1
vote
1answer
36 views

かい and だい - age?

I often see claims that they are only used to people your own age or younger. But is that true, or an exaggeration based on the fact that you'd use more polite forms to someone older, usually? For ...
4
votes
1answer
62 views

Use of quote marker と before unusual verbs

I'm happy with the purpose of と when it precedes verbs like 言う、聞く、思う etc. The following sentence puzzles me: おじいさんは「雀は大丈夫かな。」と、大変がっかりしました。 I understand that the man feels disappointed and ...
5
votes
1answer
132 views

Use of question particles in plain speech

I'm becoming increasingly confused about the correct way to form questions in informal speech. I originally learned that I should replace か with の. Then I learned that that was a bit girly. Then I ...
6
votes
1answer
40 views

What does 尿が近い and 尿が遠い mean?

seeing 尿が遠い/尿が近い in some medical documents and sites, what does 遠い and 近い mean in this sense? Does it literally mean the urine is far(ranged)/urine is close (ranged)?
2
votes
0answers
38 views

Sentence ending with こと or もの

I'm reading a mathematics textbook, and there are a number of sentences which end with もの or こと. I can work out the intended meaning no problem, so what I would like explained to me, are the rules ...
4
votes
0answers
41 views

What is the difference between Hatsu and Saisho?

Can hatsu be used with activities, like hatsu-no poem?
1
vote
1answer
42 views

What does the 「とって」 mean?

Here is the sentence including the word. 東のはずれには年をとって働けなくなった人たちのために養老院をたてるっ
2
votes
1answer
80 views

Told About Something

I want to say that my waiter told me about Japanese restaurants or taught me info about them. I was thinking that I might just try フュージョンは 日本の食堂を 教えました。 But that would mean the waiter taught Japanese ...
7
votes
1answer
657 views

What is the female equivalent for 「ご主人様」 or “master?”

In The Lion, the Witch, and the Wardrobe novel, the character Aslan orders centaurs and eagles to chase a wolf, saying, "He will be going to his mistress." He is referring to the wolf's female ...
3
votes
1answer
103 views

ごめんよ - what is it?

This appears to be an apology, but it seems a little blunt - its like ごめんね ごめんな、are logical; they apologize and soften it with those particles. But ごめんよ seems a little forceful. Why would you use it? ...
7
votes
1answer
144 views

What's the meaning of this pastry pun?

I saw a sticker set being used on a popular social platform the other day that I found very interesting. They were pictures of food items, sweets mostly, and had words next to them that seemed to be ...
3
votes
3answers
48 views

How do I properly tell someone to proceed with a transaction in an email?

Today, I received the following email after an online purchase: この度はご注文いただき誠にありがとうございます。 頂きましたご注文の発送方法について、EMS(国際スピード郵便)による配送となりますので、 送料が1,500円かかります。 よろしければ、クレジット決済金額の変更をし、商品を発送いたします。 ...
-3
votes
0answers
45 views

How would you use eien no in Eternal Ruler of the Universe? [duplicate]

How would you use eien no (eternal) I know universe is uchuu, and ruler is shihaisha, but I want to write Eternal Ruler of the Universe. So how would you fit the eien no into uchuu no shihaisha? ...
4
votes
1answer
323 views

What do young Japanese mean by セクハラ?

What do Japanese young people exactly mean by 「セクハラ」? Do they think it is negative, or only slightly negative, or not negative? I've often heard Japanese university students throw around the term ...
2
votes
2answers
100 views

Dear sir or madame… Japanese Mail Etiquette

I am trying to conduct business with a company located in Japan. I am trying to buy a kimono to complete a set for someone dear to me...(who may or may not be on the site so I am keeping this part ...
3
votes
1answer
79 views

What does the word 「ぶったてる」mean?

Here is the sentence including the word. このドヤがいの西{にし}のはずれにりっぱな総{そう}合{ごう}病{びょう}院{いん}をぶったてること!
3
votes
2answers
92 views

What is the formal way to say “しょっちゅう”?

" 時々" means "sometimes" and "しょっちゅう" means "frequently", right? And, the meaning is well short of "いつも". Now, I can't imagine "しょっちゅう" is used in writing or formal speaking, right? So, what is the ...
3
votes
1answer
60 views

頭がいい人 versus 頭が切れる人

I could not find the explanation of my following question in English. What are the main differences between 頭がいい人 and 頭が切れる人? It is still hard for me to understand the Japanese version given in this ...
3
votes
1answer
120 views

Particle と in Feliksas と申します。

This phrase is used pretty much on every intro page to japan, as in a polite way to state "my name is _____". I think it's similar to the Je m'appelle. My question is why is it exactly the particle と ...
12
votes
1answer
531 views

How do 自他 triplets of related verbs work?

I thought this had been asked before (possibly by me), but I couldn't find it. I'm wondering why for certain verbs/words, instead of just a 自他 pair, there is a triplet (or possibly more) where two of ...
0
votes
2answers
59 views

grammar of a sentence explaining a 四字熟語{よじじゅくご}

I read here the following explanation about 一朝{いっちょう}一夕{いっせき}, a 四字熟語{よじじゅくご} : 一日や半日{はんにち}、朝{あさ}から夕程度{ゆうていど}の、短{みじか}い期間{きかん}のこと I don't feel confident about the grammar in this sentence, ...
1
vote
1answer
81 views

How does 「から」 work in regards to 「だから」 and 「ですから」?

I'm confused at how から works, and there's very little information on this subject. だから is used in front of a な adjective or noun. い adjectives simply use 「から」. Verbs can be in ます form, and only use ...
5
votes
2answers
62 views

「万が一の場合」vs「念のために」?

How should I decide to choose either「万が一の場合」vs「念のために」? 「万が一」 , by itself, cannot directly substituted for 「念のために」, right? But, adding 「の場合」 makes 「万が一の場合」and「念のために」 pretty much the same?
0
votes
0answers
42 views

How do we say the next sentence? [on hold]

i need to translate a sentence, coming from a Julien Doré's music: "Something you left is on my bed". How do we say it in japanese ? Thanks for your help !
5
votes
1answer
68 views

Situational use of politeness

I am often confused on which level of politeness to use between people who are relatively close. For example, let say I am talking when a friend in Japanese and we use plain form. Although a close ...
2
votes
2answers
149 views

What is the difference between できました and しました?

The answer to this question explains how できる can have more uses than just as a potential verb. However, are there any differences in usage between できます and します? They both seem like they can be used to ...
2
votes
1answer
597 views

What does the word 「ようく」mean?

I came across the word in a manga in a situation that a teenage boy is going to explain something to a group of kids. I cannot find the word in online japanese dictionary. Here is the sentence. ...
5
votes
1answer
52 views

What does the word 「っぷち」mean?

Here is the sentence including the word. 計画{けいかく}の一! それは この広{ひろ}い川{かわ}っぷちの両{りょう}岸{がん}一[帯]{たい}の おとなも子{こ}どももあそべるでっかい遊{ゆう}園{えん}地{ち}を作{つく}ること!
2
votes
3answers
161 views
3
votes
2answers
1k views

What's the difference between「~と言いました」and「~と言っていました」?

「~と言{い}いました」and「~と言{い}っていました」 basically the difference between します and しています.
3
votes
1answer
59 views

How to translate 以前の問題

How would you translate "以前の問題" in the next sentence: 作文が上手かどうかは、日本語能力以前の問題である。 Thank you! )
3
votes
2answers
384 views

Is there a female version of ikemen?

Ikemen means something like cool man, is there something similar for women?
7
votes
0answers
82 views

Why と言っていました and not と言いました [duplicate]

My textbook I studied from many months ago stated that to quote what somebody said, you have to use と言っていました. I was wondering why that form is used and not と言いました。 Is there any specific reason for ...
1
vote
1answer
55 views

What is 帰す form here?

The relevant bit goes like: 我が祈りを聞き給え 生きとし生けるものすべては主に帰せん 我が魂よ再び安らぐがよい主は報いて下さるがゆえに Going off context ん seems to be a volitional auxiliary (推量) as it would make the middle bit as "to you ...
1
vote
2answers
93 views

Using と to link clauses instead of て

I've seen several posts saying that と cannot be used to mean 'and' when linking clauses. They say it should be treated as 'when'. I have come across several sentences in my studies that do not support ...
5
votes
2answers
728 views

If 鳥肉 is chicken meat, what is duck meat?

鳥 means bird or poultry. It's understandable that 鳥肉 would be chicken meat since chicken is the most popular "bird meat". But in this case where chicken has monopolized the meaning of bird, how would ...
0
votes
0answers
48 views

Can any 名詞をする be shorten as 名詞する? [duplicate]

Can any 名詞をする be shorten as 名詞する ? Is there any exception for this? For example, 勉強をする can be shorten as 勉強する テニスをする can be shorten as テニスする
2
votes
1answer
50 views

“The way she went about things” as 彼のする方

I'm working to translate this particular line, wondering if it accurately puts across this idea. Alternatives are welcome too! 彼{かれ}のする方{かた}
4
votes
1answer
41 views

What is the name for the mixed ingredients in a bowl?

I am writing a recipe in Japanese. The excerpt is given as follows. まず、丼に卵と塩とこしょうと薄切りの玉ねぎを入れて、混ぜる。 フライパンに油を入れて、火をつけて、1っ分ぐらい持つ。 フライパンに「the contents of the bowl」を入れて、5分ぐらい炒める。 The ...
1
vote
0answers
39 views

When to use kanji (e.g. 出来る vs. できる) [duplicate]

Japanese textbooks often use できる (hiragana) instead of 出来る (kanji). Japanese variety shows sometimes use 出来る instead of できる. Another example is 出る vs. でる. Is there any difference in usage between the ...
0
votes
0answers
73 views

sentential modifiers(?) and relative clause question

I just finished Japanese level 2 in college, which as I have come to understand is ~the most important~ and I came away with quite a lot of questions. We learned about relative clauses and something ...
-2
votes
1answer
111 views

What is 'Eternal Ruler of the Universe' in japanese? [on hold]

More specifically, what is eternal in japanese. I have seen eien, and rarely nagai. Which one do I use? Please give breakdowns of all phrases, and give sentences both polite and casual. Please also ...
2
votes
2answers
167 views

Meaning of 私がではない

Spoken as part of a monologue by an anime character (cutting out parts irrelevant for context): 私にとっても、それは不快な事実だった。私がではない。 あれほど冷酷な魔術師だった男が、敵を助けたという事実こそが不快だった。 Is it a fixed phrase? What does it ...
-7
votes
0answers
55 views

l and r in japanese [duplicate]

how can it be that there is not the litter l in japanese and ikimono gakari in her song hotaro no hikari naruto shippuden openinig 5 says sha la la not sha ra ra
2
votes
1answer
59 views

What is that suspentive の particle?

I have come several times across the の particle just before a comma (、)but I could not figure out why の was use and for what purpose. Here are some examples I have run across: ex1: ...
1
vote
1answer
76 views

The positive ~じゃない

Just how feminine is it? How odd would it be if a male speaker said it? I have found one example of someone male using, in a piece of fiction: Lest レスト、 the main character of Rune Factory 4 ...
5
votes
1answer
96 views

How to pronounce 繁栄 han'ei?

How to pronounce 繁栄 han'ei? Is there a glottal stop between the two syllables? Is it //haɴʔeː//, //haɴeː//, //haŋʔeː// or //haŋeː//?
2
votes
1answer
74 views

Pronunciation of マッハ or シャッフル

How do the Japanese actually pronounce words such as マッハ (Mahha - Mach) or シャッフル (Shaffuru - Shuffle)? I know gemination is a feature of Japanese phonology, but I've only managed to articulate such ...
3
votes
2answers
100 views

Usage of て form before relative clause e.g. そう呟いて見上げる空は、朝見たもよりも輝いて見えた

My question is how to interpret this. そう呟いて見上げる空は、朝見たもよりも輝いて見えた In this sentence does it mean he was already looking at the sky before he muttered whatever he said, or can it still indicate ...
3
votes
2answers
167 views

て versus combining-form for joining clauses

Is there a difference between these two sentences 昨日はビールを飲んでパイを食べました。 昨日はビールを飲みパイを食べました。 More generally, when should I choose one form over the other? Thanks.

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