言葉. Any question that does not deal specifically with grammar or pronunciation. Includes questions about prefixes, suffixes, compound words, loanwords, dialectal differences, pragmatic usage, etc. In other words, phenomena that occurs at the level of the word.

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1answer
128 views

Making an adverb a topic for a sentence 無碍には

協力しよう、という提案を無碍{むげ}には断れなくなってしまうのだが Can someone help me make sense of this? 協力しよう=let's cooperate という提案を=This proposal 無碍には=Without any obstacle 断れなくなってしまう=End up becoming unable to refuse ...
2
votes
1answer
83 views

Use of 差し込む to describe the sun

I have this sentence: 建物と建物の間から差し込む太陽が音もなく世界を赤くにじませる夕方、... An evening in which the sun piercing from between buildings silently blurs the world with red. I'm struggling with what the sun is ...
2
votes
1answer
76 views

proper usage of 出かける

What is the proper usage of 出かける because most of the time I am only using 行く or 出る for example 川へせんたくしに行く and I don't get its difference from 川へせんたくに出かける thanks for the responds
2
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1answer
218 views

Express the idea of “I was supposed”

I would like to know how to express "I was supposed" in japanese For example, in the sentences : - Did you meet John yesterday ? - I was supposed to but he cancelled OR - I am supposed to do my ...
2
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2answers
251 views

名 and 名前 - the difference

My impression is that, in speech, 名前 is polite, and 名 is ruder - but in writing, 名 sounds more literary. Am I correct?
2
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1answer
229 views

Differences between words for “optimistic” and “pessimistic”

I've been confused for a long time about how certain Japanese words map onto the meaning of "optimistic" and "pessimistic" in English. Specifically, what is the difference between (Optimistic) ...
2
votes
1answer
180 views

technical term for “形容動詞{けいようどうし} + にする”?

A subset of Japanese nouns is the サ変名詞{へんめいし} nouns such as: 勉強{べんきょう}する 運転{うんてん}する 残業{ざんぎょう}する A subset of 形容動詞 words can be appended with "にする" such as: 静{しず}かにする 大切{たいせつ}にする ...
2
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1answer
182 views

Using を/に+伴う and meaning of 後接させる (+ 現場指示 and 文脈指示)

Here is the sentence (from the 日本語文法ハンドブック : 疑問詞が 「が」 「を」 以外の格助詞を伴う時はその格助詞の後にそのまま 「も」 を後接させます。 My guess : When the interrogatives are accompanied by a case-marking particle other than "が" ...
2
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1answer
377 views

Need help with the superlative form of my sentence

I need a bit of help with my Japanese. If I want to say: Castle X is beautiful. Among all the castles in the world, castle X is the coolest. Is this sentence written correctly? しろ Xの ほうが ...
2
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1answer
89 views

meaning of 蠢{うごめ}き[伸]{の}ばして?

It's taken from ひぐらしのなく頃に OP (lyrics can be found here ) I know the meaning of each individual word, but I can't really understand how it works in this context: 鏡の中で蠢き伸ばしてくる無数の手で
2
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1answer
61 views

What does 保証 means in this context?

Currently reading a scientific paper, I have trouble understanding the use of 保証. An example of its use is the following: 最低保証密度として75%を乗じる (remarks about the percentage of a certain element in a ...
2
votes
0answers
113 views

What is the meaning of 飲んどけ? [duplicate]

I came across this Japanese tv commercial. Video and transcript are given below. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=JOuwA6rtKsM http://www.suntory.co.jp/news/article/12494.html My question is: what's ...
2
votes
1answer
156 views

Why are 兄(あに) and 姉(あね) pronounced differently in お兄さん and お姉さん?

姉 is pronounced ane, but お姉さん is pronounced oneesan. What happened to the initial a? Likewise, 兄 is pronounced ani, but お兄さん is pronounced oniisan. What is the rule governing the change in the ...
2
votes
1answer
233 views

How do you know what word to write in its kanji correspondence?

My study book writes some words like あまり and おおぜい in pure hiragana and I can't figure out whether it is common to write these words in hiragana as the books says, or I'd better write them in their ...
2
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1answer
107 views

Does 考え方 usually refer to the “methodology” of one's thought process, or can it also refer to something more subjective?

Weblio states that 考え方 is 思考の傾向...but when I look up 思考 I get confused because now I'm not sure if I'm dealing with an objective thought process or subjective feelings. I get the feeling (no pun...) ...
2
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0answers
87 views

Is the Japanese verb 'ちらばります’ an intransitive verb or not? [closed]

Is the Japanese verb 'ちらばります’ an intransitive verb or not?
2
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1answer
162 views

てらんない- can't bear to do ~ [closed]

When we use ていられない, it means that we don't bother or care to do something. アさん)ああ、危なくて見てらんない! イさん) もう黙っていらんない。注意しよう。 A) Oh no, I can't bear to see him doing dangerous things. B) me too, I ...
2
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1answer
124 views

History of Japanese “Vulgar” Vocabulary

This has been bothering me for a long time. I'm not sure which words are used in Japan in modern times for refering to things like sex, cursing, and going to the bathroom, and I don't know of a good ...
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2answers
2k views

Did the Japanese have a word for surrender before WWII?

I had always thought that the Japanese didn't have a word for surrender before WWII. It seemed to be plausible given their culture. However, I can't seem to find any solid evidence of this. Is it just ...
1
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2answers
455 views

Why does 日本語{にほんご} mean Japanese?

Google translate says 日本語 means Japanese. It also says: 語 means "word" 本 means "this" 日 means "day" So how do you get "Japanese" out of these three kanji?
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4answers
262 views

When is マイ・ワイフ used?

While looking up マイカー in http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_gairaigo_and_wasei-eigo_terms, I came across マイ・ワイフ. Is マイ・ワイフ used in real life, or mainly in anime? If the former, what differences ...
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3answers
110 views

水 - pronounce choice between 水{すい} and 水{みず}

As the title says, 水 has 2 pronounce: 水{すい} and 水{みず}. My question is: When to use which? e.g How to read it in: 水と米. What is the rule, if any.
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2answers
172 views

What does the 「とって」 mean?

Here is the sentence including the word. 東のはずれには年をとって働けなくなった人たちのために養老院をたてるっ
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2answers
205 views

Is the negative form of 住む related to すみません (i.e. “I'm sorry”/“Excuse me”), and how is it used in actual conversation?

Just learned the verb “to live” 住む. When conjugated to masu negative it is pronounced as すみません. How is this related to the expression すみません which means “I'm sorry”/“Please excuse me”? Or is it just a ...
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3answers
206 views

What does 「ならないようにする」 mean?

Source: http://www3.nhk.or.jp/news/easy/k10013967481000/k10013967481000.html 「しかし、建物を地震に強くしたり、火事にならないようにすると、亡くなる人を2300人に減らすことができると言っています。」
1
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2answers
191 views

are the usage of うるさい to mean “fussy” and the usage of 草 to mean “substandard” archaic? [closed]

I was thinking what things could be described with 草 (3) not genuine; substandard;) Can we describe someone who is a ゴミ as 草? Like say: アイツはどうおもう? くさだ! Or is the "substandard" meaning of 草 already ...
1
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1answer
353 views

What does 2-jigen or 3-jigen mean?

In conversations done among heavily otaku people, I often hear the words 2-jigen or 3-jigen used. I know its meaning: two-dimension and three dimension, except that it does not always seem to make ...
1
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1answer
155 views

What do the words 「出ないのって」 and 「だる」mean?

They are bold in the following sentence: まあまあ 出【で】るの出【で】ないのってビヤだる 一ぱいほどの玉【たま】を出【だ】しちまってな。
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1answer
173 views

What does the word 「いってえ」mean?

Below here is a full sentence I have found the word. この品物の山はいってえどうしたことだ.
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1answer
143 views

What is the English equivalent of「ひとこと欄」?

I believe this a kind of word-game, but cannot find a reference to it...
1
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1answer
162 views

What does 「たまらん」 mean?

Just found a book and read the synopsis: 余命一週間と宣告された“たまらん”こと玉木走太 Is this equivalent in meaning to 洒落にならない?
1
vote
1answer
132 views

Humble language for other people as an insult

In fiction, I've occasionally seen humble language used for other people - it seems to be an insult, and is most common as a command (申せ!). Is my perception correct, and is the insult sense restricted ...
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1answer
157 views

Is ごめんなさいませ idiomatic?

If so, how formal is it? Please compare it with other apologies.
1
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1answer
178 views

What is the most common word used for 'idea'?

Pretty sure I've mostly seen idea as アイデア Does anyone know of other words used for 'idea' and if possible any example sentences and contexts where different words are used? Thanks in advance.
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2answers
214 views

「写真は良い思い出になります。」 “Pictures make for great souvenirs”?

I was going through some Japanese phrases when this came up: 「写真は良い思い出になります。」 According to my limited Japanese knowledge, that means "Pictures become great memories." However, the translation present ...
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1answer
239 views

What does 'hikarian' mean?

'Hikarian' (full name '超特急ヒカリアン') is a Japanese anime that I was in fond of when I was a child, but I have no idea what does 'hikarian' mean. Oxford dictionary tells me that 'hikari' has only one ...
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1answer
452 views

How to express “Eternal/Endless Love” on an engraved bracelet [closed]

In a fanfiction i am writing, one of the characters who was born in Japan gives her girlfriend a bracelet she had made, as a sign of her nationality there is an engraving in japanese which, when her ...
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1answer
319 views

What does ウリ mean

What does ウリ mean in the following conversation? Where ソウ and アムロ=レイ are two characters in the [第]{だい}4[次]{じ}スーパーロボット[大戦]{たいせん}. ソウ「よろしくお[願]{ねが}いします!アムロ=レイ[少佐]{しょうさ}」 ...
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2answers
131 views

Dangerous driving: “queue de poisson” in Japanese?

How to call it when a vehicle that just passed you gets back in lane too early, forcing you to brake, or even causing an accident? See this Diagram. This can also happen when a vehicle overtakes and ...
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2answers
153 views

What verb is in 覚­えてみたい?

I found this YouTube comment: きゃりーぱみゅぱみゅとっても可愛い〜(*ノ∀ノ)ダンスとか覚­えてみたいと思いまーすww I'm not sure how to parse 覚­えてみたい. The context seems to make it have nothing to do with 覚る, and in any case the え 送り仮名 ...
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2answers
179 views

What is the word used for 'handheld'? [closed]

A handheld video game device E.g. PSP, DS
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1answer
599 views

“訳分からない” various uses of 訳

Here are a few examples of 訳 that I am having trouble with: 僕は決して農業が嫌いな訳じゃない。 Boku wa kesshite nōgyō ga kiraina wake janai. By no means do I dislike farming. (Lit: The reason is not that I dislike ...
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vote
1answer
86 views

ございます - Humble or neutral?

I was under the impression that ございます was a humble form of ある. My belief was supported by websites such as this and this. However, in the comments to this question's answer, user4092 says it isn't a ...
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vote
2answers
131 views

最も有名なのがウーロン茶で : What is the usage of なの here? [duplicate]

What is the usage of なの in: 最も有名なのがウーロン茶で To me, it seems to transfer a adverb [有名] to a noun, is that so? Could someone help to explain, thx. Update: To make the question more clear, the whole ...
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1answer
213 views

How to say “I'm going to spank you if…”?

I am just doing some homework and I can't make the sentence I want. Concretely, I want to write "If you start smoking again, I'm going to give you a good spanking." If I say this in England ...
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1answer
136 views

“Unfindable” character in song

Wading my way through rūju, I found the following phrase: 心慣じめない人にでも Google couldn't parse it, so I tried doing so myself. 人にでも, read hito ni de mo, is the antecedent of the relative clause ...
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1answer
96 views

Letter change in counting strides

Here is something that has been bothering me for a while now: How to know how the letter changes inside words like for example 一杯、二杯? More concretely, I really need to know how to correctly count ...
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1answer
131 views

'I'm glad I look like my mother'

How would you say it in Japanese? 「母みたいでよかった」?If not, then how?
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2answers
148 views

What is the “one type” being “wiped away” in this sentence?

As part of a larger block of text, my JLPT textbook has this sentence: 私{わたし}たちは、コトバに対{たい}して一種{いっしゅ}のぬぐいがたい軽視{けいし}、軽{かる}く見{み}る傾向{けいこう}が一般{いっぱん}にあるといっていいかもしれません。 I'm specifically confused about ...
1
vote
1answer
137 views

となし in 「往{ゆ}け八紘を宇{いえ}となし」

I'm currently listening to 「愛国行進曲」, which is apparently a Shōwa-era patriotic song. It is written in a rather confusing mix of modern and Classical Japanese, but I think I can understand most of it ...