言葉. Any question that does not deal specifically with grammar or pronunciation. Includes questions about prefixes, suffixes, compound words, loanwords, dialectal differences, pragmatic usage, etc. In other words, phenomena that occurs at the level of the word.

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2answers
364 views

What's with all the possible kanji for とる?

Skimming through the options my IME presents for とる, I'm seeing a whole lot of choices, including the following: 取る 撮る 録る 執る 摂る 捕る 獲る 穫る 採る 盗る While I've seen 取る ("to take") and 撮る ("to record") ...
3
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1answer
119 views

Can 複合動詞{ふくごうどうし} ever not have [送]{おく}り[仮名]{がな} placed between the 2 kanji?

Can 複合動詞{ふくごうどうし} ever not have [送]{おく}り[仮名]{がな} place between the 2 kanji in the compound verb?
3
votes
4answers
241 views

What is the difference between 楽しい and 面白い?

Google translates both of them to be interesting. And which can be used for a funny guy?
3
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2answers
704 views

How do I read 通常版?

According to jisho.org, 通常 is pronounced as つうじょう. I don't know how to pronounce 版 in 通常版. How is it pronounced?
3
votes
2answers
131 views

What are all the possible meanings of 筆記{ひっき}の心{こころ}?

It kinda popped into my head one day and I want to know the correct meaning and translation into English. Translating it through Google Translate gets you 'Heart of the writing'. I know the meanings ...
3
votes
3answers
161 views

「ひがし」 vs. 「あずま」

From what I understand, both 「ひがし」 and 「あずま」 meant "east" and then the latter became the reading of 東. Is 「ひがし」 an archaic term and never used, or are both acceptable? If both are acceptable, what ...
3
votes
2answers
224 views

What is the ど in やけど?

Given that やけど means "burn", it seems likely that the やけ part is 焼け. What about the ど, though? (The kanji for やけど - i.e. 火傷 - don't help, because those characters are obviously 当て字, and would ...
3
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2answers
235 views

Can 一応ね be understood to mean “…just socially.”?

I found this example on lang-8, and wonder if anyone could clarify the use of 一応ね here: A: Are you going on Facebook or Twitter? B: Just socially. A: FacebookとかTwitterやってる? B: 一応ね。 ...
3
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2answers
249 views

Is ruby text essential?

I am trying to understand whether the ruby text in ancient scripture is essential to the meaning of a verse, or if the scripture can be understood without it. For instance, can this verse: be ...
3
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1answer
652 views

Why does 古希 / こき mean 70 years old?

I found out that 古希 / こき can mean a 70 year old person, or the occasion of turning 70 years old. Apparently its etymology derives from an ancient song where this line occurs:七十古希 【しちじゅうこき】 which means ...
3
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1answer
149 views

The gender of the word 素敵

素敵 is often described as a feminine word. Just how feminine is it? What would be the impression of a male speaker using it, if he didn't already use feminine speech?
3
votes
1answer
831 views

What are the ways to express someone's condolences?

All is in the title, what are the ways to express someone's condolences when somebody died. I know お気の毒に but is there something else? What can/should you say to friends? To collegues? To bosses? etc.
3
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2answers
192 views

Difference between こんにち and きょう

My dictionary says 今日(きょう) is a special reading. My textbook presents it in the third lesson, so I'm guessing it's a normal pronunciation. So... what's the difference between 今日(こんにち) and 今日(きょう)?
3
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2answers
338 views

What word is 咲かそう an inflection of?

I saw this word in a song. The lyrics read: 大きな花を咲かそうとしてる What word is it an inflection of? I can't figure it out.
3
votes
1answer
174 views

What does the word 「ぶったてる」mean?

Here is the sentence including the word. このドヤがいの西{にし}のはずれにりっぱな総{そう}合{ごう}病{びょう}院{いん}をぶったてること!
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2answers
1k views

How do say “close to” re: location?

How would you say "A is close to B" ? As in, "A and B are nearby each other". Would you use 近く here? If so, how?
3
votes
1answer
162 views

What does 彼なら mean?

彼ならそれくらいの事はいいかねない Translation: He can say such things. I don’t understand what this なら is added to 彼. I’ve seen it more than once too.
3
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2answers
208 views

〜ず versus 〜ないで (and maybe also in the case of adjectives, 〜なくて)

Consider the following example sentence (taken from an exercise sheet): 熱が下がらず苦しかった。 Now consider this sentence I made: 熱が下がらないで苦しかった。 What is the difference?
3
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1answer
164 views

Difference between 絶叫{ぜっきょう}する and 怒鳴{どな}る (to shout)

I've learnt 2 verbs, 絶叫{ぜっきょう}する (to shout, to scream, to exclaim) and 怒鳴{どな}る (to shout; to yell) They seems to have the same meaning, can someone explain the context in which to use one and the ...
3
votes
1answer
331 views

Confusion with the の particle

I am currently learning basic grammar using the Tae Kim's guide to japanese. In one of his examples he roughly translates this sentence: こんなのを本当に食べる? as "Do you think [he/she] will really eat ...
3
votes
2answers
307 views

How to properly pronounce コップ?

How to properly pronounce コップ (meaning: cup)? Should it be コ + short and quick ツ + soundless プ or something different? BTW, is there a good online source where I can look up word with proper Japanese ...
3
votes
1answer
637 views

Does「いとこ違い」mean “first cousin once removed” in Japanese?

In Japanese, how do I refer to my mother's cousin? She and my mother share the same great-grandparents. My mother's cousin's mother was the older sister of my mother's father (my maternal ...
3
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1answer
134 views

What kinds of things can be an 愛機?

大辞泉 gives the following definition for 愛機【あい.き】: 日ごろ好んで使い、大事にしている写真機などの機器。また、愛用の飛行機。 Meanwhile, the 大辞林 第三版 gives the following definition: 使い慣れて,大切にしている写真機などの機器。また,愛用の飛行機。 Also, 明鏡国語辞典 ...
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2answers
428 views

What is the meaning of さん in ごくろうさん?

ごくろうさん gokurousan 【ご苦労さん · 御苦労さん】 expression meaning: I appreciate your efforts アリさん、今日もご苦労さんだよ。はい、角砂糖あげるよ。 Hi Mr Ant, keeping up the good work today as well. Here's a sugar cube. ...
3
votes
1answer
176 views

Proper usage of 四字熟語 in Japanese

In Chinese, usage of 四字熟語 a lot usually demonstrates sophistication and things like political announcements etc that want to sounds powerful and sophisticated use a big load of them. What does using ...
3
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2answers
273 views

Name identification for 安田 味子, and “saying” using という

I have the following sentence I need to translate for my introductory Japanese class. 私の友達の名前は、安田味子さんといいます。 There are 2 parts I am having trouble with. First, the name translation. I think it ...
3
votes
1answer
109 views

What is the etymology of がらんと?

What is the etymology of がらんと, an adverb meaning empty or deserted?
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2answers
102 views

Does 美少女 sound somewhat ironic, humoristic, etc?

In the Yotsuba-to manga one of the heroes first calls a younger of the two sisters (16 y.o) 美女. Then he gets to know an older sister (I guess 21 y.o) and tells that she is a real 美女. A younger sister ...
3
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1answer
82 views

Help me to understand this usage of 「ならば」

I need help to understand the following sentence: 人は誰でも正気ならば自己の行為について良心に責任を負う義務がある。 I understand 「自己の行為について良心に責任を負う義務がある」 means that in one's conscience, he has a duty to take responsibility for ...
3
votes
1answer
138 views

difference between 計画を立てる and 計画をする?

Is there any difference between 計画【けいかく】を立てる【たてる】 and 計画をする? In Sou Matome N3, the first one appears as "to make plans", as for the second one (being a suru verb), I assume that it can also be ...
3
votes
1answer
132 views

Is there a difference between 平和 and 平安

Is it like 平安 is used mainly when talking about the 平安時代 or in terms of historical peace?
3
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1answer
107 views

Grammatically correct but good writing?

The following sentence comes from 中上級の日本語 magazine for february: 新聞記事は、記者がコツコツと取材をしてデータを集め、それをもとに出来事を調べたり、関係者の話を聞いたりして書かれています。 It is grammatically correct but I find the change from active to ...
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2answers
669 views

How is the word まさか used?

Plain and simple. The Jisho definition "by no means; never!; well, I never!; you don't say!" doesn't seem to coincide with any of the sample sentences I find either on Jisho or Tatoeba. Can someone ...
3
votes
2answers
427 views

Meaning of the phrase 「体幹の見切りと筋肉の凝固弛緩その隙間」

I've been reading 魔法使いの夜 and stuck with this sentence -「体幹の見切りと筋肉の凝固弛緩その隙間。」. I completely cannot grasp the meaning from it, so I'll try to break it into parts and translate them. 「体幹の見切り」 - the ...
3
votes
1answer
177 views

What is the English equivalent of an 意匠ノート?

I came across the term 「意匠ノート」as a type of notebook. Translated, I guess it would be a "design notebook," but I'm not sure what that means? A drawing book? A notebook with graph paper for ...
3
votes
1answer
449 views

How to say “items remaining from last meeting”?

I am setting up a meeting agenda and of the items is "covering the items left over from last meeting". I though something like "前回のミーティングの残件” Would have worked but it turns out that 残件 isn't a word ...
3
votes
2answers
352 views

Questions on イケてる

イケてる is defined by tangorin as such: noun, or verb acting prenominally: cool;  with-it;  turn-on;  sexy As a noun I can see it as "the state of being cool," as perhaps shown in the following ...
3
votes
3answers
440 views

善くも as opposed to よく

I found this line in the song,”三年目の浮気”: よくいうよ 惚れたお前の負けだよ How can you say that...you fell for me and lost At first I thought it was the よく meaning often, but someone told me it was an ...
3
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2answers
514 views

“俺が一番” vs “俺が最高”

I was reading through " How do I say "I am the best" ? の,は or が and 私 or 俺? ", and I was wondering what's the difference between "俺が一番" and "俺が最高"? From what I know, both roughly equates to ...
3
votes
1answer
247 views

How is “rack” (as in billiards or pool) expressed?

In pool/billiards, "to rack" means to set up the game by placing the balls into the triangle frame. What is the corresponding (technical) term in Japanese if any? I came up (via circumlocution) ...
3
votes
1answer
309 views

What is a シドギャ? ギャ doesn't mean girl, does it?

At first I thought ギャ meant girl, but after doing some googling, that doesn't appear to be what it is. What is シドギャ? シドギャ is related to the band シド, the most popular Visual Kei rock band in Japan for ...
3
votes
1answer
76 views

θ波はどういう意味ですか?~What does θ波 mean?

I've been listening to a couple 勉強用BGM soundtracks lately while I'm studying for any number of things, and I keep seeing this θ波 notation at the end of the title. It finally got to bothering me enough ...
3
votes
1answer
133 views

Is ダウンアンダー understood by non-Australian Japanese speakers?

Firstly, is "ダウンアンダー" the correct spelling? I think it is, based on the Japanese Wikipedia articles メン・アット・ワーク and ツアー・ダウンアンダー , but I could be mistaken. But apart from that, is the average ...
3
votes
1answer
68 views

Difference between 会話、談話

From the dictionary, it is not entirely clear which should be used in which context. And the what is the difference in their meaning? Are there any other words meaning conversation? Thank you very ...
3
votes
1answer
111 views

what is the actual word looking similar to 戸感

I've seen the word 戸感 (or something similar) in a few visual novels, and i was able to find it also in some lyrics when i searched for it on google, but i couldn't find it neither on jdic, goo nor ...
3
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2answers
58 views

Is the 300 yen price for a “shuin” stamp linguistically related to お参り?

Prevalent price (朱印代) for a stamp in a shrine or a temple is 300 yen, although there are exceptions. Wikipedia confirms this Shuin 朱印. I wonder if the amount bears an association of 参百円{さんびゃくえん} with ...
3
votes
2answers
455 views

How to say “at this rate”?

One of my friends has been making a real effort talking to me in Japanese every day. I wanted to say something like "If we continue at this rate I will be able to speak by Christmas". The dictionary ...
3
votes
3answers
262 views

What does 「ときている」 mean?

It is a situation which a salesperson announces to a group of people to attract them to buy his goods Here is the full sentence. しかもおねだんは半{はん}額{がく}以{い}下{か}ときている
3
votes
1answer
121 views

Meaning of the phrase 「さわいどるんかの?」

Here is the full sentence. いったいなにをさわいどるんかの? What does the bolded part mean?
3
votes
1answer
112 views

What's the best way to say “redesign” pertaining to a web page/site?

I want to say that I'm "redesigning" a web page, and I can think of several words that may fit, but I'm not sure which is most appropriate or most widely-accepted in the technology world. 更新 → This ...