言葉. Any question that does not deal specifically with grammar or pronunciation. Includes questions about prefixes, suffixes, compound words, loanwords, dialectal differences, pragmatic usage, etc. In other words, phenomena that occurs at the level of the word.

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2
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1answer
161 views

How do you say 'it'?

How does one refer to 'it' in Japanese? Is there an equivalent word? I've seen a few different terms used in place of 'it' - sore (それ) - suki (すき) My context is for saying things such as: 'It's ...
4
votes
1answer
347 views

What is the most common word used for 'idea'?

Pretty sure I've mostly seen idea as アイデア Does anyone know of other words used for 'idea' and if possible any example sentences and contexts where different words are used?
2
votes
1answer
121 views

Help understanding とわかった

I was reading the article linked and included below and came across the following sentence NHKが調べると、病院で「エコノミークラス症候群」だとわかった人がこの女性以外に19人いました。 Could someone please explain the grammar and/or ...
2
votes
1answer
113 views

Words for narcotics

What's the difference between those words for drugs/narcotics: やく(薬), according to tangorin.com and jisho.org is a slang word If you type narcotics into Jisho.org it suggests ドラッグ, and there is also ...
8
votes
1answer
420 views

How to ride an escalator

I came across this phrase in a story book: エスカレーターを乗りつぐ It puzzled me because I thought 乗りつぐ meant 'to connect with (flight/train etc)'. Is this the normal way to talk about getting on/riding ...
2
votes
1answer
66 views

Is there any difference in meaning between 「抜け切る」 and 「抜ける」?

Actually, I cannot find the definition of 抜け切る in general sources but some of them suggest the word 抜ける instead. Here is the sentence where I came across the word in a manga. そいでもって くりかえすけどな... ...
5
votes
1answer
137 views

What word that resembles “teikkai” might refer to “the provenance of a food”?

The introduction to the 10th Anniversary Edition of Vegetarian Cooking for Everyone contains the following passage on page 4 (emphasis added): Vegetarians have often used the phrase "I don't eat ...
10
votes
2answers
311 views

Nuance between いっとき and いちじ as a pronunciation of 一時

I am writing a flashcards deck to memorize Minato-ku's list of 防災-related words. Excerpt: 一時集合場所 いっときしゅうごうばしょ Temporary meeting places 一時滞在施設 いちじたいざいしせつ   Temporary stay facilities As you see, ...
3
votes
1answer
163 views

だけでなく and にとどまらず

I know that there are a lot of expressions that have similar meaning in Japanese. In JLPT N3 grammar, there's だけでなく that means 'not only...but also...'. And lately, I found the expression にとどまらず in ...
2
votes
1answer
78 views

汗をかくvs 発汗する - is there a difference?

Is there any difference between 汗をかく and 発汗する? Are there any subtle nuances between the two or is one more common than the other? I've checked WWWJDIC and I can't find any way to distinguish between ...
5
votes
5answers
203 views

Meaning of うち in “無意識のうちの行動なのだろう”

Given the context I think that this sentence means "it's probably an unintentional action". But I am unsure of what meaning/nuance the うち adds here. I am used to seeing うち meaning "while" and that's ...
7
votes
1answer
1k views

What's the meaning of 上 in this sentence?

I am not sure what 上 means in this sentence. I know that 上 means above or on, but I think the meaning here is different because it does not mention anything above or on the sushi. ...
4
votes
2answers
132 views

Meaning of 人材を作り上げる

This sentence is confusing me a bit, particularly the bold part: 国際社会に通用する人材を作り上げることに繋がるってわけなんだよ! Jisho.org has the definition of 人材 as: capable person; talented person; human resources; ...
3
votes
1answer
159 views

to overshadow in japanese

As the title say, I want to express the idea of an character overshadowing the main character in a story. The only thing that I was able to found in the dictionary was 霞む, but this seems to be more on ...
2
votes
2answers
201 views

What does 楽しめよ really mean?

I've been listening to the song "If I die tonight" by KOHH and at the end of the second verse he says 楽しめよ and the subtitles say it means "live it up". But when I look for translation elsewhere it's ...
3
votes
1answer
96 views

meaning of 楽{たの}しむ, the verb being used intransitively

I read in the Asahi Shimbun the following article's headline (furigana are mine) : 神様{かみさま}も楽{たの}しむ? 桜{さくら}の新{しん}品種{ひんしゅ}、京都{きょうと}で発見{はっけん} 北野天満宮{きたのてんまんぐう} my translation : Do the gods ...
6
votes
3answers
120 views

What's the difference between 上手い, 美味い, 旨い, and 巧い?

All four of these words are read as うまい and have the same meaning in my dictionary so I was wondering, can these four words (上手い, 美味い, 旨い, and 巧い) be used interchangeably?
4
votes
2answers
414 views

What does シャリン mean here?

So, I have this sentence: 身動きすると、シャリンと涼やかな音が鳴り響く。 And I have no idea what シャリン is doing here. As far as I can tell, it's modifying 音, sound, but the only word "シャリン" that I've been able to find is ...
11
votes
1answer
982 views

加える/増やす and 加わる/増える or even 増加する/殖/足, various kanji for “adding things”

I'm a bit confused regarding the choice between the 加 and 増 kanji for any meaning related to "adding one thing to another". I assume that, as usual, the suru-verb combination 増加する is somewhat more ...
3
votes
1answer
84 views

What does “俺も俺か” mean?

What does "俺も俺か" mean? Anyone please help me >__
3
votes
2answers
447 views

Please help me understand [予習]{よ・しゅう}

tl;dr The word 予習 is strange to me. Is its usage related to cultural difference? Does the user's knowledge of the material have something to do with it? I've always had trouble understanding ...
5
votes
2answers
95 views

Purpose of “のだ” in “数年も漁村に住んでて、いろんな魚種類を食べてるのだ”?

I am making this example based on some Japanese I heard about a different subject, but the basic context is the same. The context is that someone has lived in a fishing village for a long time. As a ...
1
vote
0answers
57 views

I'm having trouble understanding 持って帰ったら in this particular sentence [duplicate]

I'm attempting to watch Steven Universe in Japanese and I got really confused when I heard a character say something like "そのケースを持って帰ったら?” This is referring to when Sadie asks Steven if he wants to ...
8
votes
2answers
1k views

What's the difference between 触る and 触れる?

These two seem to overlap almost completely. The only thing I can really tell is that 触れる seems that it can also be used in a metaphorical sense ("touch on" something; feel; perceive). I'm ...
5
votes
1answer
127 views

When to use 倒れる or 落ちる?

What are the differences between them, and in what kind of sentences should I use one rather than the other?
7
votes
4answers
483 views

does anyone know of any o-words or go-words which are absolutely neutral?

Does anyone know of any o-words or go-words which are absolutely neutral (have no nuances of being polite / courteous / respectful / womanly / cute etc etc)? The only ones I'm aware of currently is ...
3
votes
3answers
702 views

What does “兄者など” mean?

I read a doujinshi about an older brother who was teased by his younger brother, and the younger brother said "兄者など". I don't really get what it means. Someone please help me ;__;
2
votes
1answer
62 views

滅日 meaning and J-J definition problems

繁栄にあつく。 ルーツは原初からして不明。 滅日の記憶はない。 Hospitable to flourishing. Starting from the base, the roots are mysterious. There are no memories of ?? I looked up that word in a dictionary and could not ...
17
votes
3answers
1k views

Is はおる a commonly used verb

...お出かけ用のワンピースを着て、コートをはおりながら... ...she put on a dress suitable for the trip and while putting on her coat... I've not seen the verb はおる before and it does not appear in any of my more basic ...
1
vote
1answer
181 views

what is “progressive form” in japanese?

I am making a Japanese verb conjugation app and can not seem to find the Japanese equivalent of "Progressive Form" For example 辞書形 = dictionary form 命令形 = imperative form 可能形 = potential form etc. ...
0
votes
1answer
68 views

Difference between 赤{あか} and 赤色{あかいろ} [duplicate]

What is the difference between 赤{あか} and 赤色{あかいろ}?
1
vote
1answer
115 views

What is the function of “o”?

Why do people have to add "o" to "namae" like "Onamae wa?"
5
votes
1answer
84 views

Difference between 問う, 聞く, and 訊ねる

What's the difference between the words (to ask) - 問う, 聞く, and 訊ねる? 聞く seems like it might be more formal, and 訊ねる less common in speaking. There's also 伺う which appears to be a humble word (謙譲語) ...
6
votes
2answers
93 views

鞘に収める expression. Meaning?

There are 2 girls who had a fight and are mad at each other. One of them asks the protagonist if he is gonna fight against the other girl and he anwswers: 「あいつが邪魔をするなら戦う。 ……まあ、...
19
votes
3answers
3k views

寝る vs. 眠る, what's the real difference?

What's the real, definite difference between 寝【ね】る and 眠【ねむ】る? I know they both mean "sleep", but also that each carries some additional (sometimes, figurative) meanings. Where do the meanings ...
5
votes
1answer
117 views

Meaning of the word どんこ

「なんて立派な干しシイタケ。上等のどんこだよっ。」 What splendid dried mushrooms! They're first-class ???? What is どんこ in this sentence? The dictionaries only mention a kind of fish.
5
votes
2answers
86 views

Is 望む a typo for 臨む in this sentence?

あのサーヴァント―アサシンには一騎打ちで望まなければ、先にマスターを叩かれてしまう……!」 Against that servant, if I don't fight one on one against Assassin, my master will end up being knocked out first. Why is で望まなければ used here? I am ...
6
votes
1answer
105 views

What is the purpose of repeated words?

I came across 2 sentences that include the repeated words. 1) 流れ流れたドヤ街で へんなおやじにつきまとわれて... 2) マスコミ利用し世間からせしめた黄金百万両! 御用御用とむらがる捕り手あたるをさいわいぶったおし... I would like to know if there is any meaning other ...
5
votes
3answers
352 views

What does the word 「ばあ」mean?

It is highlighted in the bold part of the below sentence. さいきんじゃドヤ街【がい】のがきらをぞろぞろひきつれてそのへんばあねり歩【ある】いてよ。
5
votes
2answers
79 views

Difference between 設定する and 調整する

Sorry, I don't have any example sentences... Anyway, usually I heard the word 設定{せってい} in the meaning of "adjusting something". But now, in the factory, I have come across the phrase "圧力{あつりょく}を調整{...
12
votes
2answers
192 views

How to use 対応 correctly

I see 対応(たいおう) quite often, but I can't seem to grasp exactly what this word means or how to use it properly. Checking a dictionary I get about 5 different definitions, all quite different from one ...
5
votes
1answer
131 views

What does "ああ こいつ ひろわれっ子なんで かーちゃんいないんだ”

I have problem understanding the following scene from a manga (Yotsuba&! vol. 1 pg. 196): Person A: Oh yeah, what about Yotsubas mother? Person B: ああ こいつ ひろわれっ子なんで かーちゃんいないんだ (I put ...
8
votes
1answer
109 views

What does the word 「すねぐれて」mean?

Here is the sentence including the word. 世をすねぐれて 十五年 孤児院ぐらしは身につかず Is it a combination of 2 verbs between 「すねる」and 「ぐれる」? I understand that 2 verbs can be combined with て-form of the first one. ...
4
votes
1answer
119 views

Is お・ご~させていただく 二重敬語?

I want to know whether expressions such as お預かりさせていただく and ご説明させていただく are considered 二重敬語. お・ご~する is one way of making a verb into 謙譲語, and ~させていただく is another. Both are quite common, and I hear the ...
5
votes
2answers
97 views

Is it correct to say 複雑な波長?

My friend heard this in an anime. I can understand 複雑な波長パターン or something along these lines, but just 複雑な波長? Like, you wouldn't say "complex mass" or "complex speed", right? (unless maybe complex ...
5
votes
2answers
146 views

Differences in meanings of interrogative words

Can someone please explain to me the differences between the following interrogative type words? いくらか/いくつか いくらも/いくつも いくらでも/いくつでも いくら/いくつ/どのくらい (in questions) For example I know that いくらか and いくつか ...
4
votes
1answer
1k views

How to say 'XXX movies'

How do I say 'XXX movies' in Japanese? By this I mean a movie about XXX, not XXX made that movie. An example to illustrate what I mean is: There are a lot of Steve Jobs movies It is clear that ...
2
votes
1answer
69 views

僕がついてればいいんですけど。いそがしいもんですね。

「僕がついてればいいんですけど。いそがしいもんですね。」 はどういう意味ですか? 「ついてればいい」は辞書を調べてもまだよく分かりません。T。T
5
votes
1answer
255 views

How to say 'an outdoorsy person' in Japanese

In Google Translate, outdoorsy shows up as: アウトドア好きの. I know this means 'likes outdoors'. I wonder if I can write XXXはアウトドア好きの人です。Meaning XXX is an outdoorsy person. My first instinct is usually not ...
2
votes
2answers
85 views

Difference between 増やす and 増加する?

I know there's a past topic with this question already, but honestly I couldn't understand the explanation very well. Thank you very much for the input and time.