言葉. Any question that does not deal specifically with grammar or pronunciation. Includes questions about prefixes, suffixes, compound words, loanwords, dialectal differences, pragmatic usage, etc. In other words, phenomena that occurs at the level of the word.

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3
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3answers
113 views

What does the word 「とくら」mean?

Here is the context said by a boy who was training in boxing. 左ジャブで敵の体勢をくずし 突破口を見いだしたらば すかさず右ストレートを打つべし これ拳闘の攻撃における基本なり...とくら I have found some sites explaining that it is changed from と来る but I ...
1
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2answers
207 views

Is yen a Japanese word? [duplicate]

Do Japanese people call their money "yen" even though there is no YE sound in their language?
8
votes
2answers
261 views

Is the word 「やんな」positive or negative?

I found that in a website 〜やんな is a colloquial form of 〜やるな meaning 'Don't do...' However, I have seen the word in a manga with the following sentence. A: おい あかりを消してやんな。新入りさんがまぶしくてねむれんといかん。 B: じゃあ ...
3
votes
1answer
100 views

What do the words 「いうない」 and 「おねんねしなさい」mean?

Here is the context including the word which a boy spoke to himself. おとなしく規則を守っておねんねしなさい...か じょうだんいうないっ いまのおれはめしを食うひまさえおしいくらいに思ってるんだ I think it should be 言わない, so 「じょうだんいわない」 would be ...
2
votes
1answer
79 views

What does the word 「はわして」mean?

Here is the sentence including the word. いまにおめをぶちのめして みみずみたいに地をはわしてやるぜっ。 I found that 「這う」 would be closest meaning of it but when conjugate to て-form it is 這って which is different.
4
votes
2answers
477 views

Understanding this sentence: 心配で心配で

I was playing Fire Emblem yesterday and this came up: Some context: Odin is Leon's retainer, but they have been sent on separate missions, hence the worry of the retainer towards its lord. I simply ...
3
votes
3answers
134 views

Is たち in 子供たち redundant?

In my understanding, 達{たち} is a suffix used to pluralize a countable noun. For example, 私 (single) becomes 私たち (plural) あなた (single) becomes あなたたち (plural) According to most dictionaries, 子供 can ...
9
votes
2answers
169 views

What is a grammatical terminology to describe the group of the refrain of two syllable words like pera-pera, don-don, iki-iki?

Japanese language have a special group of words which repeat mostly two syllable word like pera pera, para para, jito jito, suku suku, aka aka, zuki zuki – you can name it, that are used adverbially. ...
0
votes
1answer
45 views

what is the も in this phrase mean?

学校の先生もとても優しいです What does the first "も" mean?
2
votes
3answers
1k views

What does the word 「たしけて」mean?

It is said by a boy who was running away from a danger situation. Is it an alternated version of the word 「助ける」? Which dialect is it?
6
votes
3answers
119 views

What is the meaning of 「まちいな」?

Here is the sentence said by Kansai speaker who was capturing 2 boys who were chasing another guy. まちいな あんさんたち。 I think the word would mean 待つ with particle な emphasizing the emotion but I would ...
9
votes
1answer
825 views

Terms for Royalty

Why are there so many terms for royalty? And I'm talking about generic words like "king", "queen", etc. I seem to remember from my studies that certain terminology was used specifically for Japanese ...
3
votes
1answer
60 views

Action : differences between 行動, 活動, 動作, 作用 and 仕草

I'm currently learning some vocab through wanikani, and they have these two words 仕草 and 作用 both meaning "action", but no nuance is explained, and when checking on jishou for a more proper word for ...
5
votes
2answers
172 views

報復する meaning in this sentence

あんまりにも痛いんで、ムシャクシャして、適当なぬいぐるみを報復したくなった。 包丁で、無抵抗なぬいぐるみを滅多刺し。誰にでもできる惨殺行為、簡単すぎてものすごく無意味【つまらな】い。 それはさぞかし気持ちが悪く、気色が悪く、後味なんか最悪で、つまり今のオレはそのぬいぐるみ役なのだった。 Because it hurt so much, because I got angry, I ...
0
votes
2answers
106 views

Can someone break down かのじょ and かれ for me?

I would like to understand these words more clearly as I do with おとこのこ and おんなのこ Being that おとこのこ basically translates into "male of youth" and that おんなのこ basically translates into "female of youth" ...
2
votes
2answers
134 views

What does the word よれん mean?

Here is the sentence: おおっ くせえのう… おらあぶた小屋だけはマスクなしではそばにもよれんわい。 It is probably said by Kansai speaker which I'm not certain. I understand that よれん or よれない means 'not to get twisted'. But I think ...
0
votes
1answer
87 views

Meaning of 'すれ違う赤の軌道'

I don't really get the meaning of this line 'すれ違う赤の軌道' Could it mean 'Crimson path crossed' or 'The crimson path i crossed' ?
2
votes
2answers
111 views

What does いい です mean in お飲み物は何がいいですか?

Phrase: お [飲]{の}み[物]{もの} は [何]{なに} が いい です か O nomimono wa nani ga ii desu ka? What would you like to drink? What I would like to know is what いい です (ii des) does for the sentence ...
1
vote
2answers
88 views

The meaning of 「尋ねられもしないこと」

I'm reading a Japanese novel and there's this part of the sentence I don't know the meaning 公安からの情報が必要な場合は、何とかして引き出す。しかし、尋ねられもしないことをこちらからわざわざ連絡するつもりはない。 My rough translation is: "In case ...
7
votes
2answers
345 views

Counter intuitive meaning of お開き

Apparently 開き means "opening" but お開き means "closure", which seems very counter intuitive. What is going on here? Are there any other similar cases in Japanese language?
2
votes
2answers
54 views

捨てても捨てても - what does this phrase mean?

I came across this sentence in my JLPT mock test book: 今の暮らしにはモノが溢れ、捨てても捨てても増え続ける。 I don't understand what kind of grammar and what is the meaning of the bold phrase. It looks like an expression....
3
votes
1answer
42 views
1
vote
1answer
112 views

How to say “changed academic course” in resume?

I'm writing my resume in japanese, and I have a rather unusual cursus as a french student. I spent 2 years doing my bachelor's degree in IT, then instead of finishing my degree, I changed my cursus ...
6
votes
1answer
90 views

Difference between 避難所 and 避難場所

This disaster response website has a map with a checkbox that visitors can click to display all the 避難所{ひなんじょ} in the area. And then there is another checkbox to display all the 避難場所{ひなんばしょ}: Both ...
2
votes
1answer
197 views

What is 「ピプロシン体」?

This is the first time I've failed to find a word in both dictionaries and Google search: the only hit Google finds is the article where this quote appears: 「本間さんは頭脳頗る明晰、今後優良の成績で卒業される事となつた、卒業論文は『...
4
votes
5answers
568 views

What is a word for “participation” that resembles “kameseru”?

According to the article "On Being Late to Work in Japan | 遅出" (linked from this post at The Workplace): The word for participation – kameseru – has a special significance which also explains why ...
3
votes
2answers
98 views

Difference between ために、せいで、おかげで when blaming someone

I was reading and found the following sentence: あんたのために殺し屋の地位を失い闇の世界で迫害され身も心もズタボロになった。 Previous the same character used おかげで in a similar case: ま...おかげでたっぷりとあの時やられたお返しができるってワケだ。 ...
4
votes
1answer
170 views

What is the Japanese word (noun) that means “the bittersweetness of a brief, fading moment of transcendent beauty.”?

The article written by Emily Anthes, appearing in the New Yorker, May 12 issue under the title, “The Glossary of Happiness” wraps up with the following paragraph: Lomas (a lecturer in applied ...
1
vote
0answers
85 views

Why is the same english meaning of ため tied to different japanese meanings in different dictionaries?

On http://jisho.org/word/%E7%82%BA consequence; result; effect has an example sentence それは、おまえの声をよく聞くためだよ。(It is in order to hear your voice well.) On http://tangorin.com/general/%E3%81%9F%E3%...
2
votes
2answers
124 views

What does the word 「さし心地」mean?

I have seen it from a sentence in an eye drop instruction manual. Here it is. かつてない気持ちいい、さし心地...それは、極小一滴だから! In my opinion, I translate it as "the very feeling" by referring 「さし」from a source that ...
5
votes
1answer
93 views

片手でも指が余る meaning?

「どうよ衛宮、桜の出番○×回に対して僕三回だぜ? すげー、片手でも指が余るって正直調整おかしくない?つーかぁ、兄より優れた妹など存在しねー」 I think it's reffering to the number of scenes he starred in. I googled it and found this: 片手で/に余る=件数と指の数。 片手に余る=...
5
votes
1answer
173 views

What does 「フーホり」mean?

I recently started learning Japanese before my friend suggested I try out this cool app that lets me meet people from Japan to talk to. I get a lot of japanese messages and in some requests the ...
2
votes
1answer
167 views

How do you say 'it'?

How does one refer to 'it' in Japanese? Is there an equivalent word? I've seen a few different terms used in place of 'it' - sore (それ) - suki (すき) My context is for saying things such as: 'It's ...
4
votes
1answer
360 views

What is the most common word used for 'idea'?

Pretty sure I've mostly seen idea as アイデア Does anyone know of other words used for 'idea' and if possible any example sentences and contexts where different words are used?
2
votes
1answer
127 views

Help understanding とわかった

I was reading the article linked and included below and came across the following sentence NHKが調べると、病院で「エコノミークラス症候群」だとわかった人がこの女性以外に19人いました。 Could someone please explain the grammar and/or ...
2
votes
1answer
115 views

Words for narcotics

What's the difference between those words for drugs/narcotics: やく(薬), according to tangorin.com and jisho.org is a slang word If you type narcotics into Jisho.org it suggests ドラッグ, and there is also ...
8
votes
1answer
420 views

How to ride an escalator

I came across this phrase in a story book: エスカレーターを乗りつぐ It puzzled me because I thought 乗りつぐ meant 'to connect with (flight/train etc)'. Is this the normal way to talk about getting on/riding ...
2
votes
1answer
69 views

Is there any difference in meaning between 「抜け切る」 and 「抜ける」?

Actually, I cannot find the definition of 抜け切る in general sources but some of them suggest the word 抜ける instead. Here is the sentence where I came across the word in a manga. そいでもって くりかえすけどな... ...
5
votes
1answer
138 views

What word that resembles “teikkai” might refer to “the provenance of a food”?

The introduction to the 10th Anniversary Edition of Vegetarian Cooking for Everyone contains the following passage on page 4 (emphasis added): Vegetarians have often used the phrase "I don't eat ...
10
votes
2answers
311 views

Nuance between いっとき and いちじ as a pronunciation of 一時

I am writing a flashcards deck to memorize Minato-ku's list of 防災-related words. Excerpt: 一時集合場所 いっときしゅうごうばしょ Temporary meeting places 一時滞在施設 いちじたいざいしせつ   Temporary stay facilities As you see, ...
3
votes
1answer
166 views

だけでなく and にとどまらず

I know that there are a lot of expressions that have similar meaning in Japanese. In JLPT N3 grammar, there's だけでなく that means 'not only...but also...'. And lately, I found the expression にとどまらず in ...
2
votes
1answer
79 views

汗をかくvs 発汗する - is there a difference?

Is there any difference between 汗をかく and 発汗する? Are there any subtle nuances between the two or is one more common than the other? I've checked WWWJDIC and I can't find any way to distinguish between ...
5
votes
5answers
205 views

Meaning of うち in “無意識のうちの行動なのだろう”

Given the context I think that this sentence means "it's probably an unintentional action". But I am unsure of what meaning/nuance the うち adds here. I am used to seeing うち meaning "while" and that's ...
7
votes
1answer
1k views

What's the meaning of 上 in this sentence?

I am not sure what 上 means in this sentence. I know that 上 means above or on, but I think the meaning here is different because it does not mention anything above or on the sushi. ...
4
votes
2answers
132 views

Meaning of 人材を作り上げる

This sentence is confusing me a bit, particularly the bold part: 国際社会に通用する人材を作り上げることに繋がるってわけなんだよ! Jisho.org has the definition of 人材 as: capable person; talented person; human resources; ...
3
votes
1answer
159 views

to overshadow in japanese

As the title say, I want to express the idea of an character overshadowing the main character in a story. The only thing that I was able to found in the dictionary was 霞む, but this seems to be more on ...
2
votes
2answers
202 views

What does 楽しめよ really mean?

I've been listening to the song "If I die tonight" by KOHH and at the end of the second verse he says 楽しめよ and the subtitles say it means "live it up". But when I look for translation elsewhere it's ...
3
votes
1answer
96 views

meaning of 楽{たの}しむ, the verb being used intransitively

I read in the Asahi Shimbun the following article's headline (furigana are mine) : 神様{かみさま}も楽{たの}しむ? 桜{さくら}の新{しん}品種{ひんしゅ}、京都{きょうと}で発見{はっけん} 北野天満宮{きたのてんまんぐう} my translation : Do the gods ...
6
votes
3answers
123 views

What's the difference between 上手い, 美味い, 旨い, and 巧い?

All four of these words are read as うまい and have the same meaning in my dictionary so I was wondering, can these four words (上手い, 美味い, 旨い, and 巧い) be used interchangeably?
4
votes
2answers
416 views

What does シャリン mean here?

So, I have this sentence: 身動きすると、シャリンと涼やかな音が鳴り響く。 And I have no idea what シャリン is doing here. As far as I can tell, it's modifying 音, sound, but the only word "シャリン" that I've been able to find is ...