言葉. Any question that does not deal specifically with grammar or pronunciation. Includes questions about prefixes, suffixes, compound words, loanwords, dialectal differences, pragmatic usage, etc. In other words, phenomena that occurs at the level of the word.

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2answers
556 views

What is the meaning of 「ほうが」in this sentence?

It is a situation about bringing 2 troubled teenagers into a reform school. The following dialogue was said by 2 officers who brought those kids. A: おい とんでもない ばかがはいってきたものだぜ。 B:こういうところはかえっていくじのないほうが ...
2
votes
2answers
166 views

What does the word 「しとったんや」 mean?

Here is the sentence including the word. だいたいだな ジョーってやつはじぶんの腹{はら}をこやすために うちのせがれどもを利{り}用{よう}しとったんや
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2answers
125 views

How are 超域 and 学際 different?

As I understand it, the word 学際 is usually used to mean "interdisciplinary" when referring to college courses. However, I recently came across the word "超域文化科学" while browsing college websites. In ...
2
votes
1answer
215 views

Can 依存はない mean “no objection”?

I'm having trouble understanding a translation I've encountered in Makino and Tsutsui's Dictionary of Intermediate Japanese grammar, under とする1. The original sentence is as follows: ...
2
votes
2answers
287 views

しょう vs. しょ which is more often found in common words?

Which is found more often in common words, しょう or しょ? I tend to think しょう is found more often and is usually placed in the end of the word. On the contrary しょ seems to be placed at the start. Are ...
2
votes
3answers
416 views

Typing Japanese text from images or clothing

Is there a way of typing Japanese characters when you have no knowledge of the language? I've cut and pasted from Japanese websites before and used translation websites from English to Japanese with ...
2
votes
2answers
262 views

前 as a counter word?

お客:寿司を五人前届けてもらいたいんですが。 寿司屋:かしこまりました。 Is 前 being used as a counter word here? If so, what meaning of 前 is being assumed as a counter--perhaps the serving placed "before" a person?
2
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1answer
92 views

What does the word 「ばっきゃろ」mean?

Here is the situation in a manga which includes the word. A: ジョー どないしよう? みんながおきたら... みんなが目をさましはったら... B: ばっきゃろ! さっきからなにをワナワナふるえてやがるんだっ。 I'm not sure if it is the same word as 「ばかやろ」. Extra ...
2
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1answer
84 views

率直に and 正直に、how do they differ?

I just wanted to know how they were different (tone, formality, implications, etc.).
2
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1answer
212 views

Mystery about にく (肉) in kanji (漢字)

I have a question which is regarding to the word 肉 in Japanese Language. Below are my opinions and questions about it. First, pork in Japan is 豚肉 (google-translated from pork), which should be ...
2
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2answers
106 views

Is kuzushiji considered archaic?

I am wondering if it is a necessary skill to learn how to read and write kuzushiji in modern japanese.
2
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3answers
81 views

What does いくつか mean in the phrase いくつかの種類?

I know いくつ means 'how old', but what does いくつか mean in the following sentence? 緑茶、紅茶、ウーロン茶などいくつかの種類に分けられる。
2
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2answers
628 views

What's the difference between the に祈る【いのる】 and を祈る【いのる】 forms?

What's the difference between the に祈る and を祈る forms? Like what's the difference between (1.) and (2.): うまく行くのに祈ってくださいね。 うまく行くのを祈ってくださいね。 EDIT: What's the difference between the ように祈る and のを祈る ...
2
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2answers
134 views

「感じさせてくれるところ」の意味と使い方

「⚪︎⚪︎を感じさせてくれるところ」 はどういう意味ですか? 皆さん、教えていただけませんか。 よろしくお願いします。^__^
2
votes
1answer
688 views

What does the word 「ようく」mean?

I came across the word in a manga in a situation that a teenage boy is going to explain something to a group of kids. I cannot find the word in online japanese dictionary. Here is the sentence. ...
2
votes
1answer
95 views

Difference between 食事をする/◯◯を食べる

I came across the following sentence: 駅の近くで食事をした。 Does it sound unnatural if I were to use the following (or rather, is it incorrect)? 駅の近くで食事を食べました。
2
votes
1answer
117 views

why does “ら” follow “山中{やまなか}” here: “山中ら、予備検診{よびけんしん}で異常{いじょう}なし”

In the newspaper article titled 山中ら、予備検診で異常なし…WBCバンタム級, what meaning is created by placing "ら" after "山中"? Does it make "山中慎介" plural, and then "山中ら" means something like "Yamanaka and his ...
2
votes
1answer
185 views

What are the meanings of 「って」, 「とこ」, and 「ねえで」 in this sentence?

Here is the sentence I found these words in. ここ数日って とこは 夜も昼もねえで つづけたんだから むりもねえが... Especially the 「とこ」, I'm not sure if I should translate it to be 'bed' or 'room' or something else.
2
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1answer
78 views

急{きゅう}に vs.すぐに – usage in context

In 合格できる N3 (page 28), I found the following exercise: うちの子{こ}は新{あた}しいおもちゃ見{み}ると、(    )ほしがる。 1. 急に   2. じっと   3.すぐに   4.しっかり I have to fill in with the correct word. I think it's either 1 ...
2
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2answers
638 views

What is difference between 値段 (nedan) and 代金 (daikin)?

値段 (nedan) and 代金 (daikin) both means "cost" but im not sure where is a difference.
2
votes
1answer
171 views

さて vs. そして: When should you use one or the other?

The title pretty well summarizes the question. さて vs. そして: When should you use one or the other? How are they different? To me, they come across as being used very similarly, at least when at the ...
2
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2answers
202 views

Two definitions of けれども

In this dictionary I checked, there are two definitions for けれども. I also checked in my Japanese to English printed dictionary and there was only one definition, but in my Japanese to Chinese printed ...
2
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3answers
448 views

Translation of 出証意 and 長官殿

These are from a patent related document and I can't understand very well. They are used like these: 1) 特許庁長官殿 2) 出証意2012 Can anyone help me?
2
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2answers
271 views

Different versions of より?

Here is one definition for より: より (adv,prt) (1) from; out of; since; at; (2) than; (3) other than; except; but; (4) more; I see that one of the definitions of this word is "more". Is より一層 a ...
2
votes
1answer
69 views

汗をかくvs 発汗する - is there a difference?

Is there any difference between 汗をかく and 発汗する? Are there any subtle nuances between the two or is one more common than the other? I've checked WWWJDIC and I can't find any way to distinguish between ...
2
votes
2answers
192 views

What does 楽しめよ really mean?

I've been listening to the song "If I die tonight" by KOHH and at the end of the second verse he says 楽しめよ and the subtitles say it means "live it up". But when I look for translation elsewhere it's ...
2
votes
2answers
158 views

Can the translation for “you're welcome” be “mū”?

A Japanese-addict friend of mine recently told me that a possible translation for "you're welcome" in Japanese was "mū", but I must admit I was a bit dubious about that since I had never seen it nor ...
2
votes
2answers
210 views

Confused about the meaning of these nicknames

I was reading manga the other day and came across these nicknames that I can't make sense of. The context is as follows: Some mischievous students in a certain high school are bragging about their ...
2
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2answers
179 views

Japanese Term for “Cutscene”?

As in, the kind you would see in a video game. Do people just use カットシーン, or is there some specific term?
2
votes
1answer
125 views

What does the word 「よりうけ」mean?

Here is the sentence including the word. 生{せい}活{かつ}費{ひ}そのほかいっさいのせわを丹{たん}下{げ}氏{し}よりうけ
2
votes
2answers
77 views

What's the differences between おかず and 食べ物

I'm confused about how to use two words おかず and 食べ物, which all defined "food" as I search. What's the differences about them? Really thank you if you give me some examples.
2
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2answers
129 views

Difference between 「~かかわらず」 and 「~かまわず」

I never knew the differences between 「~かかわらず」 and 「~かまわず」 and assumed they were more or less the same until I tried saying *「ソフトの機能にかまわず、。。。」 and was told to use 「かかわらず」. What am I missing?
2
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2answers
759 views

How do you express “In exchange/In return”?

I am trying to figure this out, but online searches don't seem to be helping. In particular what I'm looking for is something like "In exchange for helping you, please help me" or put more simply "In ...
2
votes
1answer
116 views

What is a 両県 (as seen in newspapers)?

I've seen this a couple of times in newspapers. For example: ....は山口、広島両県の.... I can't find it in any dictionary. My gut feeling is that it indicates a sort of union between the two prefectures, ...
2
votes
1answer
134 views

How do you say 'it'?

How does one refer to 'it' in Japanese? Is there an equivalent word? I've seen a few different terms used in place of 'it' - sore (それ) - suki (すき) My context is for saying things such as: 'It's ...
2
votes
1answer
112 views

Help understanding とわかった

I was reading the article linked and included below and came across the following sentence NHKが調べると、病院で「エコノミークラス症候群」だとわかった人がこの女性以外に19人いました。 Could someone please explain the grammar and/or ...
2
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2answers
134 views

Understanding 勝手

Maruko has been told that she can't have the food she wants, and replies: 「いいじゃん別にっ。 いつか食べられる日を夢見るくらい、まる子の勝手でしょ。」 ????. To the extent of dreaming of a day, some day, when I can eat (it), ...
2
votes
1answer
100 views

Japanese words with を in shiritori?

I've been playing some しりとり recently at http://www.shiritori.org/ and was wondering why no words with を show up. siritori.net suggests there are quite a few nouns starting with を: を をかし ...
2
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1answer
94 views

How to interpret タチ in this sentence

「あんたなんて甘やかしたらどこまでもツケあがるタチだから、厳しくされてちょうどいいのよ。」 If I pamper the likes of you, you'll be endlessly spoiled, so ... I thought タチ was "the nature of a person" so ツケあがるタチ would be a "spoiled nature". ...
2
votes
1answer
107 views

What does the word 「やで」 mean?

Here is the sentence including the word. おまえさん とこのジョーは自{じ}分{ぶん}の身{み}を守{まも}るがためにわしらの子{こ}どもまでまきぞえにしとるんやで。
2
votes
1answer
108 views

What does「そのせい」means?

Found a sentence 屋上に来てしまったのもそのせい What does そのせい means in that sentence ?
2
votes
1answer
123 views

The positive ~じゃない

Just how feminine is it? How odd would it be if a male speaker said it? I have found one example of someone male using, in a piece of fiction: Lest レスト、 the main character of Rune Factory 4 ...
2
votes
1answer
97 views

へい as agreement

I've heard it a few times, and would have assumed it was written ヘイ had I not seen it in writing. It seems to be an informal synonym of はい, used mostly in masculine speech. Also, it's generally ...
2
votes
1answer
87 views

What is the meaning of ~しにたちよったんじゃ?

Here is the sentence containing the phrase. ちと 忠告【ちゅうこく】しにたちよったんじゃ。
2
votes
1answer
128 views

Is there a difference with 胃 and おなか?

I checked around and it says here about the usage of 胃, however, I didn't see おなか there. What is the difference in おなか and 胃, in pronunciation and usage?
2
votes
2answers
262 views

しな at the end of a sentence

In the manga Yotsubato, the main character Yotsuba's father says 「ジャンボが二人分働くしな」. I understand the sentence as a whole, I think, but I don't understand the しな at the end. Here's the full dialogue: ...
2
votes
1answer
1k views

“訳す” is the best way to say “to translate”?

The difference between "翻訳" and "通訳" has been explained very well in several forums. Even so, for me that nuance is a distraction and I prefer to simplify with this strategy: When I hear "翻訳", ...
2
votes
1answer
131 views

is 指関節{しかんせつ} a “normal” japanese word or a rare technical one?

I was doing my vocab training and added a few body parts. Then I noticed that the word I had found in the English Wiktionary for "knuckle" seems to be untypable with my Windows Japanese IME. This ...
2
votes
2answers
222 views

What could リル mean in this situation?

I'm reading a children's story called きつつき商売. Here's an excerpt: 『音屋』 それだけでは、なんだか分かりにくいので、きつつきは、そのあとにこう、書きました。 「できたての音、すてきないい音、おきかせします。四分音符一こにつき、どれでも100リル」 I'm assuming リル is some sort ...
2
votes
2answers
815 views

What's the equivalent to densha, futsuu, tokkyuu, and kyuukou in the West? [closed]

I know that they are all trains, but what would their counterparts be in the US or even Western Europe? Or better yet, when do you use one train as opposed to the other?