言葉. Any question that does not deal specifically with grammar or pronunciation. Includes questions about prefixes, suffixes, compound words, loanwords, dialectal differences, pragmatic usage, etc. In other words, phenomena that occurs at the level of the word.

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The etymology of the word バックシャン

What is the etymology of the word バックシャン? I understand it commonly refers to a woman beautiful only from behind. See this definition- 女性のうしろ姿が均整がとれて美しいこと。また、その女性。多く、前から見ると失望するような 場合にいう。 I ...
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300 views

Meaning of 真逆, how it is different from 逆

[真]{ま}[逆]{ぎゃく} (not [真]{ま}[逆]{さか}, which is an interjection standardly used) is another 若者言葉, or an expression that is used mainly by young generation (with low education level) that makes me feel ...
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180 views

japanese long sentences

他方、成績評価の甘い授業が高く評価されたり、人気取りに走る教師が出たりし、成績の安売りや大学教師のレベルダウンという弊害をもたらす恐れがある、などの反省意見もある. i really dont understand this sentence meaning, anyone knows? on the other hand, by focusing on evaluating lessons ...
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3answers
113 views

What does the word 「とくら」mean?

Here is the context said by a boy who was training in boxing. 左ジャブで敵の体勢をくずし 突破口を見いだしたらば すかさず右ストレートを打つべし これ拳闘の攻撃における基本なり...とくら I have found some sites explaining that it is changed from と来る but I ...
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96 views

meaning of 楽{たの}しむ, the verb being used intransitively

I read in the Asahi Shimbun the following article's headline (furigana are mine) : 神様{かみさま}も楽{たの}しむ? 桜{さくら}の新{しん}品種{ひんしゅ}、京都{きょうと}で発見{はっけん} 北野天満宮{きたのてんまんぐう} my translation : Do the gods ...
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108 views

What does the word 「しおって」mean?

Here is the sentences including the word. では おまえたちがここへくるまでのいきさつをいちおう記録するから正直にのべるんだ。 まあ こんなところでよかろう まったくよくもくだらん まねばかりしおって I'm not sure if it is a colloquial form of 「しまう」.
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66 views

幅広い in this sentence

I was trying to understand some news on the NHK site, but I am having a little trouble with this sentence: 一方、幅広い作品を集めたパノラマ部門では、東日本大震災後の福島県を舞台にしたドイツ人監督の映画で、俳優の桃井かおりさんが出演した「フクシマ・モナムール」が、...
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98 views

Is わきみち wakimichi 【脇道 · わき道】 common?

I would like to know if わきみち wakimichi 【脇道 · わき道】 is common. It's my understanding that it means "side street" or "alley".
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160 views

Respectful terms for parents

There are quite a few respectful terms for parents, the least respectful of which would be お父さん and お母さん (there are less respectful ones, but they're only appropriate for your own parents or your ...
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97 views

What is the difference between 殊に and 特に?

What is the difference between 殊{こと}に and 特{とく}に? I've looked around on goo, and weblio, and this chiebukuro question, but I just wanted to see if anyone had anymore further input on the difference ...
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2answers
170 views

What does つらり mean?

It's a word in a song called 「スローモーション」 by サカナクション. Somewhere in the middle part the song goes like this: 行けない つらりつらりと行けない それはつまりつまりはスローモーション ふわりふわり漂う 僕はまるで雪のよう I didn't find lyrics ...
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274 views

The meaning of the 戟 kanji in the context of 食戟

I read the manga "食戟のソーマ" and have a question concerning the meaning of the [食戟]{しょくげき}. I understand the 食{しょく} part, standing for Food, but 戟{げき} is what I don't understand. I would have understood ...
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182 views

Difference between 交替 and 交代

Is there any difference between 交替 and 交代 or are they completely interchangeable?
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76 views

であるので and であるのだ vs なので and なのだ

In these pairs, are the ones containg である simply more formal? I think I've seen both in writing.
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261 views

What does おつかれさまでしたどぞ means

I know the meaning of おつかれさまでした and どぞ but when they are put together I really can't get what it really means. Does it have a positive or negative meaning? To make it clear: one time one of my ...
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114 views

Security guard nuances: 警備員 vs. 守衛

In looking up a few words for security guard, I came across four words: 守衛{しゅえい}, ガードマン, 警備員{けいびいん}, and 警備人{けいびにん}. From what I can tell, ガードマン seems to be similar to 'rent-a-cop' - that is to say, ...
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2answers
266 views

How to say “I was/am annoyed with myself”?

So I did something stupid today and I wanted to tell someone about it and say that "I was annoyed with myself for doing X". My best guess is something like Xして、自分にイライラしちゃったの。 and 昨日Xして、...
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124 views

What distinguishes 恩, 義務, 義理 and 人情 from each other?

I have an idea about the basics, but I'm fuzzy on the details, and it's been awhile since I've studied the subject in depth. Anyone have some answers?
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214 views

収入 or 給料? What should be used when talking about salary or income?

I would like to know about these two 収入, 給料 (there may be even others I am not aware of). Can they be interchanged as one pleases, or does it very much depend on the context? Which is more colloquial,...
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233 views

Is バッチリ a generally accepted term?

Is バッチリ a generally used, non-slangy, and well recognised word? I couldn't find the word in jisho.org or the Japanese edition of Wiktionary. I could find it in weblio, and apparently it means "...
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141 views

Is オージー understood by non-Australian Japanese speakers?

Is the word "オージー" (in the meaning of "Aussie", not as in "old girl" or other meanings) understood by non-Australian Japanese speakers? Also, in English, non-Australians have a tendency to use "...
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2answers
468 views

How do you say “pair” of people?

I speak no Japanese, but need to represent the concept of pair or team in a poetic context. Specifically, I would like to describe two people (a couple) as a "pair of shinobi". From a poetic ...
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141 views

Politeness and Usage of ぶっちゃけ

A while ago, I heard the word ぶっちゃけ on a comedy show used to mean "frankly." I'd like to know three things: 1) How polite/impolite is this word? Looking it up online, it seems to be slang. I guess I ...
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165 views

Is either 霊験 or あらたか used outside the phrase 霊験あらたか?

Is either 霊験【れいげん】 or あらたか used outside of the phrase 霊験【れいげん】あらたか "miraculous"? (I believe れいけん is also a possible reading of 霊験?) The goo辞書 entry for あらたか has 「霊験―な神」 as its example phrase, and the ...
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315 views

Usage and meanings of 十分

In English, "to have enough" has several different meanings. One of them is "to be fed up": If you have an argument and want to express that you're fed up and about to walk out of the room and you can ...
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102 views

What's the kanji for “appointed location”

Can't seem to remember. Kind of like how 当日 means "appointed day," I'm pretty sure I've seen a kanji for something like 当所 but I can't find one. I've found 当地 but I don't know if it has the same ...
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2answers
164 views

Difference between 維持{いじ}する and 保{たも}つ (to maintain)

I've learnt two verbs which seem to mean the same thing, and I keep confusing them: 維持{いじ}する (to maintain; to preserve;  to improve) and 保{たも}つ (to preserve; to maintain; to support) Can someone ...
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219 views

Other words for and familiarity of 桜でんぶ?

I have some questions about 桜でんぶ/おぼろ. As I understand, 桜でんぶ is the name for the pink, fluffy stuff in sushi made from fish. My questions are: 1) Are there any other common words for 桜でんぶ? I read ...
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1answer
2k views

How do you say “to ask for” in Japanese?

How do you say "to ask for" in Japanese?. For example: He asked his boss for a raise. We ask for great revival. Is "仰{あお}ぐ" fine? In particular, I want to use something that's natural and ...
3
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1answer
163 views

Difference between 区別 and 差別

What is the difference between 区別{くべつ} and 差別{さべつ}? I looked them up in my Japanese to Chinese dictionary, but the dictionary defines them to be "difference", to put it literally.
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212 views

Can 交番 (koban) be used for old British-style/Dr Who police boxes?

When Dr Who is translated into Japanese, do they translate police box as こうばん? I've seen こうばん in Japan, and they aren't anything like old British police boxes, so if that's how it's translated, is ...
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139 views

Is the term 舞妓 used in all of Japan, or only in certain dialects?

The English language article on geisha says Apprentice geisha are called maiko (舞子 or 舞妓), literally "dance child") or hangyoku (半玉), "half-jewel" (meaning that they are paid half of the wage ...
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2k views

What are the rules for saying “made of [blank]”

Take these words for example: 木{もく}造{ぞう}: made of wood; wooden and 金{きん}製{せい}: made of gold I have been under the impression that -製 is used for where an item has been manufactured (i....
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291 views

ほんの時々私の中で顔を出し、しばらくすると消えてしまうもの。Are there any other options to replace the で here?

ほんの時々私の中で顔を出し、しばらくすると消えてしまうもの。 My attempt at translation: "Every once in a while my inner feelings show themselves, only to disappear again." The above was taken from the following dialogue: ...
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205 views

What does the word 「やったる」mean?

Here is the sentence including the word. It is said by an old man who is cooking some food and planning to give it to a younger person who is in jail. ようし わしゃあやったるぜ I am not sure if it is a shorten ...
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60 views

Action : differences between 行動, 活動, 動作, 作用 and 仕草

I'm currently learning some vocab through wanikani, and they have these two words 仕草 and 作用 both meaning "action", but no nuance is explained, and when checking on jishou for a more proper word for ...
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42 views

The meaning of words from an image パシヤ (or パシャ) and しみる

What do パシヤ(or パシャ) and しみる mean?
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85 views

What does “俺も俺か” mean?

What does "俺も俺か" mean? Anyone please help me >__
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79 views

What is so うまそう about the flower name スノードロップ?

I've seen people saying that this flower has an うまそう name. Why is that? Does it sound similar to some candy or what? Examples include https://twitter.com/hanabot_aph/status/699851458590543872 or 24th ...
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61 views

What onomatopeia is ばたりばたり?

In Miyazawa Kenji's 銀河鉄道の夜 I came across this: たくさんの輪転器がばたりばたりとまわり、... What is the meaning of ばたりばたり here? 輪転器 is a rotary printing press, I believe. バタバタ comes to mind, so maybe something close ...
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92 views

Found the expression 目が命 in a paperback I'm reading

... and I don't know what it means. Searching for the term, I've found things like 「戦士は目が命」, which seems to be related to the game Dragon Quest, and 【Firefly Shop】人形は目が命!, on an Amazon product, that ...
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99 views

What is 「ケステンGチンキ」 a reference to?

This word/set of words/whatever it is popped up in something I am reading, and I cannot find any clue as to what it is referencing. The book is a taiko performer's biography, and this is the very last ...
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125 views

What distinguishes 人情 from 人性?

I think I have a sort of loose understanding of how the words differ and what they mean, but I'm really not too sure. I've checked out weblio and goo and ALC to look around a bit first. Can anyone ...
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164 views

What are the meanings of the words 「えぐりこむ」and「べし」?

Here is the sentence I have seen them from a boxing Manga. ひじを左{ひだり}わきからはなさない心{こころ}がまえで..... やや内{ない}角{かく}をねらい えぐりこむようにして...打{う}つべし! Especially 「べし」, I don't know the purpose to use it in the ...
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1answer
102 views

What does the phrase 「やのう」 mean?

I came across the phrase in the following sentence. ええ度{ど}胸{きょう}やのうこまいの...けなげやで The guy who said it is a Kansai speaker. I'm not sure if the phrase is related to the dialect.
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1answer
75 views

The meaning of 激ギレ

SMAP香取、フット岩尾に激ギレされた What does 激ギレ mean? It is not on ALC and Google has nothing for 激ギレとは. Is it a particular form of frustration/angriness? Does it always have to include the act of venting out, ...
3
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1answer
120 views

What does the word 「間すらない」 mean?

Here is the sentence including the word. へいの中{なか}にはいったとたん投{とう}石{せき}をかけるやられて あの調{ちょう}子{し}だ! 声{こえ}をかける間{ま}すらないのだ
3
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1answer
2k views

Japanese Dog Training Commands

My fiance and I will be moving to Japan sometime next year and are trying to prepare our dog for the experience by teaching her Japanese commands so she can be easily handled by kennels/vets/groomers/...
3
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1answer
73 views

Why are the words 「とうもろこし」 and 「とうきび」 used more commonly in Hokkaido than 「コーン」?

Why are the words 「とうもろこし」 and 「とうきび」 so commonly used in Hokkaido, whereas 「コーン」 seems to be more commonly used on the other islands of Japan?
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230 views

What is the difference between spellings しまう、仕舞う、終う、了う?

What is the difference of meanings between the spellings しまう、仕舞{しま}う、終{しま}う、了{しま}う? Or at least, between the first two? (They are marked as common.) If there is a source about such nuances, I'll ...