言葉. Any question that does not deal specifically with grammar or pronunciation. Includes questions about prefixes, suffixes, compound words, loanwords, dialectal differences, pragmatic usage, etc. In other words, phenomena that occurs at the level of the word.

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2
votes
1answer
135 views

What do the words 「しとられん」, 「ちゅうて」 and 「おびえとるん」 mean?

I have found them in a manga. It is a dialogue discussing to the third person going into a Pachinko shop. Here is the full sentence なんせ ここいらの商人【しょうにん】どもは あのジョーがくると おちおち商売【しょうばい】しとられん ちゅうて おびえとるん ...
9
votes
2answers
293 views

「悪気があっての答え」 vs 「悪気がある答え」

Hi all I was wondering what is the difference between these two sentences: 「決して悪気があっての回答ではないです。」 「決して悪気がある回答ではないです。」 I can't really make out the gist of the meaning of 「あっての」. WWWJDIC's ...
4
votes
2answers
213 views

How to accuse someone of lying

うそだ isn't really a serious accusation. How would you say 'you're lying' more seriously?
2
votes
1answer
111 views

In what type of social settings could one say “百姓{ひゃくしょう}”?

My understanding is that " 百姓 " is a very impolite way to refer to modern-day traditional Japanese farmers. A good translation might be " country bumpkin ". As best I can remember: I learned that ...
0
votes
2answers
81 views

Is the phrase 僕も私も used in ordinary speech?

It seems common in advertising, but is it used in speech?
5
votes
2answers
208 views

“Also…” interjection in Japanese, Appending an additional request or afterthought

In Japanese, how would one go about appending an additional request or afterthought? For example: 1: お水【みず】をお願【ねが】いします。 "Water please." 2: あっ、(・・・)、氷【こおり】を入【い】れていただけませんか。 "..Ah also, ...
0
votes
1answer
48 views

About: 開いた口がふさがらない

開いた口がふさがらない means: Feel shocked, or Unbelievable, right? My question is: What does ふさがらない mean, what is that verb without ない?
6
votes
3answers
909 views

What is the difference between んじゃない and んだ?

I came across the following sentence: 「…あの犯行予告、俺がやったんじゃないんだけどな。」 I also have English subtitles which translate this phrase as: "I wasn't the one who issued that threat, but no matter." What's the ...
0
votes
1answer
65 views

Validity of 紅葉が出来る?

Based off my understanding of できる in this context, it is used to describe something as coming to be. Would saying 紅葉ができる be a natural way of saying that the red leaves of autumn have come to be (i.e. ...
3
votes
1answer
106 views

What does “ 自分の胸に聞いて頂戴 ” mean? Not Literally

Not the literal meaning, I know its some sort of tsukkomi, but I can't quite figure out what it means. The best idea I've got is something along the lines of "give me back my concern" or something ...
3
votes
1answer
114 views

What does mou もう mean with non-past verb?

A: この資料、もう捨てましょうか。 B: あ、ちょっと待ってください。 B: 捨てる前に、ここをコピーしてください。 (A: kono shiryou, mou sutemashou ka. B: a, chotto matte kudasai. B: suteru mae ni, koko o kopi--shite kudsai.) I know that ...
4
votes
1answer
598 views

What does the word 「とまあ」mean?

It is said by a boy who has just finished talking about his plan to a group of little kids. Here is the sentence. とまあ ざっとこんなところだが どうだみんな!
3
votes
1answer
112 views

かい and だい - age?

I often see claims that they are only used to people your own age or younger. But is that true, or an exaggeration based on the fact that you'd use more polite forms to someone older, usually? For ...
1
vote
1answer
93 views

What does the 「とって」 mean?

Here is the sentence including the word. 東のはずれには年をとって働けなくなった人たちのために養老院をたてるっ
7
votes
1answer
861 views

What is the female equivalent for 「ご主人様」 or “master?”

In The Lion, the Witch, and the Wardrobe novel, the character Aslan orders centaurs and eagles to chase a wolf, saying, "He will be going to his mistress." He is referring to the wolf's female ...
3
votes
1answer
131 views

ごめんよ - what is it?

This appears to be an apology, but it seems a little blunt - its like ごめんね ごめんな、are logical; they apologize and soften it with those particles. But ごめんよ seems a little forceful. Why would you use it? ...
12
votes
1answer
543 views

How do 自他 triplets of related verbs work?

I thought this had been asked before (possibly by me), but I couldn't find it. I'm wondering why for certain verbs/words, instead of just a 自他 pair, there is a triplet (or possibly more) where two of ...
2
votes
1answer
631 views

What does the word 「ようく」mean?

I came across the word in a manga in a situation that a teenage boy is going to explain something to a group of kids. I cannot find the word in online japanese dictionary. Here is the sentence. ...
5
votes
1answer
79 views

What does the word 「っぷち」mean?

Here is the sentence including the word. 計画{けいかく}の一! それは この広{ひろ}い川{かわ}っぷちの両{りょう}岸{がん}一[帯]{たい}の おとなも子{こ}どももあそべるでっかい遊{ゆう}園{えん}地{ち}を作{つく}ること!
4
votes
2answers
484 views

Is there a female version of ikemen?

Ikemen means something like cool man, is there something similar for women?
2
votes
1answer
96 views

The positive ~じゃない

Just how feminine is it? How odd would it be if a male speaker said it? I have found one example of someone male using, in a piece of fiction: Lest レスト、 the main character of Rune Factory 4 ...
1
vote
2answers
316 views

Why does 日本語{にほんご} mean Japanese?

Google translate says 日本語 means Japanese. It also says: 語 means "word" 本 means "this" 日 means "day" So how do you get "Japanese" out of these three kanji?
0
votes
1answer
68 views

Difference in usage/nuance between 厚生, 福祉, 福利 and 生活保護

厚生[こうせい] 福祉[ふくし] 福利[ふくり] 生活保護[せいかつほご] Translating "welfare" into Japanese seems a bit complicated. Could someone maybe provide for context the most typical phrases/chunks that use these words? I'm ...
1
vote
1answer
57 views

Does 文 refer only to written sentences, or can it be used for spoken sentences as well?

I know that this kanji is associated with writing and text, and can mean "sentence." When using it to mean "sentence", is it only a written sentence? I can't find any examples that unambiguously ...
2
votes
1answer
133 views

How do you say “chunky” or “congealed” in Japanese?

Couldn't find this one in my dictionaries. How would you translate "chunky" into Japanese? As in chunky peanut butter, or, "I left the milk out for 3 days and now it's all chunky," or, "the ...
0
votes
1answer
88 views

What do つれて and いくと mean here?

ある日、アリババがロバをつれて森へいくと、たくさんの馬の足音が聞こえてきました。 Can anyone explain to me what つれて and いくと mean in this sentence, I'm having a hard time understanding.. Thanks
0
votes
1answer
105 views

Can a 皇帝 be female?

What would the word for empress (other than of Japan) be? Please give me the word for a ruling empress.
2
votes
1answer
164 views

~んだね as command

Can you use it that way? 逃げるんだ and 逃げるんだよ are both acceptable commands (if rather forceful), but could you say 逃げるんだね for a softer but still very forceful command (or 逃げるんだな)?
1
vote
1answer
149 views

Is ごめんなさいませ idiomatic?

If so, how formal is it? Please compare it with other apologies.
0
votes
1answer
78 views

Can か follow である?

I know it can't follow だ, but is this possible?
1
vote
1answer
94 views

What is the meaning of the word たんじゃ?

It is a situation which a boy who is carrying some goods after successfully escaped from chasing by policemen. Here is the full sentence. なあ...わらってたんじゃわからねえよ。
1
vote
0answers
52 views

Regarding the word あたくし [duplicate]

It seems too formal for casual use, but too casual for formal use. In what sort of situation would anyone use あたくし?
2
votes
2answers
153 views

What do the words 「きてやった」 mean?

It is a situation that a little girl throwing several raw eggs to two policemen. After that, she was running away and saying the below sentence. Here is the sentence. なっとうもふりかけてきてやった
1
vote
1answer
333 views

What does 「はだ」 mean?

It is a situation which a salesperson announces to a group of people to attract them to buy his goods Here is the full sentence. ...
1
vote
1answer
93 views

'I'm glad I look like my mother'

How would you say it in Japanese? 「母みたいでよかった」?If not, then how?
2
votes
1answer
86 views

へい as agreement

I've heard it a few times, and would have assumed it was written ヘイ had I not seen it in writing. It seems to be an informal synonym of はい, used mostly in masculine speech. Also, it's generally ...
2
votes
1answer
220 views

What are the ways to express someone's condolences?

All is in the title, what are the ways to express someone's condolences when somebody died. I know お気の毒に but is there something else? What can/should you say to friends? To collegues? To bosses? etc.
3
votes
3answers
181 views

What does 「ときている」 mean?

It is a situation which a salesperson announces to a group of people to attract them to buy his goods Here is the full sentence. しかもおねだんは半{はん}額{がく}以{い}下{か}ときている
0
votes
1answer
267 views

Translating 世界中 in this context, does it literally refer to the “entire world”?

In the video game Recettear, you can buy a book with the title 仲良し姉妹の冒険記. The item description says the following: 世界中を旅しているという姉妹に密着した, ノンフィクション作品。ドラゴンに食べられそうになったりと,結構大変な事になってます。 The book's ...
4
votes
1answer
185 views

meaning of シュワーっと

I'm currently reading a children's book about numbers with sentences of the form: numberは j1 j2 where j1 and j2 are japanese words and j1 starts sounding similar to number. I am stuck with 4は ...
0
votes
1answer
91 views

What does 「おいちゃあ」 mean?

It is a situation which a salesperson announces to a group of people to attract them to buy his goods Here is the full sentence. 品{しな}数{かず}すくないけど 種{しゅ}類{るい}に おいちゃあ そのへんのデパートなみだ! What does おいちゃあ ...
3
votes
1answer
79 views

What distinguishes 恩, 義務, 義理 and 人情 from each other?

I have an idea about the basics, but I'm fuzzy on the details, and it's been awhile since I've studied the subject in depth. Anyone have some answers?
6
votes
2answers
175 views

Can 「奴」 be used to refer to a female?

Is the word 「奴」/「やつ」 (yatsu) ever used to refer to another female, or to refer to oneself if one is female? Or is it only used to refer to a male? Answers to this question touched on the word 「奴」, ...
1
vote
1answer
117 views

What does the word 「すまさんぞ」mean?

Here is the full sentence. An old man talking himself with this one about a boy who should have been staying at home but he should not. かえってきやがったら ただではすまさんぞ。 I'm not sure if it is conjugated from ...
0
votes
1answer
92 views

Is the 数 necessary?

I came across this sentence in jisho.org's example sentences: 彼等{かれら}の数{かず}は多い。 And I'm wondering if the 数 is really necessary. I thought 多い already implied a large 数, so saying that the 数が多い ...
1
vote
1answer
69 views

What does 今日の所は良いでしょう mean here?

これも全て先生のおかげですね。感謝するんですよ? は、はい 本当に、感謝しています 突っ込むべき時に突っ込むべき場所にきちんと突っ込めない男はもてませんよ? まあ、今日の所は良いでしょう。皆にも伝えないといけませんからね。仲間たちにも順番に顔を出すように伝えて下さいませ In this I'm not sure what she would be referring to. Would ...
1
vote
2answers
177 views

収入 or 給料? What should be used when talking about salary or income?

I would like to know about these two 収入, 給料 (there may be even others I am not aware of). Can they be interchanged as one pleases, or does it very much depend on the context? Which is more ...
5
votes
1answer
147 views

Difference between 発展、発達、and 開発

What is the difference between 発展、発達、and 開発? According to my textbook, they all mean development. I know that they cannot be used interchangeably, but I don't know when to use each of them. I know ...
11
votes
2answers
501 views

Non-distinguished animal pairs in Japanese

This is something I first noticed when I was at an aquarium in Japan (as evidenced in my examples) and continued to see ever since. There are certain pairs of animals, that while extremely similar, ...
2
votes
1answer
83 views

Difference between 食事をする/◯◯を食べる

I came across the following sentence: 駅の近くで食事をした。 Does it sound unnatural if I were to use the following (or rather, is it incorrect)? 駅の近くで食事を食べました。