was wondering, given that we're guests, what are the appropriate greetings to say when you're leaving and coming back to the ...
-1
votes
1answer
41 views

How to translate the word “free” in english to kanji with the correct meaning [on hold]

Ive been having trouble translating the english adjective "free" into japanese the meaning of the word free is "not under the control or in the power of another; able to act or be done as one wishes. ...
3
votes
1answer
119 views

Clarification of a sentence from a video game, 「~為」

As far as I understand, it generally says that the Area server did not respond in a certain amount of time. Can anyone give me some insight as to how accurate my understanding of this message from ...
2
votes
2answers
76 views

Are there any patterns for okurigana?

Sometimes, when learning kanji, I get tripped up because I can't remember which kana are the furigana of the kanji, and which are the okurigana. Take たべる(食) for example. I might think that たべ are the ...
4
votes
1answer
44 views

Meaning of どんだけお人好しなんですかって話ですよね

context(all same guy talking to himself while someone else is listening): 「銀行が住宅ローンの営業に熱心な理由ってわかります?」 「憧れの持ち家を手に入れた大切なお客さんの喜ぶ笑顔が見たいから…?」 「そんなわけねーです!」 ...
0
votes
2answers
32 views

interpretation of particle と followed by の [duplicate]

早{はや}くしないと、ヤツらとの最終{さいしゅう}聖戦{せいせん}の幕{まく}が切{き}って落{お}とされてしまうのだから……! My doubt is specifically about the part ヤツらとの. Several times I've come across the particle の being used right after another ...
4
votes
1answer
184 views

Grammar of との, what is the meaning

So here in this sentence below "との" was used 2 times. What does との standfor? Can someone please explain it to me? ...
5
votes
1answer
51 views

Is there a “default” topic when speaking in Japanese?

So I say, apropos of nothing, 「電車{でんしゃ}を降{お}ります。」 With no other context, and no topic established, who do you assume is the person that gets off the train? Is it me? Is it whomever I'm speaking to? ...
8
votes
2answers
631 views

How do you use 〜と知る?

I've often seen and heard the expression 〜と知る(知っている). When I think about it, it makes sense in the context of the quoatation-と, like with 〜と言う or 〜と思う. It seems like it means "Know that 〜". ...
2
votes
2answers
53 views

interpretation of 玉を落とす in this sentence

どうせ何【なん】かの玉【たま】を落【お】とすのは分【わ】かり切【き】ってる This sentence uses 玉を落とす in a way that makes me think that 玉 is a noun being modified by を落とす to mean something like 'a ball intended to be dropped', in ...
42
votes
10answers
2k views

How should I choose between [知]{し}る and わかる?

Both 知る and わかる get used for "know", "understand", "learn", "find out", and various other concepts. How do you know which to use when? Are there any rules to help you decide? Additionally, both of ...
2
votes
1answer
111 views

How the name Aimad is written in japanese?

How can I write the name Aimad in japanese. Aimad is an arabic name which means 頼みの綱 in japanese and Mainstay in english It's written in arabic as عماد . Aimad or Imad is the french writter for ...
2
votes
1answer
223 views

What is the meaning of this joke?

In the video game Tingle's Love Balloon Trip, whose plot is a parody of The Wizard of Oz, there is a scene in which Kakashi, the scarecrow boy, says goodbye to a friend. The following dialog takes ...
5
votes
1answer
228 views

what does the slang ぱしり mean?

I've heard this being used around on Japanese tv shows a lot. Usually in high school settings. Where does this word originate from, and how do I use this in a sentence?
4
votes
1answer
32 views

What is the meaning of the phrase いい年こいて?

いい年こいて I understand that toshi means age in this context, but what is a good example of using this in a sentence (informal). What is いい年 in this context?
5
votes
1answer
245 views

Verb classification of honorific/humble verbs

These verbs: いらっしゃる おっしゃる くださる なさる More? Are all listed as 五段 verbs, but they don't follow the usual conjugation rules for them. For example: 命令形: いらっしゃる -> いらっしゃい, not いらっしゃれ 連用形: Same as ...
6
votes
2answers
128 views

Avoiding kanji for 分かる【わかる】

A few years ago, Derek Schaab left a comment about his choice to write わかる in kana: I intentionally left わかる as hiragana because I wanted to include the entire range of わかる rather than just one of ...
5
votes
2answers
1k views

What qualities characterise girlish Japanese handwriting?

In English, handwriting is generally seen as girl is the mini. caps are almost as large as the maxi. caps, the edges are rounded out, and if the dots are replaced with little cirles reminiscent of the ...
3
votes
1answer
108 views

Meaning of ならずとも

This sentence is from a book about Japanese grammar written for native Japanese speakers: ところでこれに類したことは、寺村先生ならずとも、多くの日本語教師が経験することではないでしょうか。 The これ refers to a past incident where a Japanese ...
6
votes
2answers
313 views

What is the meaning of the phrase ”男の顔になったな”

The question in the title is just one of the various ones that I don't quite get. They all use the phrase such and such+ 顔になった + sentence ending particles Literally it sounds weird to me but ...
4
votes
1answer
102 views

Differences between the words for “decoration”?

While making a list of Christmas vocabulary, I've noticed there's several words for "decoration". 飾り, デコレーション, 飾り付け, and 装飾 are the ones I've seen. Judging by google images(with "クリスマス" added), ...
4
votes
1answer
145 views

How to ask for something, formally, but on the internet

I don't really have a great understanding of Japanese internet culture, but as a Korean, I'm guessing it would be quite similar to ours in terms of "formality," as both Korean and Japanese have ...
3
votes
2answers
174 views

「しまう」 as an auxiliary verb

I feel like I always see 「しまう」 at the end of sentences (not the verb "to put away"). I saw some examples here on Weblio. どうしても写真は実物より劣ってしまう。 Pictures really don't do it justice. ...
1
vote
3answers
157 views

What does the “だった” in “だったっけ” mean?

From what I can find out, "たっけ" is just an expression that shows that you're trying to remember something, but what does the "だった" part mean? I have a few guesses, but they don't seem to match that ...
4
votes
2answers
105 views

Understanding 「女神を信じてここまで来たのだろう」

Context: The group is going to be attacked and one of the people is worried whether they will lose the fight or not and then the leader says what's below. 「祈りを持って戦うのだ。正しき者が負けるわけがない。女神を信じてここまで来たのだろう」 ...
2
votes
2answers
112 views

Is “クリスマスの休みだよ!” an appropriate expression?

Is クリスマスの休みだよ! an appropriate expression? For instance, as a Facebook post or what have you? The main part I'm wondering about is よ. My understanding is that よ usually implies that you're ...
4
votes
2answers
462 views

Does だけが mean “but only” or “not just”?

Earlier today I saw this sign: 煙{けむり}の行方{ゆくえ}。本人{ほんにん}だけが、他人{たにん}事{ごと}だった。 The English is different enough that I think we can mostly ignore it for the purposes of this question. It helpfully ...
16
votes
3answers
767 views

Rules for emphasizing by lengthening sounds

Sometimes, sounds are lengthened for emphasis. For example, see "とっても versus とても". What are the rules governing this process? Are there restrictions on where lengthening can be inserted? とっても or ...
2
votes
2answers
107 views

Is either 霊験 or あらたか used outside the phrase 霊験あらたか?

Is either 霊験【れいげん】 or あらたか used outside of the phrase 霊験【れいげん】あらたか "miraculous"? (I believe れいけん is also a possible reading of 霊験?) The goo辞書 entry for あらたか has 「霊験―な神」 as its example phrase, and the ...
2
votes
2answers
177 views

Which is the most correct (or common): 話 or 話し?

The meaning of 話, as a kanji, is "tale, talk", but as a word, it means the same as 話し: "Talk; speech; chat; story; conversation." In the official jouyou kanji chart, there's only 話, for the isolated ...
3
votes
1answer
102 views

「身につく」 Usage of this word in this sentence

From what i can tell, she is saying something along the lines of 'Even if you have the whole cake, it's only 70 grams' but i'm unsure on the usage of 身につく here. Unless my interpretation of the ...
2
votes
1answer
84 views

新しい 机 を 買って もらいました。“They bought me a new desk” or “I bought and received a new desk”?

Ok, so I was studying some Japanese phrases when this showed up: 新しい 机 を 買って もらいました。 The translation provided in the source material is: "They bought me a new desk" What I don't understand, however, ...
5
votes
4answers
389 views

What does this person mean by “doryo” in this context?

Two Japanese-fluent characters in an English novel I'm reading are talking about a specific heart problem one character concealed from medical exams. That character is requesting the second character ...
7
votes
2answers
176 views

Polite Way of Saying “I can't…(answer the phone)” (しかねる vs. できない)

I'd like to ask about a polite way to say "I can't (do something for you)". I'm sure the answer will depend on the context, so specifically, I'm curious about how to convey "I won't be able to answer ...
3
votes
3answers
96 views

In だったっけ, why is the second “っ”(tsu) used when it can't be connected to “け”(ke)?

From what I understand, っ is used to "double" the "t" sound, so in だった it makes sense because it's pronounced "datta", but why is it used in the second part of the phrase? Full sentence: ...
3
votes
1answer
118 views

Most egregious examples of the reading of a kanji changing due to (textually) distant characters

I've been thinking about how Japanese people can read a text (out loud, say) when the readings of the kanji can be so variable depending on okurigana, suffixes, or prefixes that change the meaning ...
3
votes
2answers
127 views

Usage and meanings of 十分

In English, "to have enough" has several different meanings. One of them is "to be fed up": If you have an argument and want to express that you're fed up and about to walk out of the room and you can ...
0
votes
0answers
64 views

Can anybody translate this instruction of medicine written in japanese for me? [closed]

A friend of mine got herself a production made in japan which seems to be sth like medicines, However, i havent learned japanese for quite a long time after i left school.so Would you please translate ...
8
votes
3answers
202 views

How do you refer to items in a list?

Given a list of things... dog cat fish How would you say... the second item in the list: 2目番? all three of them: 全部三つ? two of them (not regarding the position in the list): 2匹 or 2目? Is this ...
4
votes
1answer
168 views

Difference between 怒り{いかり} and 怒り{おこり}

Both 怒り{いかり} and 怒り{おこり} are nouns and mean "anger". Even the kanji are the same! How can we distinguish these two?
1
vote
1answer
209 views

Do ちょうだい、ごらん、ください、おいで constitute an own class of part of speech?

They are all used after the Te-Form of Japanese verbs similar to subsidiary verbs, but they seem to differ from subsidiary verbs. What is their true nature?
5
votes
1answer
254 views

Is けど a 接続詞 (conjunction) or 助詞 (particle)?

A book I've read states that けど is a 接続詞 (conjunction). However, another book I had read states that it is a 助詞 (particle). Who is right?
5
votes
1answer
142 views

Is Taito (たいと) (kanji/kokuji with the highest stroke count consisting of 84 strokes) legit and ever used?

Taito is mentioned as the kanji/kokuji with the highest stroke count consisting of 84 strokes in Wikipedia. Taito is composed of two kanji ("cloud" (雲) and "dragon" (龍) repeated three times each ...
6
votes
1answer
193 views

Desire words: When to use 欲望{よくぼう}, 欲求{よっきゅう}, 欲{よく} and 欲念{よくねん}?

Today I ran into these three desire words, which are defined: 欲 = greed, craving, desire, avarice, wants 欲求 = desire 欲望 = desire, appetite, lust And while searching dictionaries, I also found a ...
2
votes
1answer
79 views

を without a transitive verb? [duplicate]

「他の人に手紙を見られてしまいました」 I interpret this sentence's meaning as something like, "The letter ended up being seen by someone else." From what I understand, the verb 見る is transitive, "to see." The verb ...
4
votes
2answers
120 views

What's the difference between ~れれば and ~れば?

別に僕は周りを無視して本に没頭したいわけでもないので、見ろと言われれば見る Would it mean the same thing if 言われれば was replaced with 言われば? What's the difference if any between ~れれば and ~れば? I'm also not certain of the meaning of the ...
5
votes
2answers
148 views

What is the difference between すみません and すみませんでした?

What is the difference between すみません and すみませんでした (or すまない and すまなかった)? If it is what the 「でした」 suggests and すみませんでした is the past form and used to apologize for things done in the past, then what I ...

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