言葉. Any question that does not deal specifically with grammar or pronunciation. Includes questions about prefixes, suffixes, compound words, loanwords, dialectal differences, pragmatic usage, etc. In other words, phenomena that occurs at the level of the word.

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3
votes
2answers
673 views

How is the word まさか used?

Plain and simple. The Jisho definition "by no means; never!; well, I never!; you don't say!" doesn't seem to coincide with any of the sample sentences I find either on Jisho or Tatoeba. Can someone ...
2
votes
2answers
86 views

Is there a difference between 費用 and 支出?

Both of these words appeared on my N3 flashcards, and they both can translate to cost or expense according to dictionaries. Example sentences had a tendency to translate 費用 as "cost" and 支出 as ...
10
votes
2answers
1k views

Younger uncles and aunts

If you are older than your uncle or aunt, do you still address them as 叔母さん or 叔父さん? I see no reason why you wouldn't, but I recall once seeing a description saying that family titles are only used ...
1
vote
1answer
217 views

How to say “I'm going to spank you if…”?

I am just doing some homework and I can't make the sentence I want. Concretely, I want to write "If you start smoking again, I'm going to give you a good spanking." If I say this in England ...
1
vote
2answers
253 views

What to say if you want to comfort your superior who is sick?

Usually, some Japanese in our company say to us 気をつけてください but in that case they are the superior. Now one of our superior is sick and we want to comfort him like "please take care of yourself and get ...
1
vote
2answers
131 views

最も有名なのがウーロン茶で : What is the usage of なの here? [duplicate]

What is the usage of なの in: 最も有名なのがウーロン茶で To me, it seems to transfer a adverb [有名] to a noun, is that so? Could someone help to explain, thx. Update: To make the question more clear, the whole ...
3
votes
1answer
65 views

であるので and であるのだ vs なので and なのだ

In these pairs, are the ones containg である simply more formal? I think I've seen both in writing.
1
vote
1answer
68 views

I assume this means next episode number 6 “第 六話”

I've noticed this season two shows end the preview with the episode number and title underneath - 第六話 - but this confuses me. How should I read this? Is 話 still はなし or is it something else? What is ...
3
votes
1answer
150 views

The gender of the word 素敵

素敵 is often described as a feminine word. Just how feminine is it? What would be the impression of a male speaker using it, if he didn't already use feminine speech?
1
vote
2answers
113 views

What does the word 「よっとな!」 mean?

It is said by a guy who is bullying another one by twisting his hand. Is it related to Kansai dialect?
2
votes
1answer
80 views

What does the word 「どいとれっ」mean?

After a guy having watched his friend poorly jumped to the ground, he said the following sentence. けっ へたっくそめ パラシュートってのはだな ええい どいとれっ。 Another questions 1) Is there any meaning for the word 「けっ」at ...
0
votes
1answer
78 views

What does the word 「おけっ」 mean?

It is a situation that a guy on the ground asking another one who is climbing on a bed staircase with this sentence. このへんでいいかな? And he replied with this one. おお よかろうしっかり手{て}足{あし}をおさえておけっ。
3
votes
1answer
76 views

The Tohoku use of だ

In Tohoku, だ can follow verbs and い-adjectives, as I've heard (I've never actually spoken to someone from Tohoku). What purpose does it serve? Is a sentence ending in just a verb ungrammatical in ...
2
votes
1answer
68 views

What is the grammar of “ごく” in “ごくかすか” mean?

"かすか" means "faint". "ごくかすか" mens "very faint". What part of speech is "ごく"? An inflection of "ごい"? What might either mean?
4
votes
1answer
80 views

“on a scale of 1 to 10”?

How can I say "on a scale of 1 to 10"? Like for example, "On a scale of 1 to 10 where 1 is not annoying at all and 10 is too annoying, how annoying do you find X"?
2
votes
1answer
123 views

What is “slatwall shelving” in Japanese?

I would like to ask a general contractor to make me some slatwall shelving. I checked dictionaries and all the Google juice I could muster but couldn't figure out what this type of shelving is called ...
4
votes
2answers
114 views

おる in honorific contexts

Usually, we're told that おる is a humble verb, and that mostly holds true. But sometimes I see it conjugated to a light honorific form おられる, usually when talking about someone to whom respect must be ...
2
votes
3answers
78 views

What does いくつか mean in the phrase いくつかの種類?

I know いくつ means 'how old', but what does いくつか mean in the following sentence? 緑茶、紅茶、ウーロン茶などいくつかの種類に分けられる。
1
vote
1answer
136 views

“Unfindable” character in song

Wading my way through rūju, I found the following phrase: 心慣じめない人にでも Google couldn't parse it, so I tried doing so myself. 人にでも, read hito ni de mo, is the antecedent of the relative clause ...
4
votes
1answer
259 views

What does 「やりい」 mean?

Here is the sentence including the word. たっぷりかわいがってやりい。 I guess it would mean 'to do' but I would like to know why it is written in this form.
6
votes
2answers
148 views

Difference between 月曜 and 月曜日

I just want to know what the difference is between the two and their proper usage because in dictionary they seem almost the same.
2
votes
2answers
251 views

名 and 名前 - the difference

My impression is that, in speech, 名前 is polite, and 名 is ruder - but in writing, 名 sounds more literary. Am I correct?
0
votes
2answers
50 views

Difference between car 損保 and 車両保険

A person asked for car insurance recommendations, and here is the whole reply of another person: うちは以前ソニー損保つ使ってたね。何回か事故ったりしてたけど特に不満はなかったかな、値段も安かったし。車両保険はつけたことがないのでよくわからないんだけど。 I am confused: ...
6
votes
1answer
176 views

The word for “season” (US) or “series” (UK)?

I previously asked how to count episodes but I forgot to ask how to say "series". How can I say I watched 13 episodes of season 1.
6
votes
1answer
753 views

Is there a Japanese word or phrase for the chemistry in a relationship?

Is there a Japanese word or phrase for the chemistry in a relationship? And by "relationship", I don't mean a strictly romantic one. It could be the chemistry between best friends, or even the lack ...
4
votes
1answer
341 views

Kanji or kana in お待ちください

It's considered proper (though often ignored) to write ください in 待ってください and 下さい in 赤いのを下さい, i.e. Kanji as a main verb and kana as an auxilliary. But a thought came into my mind: in お待ちください, is it an ...
4
votes
1answer
152 views

What's the counter for episodes?

How can I say "I watched 13 episodes so far" in Japanese? What is the counter for episodes? I also would like to know the right word for episode. Is it 挿話? That's what I found on jisho.org but since ...
4
votes
2answers
136 views

What is the Japanese term for putting an arm around another's shoulder?

What is the Japanese term for putting an arm around another's shoulder? it is kind of hard, at first I am thinking of 抱きしめる but I think it is more about embracing someone (tightly). Thank you for the ...
2
votes
1answer
76 views

proper usage of 出かける

What is the proper usage of 出かける because most of the time I am only using 行く or 出る for example 川へせんたくしに行く and I don't get its difference from 川へせんたくに出かける thanks for the responds
4
votes
1answer
65 views

What's the difference between まねをする and ふりをする?

What's the difference between まねをする and ふりをする and what would be each one's proper translation?
4
votes
2answers
2k views

What does とくと mean?

At one point in a particular work of fiction, a character announces 我が力、とくとご覧あれ! As I understand, it means 'Behold my power!' But I don't know what とくと means. I would guess it's archaic, since the ...
1
vote
1answer
97 views

Letter change in counting strides

Here is something that has been bothering me for a while now: How to know how the letter changes inside words like for example 一杯、二杯? More concretely, I really need to know how to correctly count ...
3
votes
2answers
254 views

Usage and meanings of 十分

In English, "to have enough" has several different meanings. One of them is "to be fed up": If you have an argument and want to express that you're fed up and about to walk out of the room and you can ...
2
votes
1answer
78 views

How to express “evolved to eat X”?

I'm having a hard time trying to find a way to express sentences like: Humans evolved to eat smaller amounts of carbohydrates than we're used to eating today. Penguins evolved to eat fish. Could ...
0
votes
1answer
228 views

Why importing words from other languages rather than building new ones from existing kanji? [closed]

I would like to know why, in general, new words are imported (from English among other languages) rather that created with respect to the concept/thing they represent. For example, "computer" could ...
3
votes
1answer
245 views

What does おつかれさまでしたどぞ means

I know the meaning of おつかれさまでした and どぞ but when they are put together I really can't get what it really means. Does it have a positive or negative meaning? To make it clear: one time one of my ...
4
votes
1answer
132 views

Different ways to refer to oneself (2-in-1 question)

I have two questions about ways to refer to oneself in Japanese. Since they are so closely related I am posting both in the same thread but if anyone here strongly disagrees with this please let me ...
1
vote
1answer
85 views

What does the word 「とかいう歌」 mean?

I have came across the word in the following situation. A: What is coming to your mind when I say the word 「両{りょう}親{しん}」? B: おれは植木等のファンでね とくにあの無{む}責{せき}任{にん}とかいう[歌]{うた}が大好きなんだ 両親イコールってのは...な ...
2
votes
2answers
117 views

“on the drive home” / “while I was driving home”?

How can I say "on the drive home"? I could come up with 帰り道に but this really doesn't give any information about the fact that I was driving. I am planning to use this phrase to say something ...
2
votes
3answers
328 views

Does 「7分の1」 mean 1:7 in this sentence?

Found a sentence, 人間の身体能力は吸血鬼の7分の1しかありません Is this how you write ratios in Japanese?
1
vote
1answer
130 views

What is the difference between 「帰る」and 「帰れる」?

I believe the latter is not the passive form of 帰る, so what makes it different?
5
votes
2answers
221 views

根も葉も火種も — is it proverbial?

I suspect「根も葉も火種も」 is an allusion to something I do not recognize. To what does it refer? Consider this couplet from an amusing song released in March by IOSYS called 「ステマの女」(CD and promotional ...
8
votes
1answer
682 views

Terms for Royalty

Why are there so many terms for royalty? And I'm talking about generic words like "king", "queen", etc. I seem to remember from my studies that certain terminology was used specifically for Japanese ...
1
vote
2answers
112 views

What does the word 「なんざ」 mean?

Here is the sentence including the word. ふざけんじゃねえよ パンチに理{り}屈{くつ}なんざ無{む}用{よう}だい!
3
votes
2answers
456 views

How to say “at this rate”?

One of my friends has been making a real effort talking to me in Japanese every day. I wanted to say something like "If we continue at this rate I will be able to speak by Christmas". The dictionary ...
0
votes
1answer
100 views

How to say “do you identify with”?

I want to talk about pop culture and anime with my friends in the near future but I definitely don't have the vocabulary. The dictionary on "to identify" was rather unhelpful as there are other ...
6
votes
2answers
330 views

日本人は「面白い」と聞いて何を感じますか?

I am still a beginner at japanese and I have the strong feeling my title is incorrectly translated so here it is again in english: What is the "feeling" a japanese person gets upon hearing the word ...
1
vote
1answer
77 views

What does “zurusona” mean?

Miyabe Kingo wrote in an English-language letter the phrase “a sharp zurusona wife” to describe the woman whose house he boarded at. "Zurusona" seems to be the insertion of a Japanese word written in ...
15
votes
3answers
2k views

寝る vs. 眠る, what's the real difference?

What's the real, definite difference between 寝【ね】る and 眠【ねむ】る? I know they both mean "sleep", but also that each carries some additional (sometimes, figurative) meanings. Where do the meanings ...
4
votes
2answers
594 views

How to say I want to make an appointment?

This is something I've been wondering about for a very long time now. jisho.org lists quite many different words for "appointment" like e.g. 任命、待ち合わせ、予約 and a few more. But it's not clear to me ...