言葉. Any question that does not deal specifically with grammar or pronunciation. Includes questions about prefixes, suffixes, compound words, loanwords, dialectal differences, pragmatic usage, etc. In other words, phenomena that occurs at the level of the word.

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2
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1answer
115 views

why does “ら” follow “山中{やまなか}” here: “山中ら、予備検診{よびけんしん}で異常{いじょう}なし”

In the newspaper article titled 山中ら、予備検診で異常なし…WBCバンタム級, what meaning is created by placing "ら" after "山中"? Does it make "山中慎介" plural, and then "山中ら" means something like "Yamanaka and his ...
2
votes
1answer
109 views

Meaning of the phrase 「さわいどるんかの?」

Here is the full sentence. いったいなにをさわいどるんかの? What does the bolded part mean?
2
votes
1answer
173 views

How do you know what word to write in its kanji correspondence?

My study book writes some words like あまり and おおぜい in pure hiragana and I can't figure out whether it is common to write these words in hiragana as the books says, or I'd better write them in their ...
3
votes
1answer
137 views

What's the difference between 無【な】くす and 失【うしな】う

These two words, 無【な】くす and 失【うしな】う, seem to be very similar in meaning, but i'm not sure of the difference. Can someone please explain? Here are some examples: 彼【かれ】は時々【ときどき】希望【きぼう】を失う【うしな】。 ...
4
votes
1answer
151 views

What do the words じゃが and おるかの mean?

Here are the sentences I have found these words. 警察の者じゃが。 ジョーという少年はおるかの?
1
vote
1answer
146 views

What does the word 「いってえ」mean?

Below here is a full sentence I have found the word. この品物の山はいってえどうしたことだ.
2
votes
1answer
85 views

What's the best way to say “redesign” pertaining to a web page/site?

I want to say that I'm "redesigning" a web page, and I can think of several words that may fit, but I'm not sure which is most appropriate or most widely-accepted in the technology world. 更新 → This ...
3
votes
1answer
159 views

誰も used in a positive sentence

I am reviewing the interrogative words like 何、誰、どこ etc. and I saw 誰も being used in a positive sentence, I wonder what the difference would be if みんな were used instead. For example: 誰もが知っている ...
4
votes
1answer
132 views

What's the difference between 根気【こんき】, 我慢【がまん】, 辛抱【しんぼう】 and 忍耐【にんたい】

Recently i found these four words and have no idea what's the difference between them. They all mean "patience" and "endurance". Here are some sentences: 僕【ぼく】は、あいつには我慢【がまん】できない。 I can't abide ...
0
votes
1answer
267 views

Translating 世界中 in this context, does it literally refer to the “entire world”?

In the video game Recettear, you can buy a book with the title 仲良し姉妹の冒険記. The item description says the following: 世界中を旅しているという姉妹に密着した, ノンフィクション作品。ドラゴンに食べられそうになったりと,結構大変な事になってます。 The book's ...
10
votes
1answer
168 views

Why does [小っ酷い]【こっぴどい】 mean “very ひどい” rather than “slightly ひどい”?

デジタル大辞林 gives the definition of [小っ酷い]【こっぴどい】 as 非常にひどい。手厳しい。 But I find this strange. Why would 小っ酷い mean 非常にひどい? Isn't prefixal 小【こ】- sort of a diminutive? At least, that's how it works in ...
3
votes
2answers
143 views

Does 児戯 have the same idiomatic value in Japanese as “child's play” does in English?

In English, "child's play" can literally mean "play performed by a child" or it can be used as an idiom to refer to "something easy". I see that Japanese 児戯 can also mean 子供の遊び (児の戯れ, I guess?) - ...
1
vote
1answer
92 views

Is there a difference with 胃 and おなか?

I checked around and it says here about the usage of 胃, however, I didn't see おなか there. What is the difference in おなか and 胃, in pronunciation and usage?
1
vote
1answer
148 views

What are the meanings of 「って」, 「とこ」, and 「ねえで」 in this sentence?

Here is the sentence I found these words in. ここ数日って とこは 夜も昼もねえで つづけたんだから むりもねえが... Especially the 「とこ」, I'm not sure if I should translate it to be 'bed' or 'room' or something else.
4
votes
1answer
138 views

What's the difference between 呪術【じゅじゅつ】, 魔法【まほう】, 奇術【きじゅつ】, and 魔術【まじゅつ】?

Is there any difference between these nouns? Is this like the difference between 'magic' and 'sorcery' in English? Is 魔法【まほう】 used most often?
1
vote
1answer
136 views

What is the meaning of 「あれほど」?

Here is the full sentence I have found it. あんた あれほどボクシングをきらっていたのに どうして急に本気でやる気になったの? Does it mean 'me'?
2
votes
2answers
148 views

How to describe someone who has a “radio voice”?

I would like to tell someone to talk more, because she has a radio voice. The term I am looking for should be either non-formal or slang.
4
votes
2answers
106 views

Difference between 揃う【そろう】 and 集まる【あつまる】

Could someone please explain a difference between 揃う【そろう】 and 集まる【あつまる】. I dont think they are synonyms but can't see any difference between them? Two example sentences: 駅前【えきまえ】に 人【ひと】が ...
0
votes
2answers
123 views

is “kanji” an uncountable noun in English? [closed]

When people who know Japanese talk about "kanji" in English, is there a consensus with regard to whether you would say: "I know about 10 kanji." // uncountable "I know about 10 kanjis." // ...
3
votes
2answers
141 views

What does the 'あ' do in this sentence 「そいつあけっこうだね」?

I am not sure if the 'あ' being used instead of 'は' or there is a meaning in the word 'そいつあ'. In addition, is it possible that the 'あ' is a kind of particle or suffix?
2
votes
1answer
66 views

Where should I use 租借 {そしゃく} or 賃貸 {ちんたい} or [リース ]{りーす}?

I'm a beginner in Japanese. So far I learned the following three words have the same meaning - Lease (noun). [租借]{そしゃく} [賃貸]{ちんたい} [リース]{りーす} Where should I use them appropriately and what ...
2
votes
1answer
159 views

Is マスカット an accurate translation for “green grape”, and what foreign word is it derived from?

I'm new to Japanese so I'm working my way through Human Japanese, when I was adding the vocabulary to Quizlet I realized I didn't know how to type マスカット because I'm not used to seeing ツ used like ...
2
votes
1answer
207 views

What word describes the concept of worldwide time zones?

The world is covered in the necessary evil known in English as "time zones". Given that, historically, it originated in England (some 300 or so years ago), the concept of a time zone was probably ...
2
votes
1answer
160 views

Is バッチリ a generally accepted term?

Is バッチリ a generally used, non-slangy, and well recognised word? I couldn't find the word in jisho.org or the Japanese edition of Wiktionary. I could find it in weblio, and apparently it means ...
2
votes
1answer
100 views

How to say “lose a friendship/drift apart”?

I want to say that "as A becomes closer friends with C, B gets jealous and A and B drift apart". What I have so far is A-さんは C-さんと仲良くすればするほど、B-さんがうらやましくなって、A-さんと_____てしまう。
2
votes
1answer
86 views

“Ikkigomi”? Single comment in Japanese

At least that's what I think is being said, "ikkigomi". It means like "single comment" or "impressions" or something, but I don't know how it's written in Japanese. If someone could enlighten/correct ...
1
vote
1answer
101 views

When to use もちろん, うん, and はい?

In my understanding : もちろん = of course はい = yes うん = yes When is each of them more appropriate to use, or is it basically just preference? Are other options more casual than the other options?
3
votes
2answers
336 views

What does シャリン mean here?

So, I have this sentence: 身動ぎすると、シャリンと涼やかな音が鳴り響く。 And I have no idea what シャリン is doing here. As far as I can tell, it's modifying 音, sound, but the only word "シャリン" that I've been able to find is ...
2
votes
2answers
164 views

Meaning of “すわりがいい”?

In a book about introductory Mandarin Chinese written in Japanese, one of the first sections lists some special characteristics of Mandarin not familiar to Japanese speakers (e.g. usually only one ...
6
votes
1answer
434 views

Use of する to describe one's colour

From Japanesepod101: 象は灰色をしている。 The elephant is gray. The meaning of the sentence is not in doubt but I've been trying to figure how する is being used here. Checking a dictionary, definition ...
2
votes
1answer
107 views

Is オージー understood by non-Australian Japanese speakers?

Is the word "オージー" (in the meaning of "Aussie", not as in "old girl" or other meanings) understood by non-Australian Japanese speakers? Also, in English, non-Australians have a tendency to use ...
6
votes
1answer
126 views

Difference between 出席【しゅっせき】する and 参加【さんか】する

Are these words interchangeable? Just for example I have found some sentences but do not see any difference between these word in meaning or politeness: 彼女【かのじょ】はそのコンテストに参加【さんか】した。 She took ...
2
votes
1answer
134 views

Clarification on 人の夢は終わらねェ

Good evening! Is 人の夢は終わらねェ the correct spelling for "A man's dream never dies", or is it with a language twist, like someone very specific would spell or say it like that? I know that the way it's ...
3
votes
2answers
269 views

How do you say “pair” of people?

I speak no Japanese, but need to represent the concept of pair or team in a poetic context. Specifically, I would like to describe two people (a couple) as a "pair of shinobi". From a poetic ...
4
votes
1answer
96 views

Difference between 彫る【ほる】 (horu) and 刻む【きざむ】 (kizamu)

As I see it right now they both mean: to carve;  to engrave, to chisel;  to notch. Is there any difference between them?
4
votes
1answer
1k views

Why does this word have the registered trademark symbol ® on it? [closed]

On the weather app on my phone, the word 体感温度 has a ® next to it. Here's a screenshot: And here's the corresponding shot in English: Am I correct in believing that what is really trademarked is ...
2
votes
1answer
63 views

Explaining pharse 「今日のイチオシ」 - part ~オシ

Recently I have received the e-mail from レコチョク online music store - and the is the title 今日のイチオシ. It translates as "Today's choices". But abbreviation (?) at the end ~オシ I can't understand/translate.. ...
3
votes
2answers
479 views

How do say “close to” re: location?

How would you say "A is close to B" ? As in, "A and B are nearby each other". Would you use 近く here? If so, how?
2
votes
2answers
288 views

のに (noni) versus けど (kedo) to mean “but, although" etc

So guys I searched about this difference and didn't find a conclusive answer. What is the difference or is there any difference at all like this: この部屋はいつもきれいなのに今日はちらかっている。 Although this room ...
2
votes
2answers
91 views

Difference between 「~かかわらず」 and 「~かまわず」

I never knew the differences between 「~かかわらず」 and 「~かまわず」 and assumed they were more or less the same until I tried saying *「ソフトの機能にかまわず、。。。」 and was told to use 「かかわらず」. What am I missing?
9
votes
3answers
1k views

Is さようなら still used in real life?

Amongst native speakers of English, "sayonara" is one of the best known Japanese words, at least for words that don't fill a semantic gap ("sushi" is derived from a Japanese word but fills a semantic ...
2
votes
1answer
109 views

Using 「点」 vs 「所」 vs 「箇所」to refer to a point in a document, description, etc

When referring to previous document (manual, email, etc.) or a previous statement/reply I'm not sure of the difference between using 「点」, 「所」 and 「箇所」. I would want to say something along the lines ...
1
vote
2answers
188 views

How to understand チラツ

How to understand チラツ ? My textbook gives "leaflet" as a translation. It's in katakana, though, so I'm looking for a corresponding English word, but what is it?
0
votes
0answers
36 views

What is the difference between はは and おかさん? [duplicate]

I have a Japanese online course and they say that both ways are ways to say mother and there are: " Formal is okaasan. Humble is haha. " What do they mean Formal and Humble?
3
votes
3answers
153 views

「ひがし」 vs. 「あずま」

From what I understand, both 「ひがし」 and 「あずま」 meant "east" and then the latter became the reading of 東. Is 「ひがし」 an archaic term and never used, or are both acceptable? If both are acceptable, what ...
4
votes
2answers
181 views

「周囲を取り囲む(ように)」, set phrase?

I encountered this phrase and after a bit of Googling, it seems to describe the action of crowding around a particular thing or object (people crowding around someone, trees crowding around a ...
2
votes
2answers
198 views

Is おふくろ related to ふく?

Since おふくろ is one way to address one's own mother, I was wondering whether the 「ふく」 part is related to the word meaning 'clothes' or not. And if not, what is the origin of おふくろ?
3
votes
2answers
209 views

はは or おかあさん what should be used?

What I've learnt is: when you talk about your mother you use はは、 when you talk about someone else's mother you use おかあさん。 But what happens when you talk to your mother? How should you address her? ...
3
votes
1answer
198 views

Help with Kenjougo!

I'm trying to come up with a polite introduction. Hajimemashite. Watashi wa Megan to moushimasu. Tekisasu kara mairimashita. watashi wa kentakkii-shuu ni sunde orimasu. Sumimasen, watashi ...
6
votes
1answer
86 views

difference between “日欧米で株上昇” and “日米欧で株上昇”?

"欧米{おうべい}" means "the Western countries (USA, Canada, Western Europe, Australia)". "欧米" is something that I've heard frequently in daily conversations. So, the headline 日米欧で株上昇 日経平均は一時200円超高 caught ...