言葉. Any question that does not deal specifically with grammar or pronunciation. Includes questions about prefixes, suffixes, compound words, loanwords, dialectal differences, pragmatic usage, etc. In other words, phenomena that occurs at the level of the word.

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0
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1answer
94 views

Which of these means affection 愛情, 愛 or 情?

Wiktionary says that's in Japanese kanji "愛" means "love" and "affection" however after checking on a Translator in no case does "愛" mean "affection". Supposedly 愛情 is "affection", the only difference ...
3
votes
1answer
97 views

Is わきみち wakimichi 【脇道 · わき道】 common?

I would like to know if わきみち wakimichi 【脇道 · わき道】 is common. It's my understanding that it means "side street" or "alley".
-1
votes
2answers
89 views

Is 日 “hi” or “ni”? [duplicate]

日 is at the start of "Nihon" (Japan) making me think it means "Ni" but 日 means Day which is written in romaji as "hi" and pronounced "hi". If 日 has multiple meanings how am I supposed to read it?
4
votes
2answers
695 views

How do I say “Comrade X” in Japanese?

I'm writing a short story for a Japanese class (beginner level). In the story the action takes place in the Soviet Union, where we sometimes used to address each other with the "comrade ..." greeting (...
4
votes
3answers
295 views

Is there P in japanese

I have been wondering if Japanese language include letter P. I have actually seen words like Pan in Japanese which means bread, but then I found out it was borrowed from Spanish. Then is there any ...
2
votes
2answers
1k views

What is the difference between Oyasumi and Oyasuminasai?

Why are these 2 words different? Google Translate says they mean the same thing. When would each be used?
1
vote
2answers
159 views

How do I say “cat”? And do I use kanji, hiragana, katakana or rōmaji?

猫, ねこ, ネコ, neko Which of these means "cat"? Is it all of them? Which situation do I use each of these in?
4
votes
1answer
229 views

Japanese for submarine sandwich

Does Japanese have a commonly used term for submarine sandwich/roll? Australian English doesn't have a term AFAIK (the only places that sell such things in Australia are the Subway franchise), and I ...
6
votes
4answers
586 views

“Cold” in Japanese: When to use 寒冷

I've been using Anki to memorize kanji and words. This word came up: 寒冷{かんれい} which means cold. However I've never heard of this word being used for cold, chilly, etc. Usually it's 寒い{さむい} that is ...
5
votes
1answer
48 views

Difference between てぶくろ and グローブ

According to jisho.org, グローブ seems to have a "sports" nuance to it, wherease 手袋{てぶくろ} seems to be more general. Is this accurate?
11
votes
1answer
259 views

The order after 男女比

Here is a short text I've encountered in a manga I'm reading: The main character talks about his school where 男女比 (the sex ratio) is 9 to 1. At first I thought it means that it has 9 times more ...
5
votes
1answer
140 views

What is a good antonym for 多難 (many difficulties)?

I'm looking for a proper antonym for the word 多難 in a context where it's meaning is 'many difficulties'. Would for example the adverb 難なく be appropriate? It translates to 'easily' according to my ...
2
votes
1answer
111 views

Japanese words with を in shiritori?

I've been playing some しりとり recently at http://www.shiritori.org/ and was wondering why no words with を show up. siritori.net suggests there are quite a few nouns starting with を: を をかし ...
3
votes
1answer
88 views

Do the 「 なんやら」and 「なにやら」have the same meaning?

I have encountered the following sentence. はあ なんすか?... なんやら手つづきがあるようだけど さっさとかたづけちゃってくれませんか。 I have searched meaning of the word on several web sites but I only found the meaning of 「なにやら」. I'm not ...
2
votes
2answers
572 views

What is the meaning of 「ほうが」in this sentence?

It is a situation about bringing 2 troubled teenagers into a reform school. The following dialogue was said by 2 officers who brought those kids. A: おい とんでもない ばかがはいってきたものだぜ。 B:こういうところはかえっていくじのないほうが ...
3
votes
1answer
87 views

What does 保証 mean in this context?

Currently reading a scientific paper, I have trouble understanding the use of 保証. An example of its use is the following: 最低保証密度として75%を乗じる (remarks about the percentage of a certain element in a ...
2
votes
1answer
92 views

V-ている方が meaning

遠坂はしゃがみ込んで、倒れた女生徒を介抱している。 その横顔は真剣そのものだ。 額に汗を浮かばせながら、女生徒の安否を気遣う。 …なんだろう。 その、見ている方が痛みを覚えるほどの真剣な顔を、俺は。 つい最近、すごく間近で見た覚えが--- Tohsaka squats down and start to look after the collapsed student....
0
votes
2answers
112 views

How to say choices in Japanese?

How to say "choices" that describes choices given in test questions?
3
votes
1answer
58 views

What onomatopeia is ばたりばたり?

In Miyazawa Kenji's 銀河鉄道の夜 I came across this: たくさんの輪転器がばたりばたりとまわり、... What is the meaning of ばたりばたり here? 輪転器 is a rotary printing press, I believe. バタバタ comes to mind, so maybe something close ...
-1
votes
1answer
203 views

Why does Japanese lack word wrapping? [closed]

Why does Japanese (more or less) lack word wrapping, with even words written in katakana broken up by new lines?
1
vote
1answer
134 views

Phrase/word for “human to god” love / idolatry?

A Korean friend used a word that I believe was a Japanese loan word, that he said meant a "human to god" kind of love - an 'inferior' being loving or idolizing a 'superior' one. It wasn't a phrase but ...
5
votes
1answer
106 views

Meaning of sentence「最近よくじわ怖スレ見てるからビビりになってる。」

I'm self studying Japanese and I read horror stories to build my reading skills. Recently I came across this sentence that I can't figure out: 最近よくじわ怖スレ見てるからビビりになってる I can't understand what do じ,...
1
vote
2answers
139 views

南北銀行 (North-South Bank) meaning

I was watching an anime called Ganbare Goemon and there was this sign that I found a bit strange: How exactly are you supposed to understand it? I mean, north and south are in opposite directions ...
5
votes
1answer
446 views

How to say “Please correct my sentences”?

Is it: 文章を治てください? There are many words for "correct' including 改める, 正す, 訂する, but it's not clear when to use those words or which is "correct" in this context. Off topic, does anyone know a similar ...
10
votes
2answers
311 views

Nuance between いっとき and いちじ as a pronunciation of 一時

I am writing a flashcards deck to memorize Minato-ku's list of 防災-related words. Excerpt: 一時集合場所 いっときしゅうごうばしょ Temporary meeting places 一時滞在施設 いちじたいざいしせつ   Temporary stay facilities As you see, ...
3
votes
1answer
84 views

θ波はどういう意味ですか?~What does θ波 mean?

I've been listening to a couple 勉強用BGM soundtracks lately while I'm studying for any number of things, and I keep seeing this θ波 notation at the end of the title. It finally got to bothering me enough ...
4
votes
2answers
100 views

なっ at the start of a sentence

The parents are comparing themselves to comedy characters: Father:「なっ長さん」 Narrator: 長さんと言われたお母さんはにがりきった顔になった。 Father: ?? Narrator: Mum, who had been called Chou, made a bitter face. I can ...
6
votes
1answer
90 views

Difference between 避難所 and 避難場所

This disaster response website has a map with a checkbox that visitors can click to display all the 避難所{ひなんじょ} in the area. And then there is another checkbox to display all the 避難場所{ひなんばしょ}: Both ...
6
votes
1answer
119 views

Lettered Bus Numbers

Consider the following categories of bus numbers: Number only - 11 Number suffixed or prefixed with a character - 11E or E11 Character only - A (Question) How common are buses with letters/...
3
votes
1answer
90 views

Found the expression 目が命 in a paperback I'm reading

... and I don't know what it means. Searching for the term, I've found things like 「戦士は目が命」, which seems to be related to the game Dragon Quest, and 【Firefly Shop】人形は目が命!, on an Amazon product, that ...
2
votes
1answer
162 views

History of Japanese “Vulgar” Vocabulary

This has been bothering me for a long time. I'm not sure which words are used in Japan in modern times for refering to things like sex, cursing, and going to the bathroom, and I don't know of a good ...
2
votes
1answer
44 views

Vocabulary doubts: 「眼の所が少し高くなっているが、[…]一文字に結んでいる。」

I'm having vocabulary difficulties with this story about a frog hibernating in one's backyard: ちらっと見たぐらいでは、おそらく誰も蛙とは気がつかないであろう。わずかに、眼の所が少し高くなっているが、その眼をこれ以上は閉じられないほど、しっかりと一文字に結んでいる。 ― ああ、冬眠なのだ ― ...
5
votes
1answer
167 views

What does 「フーホり」mean?

I recently started learning Japanese before my friend suggested I try out this cool app that lets me meet people from Japan to talk to. I get a lot of japanese messages and in some requests the ...
2
votes
2answers
159 views

Can the translation for “you're welcome” be “mū”?

A Japanese-addict friend of mine recently told me that a possible translation for "you're welcome" in Japanese was "mū", but I must admit I was a bit dubious about that since I had never seen it nor ...
0
votes
2answers
125 views

Is *domo arigato* considered formal?

Is domo arigato considered formal? Context: Buying something at a store, thanking a waiter, etc
5
votes
2answers
143 views

Differences in meanings of interrogative words

Can someone please explain to me the differences between the following interrogative type words? いくらか/いくつか いくらも/いくつも いくらでも/いくつでも いくら/いくつ/どのくらい (in questions) For example I know that いくらか and いくつか ...
9
votes
2answers
169 views

What is a grammatical terminology to describe the group of the refrain of two syllable words like pera-pera, don-don, iki-iki?

Japanese language have a special group of words which repeat mostly two syllable word like pera pera, para para, jito jito, suku suku, aka aka, zuki zuki – you can name it, that are used adverbially. ...
3
votes
2answers
80 views

四角と正方形はどう違うの?~(What's the difference between 四角 and 正方形?)

While going through one of my study sets I created back in December containing words only marked as N2, I came across [正方形]{せいほうけい}, which was translated as "square". However, I always was taught and ...
7
votes
1answer
200 views

What is the meaning of 国の母?

I'm attempting to translate parts of my 完全マスター N2 textbook just for the practice, and even though I've already gotten past this section, the meaning of [国]{くに}の[母]{はは} still eludes me. I don't like ...
10
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4answers
352 views

What is the difference between お手洗い and トイレ

Is one more polite than the other? Is there some situations where you'd use one or the other? Would different people prefer one?
0
votes
1answer
68 views

What does 元金成長型 mean in this sentence

お預け入れいただく明細は、すべて「元金成長型」のお取り扱いとなります。 what does 元金成長型 mean in the above sentence.
7
votes
3answers
206 views

Is there an equivalent of 英会話 for the Japanese language?

I tried to quickly Google and search for this here, but couldn't find anything relevant. Basically I want to know whether there is any common word for Japanese conversation; e.g. in the context of ...
5
votes
2answers
887 views

What does “motatte” mean?

もう学校始まってから二週間もたってるよ Please verify because I've seen in some dictionaries it's already an obsolete word, it means mota-"having done" Some dictionaries don't have a word mota so I can't see the ...
3
votes
1answer
139 views

Is ダウンアンダー understood by non-Australian Japanese speakers?

Firstly, is "ダウンアンダー" the correct spelling? I think it is, based on the Japanese Wikipedia articles メン・アット・ワーク and ツアー・ダウンアンダー , but I could be mistaken. But apart from that, is the average non-...
2
votes
1answer
139 views

Making an adverb a topic for a sentence 無碍には

協力しよう、という提案を無碍{むげ}には断れなくなってしまうのだが Can someone help me make sense of this? 協力しよう=let's cooperate という提案を=This proposal 無碍には=Without any obstacle 断れなくなってしまう=End up becoming unable to refuse の=...
4
votes
3answers
272 views

Meaning of 「これはこれで」, and the difference between it and 「それはそれとして」

I came across the following lines. ・・・俺としては、下駄箱の中に手紙が入っているみたいなほうが好みだった。でもこれはこれで、少なくとも相手が積極的だってことはわかる。 I am wondering about the meaning of 「これはこれで」 here. As one might expect, it does not have any ...
7
votes
1answer
95 views

Difference between 土日 and 週末

Well just as the title indicates, I've heard in a game the word "土日" used and translated as "weekend", and wanting to learn the word since I realized I didn't know it yet, I checked on Jisho, but the ...
9
votes
3answers
178 views

昨週 - when is it used? (compared with 先週)

Are they interchangeable, or is 昨週 an old way to say it, and not used as much any more? 昨週レストランに友だちと行った。 If anybody knows any kind of nuances or differences, such as where one would be more ...
3
votes
1answer
73 views

Difference between 会話、談話

From the dictionary, it is not entirely clear which should be used in which context. And the what is the difference in their meaning? Are there any other words meaning conversation? Thank you very ...
1
vote
1answer
112 views

How do I say “This is a derivative work. I am in no way affiliated with X company” in Japanese?

I am not sure which verb would be used for "affiliated" in this context. Would it be 提携して? Or perhaps 関係して?