言葉. Any question that does not deal specifically with grammar or pronunciation. Includes questions about prefixes, suffixes, compound words, loanwords, dialectal differences, pragmatic usage, etc. In other words, phenomena that occurs at the level of the word.

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9
votes
1answer
266 views

Difference between 創立、設立、樹立

Can anyone explain the difference between the words 創{そう}立{りつ}, 設{せつ}立{りつ} and 樹{じゅ}立{りつ}? They all basically mean "to set up / to found", and from what I've researched, it's all very 微{び}妙{みょう} to ...
10
votes
2answers
309 views

Which verbs have 辞書形 (dictionary forms) that look like ~ます conjugations?

I recently confused 励{はげ}ます for the ~ます form of 禿{は}げる. Although this actually lead to a rather amusing conversation, I'm wondering if there are other examples of this to watch out for?
7
votes
1answer
2k views

Common 四{よ}字{じ}熟{じゅく}語{ご} that use/are 当{あ}て字{じ}

Are there any commonly used known 四{よ}字{じ}熟{じゅく}語{ご} that use/are 当{あ}て字{じ} besides the following? Just crossed my mind, and now I'm curious. 滅{め}茶{ちゃ}苦{く}茶{ちゃ}, 夜{よ}露{ろ}死{し}苦{く}, 無{む}理{り}矢{や}理{り}
4
votes
1answer
94 views

The verb in いらしてください

On occasion, I hear things such as 是非、いらしてください and ここへいらしたんですか. They seem to be politer forms of 是非、来てください and ここへ来たんですか. But searching finds no verb いらす or いらしる, and so a thought came to my mind: ...
2
votes
1answer
93 views

How to interpret タチ in this sentence

「あんたなんて甘やかしたらどこまでもツケあがるタチだから、厳しくされてちょうどいいのよ。」 If I pamper the likes of you, you'll be endlessly spoiled, so ... I thought タチ was "the nature of a person" so ツケあがるタチ would be a "spoiled nature". ...
9
votes
1answer
134 views

Help understanding these uses of 「取っぱらい」

Yet another sentence in a taiko performer's memoirs that I can't quite grasp... 総ての枠を全部取っぱらって、というのはやっぱり難しいけれど、投銭興行でやったのも一つの取っぱらいだった。 I know 「取っぱらう」means "to throw away" or "set aside", etc. The ...
1
vote
1answer
73 views

What is the difference between 仏 and 釈迦?

Both 仏 and 釈迦 are defined as "Buddha" in my dictionary. Is there a difference between these words?
2
votes
1answer
80 views

Noun+とばかりに mean?

I know that with verbs it means: To give the impression of But what about it when it follows a noun? 「いいか、下手にメニューにカレーとかいれてみろ。 あの人がやってきてメニューを食い尽し、デザートとばかりにこれまたケーキ類も全滅させて食い逃げするに決まってるだろ。 ...
3
votes
1answer
110 views

what is the actual word looking similar to 戸感

I've seen the word 戸感 (or something similar) in a few visual novels, and i was able to find it also in some lyrics when i searched for it on google, but i couldn't find it neither on jdic, goo nor ...
8
votes
2answers
201 views

Use of かける (N5 question)

An N5 vocabulary question I'm having trouble understanding: わたしの となりの (   ) を かけた ひとは すずきさんです。 1 くつ   2 かぎ   3 めがね   4 でんわ The answer is 3: わたしの となりの ( めがね ) を かけた ひとは すずきさんです。 Which I ...
6
votes
2answers
61 views

What does the word 「気がせんのや」mean?

Here is the sentence including the word. わしはあの東光少年院にはいったが さいご とうてい 生きて 出られるような気がせんのや。 It is said by Kansai spoken guy. I have tried to look on some Japanese dictionary web sites and found that the ...
1
vote
0answers
79 views

What is the meaning of ドリフ in this sentence [closed]

「考えてもみなさいよ。ドリフでもいつも決まって怒られるのはカトちゃんでしょ」 Try to think about it. The one who always, without fail, gets scolded is カトちゃん. Right? I haven't the faintest idea what ドリフでも means in this sentence. I ...
7
votes
2answers
162 views

What does the word 「っぴい」mean?

Here is the sentence containing the word. おことわりだね おまえみたいな 弱{よわ}っぴいと組むなんて! やるんなら おれひとりでやらあ。 In my opinion, I think it would be transformation of the word 弾き or 'player' but I'm not uncertain if it ...
14
votes
4answers
1k views

Does 髭 refer to the beard or the moustache?

My dictionary lists 髭 as moustache / beard, but from the example sentences in WWWJDIC, it seems like 髭 is more often used to mean "beard" than "moustache" ? So for example, in this sentence: ...
3
votes
1answer
93 views

What is 「ケステンGチンキ」 a reference to?

This word/set of words/whatever it is popped up in something I am reading, and I cannot find any clue as to what it is referencing. The book is a taiko performer's biography, and this is the very last ...
3
votes
0answers
99 views

How has Japanese kanji and kana usage changed since 1945

How has the percentage of writing using each script changed since 1945? With script reform, increasing influx of loanwords, and stylistic choices, several factors affect how much certain parts of the ...
6
votes
3answers
133 views

How to tell よく (often) apart from よく (good)?

Whenever I see 「よく」, I have to ask someone whether it means "often" or "good". For example, here is a sentence from my book: クラスへ行って、先生の講義をよく聞いて、ノートをよく取り、それをよく覚えれば、試験でいい点がもらえる。 I thought all ...
3
votes
2answers
326 views

Describing pain, a very painful situation

I have the following sentence to translate for class. 頭と歯と指と耳と足が痛くて、 苦しくて、 気持ちが悪かったので、 九時半すぎに 薬局に行かせた。 So far I have the following. My head and teeth and fingers ...
10
votes
2answers
228 views

Questions on the word シクシク

I understand that the word シクシク is 擬声語/giseigo/onomatopoeia equivalent to the English "boo-hoo/boo-hoo-hoo." 恐怖でシクシク泣く : To whimper in fear 彼女はボーイフレンドに捨てられた時、あまりの惨めさにシクシクと泣いた。 : She ...
9
votes
1answer
94 views

Expressions of surprise おや あれ あら

There seem to be three very similar expressions of surprise - おや, あれ, and あら. Is there much particular difference? So far I've gathered that あれ is almost always genuine surprise, whereas あら and おや can ...
3
votes
2answers
273 views

Name identification for 安田 味子, and “saying” using という

I have the following sentence I need to translate for my introductory Japanese class. 私の友達の名前は、安田味子さんといいます。 There are 2 parts I am having trouble with. First, the name translation. I think it ...
6
votes
1answer
66 views

The meaning of かたに in かたに預ける

I heard an expression: その◯◯が二両のかたに預けてあるのは、彼は知りません。 The intended meaning was "he did not know that ◯◯ has been pawned for 2 ryō". Not a pawn-shop, but given as a collateral to a person who lends ...
7
votes
2answers
346 views

Word play: “Easy peasy” analog

We have: Easy peasy + lemon squeezy (+ additional rhymes) I've come across this expression: らくしょう + かいしょう + ??しょう Where I was unable to clearly identify the third element, but it sounds ...
4
votes
1answer
148 views

Questions regarding the pitch accent of 僕

First: When you call a young boy ぼく, is it LH or HL? Second: When do boys saying 僕 move from LH to HL? Third: When voice actors voice young characters, do they use HL or LH?
3
votes
2answers
102 views

Does 美少女 sound somewhat ironic, humoristic, etc?

In the Yotsuba-to manga one of the heroes first calls a younger of the two sisters (16 y.o) 美女. Then he gets to know an older sister (I guess 21 y.o) and tells that she is a real 美女. A younger sister ...
4
votes
1answer
139 views

Why is there a small ッ in 完ッ全?

I found this sentence on Jisho.org recently: どーすんの、このお店{みせ}!完{かん}ッ全{ぜん}に閑古鳥{かんこどり}が鳴{な}いちゃってるじゃない。 What happened to this place?! It's completely dead! I am baffled as to why there is a small ッ ...
5
votes
1answer
101 views

第一木曜日 : Which Thursday of the month is it?

When you say : 第一木曜日, does it mean the first Thursday of the month? Or does it mean Thursday of the first week of the month? For instance, if we talk about October 2015, would 第一木曜日 be October 1st or ...
12
votes
1answer
361 views

What to call the characters-based decoration found in many announce emails

Many emails received from Japanese companies contain characters-based dingbat-style ornament like this: ■□■□■□──────────────────────────── blablablablablablablabla ...
7
votes
2answers
407 views

What would be the most apt word in kanji, for “Animal world”?

Okay, that may sound a little confusing, and no, not looking for the name of a zoo or theme park here XD Essentially, simply put, I'm writing a novel, and for that, building a world around it. Yes, ...
3
votes
1answer
94 views

What is the difference between 殊に and 特に?

What is the difference between 殊{こと}に and 特{とく}に? I've looked around on goo, and weblio, and this chiebukuro question, but I just wanted to see if anyone had anymore further input on the difference ...
1
vote
1answer
152 views

Parsing 何を考えているかすぐ解るような態度は改めたほうがいい

「志貴さま。今のは姉さんにはその...」 黙っていてくださいとごにゃごにゃ呟く翡翠。 「なに、今のって琥珀さんに話しちゃいけないことなんだ。そっか。わかった」 そんなことは、ぜひ琥珀さんに教えてあげなくては。 「……志貴さま。その、なにを考えているかすぐ解るような態度は改めたほうがよろしいかと思います」 ...
3
votes
1answer
141 views

Trying to think of borrowed English words that parse “ti” as ティ or as チ。 [closed]

I often trip up in guessing the pronunciation of words that have been borrowed into Japanese from English where the original pronunciation had "ti" in it. For example, I might say ネイチブ instead of ...
4
votes
1answer
599 views

Grammar of 彼の日本語のレベルは私と同じくらいだ

I'm Jeroen, from the Netherlands and I'm currently learning Japanese. I'm using Anki, and it's a great tool, and I came across this sentence in the Japanese Core 2000 #1 set: ...
4
votes
1answer
79 views

The difference between するには and する為には

The one answer I have really found says there is no semantic difference. Is there a formality difference? Is する為には more formal than するには?
1
vote
1answer
80 views

What does “夢を売る” mean? sell a dream?

I came across this sentence: 夢を売るのよ スポーツって。 I guess here 夢を売る can't be translated to "dream selling", that just doesn't make sense. So what does it mean anyways?
0
votes
1answer
143 views

Does ゆく mean 征く in this line?

I found this line in the lyrics of a certain song, and I'm not quite clear on the meaning of the first ゆく. 道無き未知をゆく 環状線を走ってく I originally assumed it to be 行く, but that makes the sentence strange ...
4
votes
1answer
56 views

What's the meaning of 角刈り in this context?

I came across this sentence: 冗談はその角刈りだけにしてくださいよ (Source: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=i1e-WwxCZ3w) From the context, I reckon it means "Please don't joke /Give me a break", but I'm stumped by ...
0
votes
1answer
122 views

Writing a birthday letter to a friend

Okay here is my dilemma, I am going to a write to a Japanese friend a birthday letter but I don't know how should I construct it; I've tried to search around the net and I found both formal and ...
1
vote
1answer
107 views

どうぞよろしくお願いします meaning

メインビジュアルを公開!パッケージにも使用予定のイラストです!発売まであと3カ月を切った本作をどうぞよろしくお願いします! Discolsure of the main visual! The illustration that is planned to be used on the package! Thank you in advance for this work which ...
4
votes
2answers
225 views

人前{ひとまえ} and 人前{にんまえ}

I have been conviced for a long time that both 人前{にんまえ} and 人前{ひとまえ} existed. Which is backed by this wikitionary page. Recently, I just wanted to warn another Japanese learner about this pair of ...
5
votes
2answers
319 views

How to say “Serving for # people”?

I have a class project and I have to write a recipe. On it I'm trying to write something along the lines of "Serving for x people". What would be a good way to say that phrase?
2
votes
3answers
849 views

What does じゃな mean?

In casual speech what does ja na mean? As in this example: 葉人をつかまえたんじゃな googling for it only comes up results for じゃない。
7
votes
1answer
162 views

Origin of the word 烏有

I saw the phrase 烏有{うゆう}に帰{き}す, which means to "become nothing" as if turning to ashes. The word "烏有" means nothing, but its parts are 烏 (crow) and 有 (to be). How did 烏有 come to mean nothing? When I ...
9
votes
1answer
118 views

Why is the word「ござる」used in this sentence?

This is a dialogue being discussed between 3 students. A: おまえきょうのテストどうした? B: へへ まあな A:なんだよまあなって...できたんかよ? B:ばーか このおれができるわけないだろ C: こいつのまあなはいつものとおり白紙でございって意味だよ As I ...
2
votes
1answer
65 views

What is はなっとらんかった?

拍子抜けって言えば拍子抜けやなぁ。どこも大事にはなっとらんかったみたいやし....なんか踊らせてた感があるわ I don't understand what this part means. I tried looking it up but I can't find anything. Is it a single word? Thanks!
8
votes
1answer
98 views

What is the meaning of 両岸 in this context?

I was reading a news article but I am not sure what 両岸 means in this context. 中台の間では経済や人的(てき)交流が進んでいるとしたうえで、両岸の関係は過去66年間で最も平和的な状態にある. Dictionary search result is as follows: りょうがん 両岸 ...
3
votes
2answers
130 views

What are all the possible meanings of 筆記{ひっき}の心{こころ}?

It kinda popped into my head one day and I want to know the correct meaning and translation into English. Translating it through Google Translate gets you 'Heart of the writing'. I know the meanings ...
2
votes
0answers
113 views

What is the meaning of 飲んどけ? [duplicate]

I came across this Japanese tv commercial. Video and transcript are given below. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=JOuwA6rtKsM http://www.suntory.co.jp/news/article/12494.html My question is: what's ...
8
votes
7answers
2k views

What is the opposite of 初心者?

As in, I want to say veterans/old hats at doing something instead of beginners at doing something. Edit: Thank you for all the responses. I wasn't looking to imply skill, so I think 経験者 is the word I ...
0
votes
1answer
57 views

What is the meaning of 実質負担金額?

I want to buy new phone but I am unable to understand the meaning of 実質負担金額. Please help me to understand this.