言葉. Any question that does not deal specifically with grammar or pronunciation. Includes questions about prefixes, suffixes, compound words, loanwords, dialectal differences, pragmatic usage, etc. In other words, phenomena that occurs at the level of the word.

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3
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1answer
116 views

What are the meanings of the words 「えぐりこむ」and「べし」?

Here is the sentence I have seen them from a boxing Manga. ひじを左{ひだり}わきからはなさない心{こころ}がまえで..... やや内{ない}角{かく}をねらい えぐりこむようにして...打{う}つべし! Especially 「べし」, I don't know the purpose to use it in the ...
0
votes
1answer
52 views

What does ~たでえ mean?

Here is the sentences including the words said by a Kansai guy. 思{おも}ったよりやるやないか。ええ? 見{み}なおしたでえ
1
vote
1answer
113 views

What do these sentences mean?

Recently, I heard (in a song) these 3 sentences and I can't translate some words in them. I've tried various translators but I'm still confused, so I hope you can help me. Sentences are. 紡いだ日々もあるよ ...
1
vote
1answer
100 views

人前{ひとまえ} and 人前{にんまえ}

I have been conviced for a long time that both 人前{にんまえ} and 人前{ひとまえ} existed. Which is backed by this wikitionary page. Recently, I just wanted to warn another Japanese learner about this pair of ...
2
votes
1answer
87 views

Meaning of する verb in 「その少女は小さい口元をしている」

I was looking up in the dictionary, and came across a sentence like this: その少女は小さい口元をしている。 From what I understand, している means "is doing" or "does". So the girl "does" her little mouth? Then I ...
5
votes
1answer
88 views

Difference between 少し{すこし} and 少ない{すくない}

I know 少し{すこし} and 少ない{すくない} both as 'few', but what's the difference?
3
votes
1answer
61 views

Uncertain about なにも

I encountered a short sentence that I'm having trouble understanding completely. なにも遊ぶのは人間だけじゃない。 The context is, a young girl is playing with a dog for the first time. I'm pretty sure I at ...
3
votes
2answers
162 views

What does 間違っていたら、修正してください mean, particularly ~ていたら?

間違っていたら、修正してください。 I don't understand the word いたら after the verb in -TE form. Thank you
1
vote
1answer
91 views

What kind of ~~~ is it?

In English, there's an expression, 'What kind of ~~~ is/am/are he/she/it/they/you/I?' used as a rhetorical question meaning the thing in question is not a very good example of a ~~~. I'd like to know ...
0
votes
1answer
79 views

Help with identifying a character [closed]

Can anyone tell me what this character means? Thank you in advance!
1
vote
1answer
78 views

ございます - Humble or neutral?

I was under the impression that ございます was a humble form of ある. My belief was supported by websites such as this and this. However, in the comments to this question's answer, user4092 says it isn't a ...
1
vote
1answer
77 views

What does the phrase 「やのう」 mean?

I came across the phrase in the following sentence. ええ度{ど}胸{きょう}やのうこまいの...けなげやで The guy who said it is a Kansai speaker. I'm not sure if the phrase is related to the dialect.
2
votes
1answer
65 views

Use of 差し込む to describe the sun

I have this sentence: 建物と建物の間から差し込む太陽が音もなく世界を赤くにじませる夕方、... An evening in which the sun piercing from between buildings silently blurs the world with red. I'm struggling with what the sun is ...
1
vote
1answer
44 views

こいつ そいつ あいつ vs こやつ そやつ あやつ

I know they're all connected to 奴, but what's the difference? Are the forms in ~やつ more old-fashioned?
4
votes
2answers
94 views

The word いや - gender?

I've been told that いや (in its use similar to いいえ) is a mainly masculine word, but I've heard many female speakers use it, both as a filler and a content word expressing disagreement. Is it that young ...
3
votes
2answers
155 views

Difference between 交替 and 交代

Is there any difference between 交替 and 交代 or are they completely interchangeable?
1
vote
1answer
77 views

What does the phrase 「ところまでいくまで」 mean?

I have came across the phrase from the below sentence. いきつくところまでいくまでだ。
0
votes
1answer
101 views

What does the phrase 「こうなりゃ」 mean? [duplicate]

Here is the sentence including the phrase. こうなりゃ自{じ}分{ぶん}の力{ちから}でなんとかするさ。 I am not sure if 「なりゃ」 is equivalent to 「なれば」.
2
votes
2answers
81 views

Is there a difference between 費用 and 支出?

Both of these words appeared on my N3 flashcards, and they both can translate to cost or expense according to dictionaries. Example sentences had a tendency to translate 費用 as "cost" and 支出 as ...
8
votes
2answers
1k views

Younger uncles and aunts

If you are older than your uncle or aunt, do you still address them as 叔母さん or 叔父さん? I see no reason why you wouldn't, but I recall once seeing a description saying that family titles are only used ...
1
vote
2answers
116 views

最も有名なのがウーロン茶で : What is the usage of なの here? [duplicate]

What is the usage of なの in: 最も有名なのがウーロン茶で To me, it seems to transfer a adverb [有名] to a noun, is that so? Could someone help to explain, thx. Update: To make the question more clear, the whole ...
3
votes
1answer
44 views

であるので and であるのだ vs なので and なのだ

In these pairs, are the ones containg である simply more formal? I think I've seen both in writing.
1
vote
2answers
115 views

What to say if you want to comfort your superior who is sick?

Usually, some Japanese in our company say to us 気をつけてください but in that case they are the superior. Now one of our superior is sick and we want to comfort him like "please take care of yourself and get ...
1
vote
1answer
53 views

I assume this means next episode number 6 “第 六話”

I've noticed this season two shows end the preview with the episode number and title underneath - 第六話 - but this confuses me. How should I read this? Is 話 still はなし or is it something else? What is ...
3
votes
1answer
129 views

The gender of the word 素敵

素敵 is often described as a feminine word. Just how feminine is it? What would be the impression of a male speaker using it, if he didn't already use feminine speech?
1
vote
1answer
121 views

How to say “I'm going to spank you if…”?

I am just doing some homework and I can't make the sentence I want. Concretely, I want to write "If you start smoking again, I'm going to give you a good spanking." If I say this in England ...
2
votes
1answer
65 views

What does the word 「どいとれっ」mean?

After a guy having watched his friend poorly jumped to the ground, he said the following sentence. けっ へたっくそめ パラシュートってのはだな ええい どいとれっ。 Another questions 1) Is there any meaning for the word 「けっ」at ...
0
votes
1answer
61 views

What does the word 「おけっ」 mean?

It is a situation that a guy on the ground asking another one who is climbing on a bed staircase with this sentence. このへんでいいかな? And he replied with this one. おお よかろうしっかり手{て}足{あし}をおさえておけっ。
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vote
2answers
102 views

What does the word 「よっとな!」 mean?

It is said by a guy who is bullying another one by twisting his hand. Is it related to Kansai dialect?
2
votes
0answers
103 views

A word for 'clothed' or 'decent'?

Is there single word in Japanese used for '(fully) clothed' or 'decent'? As in, 'OK, you can come in, I'm decent now' or 'At least one of the kids is (fully) clothed (or dressed).' Of course one can ...
3
votes
1answer
74 views

The Tohoku use of だ

In Tohoku, だ can follow verbs and い-adjectives, as I've heard (I've never actually spoken to someone from Tohoku). What purpose does it serve? Is a sentence ending in just a verb ungrammatical in ...
2
votes
1answer
62 views

What is the grammar of “ごく” in “ごくかすか” mean?

"かすか" means "faint". "ごくかすか" mens "very faint". What part of speech is "ごく"? An inflection of "ごい"? What might either mean?
3
votes
1answer
67 views

“on a scale of 1 to 10”?

How can I say "on a scale of 1 to 10"? Like for example, "On a scale of 1 to 10 where 1 is not annoying at all and 10 is too annoying, how annoying do you find X"?
2
votes
1answer
110 views

What is “slatwall shelving” in Japanese?

I would like to ask a general contractor to make me some slatwall shelving. I checked dictionaries and all the Google juice I could muster but couldn't figure out what this type of shelving is called ...
2
votes
3answers
62 views

What does いくつか mean in the phrase いくつかの種類?

I know いくつ means 'how old', but what does いくつか mean in the following sentence? 緑茶、紅茶、ウーロン茶などいくつかの種類に分けられる。
4
votes
2answers
98 views

おる in honorific contexts

Usually, we're told that おる is a humble verb, and that mostly holds true. But sometimes I see it conjugated to a light honorific form おられる, usually when talking about someone to whom respect must be ...
1
vote
1answer
130 views

“Unfindable” character in song

Wading my way through rūju, I found the following phrase: 心慣じめない人にでも Google couldn't parse it, so I tried doing so myself. 人にでも, read hito ni de mo, is the antecedent of the relative clause ...
4
votes
1answer
232 views

What does 「やりい」 mean?

Here is the sentence including the word. たっぷりかわいがってやりい。 I guess it would mean 'to do' but I would like to know why it is written in this form.
0
votes
2answers
41 views

Difference between car 損保 and 車両保険

A person asked for car insurance recommendations, and here is the whole reply of another person: うちは以前ソニー損保つ使ってたね。何回か事故ったりしてたけど特に不満はなかったかな、値段も安かったし。車両保険はつけたことがないのでよくわからないんだけど。 I am confused: ...
5
votes
1answer
665 views

Is there a Japanese word or phrase for the chemistry in a relationship?

Is there a Japanese word or phrase for the chemistry in a relationship? And by "relationship", I don't mean a strictly romantic one. It could be the chemistry between best friends, or even the lack ...
6
votes
1answer
127 views

The word for “season” (US) or “series” (UK)?

I previously asked how to count episodes but I forgot to ask how to say "series". How can I say I watched 13 episodes of season 1.
4
votes
1answer
313 views

Kanji or kana in お待ちください

It's considered proper (though often ignored) to write ください in 待ってください and 下さい in 赤いのを下さい, i.e. Kanji as a main verb and kana as an auxilliary. But a thought came into my mind: in お待ちください, is it an ...
6
votes
2answers
132 views

Difference between 月曜 and 月曜日

I just want to know what the difference is between the two and their proper usage because in dictionary they seem almost the same.
1
vote
1answer
60 views

proper usage of 出かける

What is the proper usage of 出かける because most of the time I am only using 行く or 出る for example 川へせんたくしに行く and I don't get its difference from 川へせんたくに出かける thanks for the responds
4
votes
2answers
128 views

What is the Japanese term for putting an arm around another's shoulder?

What is the Japanese term for putting an arm around another's shoulder? it is kind of hard, at first I am thinking of 抱きしめる but I think it is more about embracing someone (tightly). Thank you for the ...
4
votes
2answers
1k views

What does とくと mean?

At one point in a particular work of fiction, a character announces 我が力、とくとご覧あれ! As I understand, it means 'Behold my power!' But I don't know what とくと means. I would guess it's archaic, since the ...
2
votes
1answer
72 views

How to express “evolved to eat X”?

I'm having a hard time trying to find a way to express sentences like: Humans evolved to eat smaller amounts of carbohydrates than we're used to eating today. Penguins evolved to eat fish. Could ...
3
votes
1answer
61 views

What's the difference between まねをする and ふりをする?

What's the difference between まねをする and ふりをする and what would be each one's proper translation?
1
vote
1answer
92 views

Letter change in counting strides

Here is something that has been bothering me for a while now: How to know how the letter changes inside words like for example 一杯、二杯? More concretely, I really need to know how to correctly count ...
4
votes
1answer
112 views

What's the counter for episodes?

How can I say "I watched 13 episodes so far" in Japanese? What is the counter for episodes? I also would like to know the right word for episode. Is it 挿話? That's what I found on jisho.org but since ...