言葉. Any question that does not deal specifically with grammar or pronunciation. Includes questions about prefixes, suffixes, compound words, loanwords, dialectal differences, pragmatic usage, etc. In other words, phenomena that occurs at the level of the word.

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Questions about the words 「いくつ」and 「あってもたりゃ」

It is a situation when a worker noticed that one of his colleagues is working all day and all night without taking a rest. He then said the following: それじゃいくつからだがあってもたりゃしねえ。 Then his ...
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1answer
130 views

Difference between「広げる」、「拡げる」

These have the same reading as ひろげる, but a different kanji. Is there any variation in connotation between these, or is it just variant spelling? Is 広げる then, as I believe it is, the more commonly used ...
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70 views

Does 京都 use じゃ、や、or だ?

Also, is ね used at all in 関西? I know な is at least more common, even among female speakers. And has どす fallen out of use?
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1answer
71 views

What does 「ことにならあね」 mean?

Here is a sentence including the phrase. 路{ろ}上{じょう}でたたき売{う}りしようが こそドロやろうがめんどうみようってことにならあね。 Is it equivalent to 「ことにならない」?
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50 views

What does the word 「したって こられりゃ」 mean?

Here is the sentence including the word. しかし 里子といってもこのきずついた子どもたちをほんとうにいたわれるおとななんていやしない なんとなくいびり出されてそこをとび出し また 兄貴かぶのおれをしたってあつまってきちまったんだ したって こられりゃおれも男さ
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0answers
50 views

How was Japanese animism referred to before 国家神道 (State Shinto) was created?

Pre-Meiji: What was Japanese animism popularly called before 国家神道 (State Shinto) was created in the early Meiji period (19th century)? Prior to that, was the word 「神道」 a common term among the ...
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1answer
103 views

What does いいんだな mean?

An example I read is: こちらの条件を呑んだ、と認識していいんだな. (They) have accepted our conditions... What does the last part mean, and how does it affect the first part?
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1answer
136 views

What do the words 「ばかこくでねえ」 and 「へえるはずさ」 mean?

I have found it in a manga. It is a dialogue discussing to the third person going into a Pachinko shop. Here is the full sentence. ばかこくでねえ へえるはずさ あとで パチンコ屋【や】の店【てん】員【いん】がしらべたらよ。 What do the ...
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2answers
125 views

What do the words 「やった台」 and 「はずしてあった」 mean?

I have found them in a manga. It is a dialogue discussing to the third person going into a Pachinko shop. Here is the full sentence. ジョーがやった台【だい】はガラスがはずしてあっただと What do the words やった台 and ...
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1answer
132 views

What do the words 「しとられん」, 「ちゅうて」 and 「おびえとるん」 mean?

I have found them in a manga. It is a dialogue discussing to the third person going into a Pachinko shop. Here is the full sentence なんせ ここいらの商人【しょうにん】どもは あのジョーがくると おちおち商売【しょうばい】しとられん ちゅうて おびえとるん ...
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2answers
290 views

「悪気があっての答え」 vs 「悪気がある答え」

Hi all I was wondering what is the difference between these two sentences: 「決して悪気があっての回答ではないです。」 「決して悪気がある回答ではないです。」 I can't really make out the gist of the meaning of 「あっての」. WWWJDIC's ...
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2answers
208 views

How to accuse someone of lying

うそだ isn't really a serious accusation. How would you say 'you're lying' more seriously?
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1answer
110 views

In what type of social settings could one say “百姓{ひゃくしょう}”?

My understanding is that " 百姓 " is a very impolite way to refer to modern-day traditional Japanese farmers. A good translation might be " country bumpkin ". As best I can remember: I learned that ...
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2answers
78 views

Is the phrase 僕も私も used in ordinary speech?

It seems common in advertising, but is it used in speech?
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2answers
199 views

“Also…” interjection in Japanese, Appending an additional request or afterthought

In Japanese, how would one go about appending an additional request or afterthought? For example: 1: お水【みず】をお願【ねが】いします。 "Water please." 2: あっ、(・・・)、氷【こおり】を入【い】れていただけませんか。 "..Ah also, ...
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2answers
309 views

What does the word 「してやせんっ」mean?

I have came across the word in a manga. It is said by a boy who was talking about the future plan of selling prizes awarded from playing Pachinko. Here is the sentence including the word. いつまでも ...
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1answer
48 views

About: 開いた口がふさがらない

開いた口がふさがらない means: Feel shocked, or Unbelievable, right? My question is: What does ふさがらない mean, what is that verb without ない?
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3answers
864 views

What is the difference between んじゃない and んだ?

I came across the following sentence: 「…あの犯行予告、俺がやったんじゃないんだけどな。」 I also have English subtitles which translate this phrase as: "I wasn't the one who issued that threat, but no matter." What's the ...
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1answer
65 views

Validity of 紅葉が出来る?

Based off my understanding of できる in this context, it is used to describe something as coming to be. Would saying 紅葉ができる be a natural way of saying that the red leaves of autumn have come to be (i.e. ...
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1answer
103 views

What does “ 自分の胸に聞いて頂戴 ” mean? Not Literally

Not the literal meaning, I know its some sort of tsukkomi, but I can't quite figure out what it means. The best idea I've got is something along the lines of "give me back my concern" or something ...
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1answer
93 views

What does mou もう mean with non-past verb?

A: この資料、もう捨てましょうか。 B: あ、ちょっと待ってください。 B: 捨てる前に、ここをコピーしてください。 (A: kono shiryou, mou sutemashou ka. B: a, chotto matte kudasai. B: suteru mae ni, koko o kopi--shite kudsai.) I know that ...
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1answer
591 views

What does the word 「とまあ」mean?

It is said by a boy who has just finished talking about his plan to a group of little kids. Here is the sentence. とまあ ざっとこんなところだが どうだみんな!
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1answer
112 views

かい and だい - age?

I often see claims that they are only used to people your own age or younger. But is that true, or an exaggeration based on the fact that you'd use more polite forms to someone older, usually? For ...
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1answer
90 views

What does the 「とって」 mean?

Here is the sentence including the word. 東のはずれには年をとって働けなくなった人たちのために養老院をたてるっ
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1answer
780 views

What is the female equivalent for 「ご主人様」 or “master?”

In The Lion, the Witch, and the Wardrobe novel, the character Aslan orders centaurs and eagles to chase a wolf, saying, "He will be going to his mistress." He is referring to the wolf's female ...
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1answer
130 views

ごめんよ - what is it?

This appears to be an apology, but it seems a little blunt - its like ごめんね ごめんな、are logical; they apologize and soften it with those particles. But ごめんよ seems a little forceful. Why would you use it? ...
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1answer
537 views

How do 自他 triplets of related verbs work?

I thought this had been asked before (possibly by me), but I couldn't find it. I'm wondering why for certain verbs/words, instead of just a 自他 pair, there is a triplet (or possibly more) where two of ...
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1answer
628 views

What does the word 「ようく」mean?

I came across the word in a manga in a situation that a teenage boy is going to explain something to a group of kids. I cannot find the word in online japanese dictionary. Here is the sentence. ...
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1answer
75 views

What does the word 「っぷち」mean?

Here is the sentence including the word. 計画{けいかく}の一! それは この広{ひろ}い川{かわ}っぷちの両{りょう}岸{がん}一[帯]{たい}の おとなも子{こ}どももあそべるでっかい遊{ゆう}園{えん}地{ち}を作{つく}ること!
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2answers
437 views

Is there a female version of ikemen?

Ikemen means something like cool man, is there something similar for women?
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1answer
92 views

The positive ~じゃない

Just how feminine is it? How odd would it be if a male speaker said it? I have found one example of someone male using, in a piece of fiction: Lest レスト、 the main character of Rune Factory 4 ...
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2answers
294 views

Why does 日本語{にほんご} mean Japanese?

Google translate says 日本語 means Japanese. It also says: 語 means "word" 本 means "this" 日 means "day" So how do you get "Japanese" out of these three kanji?
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67 views

Difference in usage/nuance between 厚生, 福祉, 福利 and 生活保護

厚生[こうせい] 福祉[ふくし] 福利[ふくり] 生活保護[せいかつほご] Translating "welfare" into Japanese seems a bit complicated. Could someone maybe provide for context the most typical phrases/chunks that use these words? I'm ...
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1answer
56 views

Does 文 refer only to written sentences, or can it be used for spoken sentences as well?

I know that this kanji is associated with writing and text, and can mean "sentence." When using it to mean "sentence", is it only a written sentence? I can't find any examples that unambiguously ...
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1answer
133 views

How do you say “chunky” or “congealed” in Japanese?

Couldn't find this one in my dictionaries. How would you translate "chunky" into Japanese? As in chunky peanut butter, or, "I left the milk out for 3 days and now it's all chunky," or, "the ...
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1answer
81 views

What do つれて and いくと mean here?

ある日、アリババがロバをつれて森へいくと、たくさんの馬の足音が聞こえてきました。 Can anyone explain to me what つれて and いくと mean in this sentence, I'm having a hard time understanding.. Thanks
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105 views

Can a 皇帝 be female?

What would the word for empress (other than of Japan) be? Please give me the word for a ruling empress.
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1answer
161 views

~んだね as command

Can you use it that way? 逃げるんだ and 逃げるんだよ are both acceptable commands (if rather forceful), but could you say 逃げるんだね for a softer but still very forceful command (or 逃げるんだな)?
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1answer
142 views

Is ごめんなさいませ idiomatic?

If so, how formal is it? Please compare it with other apologies.
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1answer
74 views

Can か follow である?

I know it can't follow だ, but is this possible?
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92 views

What is the meaning of the word たんじゃ?

It is a situation which a boy who is carrying some goods after successfully escaped from chasing by policemen. Here is the full sentence. なあ...わらってたんじゃわからねえよ。
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52 views

Regarding the word あたくし [duplicate]

It seems too formal for casual use, but too casual for formal use. In what sort of situation would anyone use あたくし?
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2answers
141 views

What do the words 「きてやった」 mean?

It is a situation that a little girl throwing several raw eggs to two policemen. After that, she was running away and saying the below sentence. Here is the sentence. なっとうもふりかけてきてやった
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1answer
318 views

What does 「はだ」 mean?

It is a situation which a salesperson announces to a group of people to attract them to buy his goods Here is the full sentence. ...
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1answer
82 views

'I'm glad I look like my mother'

How would you say it in Japanese? 「母みたいでよかった」?If not, then how?
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1answer
83 views

へい as agreement

I've heard it a few times, and would have assumed it was written ヘイ had I not seen it in writing. It seems to be an informal synonym of はい, used mostly in masculine speech. Also, it's generally ...
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1answer
118 views

What are the ways to express someone's condolences?

All is in the title, what are the ways to express someone's condolences when somebody died. I know お気の毒に but is there something else? What can/should you say to friends? To collegues? To bosses? etc.
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3answers
168 views

What does 「ときている」 mean?

It is a situation which a salesperson announces to a group of people to attract them to buy his goods Here is the full sentence. しかもおねだんは半{はん}額{がく}以{い}下{か}ときている
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259 views

Translating 世界中 in this context, does it literally refer to the “entire world”?

In the video game Recettear, you can buy a book with the title 仲良し姉妹の冒険記. The item description says the following: 世界中を旅しているという姉妹に密着した, ノンフィクション作品。ドラゴンに食べられそうになったりと,結構大変な事になってます。 The book's ...
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178 views

meaning of シュワーっと

I'm currently reading a children's book about numbers with sentences of the form: numberは j1 j2 where j1 and j2 are japanese words and j1 starts sounding similar to number. I am stuck with 4は ...