使い分け. The differences between two or more words or phrases and how to select the best one for a given situation.

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1answer
119 views

aru vs arun — are they exactly the same grammar-wise?

Is aru exactly the same as arun in terms of grammar and the only difference is that arun is more casual?
2
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1answer
52 views

Expressing that two words have the same meaning

Would someone please explain how the Japanese would most naturally state that two "words" (関係 and 関連 for example) have approximately the same meaning? My best bet is either 「関係」と「関連」の意味は同じぐらいです。 ...
4
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1answer
76 views

「持っていっていい」 same as ? 「持っていってもいい」?

Is 「持っていっていい」 just 「持っていってもいい」 with the 「も」 omitted? I know 「てもいい」 means something along the lines of "may I" etc, is it the same for 「ていい」 or is there a slight difference?
2
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1answer
101 views

Does 「私は緊張してです私の日本語学習ついて」 read properly?

I'm trying to say, "I'm nervous about learning Japanese" or "I'm nervous about my Japanese learning." Does 「私は緊張してです私の日本語学習ついて」 communicate that? If not, how should I communicate it?
5
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1answer
76 views

ならでは vs. ぐらいのもの

I understand that both means to emphasize the uniqueness of the word before it (i.e. "only ~") but in the following sentence, I don't know which one fits. この難しい手術ができるのは、渡辺先生__のものだ。 Both ならでは and ...
3
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1answer
56 views

Word choice: ながらも vs. からこそ

I'm practicing JLPT mock test and there's the following sentence: どうしても時間がないと言う人でも、一日に15分くらいは捻出できるだろう。(中略) 「時間がない」と嘆く前に、まずは一日15分間の勉強を始めてみる。なかには、時間が__できる勉強というのもある。 「短いながらも」and「短いからこそ」are two ...
3
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3answers
171 views

How to say “Knowing that I hurt you is breaking my heart”

How does one say: Knowing that I hurt you (your feelings) is breaking my heart. "Breaking my heart" I think I know: 胸が張り裂けています。 but the first part and how to connect the two I'm clueless ...
0
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2answers
87 views

I'm called and I think — the same?

From my newbie understanding, isn't "I think" and "I'm called" which is "My name is", the same phrase? .... to moushimasu -> ... I think Bill to moushimasu -> I'm called or my name is Bill Or ...
3
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1answer
55 views

Difference between てこそ and からこそ

「朝、起きる」という基本中の基本の生活習慣が身に__次の行為へとつながっていくのだ。 I think that both「ついてこそ」and「ついたからこそ」can be fit into the above sentence. However, the textbook gives「ついてこそ」as the right answer and I don't know why.
6
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1answer
94 views

Difference between だろうか and ではないだろうか

In my opinion, they both share the same meaning of "~, isn't it". However, it seems that they cannot be used interchangeably. For example, in the following sentence, according to my mock exam ...
2
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1answer
57 views

Difference between プランター and ウィンドウボックス

I have a long rectangular plastic pot filled with earth that I hang on my balcony rail to grow small vegetables, and I am not sure whether I should call it プランター or ウィンドウボックス. QUESTION: What is the ...
3
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2answers
85 views

Difference between ために、せいで、おかげで when blaming someone

I was reading and found the following sentence: あんたのために殺し屋の地位を失い闇の世界で迫害され身も心もズタボロになった。 Previous the same character used おかげで in a similar case: ま...おかげでたっぷりとあの時やられたお返しができるってワケだ。 ...
16
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4answers
2k views

“Seemingly cute” - かわいい + 〜そう

The 〜そう form means "seemingly 〜" and is usually conjecture made based on first-hand information. This usually means seeing something or hearing about something and making a conjecture, e.g., おいしそう ...
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3answers
115 views

Should I use ~てきた or ~て来た?

In the examples below 彼は私のところに荷物を送ってきた。 彼は私のところに荷物を送って来た。 荷物が私のところに送られてきた。 荷物が私のところに送られて来た。 would it be better to use the termination/set phrase てきた? (no kanji) because this is changing ...
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2answers
1k views

What do you call young animals in Japanese?

In English we have a lot of very specific words for many animals. Male foxes are known as reynards or tods, female foxes are known as vixens, and baby foxes are known as kits. It's not an isolated ...
6
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1answer
294 views

What is it called when staff at a clothes shop serves a customer

Is this service called サービス or are there better verbs? e.g. 接する
7
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1answer
369 views

What are the differences between 衣類, 衣服 and 服

While I see 衣類 and 衣服 as more general concepts in comparison to 服, I am very unsure of the difference between them. What situations explicitly call for one over the other? In what situations are ...
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2answers
86 views

Difference between 募集 vs 採用

What is the difference between 募集{ぼしゅう} vs 採用{さいよう}?
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2answers
164 views

Is there any difference between 流石 and 予想した通りでした?

My question is Is there any difference between 流石 and 予想した通りでした?
4
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1answer
96 views

Differences Between 蘇生する and 蘇る

I'm trying to understand the difference between 蘇生する{そせいする} and 蘇る{よみがえる}. My research thus far tells me that 蘇る is intransitive and can be used for recalling memories in addition to the mutual ...
2
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1answer
52 views

Difference between 負担 and ロイヤルティ

Could you please help me to understand the difference between 負担{ふたん} and ロイヤルティ?
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3answers
154 views

dilemma with hana-bi and hana hi

So I know that hana-bi (はなび) means fireworks but if I want to say in more artistic way (and not about fireworks) flower of fire/flames can I say hana hi (はなひ)? Whether it will be understood? And can i ...
12
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2answers
354 views

What is the difference between all the words for tools / devices?

There is too many words for 'tool' that I am having hard time figuring out when to use which, or if some of them are just synonyms, meaning essentially the same thing. So far I know at least the ...
2
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1answer
317 views

When is “na” used at the end of a sentence?

When is "na" used at the end of a sentence, is it like "ne" or "yo" and has no meaning really? For example: Mata Nihon ni ikitai na. また、日本に行きたいな。
5
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3answers
229 views

「床屋」と「髪床」の違いは何ですか?

「床屋」と「髪床」という単語の意味は何か違いますか? どちらが古いですか?もし両方とも古かったら、今の時代に「美容院」以外に髪を切る場所に関してどんな単語を使ったほうが良いですか? よろしくお願いします。
4
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4answers
154 views

How do you differentiate “nande” (why) and “nande” (how, by what means)?

In a question: Tokyo e nande ikimasu ka? how can I know what "nande" refers to, even when I have the context: how are you going? (by bus, by car, on foot) why are you going?
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4answers
241 views

What's the difference between 勇ましい, 勇気, and 勇敢?

In English-Japanese dictionaries, they are all defined along the lines of "brave" or "courageous". Japanese dictionaries describe all of them more or less as "not fearing danger", using a phrase ...
3
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3answers
165 views

女子 vs 女の子 nuances

I was wondering when to use one over the other, when talking about a girl. I've seen 女の子 more often, but would like to know the nuances. Interesting enough, I've only come across 男の子 for boys. But ...
5
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2answers
137 views

Noun + da kara desu — why are da and desu mixed? why not both “da” or both “desu”?

In this sentence: Neko da kara desu. Because it's a cat. Why are the "da" and "desu" used at the same time? Logically, it should've been: Neko desu kara desu. Or in a casual conversation ...
2
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1answer
111 views

Words for narcotics

What's the difference between those words for drugs/narcotics: やく(薬), according to tangorin.com and jisho.org is a slang word If you type narcotics into Jisho.org it suggests ドラッグ, and there is also ...
3
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3answers
125 views

Saying someone “looked cool”?

I want to tell someone that they "looked cool" today. Normally I would write: "今日OOさんはかっこよかった!" But I don't want to mean just that they are cool more specifically I mean their outfit and styling. ...
3
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1answer
93 views

What is the difference between 見つける and 探す

I think they have a same meaning: find or search. Could you help me to show the differences between them ? In the detail cases ?
6
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5answers
233 views

「電車が空く【すく】」 と「 電車が空く【あく】」

「電車が空く【すく】」と「電車が空く【あく】」はどう違いますか? 説明が難しい場合は、例文を教えていただけませんか。
8
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1answer
165 views

On 「夢だけど、夢じゃなかった」 from 「となりのトトロ」

In 「となりのトトロ」, the two heroines (kind of) had a dream in which, with the help from Totoro, they made the seeds they had just put in the ground grow into a big tree. Having woken up, they found there ...
2
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1answer
74 views

汗をかくvs 発汗する - is there a difference?

Is there any difference between 汗をかく and 発汗する? Are there any subtle nuances between the two or is one more common than the other? I've checked WWWJDIC and I can't find any way to distinguish between ...
4
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1answer
290 views

Understanding correct choice on N1 grammar question

I'm starting my JLPT N1 study, but am already running into roadblocks just reading the example sentences which is rather embarrassing. The way things are going, I'll have many more questions in the ...
5
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5answers
198 views

Meaning of うち in “無意識のうちの行動なのだろう”

Given the context I think that this sentence means "it's probably an unintentional action". But I am unsure of what meaning/nuance the うち adds here. I am used to seeing うち meaning "while" and that's ...
4
votes
2answers
156 views

興味を持っている vs 興味がある

Is there a difference between 興味を持っている and 興味がある? With physical objects I understand how the latter is more passive, but what about for abstract nouns like 興味? For example in the sentence ...
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2answers
84 views

What is the difference between ガスコンロ and ガスレンジ?

What is the difference between ガスコンロ and ガスレンジ?
4
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2answers
211 views

Expressing difference between “fluent” and “native speaker” in Japanese

I want to explain the difference between the English linguistic terms "fluent" and "native speaker". I could do this in English, but I'd also like to know if it's possible to do so in Japanese. To be ...
3
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2answers
129 views

When talking about percents can I use ◯◯パーセント as well as ◯割◯分?

日本語 「◯◯パーセント」と「◯割◯分」は両方とも「◯◯%」を意味しますが、どちらを使うのが自然ですか。「◯割◯分」という表現を使いたいのですが、使う前にその言い方が九分九厘使わないものではないことを確かめた方がいいと思ったので、質問します。 English Both ◯◯パーセント and ◯割◯分 can mean ◯◯%. Which is the natural choice? I ...
13
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2answers
438 views

What is the implication when a gruff old man ends a sentence with わ?

In this question, it seems to me it was clearly established that わ, at the end of a sentence, is decidedly feminine. There was talk of a Kansai-ben わ with slightly different implications, but still ...
6
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1answer
138 views

「一生懸命」と「一所懸命」の使い方は同じでしょうか?

「一生懸命」と「一所懸命」 の使い方は同じでしょうか?意味も同じでしょうか?
14
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3answers
3k views

When women use わ at the end of a sentence, is it different from よ?

My understanding of using わ at the end of a sentence is that it's essentially just for emphasis, just like using よ, and that only women can use it. However, as far as I know, women can, and often do, ...
4
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2answers
85 views

「いつまで待つつもり」 v.s. 「いつまで待っているつもり」

Both seem to be possible. But what's their difference? Instances of the former are everywhere, e.g. a line from 「華麗なるギャツビー」 「信じられるもんですか、あんな男」「いつまで待っているつもりです?」 The latter may be less common (?), ...
11
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1answer
960 views

加える/増やす and 加わる/増える or even 増加する/殖/足, various kanji for “adding things”

I'm a bit confused regarding the choice between the 加 and 増 kanji for any meaning related to "adding one thing to another". I assume that, as usual, the suru-verb combination 増加する is somewhat more ...
5
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2answers
128 views

Is「挑発に対応しなかった」another way to say「挑発に乗らなかった」?

「挑発に乗る」 and 「挑発に対応する」 both sound to me like: "To respond to a provocation." Is this correct? Any important differences? --- extra question #2 --- As per the given answer, 「挑発に乗る」 is to respond ...
13
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1answer
1k views

Honorific prefix 「ご」 vs 「お」

Some nouns take the 「ご」 prefix: ご両親 {りょうしん} ご家族 {かぞく} ご無事 {ぶじ} ご安心 {あんしん} ご丁寧 {ていねい} While many others take the 「お」 prefix: お母さん お仕事 {しごと} お月 {つき}さま お家 {うち} お客 {きゃく} In ...
7
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2answers
146 views

How to say “100% virus free”?

In English we put the following phrases below software we want customers to download to put their mind at ease (for example, a neat weather app). ✓100% virus free ✓Contains no malware ✓Contains no ...
6
votes
3answers
118 views

Best way to say “if you don't mind ____” in this circumstance?

I'm not too sure if what I think I should say is correct so I would like to ask for some help. I'm trying to say something like, "If you don't mind, I'd like to know what game software you use" or ...