Any question that does not deal specifically with grammar or pronunciation. Includes questions about prefixes, suffixes, compound words, loanwords, dialectal differences, pragmatic usage, etc. In other words, phenomena that occurs at the level of the word.

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1answer
62 views

The positive ~じゃない

Just how feminine is it? How odd would it be if a male speaker said it? I have found one example of someone male using, in a piece of fiction: Lest レスト、 the main character of Rune Factory 4 ...
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0answers
40 views

名 and 名前 - the difference

My impression is that, in speech, 名前 is polite, and 名 is ruder - but in writing, 名 sounds more literary. Am I correct?
0
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1answer
63 views

Difference in usage/nuance between 厚生, 福祉, 福利 and 生活保護

厚生[こうせい] 福祉[ふくし] 福利[ふくり] 生活保護[せいかつほご] Translating "welfare" into Japanese seems a bit complicated. Could someone maybe provide for context the most typical phrases/chunks that use these words? I'm ...
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3answers
245 views

Why does 日本語{にほんご} mean Japanese?

Google translate says 日本語 means Japanese. It also says: 語 means "word" 本 means "this" 日 means "day" So how do you get "Japanese" out of these three kanji?
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1answer
49 views

Does 文 refer only to written sentences, or can it be used for spoken sentences as well?

I know that this kanji is associated with writing and text, and can mean "sentence." When using it to mean "sentence", is it only a written sentence? I can't find any examples that unambiguously ...
0
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1answer
73 views

What do つれて and いくと mean here?

ある日、アリババがロバをつれて森へいくと、たくさんの馬の足音が聞こえてきました。 Can anyone explain to me what つれて and いくと mean in this sentence, I'm having a hard time understanding.. Thanks
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0answers
93 views

How to accuse someone of lying

うそだ isn't really a serious accusation. How would you say 'you're lying' more seriously?
2
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1answer
121 views

How do you say “chunky” or “congealed” in Japanese?

Couldn't find this one in my dictionaries. How would you translate "chunky" into Japanese? As in chunky peanut butter, or, "I left the milk out for 3 days and now it's all chunky," or, "the ...
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1answer
93 views

Can a 皇帝 be female?

What would the word for empress (other than of Japan) be? Please give me the word for a ruling empress.
2
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1answer
152 views

~んだね as command

Can you use it that way? 逃げるんだ and 逃げるんだよ are both acceptable commands (if rather forceful), but could you say 逃げるんだね for a softer but still very forceful command (or 逃げるんだな)?
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1answer
137 views

Is ごめんなさいませ idiomatic?

If so, how formal is it? Please compare it with other apologies.
0
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1answer
69 views

Can か follow である?

I know it can't follow だ, but is this possible?
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1answer
77 views

What is the meaning of the word たんじゃ?

It is a situation which a boy who is carrying some goods after successfully escaped from chasing by policemen. Here is the full sentence. なあ...わらってたんじゃわからねえよ。
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0answers
50 views

Regarding the word あたくし [duplicate]

It seems too formal for casual use, but too casual for formal use. In what sort of situation would anyone use あたくし?
2
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2answers
122 views

What do the words 「きてやった」 mean?

It is a situation that a little girl throwing several raw eggs to two policemen. After that, she was running away and saying the below sentence. Here is the sentence. なっとうもふりかけてきてやった
0
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1answer
137 views

The usage of ~かね

Can you describe, in great detail, how ~かね is used, please?
1
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1answer
73 views

'I'm glad I look like my mother'

How would you say it in Japanese? 「母みたいでよかった」?If not, then how?
2
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1answer
80 views

へい as agreement

I've heard it a few times, and would have assumed it was written ヘイ had I not seen it in writing. It seems to be an informal synonym of はい, used mostly in masculine speech. Also, it's generally ...
2
votes
1answer
95 views

What are the ways to express someone's condolences?

All is in the title, what are the ways to express someone's condolences when somebody died. I know お気の毒に but is there something else? What can/should you say to friends? To collegues? To bosses? etc.
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1answer
297 views

What does 「はだ」 mean?

It is a situation which a salesperson announces to a group of people to attract them to buy his goods Here is the full sentence. ...
3
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3answers
151 views

What does 「ときている」 mean?

It is a situation which a salesperson announces to a group of people to attract them to buy his goods Here is the full sentence. しかもおねだんは半{はん}額{がく}以{い}下{か}ときている
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1answer
76 views

What does 「おいちゃあ」 mean?

It is a situation which a salesperson announces to a group of people to attract them to buy his goods Here is the full sentence. 品{しな}数{かず}すくないけど 種{しゅ}類{るい}に おいちゃあ そのへんのデパートなみだ! What does おいちゃあ ...
3
votes
1answer
66 views

What distinguishes 恩, 義務, 義理 and 人情 from each other?

I have an idea about the basics, but I'm fuzzy on the details, and it's been awhile since I've studied the subject in depth. Anyone have some answers?
4
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2answers
112 views

What does the word 「ありゃしねえ」mean?

It is a situation which a salesperson announces to a group of people to attract them to buy his goods. Here is the full sentence. こんなお買【か】いどくはどこの世【せ】界【かい】へいったって ありゃしねえよ
1
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1answer
103 views

What does the word 「すまさんぞ」mean?

Here is the full sentence. An old man talking himself with this one about a boy who should have been staying at home but he should not. かえってきやがったら ただではすまさんぞ。 I'm not sure if it is conjugated from ...
6
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2answers
154 views

Can 「奴」 be used to refer to a female?

Is the word 「奴」/「やつ」 (yatsu) ever used to refer to another female, or to refer to oneself if one is female? Or is it only used to refer to a male? Answers to this question touched on the word 「奴」, ...
2
votes
1answer
103 views

What do the words 「しとられん」, 「ちゅうて」 and 「おびえとるん」mean?

I have found them in a manga. It is a dialogue discussing to the third person going into a Pachinko shop. Here is the full sentence なんせ ここいらの商人【しょうにん】どもは あのジョーがくると おちおち商売【しょうばい】しとられん ちゅうて おびえとるん ...
0
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1answer
86 views

Is the 数 necessary?

I came across this sentence in jisho.org's example sentences: 彼等{かれら}の数{かず}は多い。 And I'm wondering if the 数 is really necessary. I thought 多い already implied a large 数, so saying that the 数が多い ...
1
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1answer
62 views

What does 今日の所は良いでしょう mean here?

これも全て先生のおかげですね。感謝するんですよ? は、はい 本当に、感謝しています 突っ込むべき時に突っ込むべき場所にきちんと突っ込めない男はもてませんよ? まあ、今日の所は良いでしょう。皆にも伝えないといけませんからね。仲間たちにも順番に顔を出すように伝えて下さいませ In this I'm not sure what she would be referring to. Would ...
0
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2answers
96 views

What do the words 「やった台」and 「はずしてあった」 mean?

I have found them in a manga. It is a dialogue discussing to the third person going into a Pachinko shop. Here is the full sentence. ジョーがやった台【だい】はガラスがはずしてあっただと
2
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1answer
80 views

Difference between 食事をする/◯◯を食べる

I came across the following sentence: 駅の近くで食事をした。 Does it sound unnatural if I were to use the following (or rather, is it incorrect)? 駅の近くで食事を食べました。
0
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1answer
97 views

What do the word 「ばかこくでねえ」and 「へえるはずさ」 mean?

I have found it in a manga. It is a dialogue discussing to the third person going into a Pachinko shop. Here is the full sentence. ばかこくでねえ へえるはずさ あとで パチンコ屋【や】の店【てん】員【いん】がしらべたらよ。
5
votes
1answer
132 views

Difference between 発展、発達、and 開発

What is the difference between 発展、発達、and 開発? According to my textbook, they all mean development. I know that they cannot be used interchangeably, but I don't know when to use each of them. I know ...
1
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1answer
102 views

What do the words 「出ないのって」 and 「だる」mean?

They are bold in the following sentence: まあまあ 出【で】るの出【で】ないのってビヤだる 一ぱいほどの玉【たま】を出【だ】しちまってな。
4
votes
2answers
224 views

Is [舐]{な}める a stative verb?

I was looking up the definition for [舐]{な}める and "underestimate" was one of them. However, "underestimate" can be both stative or dynamic, so I looked up the Japanese definition and got this: ...
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2answers
165 views

収入 or 給料? What should be used when talking about salary or income?

I would like to know about these two 収入, 給料 (there may be even others I am not aware of). Can they be interchanged as one pleases, or does it very much depend on the context? Which is more ...
0
votes
1answer
125 views

matcha versus maccha [closed]

Which is grammatically correct? matcha or maccha? In my opinion, according to its hiragana representation, it should be written as maccha rather than matcha. Is there any rule about romaji writing ...
2
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1answer
84 views

What does the word「あるほうで」 mean?

It is bold in the below sentence. まあ そんなのはまだまだかわいげがあるほうでよ
2
votes
2answers
112 views

What does the word 「ばあ」mean?

It is highlighted in the bold part of the below sentence. さいきんじゃドヤ街【がい】のがきらをぞろぞろひきつれてそのへんばあねり歩【ある】いてよ。
1
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1answer
151 views

Are there kanji which are NOT words by themselves (written standalone)?

In other words, are there kanji, which can only be used as a part of a kanji compound and/or with okurigana? For example: 見 - standalone kanji, a word which means "view", "outlook" 見物 - kanji ...
5
votes
1answer
144 views

modern meaning of “おやつ”?

The dictionary definition of おやつ is an afternoon snack . However, that is not what I remember about its usage. White-collar workers never do "おやつ"? They might use it as euphemism for briefly ...
2
votes
2answers
71 views

What's the differences between おかず and 食べ物

I'm confused about how to use two words おかず and 食べ物, which all defined "food" as I search. What's the differences about them? Really thank you if you give me some examples.
2
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1answer
64 views

Meaning of サマんなんない?

Here's the context: a loan shark has asked a yakuza to help him collect a loan. The yakuza came back with the money. The loan shark paid for the yakuza's trouble and then tried to give the yakuza a ...
1
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1answer
70 views

Meaning of 次の日はないようにする

The sentence is found in a monologue about a persons working habits, particularly how they don't have time to sleep, and are constantly working at their 3 jobs. The paragraph goes: ...
2
votes
1answer
106 views

Why are 兄(あに) and 姉(あね) pronounced differently in お兄さん and お姉さん?

姉 is pronounced ane, but お姉さん is pronounced oneesan. What happened to the initial a? Likewise, 兄 is pronounced ani, but お兄さん is pronounced oniisan. What is the rule governing the change in the ...
1
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1answer
80 views

Trouble with sentence structure and particles

I've been having a hard time understanding how to construct a sentence. If I were going to say something along the lines of: "Learning Japanese on your own is difficult." Would this be grammatically ...
16
votes
1answer
1k views

Why is 島 used in the name of some cities?

I can understand "島" being used in 硫黄島 (Iwo Jima/Iwo To, literally "Sulphur island"), because it is an island, but why is it used in 福島市 (Fukushima city, literally "Good fortune island") and 広島市 ...
2
votes
1answer
72 views

What is the meaning of ~しにたちよったんじゃ?

Here is the sentence containing the phrase. ちと 忠告【ちゅうこく】しにたちよったんじゃ。
4
votes
1answer
125 views

How is character size dealt with?

When reading manga, I frequently notice that I have no idea what a character says. This is not because I do not know what the kanji is, rather it is very difficult for me to decipher what the kanji ...
3
votes
1answer
171 views

What is the difference between spellings しまう、仕舞う、終う、了う?

What is the difference of meanings between the spellings しまう、仕舞{しま}う、終{しま}う、了{しま}う? Or at least, between the first two? (They are marked as common.) If there is a source about such nuances, I'll ...