語順. Japanese word order can be very flexible. According to some theories, there is usually an "unmarked" word order, and other orders are achieved by "scrambling" the constituents into different positions.

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52 views

Can I replace X with an adjective in 「XはYです」?

I have been learning Japanese for a month now, using various online sources and the Genki I textbook. In the textbook, lesson 1 introduces the 「XはYです」sentence structure and although I'm way past this ...
6
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2answers
802 views

『僕だけがいない街』Is it grammatically correct?

I would like to know if the anime's title " boku dake ga inai machi " grammatically correct? It's quite confusing because the verb ”いる” in negative form, should be the last word as long as I know. 街 ...
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2answers
85 views

When stating a non-Japanese name, should the surname come first?

When stating a full non-Japanese name, should one use the "Surname Firstname" rule used for Japanese names (i.e. "Smith John / スミス ジョン") or the name's native rule (in the case of an English name, "...
4
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1answer
142 views

How should “四月は君の嘘” be translated?

四{し}月{がつ}は君{きみ}の嘘{うそ} is an anime premiered in fall 2014, and I wonder how this anime title should be translated. The official translation is “Your Lie in April”, but I also came across another form ...
4
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3answers
182 views

「5しゅうかん 日本語 を べんきょうしました」or 「日本語 を 5しゅうかん べんきょうしました」

わたしは くにで 5しゅうかん 日本語 を べんきょうしました。 わたしは くにで 日本語 を 5しゅうかん べんきょうしました。 I have seen sentence in this two orders. Which is more appropriate?
4
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124 views

What does やっぱり mean in [そこまでなんだって、思っちゃうもん……やっぱり]

「もうみーくん、またそういうこと言って」 「駄目ですか?」 「ううん、それも嬉しい、ドキドキする」 「そこまでなんだって、思っちゃうもん……やっぱり」 I'm a bit confused as to what this やっぱり is doing in the sentence above.
5
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1answer
76 views

What does トラックなど12台の車 mean?

I've been trying to figure this text out in NHK news easy: http://www3.nhk.or.jp/news/easy/k10010447431000/k10010447431000.html There is a part when it says: トラックなど12台の車がぶつかる事故がありました。 I couldn't ...
2
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1answer
157 views

Particle between city and prefecture?

I'm trying to say, "I went to Oarai Town in Ibaraki Prefecture last year." 昨年に大洗町茨城県に行きました。 Is there supposed to be a comma or particle (perhaps で) between the city and prefecture? Please let me ...
2
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1answer
138 views

文の組み立て Question about word order

I am having problems with some sentences in those JLPT problems where one has to assemble the sentence from 4 piece of text phrases. The book contains the correct answer, but doesn't tell me the ...
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271 views

Varying word order for stylistic effect

Sometimes, for stylistic or rhetorical effect, one wants to delay mentioning a word/concept until the end of a sentence. For example, it's often best to save the punchline for the very end: I was ...
4
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2answers
107 views

Describing a person by applying a modifier to their name 〜ような《名前》

In a fictional story about yakuza member Sahei there was a scene of a duel and the following phrase was used: まさかこんな相手に斬られるような左兵衛ではございません。 Clearly it means "Sahei wouldn't lose to such an ...
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1answer
59 views

Word order/splitting the phrase 都合がつかず (possible mistake)

Today I received an email from a business partner. It read: 〜、〇〇日(〇)午後が都合がメンバーのつかず、〇〇日が〜 Is the word order in this phrase valid? Is it an editing mistake that resulted in a phrase different than:...
3
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1answer
222 views

Why is the title of this manga 『からかい上手の高木さん』 instead of 『高木さんの上手なからかい』?

I've started reading a light slice-of-life comedy manga called からかい上手の高木さん. I was wondering why the title is written that way, it seems a bit strange to me. Shouldn't it be 高木さんの上手なからかい?
11
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1answer
124 views

Is there an order of adjectives in Japanese?

In English, if we have multiple adjectives modifying a noun, there is a preferred order for those adjectives, for example: nice long red car *nice red long car *long red nice car I was ...
2
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1answer
120 views

新しい 机 を 買って もらいました。“They bought me a new desk” or “I bought and received a new desk”?

Ok, so I was studying some Japanese phrases when this showed up: 新しい 机 を 買って もらいました。 The translation provided in the source material is: "They bought me a new desk" What I don't understand, however, ...
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2answers
404 views

Does word order change the meaning of a sentence?

I'm trying to figure out if word order effects the meaning of a sentence. I've learnt that verbs should always come last and heard that the order of other words in the sentence isn't that strict as ...
4
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2answers
714 views

Checking the translation of あそぶ in this sentence

The sentence in question: 私は日本からあそびに来た友達にロンドンをあんないしてあげた。 My translation - I guided my friend who is coming from Japan around London. I know that あそぶ can be used to mean 'hang out with', and that’s ...
6
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2answers
180 views

PlaceにThingがあります vs ThingがPlaceにあります

I originally asked in the chatroom which out of the two phrases is better: PlaceにThingがありますか? or ThingがPlaceにありますか? If anyone can translate these to make them relevant in English, it would ...
10
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1answer
170 views

Word order: what does 迷惑きわまりない modify?

In my JLPT practice book, there is a question that asks you to put words in the correct order: 朝の満員電車の中で、大きな音で ____ ____ ____ ____ 若者がいる。 What I put down was: 朝の満員電車の中で、大きな音で ...
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373 views

Sentence structure/element order

In the textbook Japanese for Busy People I, the order of the elements in a sentence is always the same (subject - when - with whom - by what means - to where - verb) at least as far as I have made it. ...