言葉. Any question that does not deal specifically with grammar or pronunciation. Includes questions about prefixes, suffixes, compound words, loanwords, dialectal differences, pragmatic usage, etc. In other words, phenomena that occurs at the level of the word.

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6
votes
2answers
164 views

Can 「奴」 be used to refer to a female?

Is the word 「奴」/「やつ」 (yatsu) ever used to refer to another female, or to refer to oneself if one is female? Or is it only used to refer to a male? Answers to this question touched on the word 「奴」, ...
1
vote
1answer
111 views

What does the word 「すまさんぞ」mean?

Here is the full sentence. An old man talking himself with this one about a boy who should have been staying at home but he should not. かえってきやがったら ただではすまさんぞ。 I'm not sure if it is conjugated from ...
0
votes
1answer
92 views

Is the 数 necessary?

I came across this sentence in jisho.org's example sentences: 彼等{かれら}の数{かず}は多い。 And I'm wondering if the 数 is really necessary. I thought 多い already implied a large 数, so saying that the 数が多い ...
1
vote
1answer
68 views

What does 今日の所は良いでしょう mean here?

これも全て先生のおかげですね。感謝するんですよ? は、はい 本当に、感謝しています 突っ込むべき時に突っ込むべき場所にきちんと突っ込めない男はもてませんよ? まあ、今日の所は良いでしょう。皆にも伝えないといけませんからね。仲間たちにも順番に顔を出すように伝えて下さいませ In this I'm not sure what she would be referring to. Would ...
1
vote
2answers
174 views

収入 or 給料? What should be used when talking about salary or income?

I would like to know about these two 収入, 給料 (there may be even others I am not aware of). Can they be interchanged as one pleases, or does it very much depend on the context? Which is more ...
5
votes
1answer
142 views

Difference between 発展、発達、and 開発

What is the difference between 発展、発達、and 開発? According to my textbook, they all mean development. I know that they cannot be used interchangeably, but I don't know when to use each of them. I know ...
11
votes
2answers
499 views

Non-distinguished animal pairs in Japanese

This is something I first noticed when I was at an aquarium in Japan (as evidenced in my examples) and continued to see ever since. There are certain pairs of animals, that while extremely similar, ...
2
votes
1answer
83 views

Difference between 食事をする/◯◯を食べる

I came across the following sentence: 駅の近くで食事をした。 Does it sound unnatural if I were to use the following (or rather, is it incorrect)? 駅の近くで食事を食べました。
4
votes
2answers
236 views

Is [舐]{な}める a stative verb?

I was looking up the definition for [舐]{な}める and "underestimate" was one of them. However, "underestimate" can be both stative or dynamic, so I looked up the Japanese definition and got this: ...
1
vote
1answer
116 views

What do the words 「出ないのって」 and 「だる」mean?

They are bold in the following sentence: まあまあ 出【で】るの出【で】ないのってビヤだる 一ぱいほどの玉【たま】を出【だ】しちまってな。
0
votes
1answer
133 views

matcha versus maccha [closed]

Which is grammatically correct? matcha or maccha? In my opinion, according to its hiragana representation, it should be written as maccha rather than matcha. Is there any rule about romaji writing ...
1
vote
1answer
158 views

Are there kanji which are NOT words by themselves (written standalone)?

In other words, are there kanji, which can only be used as a part of a kanji compound and/or with okurigana? For example: 見 - standalone kanji, a word which means "view", "outlook" 見物 - kanji ...
2
votes
1answer
93 views

What does the word「あるほうで」 mean?

It is bold in the below sentence. まあ そんなのはまだまだかわいげがあるほうでよ
2
votes
2answers
141 views

What does the word 「ばあ」mean?

It is highlighted in the bold part of the below sentence. さいきんじゃドヤ街【がい】のがきらをぞろぞろひきつれてそのへんばあねり歩【ある】いてよ。
5
votes
1answer
145 views

modern meaning of “おやつ”?

The dictionary definition of おやつ is an afternoon snack . However, that is not what I remember about its usage. White-collar workers never do "おやつ"? They might use it as euphemism for briefly ...
2
votes
2answers
74 views

What's the differences between おかず and 食べ物

I'm confused about how to use two words おかず and 食べ物, which all defined "food" as I search. What's the differences about them? Really thank you if you give me some examples.
2
votes
1answer
66 views

Meaning of サマんなんない?

Here's the context: a loan shark has asked a yakuza to help him collect a loan. The yakuza came back with the money. The loan shark paid for the yakuza's trouble and then tried to give the yakuza a ...
1
vote
1answer
76 views

Meaning of 次の日はないようにする

The sentence is found in a monologue about a persons working habits, particularly how they don't have time to sleep, and are constantly working at their 3 jobs. The paragraph goes: ...
5
votes
2answers
360 views

Meaning of しょわー

In the last panel at the bottom of the page, she says 「しょ__ー」. I'm not quite sure as to what that last character is, including its use(s) and pronounciation(s). I have seen this character in various ...
2
votes
3answers
363 views

Typing Japanese text from images or clothing

Is there a way of typing Japanese characters when you have no knowledge of the language? I've cut and pasted from Japanese websites before and used translation websites from English to Japanese with ...
2
votes
1answer
114 views

Why are 兄(あに) and 姉(あね) pronounced differently in お兄さん and お姉さん?

姉 is pronounced ane, but お姉さん is pronounced oneesan. What happened to the initial a? Likewise, 兄 is pronounced ani, but お兄さん is pronounced oniisan. What is the rule governing the change in the ...
1
vote
1answer
83 views

Trouble with sentence structure and particles

I've been having a hard time understanding how to construct a sentence. If I were going to say something along the lines of: "Learning Japanese on your own is difficult." Would this be grammatically ...
16
votes
1answer
1k views

Why is 島 used in the name of some cities?

I can understand "島" being used in 硫黄島 (Iwo Jima/Iwo To, literally "Sulphur island"), because it is an island, but why is it used in 福島市 (Fukushima city, literally "Good fortune island") and 広島市 ...
2
votes
1answer
77 views

What is the meaning of ~しにたちよったんじゃ?

Here is the sentence containing the phrase. ちと 忠告【ちゅうこく】しにたちよったんじゃ。
4
votes
1answer
132 views

How is character size dealt with?

When reading manga, I frequently notice that I have no idea what a character says. This is not because I do not know what the kanji is, rather it is very difficult for me to decipher what the kanji ...
3
votes
1answer
178 views

What is the difference between spellings しまう、仕舞う、終う、了う?

What is the difference of meanings between the spellings しまう、仕舞{しま}う、終{しま}う、了{しま}う? Or at least, between the first two? (They are marked as common.) If there is a source about such nuances, I'll ...
2
votes
1answer
115 views

why does “ら” follow “山中{やまなか}” here: “山中ら、予備検診{よびけんしん}で異常{いじょう}なし”

In the newspaper article titled 山中ら、予備検診で異常なし…WBCバンタム級, what meaning is created by placing "ら" after "山中"? Does it make "山中慎介" plural, and then "山中ら" means something like "Yamanaka and his ...
3
votes
1answer
129 views

What's the difference between 無【な】くす and 失【うしな】う

These two words, 無【な】くす and 失【うしな】う, seem to be very similar in meaning, but i'm not sure of the difference. Can someone please explain? Here are some examples: 彼【かれ】は時々【ときどき】希望【きぼう】を失う【うしな】。 ...
2
votes
1answer
143 views

How do you know what word to write in its kanji correspondence?

My study book writes some words like あまり and おおぜい in pure hiragana and I can't figure out whether it is common to write these words in hiragana as the books says, or I'd better write them in their ...
2
votes
1answer
104 views

Meaning of the phrase 「さわいどるんかの?」

Here is the full sentence. いったいなにをさわいどるんかの? What does the bolded part mean?
4
votes
1answer
144 views

What do the words じゃが and おるかの mean?

Here are the sentences I have found these words. 警察の者じゃが。 ジョーという少年はおるかの?
2
votes
1answer
82 views

What's the best way to say “redesign” pertaining to a web page/site?

I want to say that I'm "redesigning" a web page, and I can think of several words that may fit, but I'm not sure which is most appropriate or most widely-accepted in the technology world. 更新 → This ...
1
vote
1answer
138 views

What does the word 「いってえ」mean?

Below here is a full sentence I have found the word. この品物の山はいってえどうしたことだ.
3
votes
1answer
144 views

誰も used in a positive sentence

I am reviewing the interrogative words like 何、誰、どこ etc. and I saw 誰も being used in a positive sentence, I wonder what the difference would be if みんな were used instead. For example: 誰もが知っている ...
4
votes
1answer
124 views

What's the difference between 根気【こんき】, 我慢【がまん】, 辛抱【しんぼう】 and 忍耐【にんたい】

Recently i found these four words and have no idea what's the difference between them. They all mean "patience" and "endurance". Here are some sentences: 僕【ぼく】は、あいつには我慢【がまん】できない。 I can't abide ...
10
votes
1answer
162 views

Why does [小っ酷い]【こっぴどい】 mean “very ひどい” rather than “slightly ひどい”?

デジタル大辞林 gives the definition of [小っ酷い]【こっぴどい】 as 非常にひどい。手厳しい。 But I find this strange. Why would 小っ酷い mean 非常にひどい? Isn't prefixal 小【こ】- sort of a diminutive? At least, that's how it works in ...
3
votes
2answers
140 views

Does 児戯 have the same idiomatic value in Japanese as “child's play” does in English?

In English, "child's play" can literally mean "play performed by a child" or it can be used as an idiom to refer to "something easy". I see that Japanese 児戯 can also mean 子供の遊び (児の戯れ, I guess?) - ...
1
vote
1answer
141 views

What are the meanings of 「って」, 「とこ」, and 「ねえで」 in this sentence?

Here is the sentence I found these words in. ここ数日って とこは 夜も昼もねえで つづけたんだから むりもねえが... Especially the 「とこ」, I'm not sure if I should translate it to be 'bed' or 'room' or something else.
1
vote
1answer
90 views

Is there a difference with 胃 and おなか?

I checked around and it says here about the usage of 胃, however, I didn't see おなか there. What is the difference in おなか and 胃, in pronunciation and usage?
4
votes
1answer
133 views

What's the difference between 呪術【じゅじゅつ】, 魔法【まほう】, 奇術【きじゅつ】, and 魔術【まじゅつ】?

Is there any difference between these nouns? Is this like the difference between 'magic' and 'sorcery' in English? Is 魔法【まほう】 used most often?
1
vote
1answer
135 views

What is the meaning of 「あれほど」?

Here is the full sentence I have found it. あんた あれほどボクシングをきらっていたのに どうして急に本気でやる気になったの? Does it mean 'me'?
2
votes
2answers
137 views

How to describe someone who has a “radio voice”?

I would like to tell someone to talk more, because she has a radio voice. The term I am looking for should be either non-formal or slang.
3
votes
2answers
138 views

What does the 'あ' do in this sentence 「そいつあけっこうだね」?

I am not sure if the 'あ' being used instead of 'は' or there is a meaning in the word 'そいつあ'. In addition, is it possible that the 'あ' is a kind of particle or suffix?
4
votes
2answers
101 views

Difference between 揃う【そろう】 and 集まる【あつまる】

Could someone please explain a difference between 揃う【そろう】 and 集まる【あつまる】. I dont think they are synonyms but can't see any difference between them? Two example sentences: 駅前【えきまえ】に 人【ひと】が ...
0
votes
2answers
117 views

is “kanji” an uncountable noun in English? [closed]

When people who know Japanese talk about "kanji" in English, is there a consensus with regard to whether you would say: "I know about 10 kanji." // uncountable "I know about 10 kanjis." // ...
2
votes
1answer
155 views

Is マスカット an accurate translation for “green grape”, and what foreign word is it derived from?

I'm new to Japanese so I'm working my way through Human Japanese, when I was adding the vocabulary to Quizlet I realized I didn't know how to type マスカット because I'm not used to seeing ツ used like ...
2
votes
1answer
66 views

Where should I use 租借 {そしゃく} or 賃貸 {ちんたい} or [リース ]{りーす}?

I'm a beginner in Japanese. So far I learned the following three words have the same meaning - Lease (noun). [租借]{そしゃく} [賃貸]{ちんたい} [リース]{りーす} Where should I use them appropriately and what ...
2
votes
1answer
197 views

What word describes the concept of worldwide time zones?

The world is covered in the necessary evil known in English as "time zones". Given that, historically, it originated in England (some 300 or so years ago), the concept of a time zone was probably ...
7
votes
4answers
283 views

What's the difference between 水 and 湯

I start by saying that I'm a beginner in Japanese and maybe my question will seem obvious to you. I've been told by Japanese people that there's a difference between 水 and 湯. I understand that 湯 ...
2
votes
1answer
156 views

Is バッチリ a generally accepted term?

Is バッチリ a generally used, non-slangy, and well recognised word? I couldn't find the word in jisho.org or the Japanese edition of Wiktionary. I could find it in weblio, and apparently it means ...