2
votes
1answer
96 views

Particle と in Feliksas と申します。

This phrase is used pretty much on every intro page to japan, as in a polite way to state "my name is _____". I think it's similar to the Je m'appelle. My question is why is it exactly the particle と ...
10
votes
1answer
506 views

How do 自他 triplets of related verbs work?

I thought this had been asked before (possibly by me), but I couldn't find it. I'm wondering why for certain verbs/words, instead of just a 自他 pair, there is a triplet (or possibly more) where two of ...
0
votes
2answers
27 views

grammar of a sentence explaining a 四字熟語{よじじゅくご}

I read here the following explanation about 一朝{いっちょう}一夕{いっせき}, a 四字熟語{よじじゅくご} : 一日や半日{はんにち}、朝{あさ}から夕程度{ゆうていど}の、短{みじか}い期間{きかん}のこと I don't feel confident about the grammar in this sentence, ...
0
votes
1answer
24 views

Use of quote marker と before unusual verbs

I'm happy with the purpose of と when it precedes verbs like 言う、聞く、思う etc. The following sentence puzzles me: おじいさんは「雀は大丈夫かな。」と、大変がっかりしました。 I understand that the man feels disappointed and ...
0
votes
1answer
55 views

How does 「から」 work in regards to 「だから」 and 「ですから」?

I'm confused at how から works, and there's very little information on this subject. だから is used in front of a な adjective or noun. い adjectives simply use 「から」. Verbs can be in ます form, and only use ...
1
vote
0answers
29 views

What is the formal way to say “しょっちゅう”?

" 時々 " means " sometimes " and " しょっちゅう " means " frequently ", right? And, the meaning is well short of "いつも". Now, I can't imagine "しょっちゅう" is used in writing or formal speaking, right? So, what ...
1
vote
1answer
30 views

What does the word 「ぶったてる」mean?

Here is the sentence including the word. このドヤがいの西{にし}のはずれにりっぱな総{そう}合{ごう}病{びょう}院{いん}をぶったてること!
3
votes
2answers
36 views

「万が一の場合」vs「念のために」?

How should I decide to choose either「万が一の場合」vs「念のために」? 「万が一」 , by itself, cannot directly substituted for 「念のために」, right? But, adding 「の場合」 makes 「万が一の場合」and「念のために」 pretty much the same?
0
votes
0answers
37 views

How do we say the next sentence? [on hold]

i need to translate a sentence, coming from a Julien Doré's music: "Something you left is on my bed". How do we say it in japanese ? Thanks for your help !
5
votes
1answer
46 views

Situational use of politeness

I am often confused on which level of politeness to use between people who are relatively close. For example, let say I am talking when a friend in Japanese and we use plain form. Although a close ...
2
votes
2answers
138 views

What is the difference between できました and しました?

The answer to this question explains how できる can have more uses than just as a potential verb. However, are there any differences in usage between できます and します? They both seem like they can be used to ...
7
votes
1answer
124 views

What's the meaning of this pastry pun?

I saw a sticker set being used on a popular social platform the other day that I found very interesting. They were pictures of food items, sweets mostly, and had words next to them that seemed to be ...
3
votes
1answer
577 views

What is the female equivalent for 「ご主人様」 or “master?”

In The Lion, the Witch, and the Wardrobe novel, the character Aslan orders centaurs and eagles to chase a wolf, saying, "He will be going to his mistress." He is referring to the wolf's female ...
2
votes
1answer
583 views

What does the word 「ようく」mean?

I came across the word in a manga in a situation that a teenage boy is going to explain something to a group of kids. I cannot find the word in online japanese dictionary. Here is the sentence. ...
4
votes
1answer
44 views

What does the word 「っぷち」mean?

Here is the sentence including the word. 計画{けいかく}の一! それは この広{ひろ}い川{かわ}っぷちの両{りょう}岸{がん}一[帯]{たい}の おとなも子{こ}どももあそべるでっかい遊{ゆう}園{えん}地{ち}を作{つく}ること!
2
votes
3answers
147 views
3
votes
2answers
1k views

What's the difference between「~と言いました」and「~と言っていました」?

「~と言{い}いました」and「~と言{い}っていました」 basically the difference between します and しています.
-3
votes
0answers
26 views

How would you use eien no in Eternal Ruler of the Universe? [duplicate]

How would you use eien no (eternal) I know universe is uchuu, and ruler is shihaisha, but I want to write Eternal Ruler of the Universe. So how would you fit the eien no into uchuu no shihaisha?
2
votes
1answer
52 views

How to translate 以前の問題

How would you translate "以前の問題" in the next sentence: 作文が上手かどうかは、日本語能力以前の問題である。 Thank you! )
3
votes
2answers
379 views

Is there a female version of ikemen?

Ikemen means something like cool man, is there something similar for women?
7
votes
0answers
77 views

Why と言っていました and not と言いました

My textbook I studied from many months ago stated that to quote what somebody said, you have to use と言っていました. I was wondering why that form is used and not と言いました。 Is there any specific reason for ...
5
votes
1answer
108 views

Use of question particles in plain speech

I'm becoming increasingly confused about the correct way to form questions in informal speech. I originally learned that I should replace か with の. Then I learned that that was a bit girly. Then I ...
1
vote
1answer
55 views

What is 帰す form here?

The relevant bit goes like: 我が祈りを聞き給え 生きとし生けるものすべては主に帰せん 我が魂よ再び安らぐがよい主は報いて下さるがゆえに Going off context ん seems to be a volitional auxiliary (推量) as it would make the middle bit as "to you ...
1
vote
2answers
92 views

Using と to link clauses instead of て

I've seen several posts saying that と cannot be used to mean 'and' when linking clauses. They say it should be treated as 'when'. I have come across several sentences in my studies that do not support ...
5
votes
2answers
716 views

If 鳥肉 is chicken meat, what is duck meat?

鳥 means bird or poultry. It's understandable that 鳥肉 would be chicken meat since chicken is the most popular "bird meat". But in this case where chicken has monopolized the meaning of bird, how would ...
0
votes
0answers
47 views

Can any 名詞をする be shorten as 名詞する? [duplicate]

Can any 名詞をする be shorten as 名詞する ? Is there any exception for this? For example, 勉強をする can be shorten as 勉強する テニスをする can be shorten as テニスする
2
votes
1answer
50 views

“The way she went about things” as 彼のする方

I'm working to translate this particular line, wondering if it accurately puts across this idea. Alternatives are welcome too! 彼{かれ}のする方{かた}
4
votes
1answer
40 views

What is the name for the mixed ingredients in a bowl?

I am writing a recipe in Japanese. The excerpt is given as follows. まず、丼に卵と塩とこしょうと薄切りの玉ねぎを入れて、混ぜる。 フライパンに油を入れて、火をつけて、1っ分ぐらい持つ。 フライパンに「the contents of the bowl」を入れて、5分ぐらい炒める。 The ...
1
vote
0answers
38 views

When to use kanji (e.g. 出来る vs. できる) [duplicate]

Japanese textbooks often use できる (hiragana) instead of 出来る (kanji). Japanese variety shows sometimes use 出来る instead of できる. Another example is 出る vs. でる. Is there any difference in usage between the ...
0
votes
0answers
70 views

sentential modifiers(?) and relative clause question

I just finished Japanese level 2 in college, which as I have come to understand is ~the most important~ and I came away with quite a lot of questions. We learned about relative clauses and something ...
-2
votes
1answer
96 views

What is 'Eternal Ruler of the Universe' in japanese? [on hold]

More specifically, what is eternal in japanese. I have seen eien, and rarely nagai. Which one do I use? Please give breakdowns of all phrases, and give sentences both polite and casual. Please also ...
2
votes
2answers
158 views

Meaning of 私がではない

Spoken as part of a monologue by an anime character (cutting out parts irrelevant for context): 私にとっても、それは不快な事実だった。私がではない。 あれほど冷酷な魔術師だった男が、敵を助けたという事実こそが不快だった。 Is it a fixed phrase? What does it ...
-6
votes
1answer
51 views

l and r in japanese [duplicate]

how can it be that there is not the litter l in japanese and ikimono gakari in her song hotaro no hikari naruto shippuden openinig 5 says sha la la not sha ra ra
2
votes
1answer
59 views

What is that suspentive の particle?

I have come several times across the の particle just before a comma (、)but I could not figure out why の was use and for what purpose. Here are some examples I have run across: ex1: ...
1
vote
1answer
75 views

The positive ~じゃない

Just how feminine is it? How odd would it be if a male speaker said it? I have found one example of someone male using, in a piece of fiction: Lest レスト、 the main character of Rune Factory 4 ...
5
votes
1answer
95 views

How to pronounce 繁栄 han'ei?

How to pronounce 繁栄 han'ei? Is there a glottal stop between the two syllables? Is it //haɴʔeː//, //haɴeː//, //haŋʔeː// or //haŋeː//?
2
votes
1answer
73 views

Pronunciation of マッハ or シャッフル

How do the Japanese actually pronounce words such as マッハ (Mahha - Mach) or シャッフル (Shaffuru - Shuffle)? I know gemination is a feature of Japanese phonology, but I've only managed to articulate such ...
3
votes
2answers
100 views

Usage of て form before relative clause e.g. そう呟いて見上げる空は、朝見たもよりも輝いて見えた

My question is how to interpret this. そう呟いて見上げる空は、朝見たもよりも輝いて見えた In this sentence does it mean he was already looking at the sky before he muttered whatever he said, or can it still indicate ...
3
votes
2answers
167 views

て versus combining-form for joining clauses

Is there a difference between these two sentences 昨日はビールを飲んでパイを食べました。 昨日はビールを飲みパイを食べました。 More generally, when should I choose one form over the other? Thanks.
2
votes
2answers
64 views

Sentence Polarity when connecting sentences/clauses with て/で

I was reading the Tobira textbook recently and I became a little confused when reading the following passage. "日本語では、会話をスムーズに進めるために「あいづちをうつ」ということをします。「はい/ええ」「うん」「そうですか」など色々ありますが、これらは ″Yes, I'm ...
4
votes
2answers
291 views

Do Japanese actually pronounce the “v” sound?

Do Japanese actually pronounce the "v" sound? They do have a kana character (ヴ) dedicated to transcribing foreign "v" sounds, but do they actually pronounce them like the English phoneme /v/ (using ...
1
vote
3answers
258 views

Why does 日本語{にほんご} mean Japanese?

Google translate says 日本語 means Japanese. It also says: 語 means "word" 本 means "this" 日 means "day" So how do you get "Japanese" out of these three kanji?
3
votes
3answers
234 views

Most egregious examples of the reading of a kanji changing due to (textually) distant characters

I've been thinking about how Japanese people can read a text (out loud, say) when the readings of the kanji can be so variable depending on okurigana, suffixes, or prefixes that change the meaning ...
6
votes
1answer
143 views

Where does the な in 大人 (otona) come from?

As far as I understand, the word 大人 (otona) uses the kanji 大 to represent お and the kanji 人 to represent と. According to this site the readings for 人 do not include な. Where does the な come from then? ...
2
votes
1answer
59 views

Difference between (「~~~」と話した) and (「~~~」と語った)?

In newspaper articles, quotes seem to be always followed by (「~~~」と 話した ) and (「~~~」と 語った ). examples : 大村明日香さんは「緊張しましたが、練習より楽しかった。大きな声を出すように心がけました」と 話した 。 (full context) 担当者は「ますます女性にとって快適な機内にしたい」と ...
6
votes
2answers
3k views

a natural and short way to say I'm currently learning Japanese, and it isn't very good?

background: I'm playing Shogi 将棋 on a Japanese site since there are no good english ones, and every once in a while someone tries to open a converstaion with me. While I try to participate as much as ...
2
votes
2answers
136 views

で used for abstract location?

Consider the sentence: 今度の旅行は全部で何人行きますか。 I would roughly translate it literally to: For this trip, in the domain of "total"(abstract location), how many people will be going?" And then ...
9
votes
3answers
5k views

How do you ask for “the bill” at a restaurant?

This is probably a bit of a silly question, but what do you say in Japanese when you're asking for the bill in a restaurant? Or is it unusual to say anything at all? When I was in Japan I could never ...
0
votes
1answer
64 views

Difference in usage/nuance between 厚生, 福祉, 福利 and 生活保護

厚生[こうせい] 福祉[ふくし] 福利[ふくり] 生活保護[せいかつほご] Translating "welfare" into Japanese seems a bit complicated. Could someone maybe provide for context the most typical phrases/chunks that use these words? I'm ...
1
vote
1answer
67 views

The meaning of 司る

Context: Someone(アスタリスク) is about to have his ceremony to become a knight. 「それではアスタ、……アスタリスクの騎士叙任の儀を始めます。さあ、私の元へ」 「……はい」 「リッシュ・エデンが聖母イブの名の下に、この世に新たな騎士を遣わせる」 ...

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