言葉. Any question that does not deal specifically with grammar or pronunciation. Includes questions about prefixes, suffixes, compound words, loanwords, dialectal differences, pragmatic usage, etc. In other words, phenomena that occurs at the level of the word.

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174 views

What might be the meaning of the word or phrase 'こよかな'

I cannot really comprehend koyokana in the following short sentence: shoppu itte koyokana. What meaning does koyokana give to the "shoppu itte" part. How could I divide koyokana in mind: koyo ka na ...
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269 views

When grandmas tell their kids お天道様がみてるよ, how do the kids know who お天道様 is?

I checked Japanese Wikipedia and お天道様 is an early Edo period word for the sun, as used in some kind of early modern popular religion that is not really described well at all. Anyway, I've never seen a ...
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163 views

What is はこう from はこうやって?

What is the translation of はこう ? (from はこうやって) I know that it would mean something like : This is how (I do) ... Yet, I cannot find the word in any dictionary. I just find the meaning of "wave ...
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214 views

The etymology of the word バックシャン

What is the etymology of the word バックシャン? I understand it commonly refers to a woman beautiful only from behind. See this definition- 女性のうしろ姿が均整がとれて美しいこと。また、その女性。多く、前から見ると失望するような 場合にいう。 I ...
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100 views

人前{ひとまえ} and 人前{にんまえ}

I have been conviced for a long time that both 人前{にんまえ} and 人前{ひとまえ} existed. Which is backed by this wikitionary page. Recently, I just wanted to warn another Japanese learner about this pair of ...
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2answers
94 views

What does the word 「なんざ」 mean?

Here is the sentence including the word. ふざけんじゃねえよ パンチに理{り}屈{くつ}なんざ無{む}用{よう}だい!
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1answer
79 views

What does the word 「いつの間に」 mean?

I have looked up in an online dictionary and found out that 「いつの間にか」 means before one knows. For another question, when I have came across 「いつの間に通信」 in an instruction manual, I'm not sure if I can ...
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109 views

What does the word 「やり」mean?

It was said by a guy who has just realized that his kid has done something improperly. Here is the sentence including the word. 丈{じょう}のやろうついにやってはならねえことまで やりやがったか....
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62 views

Questions about the words 「いくつ」and 「あってもたりゃ」

It is a situation when a worker noticed that one of his colleagues is working all day and all night without taking a rest. He then said the following: それじゃいくつからだがあってもたりゃしねえ。 Then his ...
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134 views

Difference between「広げる」、「拡げる」

These have the same reading as ひろげる, but a different kanji. Is there any variation in connotation between these, or is it just variant spelling? Is 広げる then, as I believe it is, the more commonly used ...
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139 views

What is the meaning of 「あれほど」?

Here is the full sentence I have found it. あんた あれほどボクシングをきらっていたのに どうして急に本気でやる気になったの? Does it mean 'me'?
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136 views

Usage and meaning of 召す【めす】 in different contexts

I am going through some Kanji and I was looking for the usage of 召す when I came across the following translation (from jisho.org): 1: (Honorific or respectful language) to call; to invite; to send ...
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132 views

difference between 妥協{だきょう}and 歩{あゆ}み寄{よ}り (compromise)

I often confuse 妥協{だきょう}(compromise; giving in) and 歩み寄り{あゆみより}(compromise, concession). Can someone explain the differences, when to use one over the other? It seems that there are a lot of other ...
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133 views

Difference between おく and 中

Since both (oku and naka) mean 'inside', I am confused as to in which contexts they will be used.
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159 views

Something that can be written with kanji but not with kana?

I was reading through some text today and found this (emphasis mine): While it is possible to use the phonetic Hiragana and Katakana scripts to represent almost any Japanese word, it is usually ...
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3answers
274 views

An appropriate word for “psyllium seed husk powder” that doesn't describe it as a laxative? (Plantago psyllium L)

I'm thinking about translating a recipe in Japanese and I'm kind of astonished that there isn't a wikipedia page for psyllium seed husk powder, but there's a brief one for psyllium. I'm not sure if ...
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104 views

Translating --「きめぜりふつかった」って?

Playing through a game, and I've encountered a verb / combination I've never seen before. The full dialogue is: もうお姫さまにきめぜりふつかったの? Am I looking at some stem of きめ・る? Or something else entirely? ...
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347 views

Is 回す ever used to mean “gang-rape”?

Sorry, I've been on reddit...and found the eighth definition here: 回す まわす 1: to turn; to rotate; to gyrate; 2: to circulate; to send around; 3: to surround; 4: to put something to a new ...
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214 views

Is there a word or phrase for “run around”?

I'd like to know if there is a phrase similar to the English phrase of "running around". To explain more clearly, it should mean to be able to go out freely and do whatever one like's without being ...
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179 views

Differences between 出るand 去る when expressing someone leaving

When expressing "to leave," as in "I left the store," or "I can leave the country," is there a difference in nuance or meaning between the verbs 出る and 去る? まあ、少なくとも、この国を出ることはできるな。 Well, at ...
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77 views

What does the phrase 「やのう」 mean?

I came across the phrase in the following sentence. ええ度{ど}胸{きょう}やのうこまいの...けなげやで The guy who said it is a Kansai speaker. I'm not sure if the phrase is related to the dialect.
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77 views

What does the phrase 「ところまでいくまで」 mean?

I have came across the phrase from the below sentence. いきつくところまでいくまでだ。
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102 views

What does the word 「よっとな!」 mean?

It is said by a guy who is bullying another one by twisting his hand. Is it related to Kansai dialect?
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69 views

What does the word 「とかいう歌」 mean?

I have came across the word in the following situation. A: What is coming to your mind when I say the word 「両{りょう}親{しん}」? B: おれは植木等のファンでね とくにあの無{む}責{せき}任{にん}とかいう[歌]{うた}が大好きなんだ 両親イコールってのは...な ...
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125 views

What is the difference between 「帰る」and 「帰れる」?

I believe the latter is not the passive form of 帰る, so what makes it different?
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75 views

What does the word 「つなぎゃ」mean?

I found it from the following sentence. はてね その先はどうつなぎゃいいんだ。
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59 views

Difference between 損害 and 被害

What is the difference between 損害 and 被害? My dictionary lists them both as "damage", and I can't figure out any differences from the example sentences it gives. In fact, there are some examples that ...
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95 views

Is it okay to use お帰りなさい on a collegue?

I just want to ask what is the impact of using お帰りなさい on someone who just come back from a business trip? well to elaborate a little, we have a Japanese employee in our company, and one of my ...
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94 views

“You know what they say…” in Japanese

So, I'm living in Japan right now, and I've been stocking up on idioms to make my speaking a little less stilted. In English, I like to proceed an idiom with something like "You know what they say," ...
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118 views

What does いいんだな mean?

An example I read is: こちらの条件を呑んだ、と認識していいんだな. (They) have accepted our conditions... What does the last part mean, and how does it affect the first part?
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58 views

Does 文 refer only to written sentences, or can it be used for spoken sentences as well?

I know that this kanji is associated with writing and text, and can mean "sentence." When using it to mean "sentence", is it only a written sentence? I can't find any examples that unambiguously ...
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338 views

What does 「はだ」 mean?

It is a situation which a salesperson announces to a group of people to attract them to buy his goods Here is the full sentence. ...
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72 views

What does 今日の所は良いでしょう mean here?

これも全て先生のおかげですね。感謝するんですよ? は、はい 本当に、感謝しています 突っ込むべき時に突っ込むべき場所にきちんと突っ込めない男はもてませんよ? まあ、今日の所は良いでしょう。皆にも伝えないといけませんからね。仲間たちにも順番に顔を出すように伝えて下さいませ In this I'm not sure what she would be referring to. Would ...
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98 views

Introducing people

How would you say 'he is...' 'she is...' about other people, in regards to naming them? And how would you say:'they are'(meaning people). E.g: 'They are my friends.', 'They are my teachers.', 'They ...
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89 views

What is the difference between 賢い{かしこい} and 利口{りこう}?

What is the difference between 賢い{かしこい} and 利口{りこう}? For exemple, sentence 1 and sentence 2 have the same meaning? 1.彼は若いが賢いよ。 2.彼は若いが利口だね。 Kotobank.jp explains 賢い{かしこい} through 利口{りこう} ...
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102 views

About 上旬、中旬、下旬 and 始め、半ば、終わり...?

I don't know if the number of days using for six cases above is how many? 3 days or 10 days or...? And moreover, 上旬、中旬、下旬 and 始め、半ば、終わり which is using for month, which is for week and which is for ...
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219 views

Does the word 津波 (tsunami) have negative connotations?

Or is it just a neutral term for tidal waves? (I'm considering naming a JavaScript library tsunami.js – would it be offensive?)
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270 views

How does 生まれ translate in this context?

こんにちは、皆さん。ちょっと質問があります。 今日、この歌を聞きました。 最初の歌詞はこれです: アイデンティティがない 生まれない らららら でも意味が分かりません。英訳するができない。 「(If you) have no identity, (you) haven't been born」と思いますが、確かめたいです。 日本語で説明していい。手伝てくれてありがとう!
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421 views

What separates the different ways to ask a question in Japanese (何, どう, どんな, etc.)?

It's been something I've been thinking about for a while, but could never answer in a more concrete way. This is most apparent when I compare the functions of 何 and どう. I know that 何, どう and どんな are ...
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91 views

What kind of ~~~ is it?

In English, there's an expression, 'What kind of ~~~ is/am/are he/she/it/they/you/I?' used as a rhetorical question meaning the thing in question is not a very good example of a ~~~. I'd like to know ...
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60 views

proper usage of 出かける

What is the proper usage of 出かける because most of the time I am only using 行く or 出る for example 川へせんたくしに行く and I don't get its difference from 川へせんたくに出かける thanks for the responds
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71 views

What does “zurusona” mean?

Miyabe Kingo wrote in an English-language letter the phrase “a sharp zurusona wife” to describe the woman whose house he boarded at. "Zurusona" seems to be the insertion of a Japanese word written in ...
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82 views

Two words, same meaning, used together?

I've seen several native Japanese sentences, particularly in novels and music, where there are two words that both mean the same thing but are still used together. My most recent situation is as ...
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111 views

What does 「ふうに」exactly means?

Just found a sentence, そんなふうに笑い飛ばす人は死ねばよかった。 I tried to find what it means in dictionary but to no avail, so what does it means and how you use it whether in daily conversation or literature ...
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79 views

What does 「だける」means in this sentence?

Found this in book that I've just read きっとその魅力がわかていただけるかと思います
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85 views

Meaning of 次の日はないようにする

The sentence is found in a monologue about a persons working habits, particularly how they don't have time to sleep, and are constantly working at their 3 jobs. The paragraph goes: ...
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185 views

Could someone please clarify if I'm translating these two sentences correctly? [closed]

I think I've translated this correctly, but I started to have doubts about a few words and decided to double-check. (person A) 結婚なんて。。。めんどくせーこと オレはやめとくか。。。 (person B) ああ。。。。。 On my first ...
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166 views

technical term for “形容動詞{けいようどうし} + にする”?

A subset of Japanese nouns is the サ変名詞{へんめいし} nouns such as: 勉強{べんきょう}する 運転{うんてん}する 残業{ざんぎょう}する A subset of 形容動詞 words can be appended with "にする" such as: 静{しず}かにする 大切{たいせつ}にする ...
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128 views

What does やさぐれ mean?

I believe it has something to do with bullying. Also, I think I heard it as a verb: やさぐれる I can't seem to find much information about it. Is it slang?
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229 views

Is 死ぬ the only verb ending in -ぬ? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Plain verbs that end with ぬ other than 死ぬ 死ぬ{しぬ} is the only verb that I know that is ending in -ぬ. So, are there any other verbs ending in -ぬ?