言葉. Any question that does not deal specifically with grammar or pronunciation. Includes questions about prefixes, suffixes, compound words, loanwords, dialectal differences, pragmatic usage, etc. In other words, phenomena that occurs at the level of the word.

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3
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0answers
21 views

「況や」 and 「況して」 usages

I just learned about 況や and 況して, I tried to search for some detailed grammar point but nothing... Are they the same? I saw both mean "not to mention..." but they seem different from the way I saw ...
0
votes
1answer
58 views

What is the meaning of 一点で?

I saw [一点]{いってん}で used a handful of times in examples like [一点]{いってん}で[撃ち抜く]{うちぬく} or [一点]{いってん}で[討つ]{うつ} and while I know what the word itself means, I don't understand how it's being used with these ...
5
votes
0answers
79 views

How was Japanese animism referred to before 国家神道 (State Shinto) was created?

Pre-Meiji: What was Japanese animism popularly called before 国家神道 (State Shinto) was created in the early Meiji period (19th century)? Prior to that, was the word 「神道」 a common term among the ...
2
votes
0answers
24 views

What word that resembles “teikkai” might refer to “the provenance of a food”?

The introduction to the 10th Anniversary Edition of Vegetarian Cooking for Everyone contains the following passage on page 4 (emphasis added): Vegetarians have often used the phrase "I don't eat ...
4
votes
1answer
89 views

How are similar-looking words (e.g. names of medications) distinguished?

In English, it is considered a best practice to emphasize differences between the names of medications that are fairly similar, so as to minimize the risk that a medical practitioner will misread the ...
2
votes
2answers
112 views

What distinguishes 人情 from 人性?

I think I have a sort of loose understanding of how the words differ and what they mean, but I'm really not too sure. I've checked out weblio and goo and ALC to look around a bit first. Can anyone ...
2
votes
2answers
71 views

Is kuzushiji considered archaic?

I am wondering if it is a necessary skill to learn how to read and write kuzushiji in modern japanese.
3
votes
1answer
131 views

What are the meanings of the words 「えぐりこむ」and「べし」?

Here is the sentence I have seen them from a boxing Manga. ひじを左{ひだり}わきからはなさない心{こころ}がまえで..... やや内{ない}角{かく}をねらい えぐりこむようにして...打{う}つべし! Especially 「べし」, I don't know the purpose to use it in the ...
1
vote
1answer
117 views

What do these sentences mean?

Recently, I heard (in a song) these 3 sentences and I can't translate some words in them. I've tried various translators but I'm still confused, so I hope you can help me. Sentences are. 紡いだ日々もあるよ ...
3
votes
1answer
179 views

Why might this device have both 原稿面上向き and 送信面上向き as equivalents of “face up”?

Recently, I found the following instructions on a multifunction printer/scanner/copier/faxer: Curiously, there are two lines in Japanese (as opposed to just one in each of the other languages): ...
1
vote
1answer
103 views

人前{ひとまえ} and 人前{にんまえ}

I have been conviced for a long time that both 人前{にんまえ} and 人前{ひとまえ} existed. Which is backed by this wikitionary page. Recently, I just wanted to warn another Japanese learner about this pair of ...
3
votes
2answers
163 views

What does 間違っていたら、修正してください mean, particularly ~ていたら?

間違っていたら、修正してください。 I don't understand the word いたら after the verb in -TE form. Thank you
5
votes
1answer
89 views

Difference between 少し{すこし} and 少ない{すくない}

I know 少し{すこし} and 少ない{すくない} both as 'few', but what's the difference?
0
votes
1answer
56 views

What does ~たでえ mean?

Here is the sentences including the words said by a Kansai guy. 思{おも}ったよりやるやないか。ええ? 見{み}なおしたでえ
2
votes
1answer
89 views

Meaning of する verb in 「その少女は小さい口元をしている」

I was looking up in the dictionary, and came across a sentence like this: その少女は小さい口元をしている。 From what I understand, している means "is doing" or "does". So the girl "does" her little mouth? Then I ...
3
votes
1answer
62 views

Uncertain about なにも

I encountered a short sentence that I'm having trouble understanding completely. なにも遊ぶのは人間だけじゃない。 The context is, a young girl is playing with a dog for the first time. I'm pretty sure I at ...
1
vote
1answer
91 views

What kind of ~~~ is it?

In English, there's an expression, 'What kind of ~~~ is/am/are he/she/it/they/you/I?' used as a rhetorical question meaning the thing in question is not a very good example of a ~~~. I'd like to know ...
0
votes
1answer
79 views

Help with identifying a character [closed]

Can anyone tell me what this character means? Thank you in advance!
1
vote
1answer
79 views

ございます - Humble or neutral?

I was under the impression that ございます was a humble form of ある. My belief was supported by websites such as this and this. However, in the comments to this question's answer, user4092 says it isn't a ...
2
votes
1answer
80 views

What does the phrase 「やのう」 mean?

I came across the phrase in the following sentence. ええ度{ど}胸{きょう}やのうこまいの...けなげやで The guy who said it is a Kansai speaker. I'm not sure if the phrase is related to the dialect.
1
vote
1answer
78 views

What does the phrase 「ところまでいくまで」 mean?

I have came across the phrase from the below sentence. いきつくところまでいくまでだ。
2
votes
1answer
65 views

Use of 差し込む to describe the sun

I have this sentence: 建物と建物の間から差し込む太陽が音もなく世界を赤くにじませる夕方、... An evening in which the sun piercing from between buildings silently blurs the world with red. I'm struggling with what the sun is ...
1
vote
1answer
46 views

こいつ そいつ あいつ vs こやつ そやつ あやつ

I know they're all connected to 奴, but what's the difference? Are the forms in ~やつ more old-fashioned?
4
votes
2answers
94 views

The word いや - gender?

I've been told that いや (in its use similar to いいえ) is a mainly masculine word, but I've heard many female speakers use it, both as a filler and a content word expressing disagreement. Is it that young ...
3
votes
2answers
157 views

Difference between 交替 and 交代

Is there any difference between 交替 and 交代 or are they completely interchangeable?
0
votes
1answer
102 views

What does the phrase 「こうなりゃ」 mean? [duplicate]

Here is the sentence including the phrase. こうなりゃ自{じ}分{ぶん}の力{ちから}でなんとかするさ。 I am not sure if 「なりゃ」 is equivalent to 「なれば」.
3
votes
2answers
521 views

How is the word まさか used?

Plain and simple. The Jisho definition "by no means; never!; well, I never!; you don't say!" doesn't seem to coincide with any of the sample sentences I find either on Jisho or Tatoeba. Can someone ...
2
votes
2answers
81 views

Is there a difference between 費用 and 支出?

Both of these words appeared on my N3 flashcards, and they both can translate to cost or expense according to dictionaries. Example sentences had a tendency to translate 費用 as "cost" and 支出 as ...
8
votes
2answers
1k views

Younger uncles and aunts

If you are older than your uncle or aunt, do you still address them as 叔母さん or 叔父さん? I see no reason why you wouldn't, but I recall once seeing a description saying that family titles are only used ...
1
vote
1answer
122 views

How to say “I'm going to spank you if…”?

I am just doing some homework and I can't make the sentence I want. Concretely, I want to write "If you start smoking again, I'm going to give you a good spanking." If I say this in England ...
1
vote
2answers
115 views

What to say if you want to comfort your superior who is sick?

Usually, some Japanese in our company say to us 気をつけてください but in that case they are the superior. Now one of our superior is sick and we want to comfort him like "please take care of yourself and get ...
1
vote
2answers
118 views

最も有名なのがウーロン茶で : What is the usage of なの here? [duplicate]

What is the usage of なの in: 最も有名なのがウーロン茶で To me, it seems to transfer a adverb [有名] to a noun, is that so? Could someone help to explain, thx. Update: To make the question more clear, the whole ...
3
votes
1answer
45 views

であるので and であるのだ vs なので and なのだ

In these pairs, are the ones containg である simply more formal? I think I've seen both in writing.
1
vote
1answer
53 views

I assume this means next episode number 6 “第 六話”

I've noticed this season two shows end the preview with the episode number and title underneath - 第六話 - but this confuses me. How should I read this? Is 話 still はなし or is it something else? What is ...
3
votes
1answer
129 views

The gender of the word 素敵

素敵 is often described as a feminine word. Just how feminine is it? What would be the impression of a male speaker using it, if he didn't already use feminine speech?
1
vote
2answers
102 views

What does the word 「よっとな!」 mean?

It is said by a guy who is bullying another one by twisting his hand. Is it related to Kansai dialect?
2
votes
1answer
65 views

What does the word 「どいとれっ」mean?

After a guy having watched his friend poorly jumped to the ground, he said the following sentence. けっ へたっくそめ パラシュートってのはだな ええい どいとれっ。 Another questions 1) Is there any meaning for the word 「けっ」at ...
0
votes
1answer
61 views

What does the word 「おけっ」 mean?

It is a situation that a guy on the ground asking another one who is climbing on a bed staircase with this sentence. このへんでいいかな? And he replied with this one. おお よかろうしっかり手{て}足{あし}をおさえておけっ。
3
votes
1answer
74 views

The Tohoku use of だ

In Tohoku, だ can follow verbs and い-adjectives, as I've heard (I've never actually spoken to someone from Tohoku). What purpose does it serve? Is a sentence ending in just a verb ungrammatical in ...
2
votes
0answers
103 views

A word for 'clothed' or 'decent'?

Is there single word in Japanese used for '(fully) clothed' or 'decent'? As in, 'OK, you can come in, I'm decent now' or 'At least one of the kids is (fully) clothed (or dressed).' Of course one can ...
2
votes
1answer
62 views

What is the grammar of “ごく” in “ごくかすか” mean?

"かすか" means "faint". "ごくかすか" mens "very faint". What part of speech is "ごく"? An inflection of "ごい"? What might either mean?
3
votes
1answer
68 views

“on a scale of 1 to 10”?

How can I say "on a scale of 1 to 10"? Like for example, "On a scale of 1 to 10 where 1 is not annoying at all and 10 is too annoying, how annoying do you find X"?
2
votes
1answer
110 views

What is “slatwall shelving” in Japanese?

I would like to ask a general contractor to make me some slatwall shelving. I checked dictionaries and all the Google juice I could muster but couldn't figure out what this type of shelving is called ...
4
votes
2answers
99 views

おる in honorific contexts

Usually, we're told that おる is a humble verb, and that mostly holds true. But sometimes I see it conjugated to a light honorific form おられる, usually when talking about someone to whom respect must be ...
2
votes
3answers
62 views

What does いくつか mean in the phrase いくつかの種類?

I know いくつ means 'how old', but what does いくつか mean in the following sentence? 緑茶、紅茶、ウーロン茶などいくつかの種類に分けられる。
1
vote
1answer
130 views

“Unfindable” character in song

Wading my way through rūju, I found the following phrase: 心慣じめない人にでも Google couldn't parse it, so I tried doing so myself. 人にでも, read hito ni de mo, is the antecedent of the relative clause ...
4
votes
1answer
234 views

What does 「やりい」 mean?

Here is the sentence including the word. たっぷりかわいがってやりい。 I guess it would mean 'to do' but I would like to know why it is written in this form.
6
votes
2answers
133 views

Difference between 月曜 and 月曜日

I just want to know what the difference is between the two and their proper usage because in dictionary they seem almost the same.
2
votes
2answers
202 views

名 and 名前 - the difference

My impression is that, in speech, 名前 is polite, and 名 is ruder - but in writing, 名 sounds more literary. Am I correct?
0
votes
2answers
41 views

Difference between car 損保 and 車両保険

A person asked for car insurance recommendations, and here is the whole reply of another person: うちは以前ソニー損保つ使ってたね。何回か事故ったりしてたけど特に不満はなかったかな、値段も安かったし。車両保険はつけたことがないのでよくわからないんだけど。 I am confused: ...